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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 79

Introduction

1The psalmist complains of the desolation of Jerusalem.
8He prays for deliverance;
13and promises thankfulness.

Verse 1

O God, the heathen are come into thine inheritance; thy holy temple have they defiled; they have laid Jerusalem on heaps.
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588. (Title.) A Psalm. This Psalm is supposed, with much probability, to have been written on the destruction of the city and temple of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
74:1; *title, marg:
the heathen
74:3,4; 80:12,13; 2 Kings 21:12-16; 25:4-10; 2 Chronicles 36:3,4,6,7,17; Luke 21:24; Revelation 11:2
into
74:2; 78:71; Exodus 15:17; Isaiah 47:6
holy
74:7,8; 2 Kings 24:13; Lamentations 1:10; Ezekiel 7:20,21; 9:7
have laid
2 Kings 25:9,10; 2 Chronicles 36:19; Jeremiah 26:18; 39:8; 52:13; Micah 3:12
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:26 - General; 1 Samuel 4:13 - his heart; 1 Chronicles 6:39 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - Asaph; 2 Chronicles 35:15 - according; 2 Chronicles 36:16 - the wrath; Psalm 31:2 - deliver; Psalm 102:14 - General; Psalm 137:3 - wasted us; Isaiah 64:10 - General; Jeremiah 9:11 - Jerusalem; Jeremiah 19:13 - defiled; Jeremiah 50:11 - ye destroyers; Jeremiah 51:51 - for strangers; Lamentations 5:2 - General; Ezekiel 5:14 - I will; Ezekiel 24:21 - I will; Daniel 9:2 - the desolations; 1 Corinthians 3:17 - any

Verse 2

The dead bodies of thy servants have they given to be meat unto the fowls of the heaven, the flesh of thy saints unto the beasts of the earth.
Jeremiah 7:33; 15:3; 16:4; 34:20
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 36:17 - who slew; Psalm 44:22 - killed; Psalm 94:5 - break; Jeremiah 14:16 - be cast; Jeremiah 19:7 - and their; Lamentations 5:2 - General; Ezekiel 32:4 - General; Daniel 9:2 - the desolations; Zephaniah 1:17 - and their blood; Revelation 11:8 - their dead; Revelation 11:9 - and shall not

Verse 3

Their blood have they shed like water round about Jerusalem; and there was none to bury them.
Their
10; Matthew 23:35; Romans 8:36; Revelation 16:6; 17:6; 18:24
and there, etc
Either there was no friend or relation left to bury them, or none was allowed to perform this last sad office. The despotism of eastern princes often proceeds to such a degree of extravagance as to fill the mind with astonishment and horror. In Morocco, no person dares to bury the body of a malefactor without an order from the emperor; and Windus, speaking of a man who was to have been sawn in two, informs us, that "his body must have remained to be eaten by the dogs, if the emperor had not pardoned him."
141:7; Jeremiah 8:1,2; 14:16; 15:3; 16:4; 25:33; 34:20; Revelation 11:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 50:5 - bury me; 2 Samuel 14:14 - as water; 2 Chronicles 36:17 - who slew; Psalm 44:22 - killed; Psalm 94:5 - break; Jeremiah 7:33 - General; Jeremiah 19:7 - and their; Ezekiel 16:38 - shed; Ezekiel 23:32 - thou shalt be; Ezekiel 32:4 - General; Zephaniah 1:17 - they shall; Revelation 11:8 - their dead

Verse 4

We are become a reproach to our neighbours, a scorn and derision to them that are round about us.
become
44:13,14; 80:6; 89:41; Deuteronomy 28:37; Jeremiah 24:9; 25:18; 42:18; Lamentations 2:15,16; Lamentations 5:1; Ezekiel 35:12; 36:3,15
scorn
1 Kings 9:7; Nehemiah 2:19; 4:1-4
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 1:3 - reproach; Nehemiah 2:17 - a reproach; Psalm 30:1 - hast not; Psalm 39:8 - make; Psalm 74:10 - General; Isaiah 43:28 - and have; Jeremiah 48:27 - was not; Jeremiah 51:51 - are confounded; Lamentations 1:7 - the adversaries; Lamentations 3:14 - General; Lamentations 3:46 - have; Ezekiel 5:15 - an instruction; Ezekiel 22:4 - have I; Ezekiel 36:4 - a prey; Daniel 9:16 - Jerusalem; Joel 2:17 - and give; Zechariah 8:13 - a curse

Verse 5

How long, LORD? wilt thou be angry for ever? shall thy jealousy burn like fire?
How long
13:1,2; 74:1,9,10; 80:4; 89:46; Revelation 6:10
wilt
85:5; 103:9; Isaiah 64:9; Micah 7:18
jealousy
Deuteronomy 29:20; 32:16,22; Ezekiel 36:5; Zephaniah 1:18; 3:8
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:18 - anger; Esther 1:12 - burned; Psalm 38:19 - are lively; Psalm 77:7 - and will; Psalm 78:58 - moved; Psalm 80:16 - burned; Psalm 94:3 - Lord; Isaiah 30:27 - burning; Isaiah 42:25 - he hath poured; Isaiah 64:12 - General; Jeremiah 3:12 - I will; Lamentations 2:3 - he burned; Lamentations 5:20 - dost; Daniel 8:13 - How; Daniel 9:19 - defer; Zechariah 1:2 - Lord

Verse 6

Pour out thy wrath upon the heathen that have not known thee, and upon the kingdoms that have not called upon thy name.
Pour
69:24; Isaiah 42:25; Revelation 16:1-21
upon
Isaiah 13:1-22; 21:1-17; 23:1-18; Jeremiah 10:25; 25:29; 46:1-51
not known
9:16,17; Isaiah 45:4,5; John 16:3; 17:25; Acts 17:23; Romans 1:28; 2 Thessalonians 1:8
not called
14:4; 53:4; 145:18; Romans 10:12-14; 1 Corinthians 1:2
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 12:7 - and my wrath; Job 18:21 - knoweth; Psalm 9:19 - let the; Psalm 136:15 - for his mercy; Isaiah 43:22 - thou hast not; Isaiah 63:19 - are thine; Ezekiel 7:8 - pour; Daniel 9:19 - for thy; Zechariah 1:2 - Lord

Verse 7

For they have devoured Jacob, and laid waste his dwelling place.
For they
80:13; Isaiah 9:12; Jeremiah 50:7; 51:34,35; Zechariah 1:15
laid
2 Chronicles 36:21; Isaiah 24:1-12; 64:10,11
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 4:2 - and they; 2 Chronicles 36:19 - they burnt; Psalm 94:5 - break; Psalm 102:14 - General; Jeremiah 10:25 - Pour; Ezekiel 19:14 - she hath

Verse 8

O remember not against us former iniquities: let thy tender mercies speedily prevent us: for we are brought very low.
remember
25:7; 130:3; Exodus 32:34; 1 Kings 17:18; Isaiah 64:9; Hosea 8:13; 9:9; Revelation 18:5
former iniquities
or, the iniquities of them that were before us.
Genesis 15:16; Ezekiel 2:3; Daniel 9:16; Matthew 23:32-36
let thy
21:3; 69:16,17
we are
106:43; 116:6; 142:6; Deuteronomy 28:43
Reciprocal: Exodus 20:5 - visiting; 1 Samuel 4:2 - and they; 2 Samuel 19:19 - remember; Psalm 6:4 - for; Psalm 59:10 - prevent; Psalm 85:2 - forgiven; Psalm 119:124 - Deal; Psalm 137:7 - Remember; Isaiah 43:25 - will not; Jeremiah 44:21 - did; Ezekiel 29:16 - bringeth; Daniel 9:19 - thine

Verse 9

Help us, O God of our salvation, for the glory of thy name: and deliver us, and purge away our sins, for thy name's sake.
for the
115:1; 2 Chronicles 14:11; Malachi 2:2; Ephesians 1:6
purge
25:11; 65:3; Daniel 9:9,19
for thy
Joshua 7:9; Isaiah 43:25; 48:9; Jeremiah 14:7,21; Ezekiel 20:9,14
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:12 - should; 1 Chronicles 16:35 - Save us; Psalm 6:4 - for; Psalm 18:46 - the God; Psalm 23:3 - for his; Psalm 25:5 - God; Psalm 31:3 - for thy; Psalm 60:1 - O turn; Psalm 74:22 - Arise; Psalm 85:2 - forgiven; Psalm 88:1 - Lord; Psalm 109:21 - But do; Isaiah 17:10 - the God; Jeremiah 30:17 - they; Ezekiel 20:22 - wrought; Ezekiel 20:44 - when I; John 17:11 - thine

Verse 10

Wherefore should the heathen say, Where is their God? let him be known among the heathen in our sight by the revenging of the blood of thy servants which is shed.
Wherefore
42:3,10; 115:2; Joel 2:17; Micah 7:10
let him
9:16; 58:11; 83:17,18; Exodus 6:7; 7:5; Ezekiel 36:23; 39:21,22
by the
Jeremiah 51:35; Revelation 18:20
revenging
Heb. vengeance.
Romans 12:19
Reciprocal: Exodus 32:12 - should; 1 Kings 20:28 - therefore will; 1 Chronicles 16:35 - Save us; 2 Chronicles 14:11 - man; Psalm 9:5 - rebuked; Psalm 12:5 - oppression; Psalm 30:1 - hast not; Psalm 74:22 - Arise; Psalm 79:3 - Their; Psalm 89:50 - General; Psalm 109:21 - But do; Psalm 115:1 - unto us; Isaiah 25:5 - shalt bring; Isaiah 64:2 - to make; Jeremiah 14:21 - for; Lamentations 3:46 - have; Ezekiel 20:22 - wrought; Ezekiel 36:3 - and ye; Ezekiel 37:28 - the heathen; 2 Thessalonians 1:6 - General

Verse 11

Let the sighing of the prisoner come before thee; according to the greatness of thy power preserve thou those that are appointed to die;
sighing
12:5; 69:33; 102:20; Exodus 2:23,24; Isaiah 42:7
according
146:6,7; Numbers 14:17-19; Matthew 6:13; Ephesians 3:20
thy power
Heb. thine arm.
Isaiah 33:2
preserve thou those that are appointed to die
Heb. reserve the children of death.
102:20; *marg:
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:31 - shall surely die; 1 Samuel 26:16 - worthy to die; Psalm 88:2 - General; Proverbs 31:8 - such; Isaiah 21:2 - all the; Lamentations 3:34 - all; Acts 16:26 - and every

Verse 12

And render unto our neighbours sevenfold into their bosom their reproach, wherewith they have reproached thee, O Lord.
render
Genesis 4:15; Leviticus 26:21,28; Isaiah 65:5-7; Jeremiah 32:18; Luke 6:38
wherewith
See on Ps.
44:16; 74:18-22
Reciprocal: Numbers 15:30 - reproacheth; 1 Samuel 17:26 - reproach; 2 Kings 19:16 - which hath sent; Nehemiah 2:17 - a reproach; Nehemiah 4:4 - turn; Psalm 5:10 - let; Psalm 42:3 - while; Psalm 59:12 - For the; Isaiah 37:17 - hear; Isaiah 65:6 - but; Jeremiah 51:51 - are confounded; Lamentations 5:1 - behold; Hebrews 10:33 - by reproaches

Verse 13

So we thy people and sheep of thy pasture will give thee thanks for ever: we will shew forth thy praise to all generations.
thy people
74:1; 95:7; 100:3
we will
45:17; 74:18,22; 145:4; Isaiah 43:21
all generations
Heb. generation and generation. Reciprocal: Psalm 9:14 - That; Psalm 23:1 - my; Psalm 61:8 - sing; Psalm 80:18 - So will; Psalm 102:21 - General; Isaiah 64:9 - we are; Matthew 25:33 - the sheep; John 10:7 - the sheep; Colossians 1:12 - Giving

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 79". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-79.html.