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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 73

Introduction

1The prophet, prevailing in a temptation,
2shews the occasion thereof, the prosperity of the wicked;
13the wound given thereby, diffidence;
15the victory over it, knowledge of God's purpose, in destroying the wicked, and sustaining the righteous.

Verse 1

Truly God is good to Israel, even to such as are of a clean heart.
(Title
&) of. or, for.
50:1; 74:1; 83:1; *titles; 1 Chronicles 6:39; 15:17; 16:7,37; 25:1-6; 2 Chronicles 29:30
Truly
or, Yet.
2:6; 42:11
God
18-28; 84:11; Isaiah 63:7-9; Luke 12:32
to such
John 1:47; Romans 2:28,29; 4:16; 9:6,7
of a clean heart
Heb. clean of heart.
51:10; Jeremiah 4:14; Matthew 5:8; Titus 3:5; James 4:8
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 23:5 - because the; 1 Chronicles 6:39 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 15:17 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - Asaph; Nehemiah 12:46 - and Asaph; Psalm 24:4 - pure; Psalm 31:19 - Oh; Psalm 125:4 - Do good; John 3:10 - and knowest; Romans 9:4 - are Israelites; Galatians 6:16 - the Israel; Hebrews 12:8 - General; 2 Peter 3:1 - pure

Verse 2

But as for me, my feet were almost gone; my steps had well nigh slipped.
But
5:7; 17:15; 35:13; Joshua 24:15; 1 Samuel 12:23; 1 Chronicles 22:7; Job 21:4
feet
116:8; 1 Samuel 2:9; Romans 7:23,24
steps
17:5; 38:16; 94:18; Job 12:5
Reciprocal: Psalm 37:31 - steps

Verse 3

For I was envious at the foolish, when I saw the prosperity of the wicked.
I was
37:1,7; Job 21:7; Proverbs 3:31; 24:1; Jeremiah 12:1; James 4:5
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:2 - man; Job 5:3 - taking; Job 8:16 - green; Job 9:24 - earth; Job 24:23 - it be given; Psalm 14:1 - fool; Psalm 37:35 - I have; Psalm 66:7 - let; Psalm 73:12 - prosper; Psalm 73:21 - my heart; Proverbs 23:17 - not; Proverbs 24:19 - neither; Ecclesiastes 7:15 - there is a wicked; Ecclesiastes 9:1 - no man; Ecclesiastes 9:2 - alike; Habakkuk 1:3 - General; Habakkuk 1:13 - wherefore; Malachi 2:17 - Every; Luke 6:24 - woe; Luke 12:16 - The ground; Luke 16:19 - clothed; James 5:1 - ye; 1 Peter 2:1 - envies

Verse 4

For there are no bands in their death: but their strength is firm.
no
17:14; Job 21:23,24; 24:20; Ecclesiastes 2:16; 7:15; Luke 16:22
firm
Heb. fat.
17:10
Reciprocal: Job 21:13 - They; Jeremiah 48:11 - hath been

Verse 5

They are not in trouble as other men; neither are they plagued like other men.
They are
12; Job 21:6; Proverbs 3:11,12; Jeremiah 12:1,2; 1 Corinthians 11:32; Hebrews 12:8; Revelation 3:19
in trouble as other
Heb. in the trouble of other. like. Heb. with.
Reciprocal: Esther 7:6 - was afraid; Job 21:9 - the rod; Job 21:23 - in his full strength; Psalm 55:19 - no changes; Psalm 119:67 - Before; Psalm 123:4 - with the scorning; Luke 18:24 - How; 1 Timothy 5:6 - she; 1 Timothy 6:17 - that they

Verse 6

Therefore pride compasseth them about as a chain; violence covereth them as a garment.
Therefore
Deuteronomy 8:13,14; 32:15; Esther 3:1,5,6; 5:9-11; Job 21:7-15; Ecclesiastes 8:11; Jeremiah 48:11,29; Ezekiel 28:2-5; Daniel 4:30
as a chain
Judges 8:26; Proverbs 1:9; Song of Solomon 4:9; Isaiah 3:19; Ezekiel 16:11
violence
Proverbs 3:31; *marg:; Proverbs 4:17; Micah 2:1,2; 3:5; James 5:4-6
covereth
109:18,29; 1 Peter 5:5
Reciprocal: Job 35:12 - because; Job 41:34 - he is; Psalm 55:19 - no changes; Proverbs 6:17 - A proud look; Ecclesiastes 6:11 - General; Ecclesiastes 9:11 - that the race; Isaiah 3:9 - The show; Jeremiah 5:28 - waxen; Daniel 11:2 - far; 1 John 2:16 - and the pride

Verse 7

Their eyes stand out with fatness: they have more than heart could wish.
eyes
17:10; 119:70; Job 15:27; Isaiah 3:9; Jeremiah 5:28; Ezekiel 16:49
have, etc
Heb. pass the thoughts of the heart.
12; 17:14; 1 Samuel 25:2,36; Luke 12:16-19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:20 - waxen fat; Deuteronomy 32:15 - waxen fat; Judges 3:17 - a very fat; 1 Samuel 25:10 - Who is David; 1 Samuel 25:11 - Shall I then; Esther 3:11 - to do; Psalm 22:29 - that be; Psalm 52:7 - strengthened; Ecclesiastes 6:2 - so; Ecclesiastes 9:11 - that the race; Isaiah 5:17 - the waste; Daniel 11:2 - far; Amos 6:4 - stretch themselves upon their couches; Luke 16:25 - thy good; Ephesians 4:29 - no; James 2:7 - blaspheme; James 5:5 - have lived

Verse 8

They are corrupt, and speak wickedly concerning oppression: they speak loftily.
corrupt
53:1-4; Proverbs 30:13,14
speak wickedly
10:2,10,11; 12:4,5; Exodus 1:9,10; 1 Samuel 13:19; 1 Kings 21:7-29; Jeremiah 7:9-11; Hosea 7:16
speak loftily
2 Peter 2:10; Jude 1:16
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:10 - Who is David; 1 Samuel 25:11 - Shall 1then; 2 Kings 18:27 - eat; 2 Kings 18:29 - saith; 2 Chronicles 32:19 - spake; Ezra 4:2 - Assur; Psalm 10:3 - boasteth; Psalm 12:3 - tongue; Psalm 39:1 - that I; Psalm 55:3 - oppression; Psalm 94:3 - Lord; Psalm 94:4 - shall; Psalm 139:20 - for they speak; Proverbs 6:12 - walketh; Isaiah 3:8 - because; Isaiah 36:13 - cried; Jeremiah 44:16 - we; Ezekiel 35:13 - have multiplied; Daniel 4:30 - Is not; Malachi 3:14 - It is; James 3:5 - so; 2 Peter 2:18 - they speak

Verse 9

They set their mouth against the heavens, and their tongue walketh through the earth.
set
Exodus 5:2; 2 Chronicles 32:15; Job 21:14; Daniel 3:15; 7:25; Revelation 13:6
tongue
52:4; Luke 18:4; James 3:6
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 18:29 - saith; 2 Kings 19:22 - Whom; 2 Chronicles 32:16 - yet; Job 15:25 - he stretcheth; Psalm 10:3 - boasteth; Psalm 12:3 - tongue; Psalm 39:1 - that I; Psalm 73:11 - How; Psalm 94:4 - shall; Psalm 139:20 - for they speak; Proverbs 6:12 - walketh; Isaiah 3:8 - because; Isaiah 36:13 - cried; Isaiah 36:20 - that the Lord; Isaiah 37:23 - Whom hast; Jeremiah 44:16 - we; Jeremiah 44:18 - we have; Ezekiel 35:13 - have multiplied; Hosea 7:16 - the rage; James 3:5 - so; 2 Peter 2:18 - they speak

Verse 10

Therefore his people return hither: and waters of a full cup are wrung out to them.
waters
75:8
Reciprocal: Job 41:34 - he is; Revelation 14:10 - into

Verse 11

And they say, How doth God know? and is there knowledge in the most High?
How
9; 10:11; 94:7; Job 22:13,14; Ezekiel 8:12; Zephaniah 1:12
is there
44:21; 139:1-6; Hosea 7:2
Reciprocal: Job 12:6 - tabernacles; Job 15:25 - he stretcheth; Job 24:15 - No eye; Psalm 50:21 - thoughtest; Psalm 59:7 - who; Ecclesiastes 9:1 - no man; Isaiah 29:15 - Who seeth; 1 Corinthians 15:35 - How

Verse 12

Behold, these are the ungodly, who prosper in the world; they increase in riches.
these
37:35; 52:7; Jeremiah 12:1,2; Luke 16:19; James 5:1-3
prosper
they
17:14; 62:10; Jeremiah 5:17,28; Hosea 12:7,8
Reciprocal: Job 12:6 - tabernacles; Job 17:8 - astonied; Job 34:8 - General; Psalm 73:5 - They are; Psalm 73:7 - have; Psalm 92:7 - workers; Psalm 94:19 - General; Malachi 3:15 - we call; Luke 12:16 - The ground; Luke 16:25 - thy good

Verse 13

Verily I have cleansed my heart in vain, and washed my hands in innocency.
Verily
Job 9:27,31; 21:15; 34:9; 35:3; Malachi 3:14
washed
24:4; 26:6; 51:10; Hebrews 10:19-22; James 4:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 20:5 - and innocency; Deuteronomy 21:6 - wash their hands; 1 Kings 17:20 - hast thou also; Job 9:29 - General; Job 17:9 - clean; Psalm 58:11 - Verily there is; Ecclesiastes 8:14 - there be just; Matthew 15:9 - in; 1 Corinthians 15:14 - General; 1 Corinthians 15:32 - what; 1 Corinthians 15:58 - is not; 1 Thessalonians 2:1 - in vain

Verse 14

For all the day long have I been plagued, and chastened every morning.
For all
34:19; 94:12; Job 7:3,4,18; 10:3,17; Jeremiah 15:18; Amos 3:2; Hebrews 12:5; 1 Peter 1:6
chastened
Heb. my chastisement was.
Reciprocal: Ruth 1:20 - dealt; 1 Kings 17:20 - hast thou also; 2 Chronicles 22:12 - Athaliah; Psalm 31:9 - my soul; Psalm 88:15 - afflicted; Ecclesiastes 8:14 - there be just; Luke 16:20 - full; Hebrews 12:6 - whom; Hebrews 12:8 - General

Verse 15

If I say, I will speak thus; behold, I should offend against the generation of thy children.
offend
1 Samuel 2:24; Malachi 2:8; Matthew 18:6,7; Romans 14:15,21; 1 Corinthians 8:11-13
generation
22:30; 24:6; 1 Peter 2:9
Reciprocal: Psalm 14:5 - the generation; Psalm 37:8 - fret; Lamentations 3:66 - Persecute; Malachi 3:16 - spake; Hebrews 12:6 - whom; Hebrews 12:8 - General

Verse 16

When I thought to know this, it was too painful for me;
When
36:6; 77:19; 97:2; Proverbs 30:2,3; Ecclesiastes 8:17; Romans 11:33
too painful for me
Heb. labour in mine eyes.
39:6; Luke 18:32-34; John 16:18,19
Reciprocal: Genesis 43:18 - the men; Job 24:1 - not see; Job 37:19 - we; Habakkuk 2:1 - stand; Acts 8:31 - How

Verse 17

Until I went into the sanctuary of God; then understood I their end.
Until
27:4; 63:2; 77:13; 119:24,130
then
37:37,38; Job 27:8; Ecclesiastes 8:12,13; Jeremiah 5:31; Luke 12:20; 16:22,23
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:35 - their foot; 2 Chronicles 30:8 - enter into; Esther 7:6 - was afraid; Job 37:19 - we; Psalm 20:2 - from; Psalm 37:2 - General; Ezekiel 35:11 - and I; Daniel 11:4 - he shall stand; Habakkuk 2:1 - stand; Acts 8:31 - How; Romans 6:21 - for the

Verse 18

Surely thou didst set them in slippery places: thou castedst them down into destruction.
Surely
35:6; Deuteronomy 32:35; Jeremiah 23:12
thou castedst
37:20,24,35-38; 55:23; 92:7; 94:23; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
Reciprocal: Judges 20:21 - destroyed; 2 Samuel 15:10 - reigneth; 1 Kings 1:41 - Wherefore; 2 Chronicles 22:12 - Athaliah; Job 5:3 - taking; Job 8:18 - he; Job 15:21 - in prosperity; Job 20:5 - the triumphing; Job 24:17 - in the terrors; Job 24:18 - swift; Job 31:3 - destruction; Psalm 35:8 - Let destruction; Psalm 37:10 - yet; Psalm 49:20 - is like; Psalm 52:7 - strengthened; Psalm 58:9 - as; Psalm 62:3 - ye shall; Psalm 63:2 - in the; Psalm 73:1 - God; Psalm 88:11 - in destruction; Psalm 102:10 - thou hast; Psalm 147:6 - he casteth; Proverbs 6:15 - shall his; Proverbs 10:25 - the whirlwind; Proverbs 12:7 - wicked; Proverbs 28:18 - but; Ecclesiastes 3:18 - concerning; Ecclesiastes 8:8 - neither; Ecclesiastes 9:12 - the sons; Isaiah 57:20 - like; Ezekiel 28:17 - I will cast; Ezekiel 35:11 - and I; Daniel 5:6 - the king's; Mark 8:36 - what; Luke 16:22 - the rich; John 8:21 - and shall die; 1 Thessalonians 5:3 - then; Hebrews 11:25 - the pleasures; James 1:11 - so; James 5:1 - ye; 1 John 2:17 - the world

Verse 19

How are they brought into desolation, as in a moment! they are utterly consumed with terrors.
How
58:9; Job 20:5; Isaiah 30:13; Acts 2:23; 1 Thessalonians 5:3; Revelation 18:10
they are
Numbers 17:12,13; 1 Samuel 28:20; Job 15:21; 20:23-25; Proverbs 28:1; Isaiah 21:3,4; Daniel 5:6
Reciprocal: Exodus 33:5 - in a moment; Exodus 40:32 - as the Lord; Leviticus 26:16 - terror; Numbers 16:21 - that I may; Judges 3:17 - a very fat; Judges 20:21 - destroyed; 1 Samuel 28:5 - he was afraid; 2 Samuel 15:10 - reigneth; 2 Chronicles 22:12 - Athaliah; Esther 7:9 - Hang him thereon; Job 8:18 - he; Job 18:11 - Terrors; Job 20:25 - terrors; Job 21:9 - safe from fear; Job 24:17 - in the terrors; Job 24:24 - are exalted; Job 27:19 - he openeth; Job 34:20 - a moment; Psalm 40:15 - desolate; Psalm 49:20 - is like; Psalm 64:7 - suddenly; Psalm 147:6 - he casteth; Proverbs 3:25 - neither; Proverbs 12:7 - wicked; Ecclesiastes 3:18 - concerning; Isaiah 28:4 - shall be; Isaiah 47:9 - in a moment; Jeremiah 20:4 - I will make; Luke 4:5 - in; Luke 9:7 - Herod; Luke 12:20 - God; 1 Corinthians 15:52 - a moment; 2 Corinthians 5:11 - the terror; Hebrews 2:15 - through; 1 John 4:18 - fear hath

Verse 20

As a dream when one awaketh; so, O Lord, when thou awakest, thou shalt despise their image.
As a
90:5; Job 20:8; Isaiah 29:7,8
when
7:6; 78:65
their
39:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 41:53 - General; Job 27:19 - he openeth; Psalm 53:5 - because; Isaiah 28:4 - shall be; Isaiah 30:13 - cometh; Daniel 3:17 - our God; Luke 15:17 - when; 1 Corinthians 7:31 - for

Verse 21

Thus my heart was grieved, and I was pricked in my reins.
my heart
3; 37:1,7
in my
Job 16:13; Lamentations 3:13
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:38 - the plague; Psalm 16:7 - my reins

Verse 22

So foolish was I, and ignorant: I was as a beast before thee.
So
69:5; 92:6; Proverbs 30:2; Ecclesiastes 3:18
ignorant
Heb. I knew not. as a.
32:9; Isaiah 1:3
before thee
Heb. with thee.
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:38 - the plague; Job 11:12 - For vain; Job 18:3 - Wherefore; Job 37:19 - we; Psalm 49:10 - fool; Psalm 77:10 - This is; Psalm 94:8 - brutish; Proverbs 5:12 - How; Isaiah 19:11 - brutish; Luke 15:16 - that; Acts 8:31 - How; Ephesians 5:15 - not

Verse 23

Nevertheless I am continually with thee: thou hast holden me by my right hand.
Nevertheless
16:8; 23:4; 139:1-12,18; Genesis 17:1; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; Hebrews 13:5
thou hast
37:17,24; 63:8; Isaiah 41:10,13; 42:1
Reciprocal: Psalm 41:12 - settest; Psalm 109:31 - For he; Psalm 119:117 - Hold; Psalm 139:10 - General; Isaiah 45:1 - whose; Jeremiah 31:32 - in the; Daniel 6:20 - servest; Acts 2:25 - for; 2 Corinthians 5:8 - present

Verse 24

Thou shalt guide me with thy counsel, and afterward receive me to glory.
Thou
16:7; 25:9; 32:8; 48:14; 143:8-10; Proverbs 3:5,6; 8:20; Isaiah 30:21; 48:17; Isaiah 58:8,11; Luke 11:13; John 16:13; James 1:5
receive
49:15; 84:11; Luke 23:46; John 14:3; 17:5,24; Acts 7:59; 2 Corinthians 5:1; 1 Peter 1:4,5
Reciprocal: Genesis 24:7 - angel; Numbers 9:17 - and in the; Numbers 9:22 - abode; Deuteronomy 18:2 - the Lord; 2 Chronicles 32:22 - guided; Psalm 23:6 - and I; Psalm 31:19 - Oh; Psalm 37:18 - their; Psalm 41:12 - settest; Psalm 107:11 - contemned; Psalm 140:13 - the upright; Proverbs 3:35 - wise; Proverbs 10:28 - hope; Matthew 2:22 - being; Romans 5:2 - the glory; Romans 12:12 - Rejoicing; 2 Corinthians 4:17 - far; Philippians 1:23 - far; Philippians 3:20 - our; Colossians 3:4 - ye; 1 Thessalonians 4:17 - and so; 2 Timothy 4:18 - and will; 1 Peter 5:1 - a partaker; Revelation 3:18 - counsel

Verse 25

Whom have I in heaven but thee? and there is none upon earth that I desire beside thee.
Whom
16:5,11; 17:15; 37:4; 43:4; 63:3; 89:6; Matthew 5:8; Philippians 3:8; 1 John 3:2; Revelation 21:3,22,23
none upon
42:1,2; 104:34; 143:6-8; Isaiah 26:8,9; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Matthew 10:37; Philippians 3:8
Reciprocal: Exodus 5:22 - returned; Exodus 20:3 - General; 1 Samuel 2:2 - none beside; 2 Samuel 23:5 - desire; Psalm 52:9 - for it is; Psalm 62:2 - He only; Psalm 63:8 - followeth; Proverbs 3:15 - all; Song of Solomon 7:12 - there will I give thee; Matthew 22:29 - not; Luke 10:42 - one; Luke 14:26 - any; John 6:68 - to whom; Colossians 3:1 - seek; 1 Peter 5:1 - a partaker

Verse 26

My flesh and my heart faileth: but God is the strength of my heart, and my portion for ever.
flesh
63:1; 84:2; 119:81,82; Job 13:15; 2 Corinthians 4:8-10,16-18; Philippians 1:21; 2 Timothy 4:6-8; 2 Peter 1:14
but
18:2; 27:14; 138:3; Isaiah 40:29-31; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10
strength
Heb. rock. portion.
16:5,6; 119:57; 142:5; Lamentations 3:24; Revelation 21:3,4,7
Reciprocal: Numbers 18:20 - I am thy part; 2 Samuel 21:15 - and David waxed faint; 2 Samuel 23:5 - desire; Psalm 16:8 - he is; Psalm 31:9 - my soul; Psalm 40:12 - heart; Psalm 41:3 - strengthen; Psalm 48:14 - this God; Psalm 52:9 - for it is; Psalm 62:2 - He only; Psalm 71:9 - when; Proverbs 3:15 - all; Jeremiah 10:16 - portion; Jeremiah 51:19 - portion; Matthew 22:29 - not; Luke 14:26 - any; Luke 16:9 - when; Galatians 4:7 - heir; Colossians 3:1 - seek

Verse 27

For, lo, they that are far from thee shall perish: thou hast destroyed all them that go a whoring from thee.
lo
119:155; Job 21:14,15; Isaiah 29:13; Jeremiah 12:2; Matthew 15:7,8; Ephesians 2:13,17
that go
Exodus 34:15; Numbers 15:39; James 4:4; Revelation 17:1-5
Reciprocal: Leviticus 20:6 - go; Deuteronomy 31:16 - and go a; Judges 2:17 - whoring; Judges 8:27 - a whoring; Psalm 92:9 - For; Psalm 104:35 - sinners; Proverbs 15:29 - far; Isaiah 1:28 - the destruction; Jeremiah 17:13 - they that; Hosea 1:2 - for; Hosea 4:12 - gone; Luke 15:13 - and took

Verse 28

But it is good for me to draw near to God: I have put my trust in the Lord GOD, that I may declare all thy works.
But
65:4; 84:10; 116:7; Lamentations 3:25,26; Luke 15:17-20; Hebrews 10:19-22; James 4:8; 1 Peter 3:18
that I may
66:16; 71:17,24; 107:22; 118:17; The LXX., Vulgate, Arabic, and Ethiopic, add "in the gates of the daughter of Zion;" which makes a better conclusion; but it is not acknowledged by any MS. yet collated. Reciprocal: Genesis 18:23 - drew; Genesis 27:21 - Come; Deuteronomy 4:7 - who hath; 1 Samuel 14:36 - Then said the priest; Psalm 52:9 - for it is; Psalm 55:16 - General; Psalm 92:1 - good; Isaiah 12:4 - declare; Micah 6:8 - what is; Luke 9:33 - it is; Hebrews 7:19 - we; Hebrews 10:22 - draw; Hebrews 11:6 - he that

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 73". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-73.html.