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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 59

Introduction

1David prays to be delivered from his enemies.
6He complains of their cruelty.
8He trusts in God.
11He prays against them.
16He praises God.

Verse 1

Deliver me from mine enemies, O my God: defend me from them that rise up against me.
A. M. 2942. B.C. 1062. (Title.) {Al-tas-chith.} or, destroy not. A golden Psalm
57:1; 58:1; *titles
Michtam
The seven poems of the celebrated Arabian poets who flourished before the time of Mohammed, called Moâllakat, from being suspended on the walls of the temple of Mecca, were also called Modhabat, "golden," because they were written in letters of gold on the papyrus; and probably this is another reason why the six poems of David were called golden.
when
Judges 16:2,3; 1 Samuel 19:11-24; 2 Corinthians 11:32,33
Deliver
7:1,2; 18:48; 71:4; 143:12; Luke 1:74,75; 2 Timothy 4:17,18
defend me
Heb. set me on high.
12:5; 91:14; Isaiah 33:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:11 - Deliver; 2 Samuel 22:17 - he drew; Psalm 38:19 - But; Psalm 56:1 - Michtam; Psalm 60:1 - Michtam; Psalm 140:1 - Deliver

Verse 2

Deliver me from the workers of iniquity, and save me from bloody men.
save
26:9; 27:2; 55:23; 139:19
Reciprocal: Genesis 32:11 - Deliver; 2 Samuel 22:17 - he drew; Psalm 18:48 - liftest; Psalm 25:3 - without; Psalm 71:4 - out of the; Hosea 6:8 - polluted with blood; Habakkuk 1:4 - for

Verse 3

For, lo, they lie in wait for my soul: the mighty are gathered against me; not for my transgression, nor for my sin, O LORD.
they
10:9,10; 37:32,33; 38:12; 56:6; 1 Samuel 19:1; Proverbs 12:6; Micah 7:2; Acts 23:21
the mighty
2:2; Acts 4:26,27
not
7:3-6; 69:4; 1 Samuel 24:11,17; 26:18; John 15:25
Reciprocal: Genesis 40:15 - done; 1 Samuel 19:11 - sent messengers; Psalm 54:3 - oppressors; Psalm 64:4 - the perfect; Psalm 94:21 - gather; Psalm 109:3 - fought; Psalm 119:86 - they; Psalm 142:6 - for they; Proverbs 3:29 - Devise not evil; Proverbs 24:15 - Lay; Daniel 6:7 - have consulted; Matthew 22:15 - how; Ephesians 4:14 - lie

Verse 4

They run and prepare themselves without my fault: awake to help me, and behold.
run
1 Samuel 19:12-24; Proverbs 1:16; Isaiah 59:7; Acts 23:15; Romans 3:15
awake
5:6; 35:23; 44:23; Isaiah 51:9
help me
Heb. meet me.
Reciprocal: Genesis 40:15 - done; 1 Samuel 19:11 - sent messengers; Job 8:6 - he would; Job 21:27 - ye wrongfully; Psalm 64:4 - the perfect; Psalm 109:3 - fought; Psalm 119:86 - they; Habakkuk 1:4 - for

Verse 5

Thou therefore, O LORD God of hosts, the God of Israel, awake to visit all the heathen: be not merciful to any wicked transgressors. Selah.
the God
Genesis 33:20; Exodus 3:15
visit
Exodus 20:5
the heathen
9:15; 54:3; Isaiah 1:10; Amos 9:7; Romans 2:28,29; 9:6
be not
7:12,13; 55:15; Isaiah 27:11; Ezekiel 18:27,28; James 2:13
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 4:5 - cover not; Nehemiah 13:29 - Remember; Job 8:6 - he would; Psalm 3:7 - Arise; Psalm 7:6 - awake; Psalm 44:23 - Awake; Psalm 59:8 - heathen; Jeremiah 18:23 - forgive

Verse 6

They return at evening: they make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city.
14; 1 Samuel 19:11
Reciprocal: Psalm 22:16 - dogs; Psalm 55:10 - Day

Verse 7

Behold, they belch out with their mouth: swords are in their lips: for who, say they, doth hear?
belch
Proverbs 15:2; *marg:; Matthew 12:34
swords
55:21; 57:4; 64:3-5; 109:2,3; Proverbs 12:18
who
10:11,13; 73:11; 94:7-9; Job 22:12,13; Jeremiah 33:24
Reciprocal: Job 19:2 - break me; Psalm 52:1 - told; Psalm 52:2 - like; Psalm 64:5 - Who; Psalm 94:4 - shall; Psalm 120:4 - Sharp; Psalm 140:3 - sharpened; Proverbs 6:12 - walketh; Isaiah 29:15 - Who seeth; Lamentations 3:62 - lips; Luke 6:45 - and an; James 3:8 - an unruly

Verse 8

But thou, O LORD, shalt laugh at them; thou shalt have all the heathen in derision.
Thou
2:4; 37:13; 1 Samuel 19:15,16; Proverbs 1:26
heathen
5; Matthew 18:17
Reciprocal: Jeremiah 48:26 - and he also

Verse 9

Because of his strength will I wait upon thee: for God is my defence.
his strength
Instead of ûzzo, "his strength," fourteen MSS., read ûzzee, "my strength." "O my strength, I will wait upon thee."
18:1,1,2; 27:1,14; 46:1; 62:5,6,11; Isaiah 12:2; 26:3,4; 40:31; Matthew 6:13
God
17; 62:2
defence
Heb. high place.
9:9; 20:1; 46:7; *marg:; Isaiah 58:14; Habakkuk 3:19
Reciprocal: Psalm 59:16 - But; Psalm 94:22 - But

Verse 10

The God of my mercy shall prevent me: God shall let me see my desire upon mine enemies.
The God
17; 2 Corinthians 1:3; Ephesians 2:4,5; 1 Peter 5:10
prevent
21:3; 79:8; Isaiah 65:24; 1 Thessalonians 4:15
let
54:7; 91:8; 92:11; 112:8; 1 Samuel 26:10; 2 Samuel 1:11,12,17; Jeremiah 17:16; Luke 19:41-44; Romans 10:2,3
enemies
Heb. observers.
5:8; 54:5; *marg:; 56:2,6
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:30 - saw; Psalm 56:1 - Be; Psalm 59:16 - But; Psalm 118:7 - therefore; Jeremiah 20:12 - let me; Obadiah 1:12 - looked

Verse 11

Slay them not, lest my people forget: scatter them by thy power; and bring them down, O Lord our shield.
Slay
Genesis 4:12-15; Judges 1:6,7; Ecclesiastes 9:5; Ezekiel 12:15,16; 14:22,23; Revelation 9:6
scatter
44:11; 52:5; Leviticus 26:33; Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:64; 30:3,4; Ezekiel 12:15; Luke 1:51,52; Luke 21:21
bring
Job 40:12
our shield
3:3; 84:11
Reciprocal: Genesis 4:15 - Therefore; Psalm 59:13 - Consume; Psalm 60:1 - scattered; Psalm 68:1 - be scattered; Psalm 89:10 - scattered; Psalm 92:9 - scattered

Verse 12

For the sin of their mouth and the words of their lips let them even be taken in their pride: and for cursing and lying which they speak.
For the
64:7,8; 79:12; 120:3,4; 140:9,10; Proverbs 12:13; 18:7; Matthew 12:36,37; Matthew 27:25,63
taken
10:2; Proverbs 6:2; 11:6
cursing
109:17,18; Hosea 4:2; Luke 23:5
Reciprocal: Job 2:10 - In all this; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 10:7 - full; Psalm 12:2 - They; Psalm 28:4 - Give; Psalm 31:18 - the lying; Psalm 55:23 - O God; Psalm 94:4 - shall; Lamentations 3:62 - lips; Luke 6:45 - and an; Romans 3:14 - General; James 3:9 - therewith curse

Verse 13

Consume them in wrath, consume them, that they may not be: and let them know that God ruleth in Jacob unto the ends of the earth. Selah.
Consume
11; 7:9; Numbers 14:34,35; 32:13; Deuteronomy 2:14-16; 7:22,23
and let
46:10,11; 83:18; 135:5,6; 1 Samuel 17:46,47; 1 Kings 18:36,37; 2 Kings 19:19; Isaiah 54:5; Ezekiel 38:23; 39:7; Daniel 4:25
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:7 - consumed; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 28:4 - Give; Psalm 55:15 - Let death; Psalm 55:23 - O God; Psalm 90:7 - For we; Psalm 93:1 - Lord; Psalm 96:10 - the Lord; Psalm 104:35 - sinners; Psalm 109:17 - General; Isaiah 37:20 - that all; Isaiah 52:7 - Thy God

Verse 14

And at evening let them return; and let them make a noise like a dog, and go round about the city.
at evening
6; 22:16
Reciprocal: Psalm 55:10 - Day

Verse 15

Let them wander up and down for meat, and grudge if they be not satisfied.
wander
109:10; Job 15:23; 30:1-7; Isaiah 8:21
for meat
Heb. to eat.
Deuteronomy 28:48,53-58; 2 Kings 6:25-29; Lamentations 4:4,5,9,10; 5:9; Matthew 24:7,8
grudge, etc
or, if they be not satisfied, then they will stay all night. if.
Isaiah 56:11; Micah 3:5
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 19:11 - sent messengers; 2 Samuel 15:20 - go up and down; Psalm 37:25 - nor his seed; Psalm 55:10 - Day; James 5:9 - Grudge not

Verse 16

But I will sing of thy power; yea, I will sing aloud of thy mercy in the morning: for thou hast been my defence and refuge in the day of my trouble.
But
9,10; 21:13; 106:8; 145:11; Exodus 15:6; Job 37:23
sing aloud
31:7; 36:5; 86:13; 89:1; 101:1; Romans 15:9; Ephesians 1:6,7
morning
5:3; 30:5; 143:8; 1 Samuel 19:11,12
for thou
4:1; 61:2,3; 1 Samuel 17:37; 2 Corinthians 1:10; Ephesians 3:20
day
77:2; 116:1-5; 138:7; Jeremiah 30:7; Hebrews 5:7
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:3 - my refuge; Psalm 56:12 - I will; Psalm 94:22 - But; Jeremiah 17:17 - thou; Nahum 1:7 - in the

Verse 17

Unto thee, O my strength, will I sing: for God is my defence, and the God of my mercy.
O my
18:1; 46:1
for
9,10 Reciprocal: Exodus 15:2 - strength; Psalm 56:12 - I will; Psalm 62:2 - defence; Psalm 94:22 - But; Psalm 140:7 - the strength

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 59". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-59.html.