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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 80

Introduction

1The psalmist in his prayer complains of the miseries of the church.
8God's former favours are turned into judgments.
14He prays for deliverance.

Verse 1

Give ear, O Shepherd of Israel, thou that leadest Joseph like a flock; thou that dwellest between the cherubims, shine forth.
A. M. cir. 3463. B.C. cir. 541. (Title.) Shoshannim-Eduth
45:1; 60:1; 69:1; *titles
A Psalm
This Psalm is generally supposed to have been written during the Babylonian captivity; but some think it refers to the desolations made by Sennacherib.
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
Give ear
5:1; 55:1
O Shepherd
23:1,2; Isaiah 40:11; Ezekiel 34:23; John 10:14; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:4
leadest
77:20; 78:52; Isaiah 49:9,10; 63:11; John 10:3,4
dwellest
99:1; Exodus 25:20-22; 1 Samuel 4:4; 2 Samuel 6:2; 2 Kings 19:15; Ezekiel 1:13; 10:4
shine
3,7,19; 50:2; 94:1; Deuteronomy 33:2; Job 10:3; Isaiah 60:1; Ezekiel 43:2; Daniel 9:17; Revelation 21:23
Reciprocal: Genesis 3:24 - Cherubims; Genesis 49:24 - the shepherd; Exodus 15:13 - led; Exodus 25:22 - between; Exodus 37:7 - General; Leviticus 9:24 - there came a fire; Numbers 2:18 - camp of Ephraim; Numbers 6:25 - The Lord; Numbers 7:89 - two cherubims; Numbers 9:17 - when the cloud; Numbers 10:22 - the camp; Deuteronomy 32:12 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 22:11 - a cherub; 1 Kings 6:23 - two cherubims; 1 Kings 8:6 - under the wings; 1 Chronicles 6:39 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 13:6 - that dwelleth; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 28:18 - the chariot; Psalm 4:6 - lift; Psalm 45:1 - Shoshannim; Psalm 67:1 - cause; Psalm 81:5 - in Joseph; Psalm 95:7 - people; Psalm 119:135 - Make; Ecclesiastes 12:11 - given; Song of Solomon 1:7 - thou feedest; Isaiah 37:16 - dwellest; Isaiah 60:2 - the Lord; Isaiah 63:12 - with; Jeremiah 13:17 - because; Ezekiel 10:6 - General; Ezekiel 34:11 - search; Ezekiel 34:31 - ye my; Ezekiel 37:24 - one; Haggai 2:7 - I will fill; John 10:2 - the shepherd; John 10:9 - and shall; John 10:11 - the good; Hebrews 9:5 - over

Verse 2

Before Ephraim and Benjamin and Manasseh stir up thy strength, and come and save us.
Before
These three tribes, in the wilderness, marched immediately after the ark and cherubim, by Divine appointment, to which this appears to be an allusion.
Numbers 2:18-24; 10:22-24
stir up
35:23; 44:23-26; 78:38; Isaiah 42:13,14
come and save us
Heb. come for salvation to us.
Isaiah 25:9; 33:22
Reciprocal: Numbers 9:17 - when the cloud; Psalm 9:19 - Arise; Psalm 81:5 - in Joseph

Verse 3

Turn us again, O God, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Turn us
7,19; 85:4; 1 Kings 18:37; Jeremiah 31:18,19; Lamentations 5:21
cause
1; 4:6; 67:1; 119:135; Numbers 6:25,26
Reciprocal: Joshua 10:42 - because; Psalm 31:16 - Make; Psalm 90:17 - And let; Isaiah 64:12 - General; Daniel 9:17 - cause

Verse 4

O LORD God of hosts, how long wilt thou be angry against the prayer of thy people?
how long
85:5; Isaiah 58:2,3,6-9; Lamentations 3:44; Matthew 15:22-28; Luke 18:1-8
be angry
Heb. smoke.
74:1; Deuteronomy 29:20
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:20 - vexation; Job 7:20 - I have sinned; Job 30:20 - I cry; Psalm 13:1 - How; Psalm 22:2 - but; Psalm 55:1 - hide; Psalm 79:5 - How long; Psalm 94:3 - Lord; Song of Solomon 5:6 - I sought; Isaiah 64:12 - General; Jeremiah 14:17 - let mine; Lamentations 3:8 - General

Verse 5

Thou feedest them with the bread of tears; and givest them tears to drink in great measure.
42:3; 102:9; Job 6:7; Isaiah 30:20; Ezekiel 4:16,17
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 22:27 - bread of affliction; 2 Chronicles 18:26 - bread of affliction; Job 3:24 - my sighing; Job 30:20 - I cry; Ecclesiastes 4:1 - the tears; Jeremiah 9:15 - I will; Jeremiah 14:17 - let mine; Ezekiel 12:18 - General

Verse 6

Thou makest us a strife unto our neighbours: and our enemies laugh among themselves.
Thou
Jeremiah 15:10
our enemies
44:13,14; 79:4; Judges 16:25; Isaiah 36:8,12-20; 37:23; Jeremiah 48:27; Ezekiel 36:4; Revelation 11:10
Reciprocal: Nehemiah 2:19 - they; Lamentations 1:5 - adversaries

Verse 7

Turn us again, O God of hosts, and cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Turn
3,19; 51:10; Luke 1:16
we shall
Isaiah 30:15; 64:5; Jeremiah 4:14; Mark 4:12; 2 Timothy 2:25,26
Reciprocal: Numbers 6:25 - The Lord; Psalm 4:6 - lift; Psalm 31:16 - Make; Psalm 67:1 - cause; Psalm 85:4 - turn us; Psalm 90:17 - And let; Psalm 119:135 - Make; Jeremiah 31:18 - turn; Jeremiah 38:17 - the God of hosts; Lamentations 5:21 - Turn; Daniel 9:17 - cause

Verse 8

Thou hast brought a vine out of Egypt: thou hast cast out the heathen, and planted it.
a vine
Isaiah 5:1-7; 27:2,3; Jeremiah 2:21; Ezekiel 15:6; 17:6; 19:10; Matthew 21:33-41; John 15:1-8
thou hast cast
44:2; 78:55; Jeremiah 18:9,10; This most elegant allegory, which is every where well supported, is frequently employed by sacred writers: see the Parallel Passages.
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:17 - plant; Exodus 34:24 - I will; 2 Samuel 7:10 - plant them; Psalm 80:15 - vineyard; Psalm 105:44 - gave; Psalm 111:6 - that he; Isaiah 5:7 - the vineyard; Jeremiah 11:17 - that; Jeremiah 12:10 - my vineyard; Jeremiah 45:4 - that which; Ezekiel 15:2 - What; Mark 12:1 - planted; Luke 13:6 - fig tree; Luke 20:9 - planted; 1 Corinthians 3:9 - ye are God's

Verse 9

Thou preparedst room before it, and didst cause it to take deep root, and it filled the land.
preparedst
105:44; Exodus 23:28-30; Joshua 23:13-15; 24:12; Nehemiah 9:22-25
to take
Isaiah 27:6; 37:31; Jeremiah 12:2
and it
1 Kings 4:20,25; 1 Chronicles 21:5; 27:23,24
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 19:30 - shall yet again; Daniel 2:35 - and filled; Hosea 14:6 - branches; Mark 4:32 - shooteth

Verse 10

The hills were covered with the shadow of it, and the boughs thereof were like the goodly cedars.
goodly cedars
Heb. cedars of God.
104:16
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 31:8 - cedars; Daniel 2:35 - and filled; Jonah 3:3 - So

Verse 11

She sent out her boughs unto the sea, and her branches unto the river.
72:8; Genesis 15:18; Exodus 23:31; 1 Kings 4:21,24; 1 Chronicles 18:3
Reciprocal: Psalm 89:25 - I will; Isaiah 30:15 - and ye; Hosea 11:6 - consume; Romans 11:17 - some

Verse 12

Why hast thou then broken down her hedges, so that all they which pass by the way do pluck her?
broken
89:40,41; Isaiah 5:5; 18:5,6; Nahum 2:2; Luke 20:16
Reciprocal: Judges 21:3 - why is; Job 1:10 - an hedge; Psalm 44:9 - General; Psalm 79:1 - the heathen; Jeremiah 14:19 - utterly; Lamentations 2:6 - he hath violently; Ezekiel 19:12 - she was; Hosea 2:12 - I will; Amos 9:11 - close

Verse 13

The boar out of the wood doth waste it, and the wild beast of the field doth devour it.
The boar
This wild boar, chazir, is the parent stock of our domestic hog. He is much smaller, but stronger, and more undaunted, colour, an iron grey inclining to black; snout, longer than that of the common breed: ears comparatively short; tusks, very formidable; and habits, fierce and savage. He is particularly destructive to corn-fields and vineyards.
2 Kings 18:1-19; 24:1-25; 2 Chronicles 32:1-33; 36:1-23; Jeremiah 4:7; 39:1-3; Jeremiah 51:34; 52:7,12-14
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 25:18 - a wild beast; Psalm 44:9 - General; Psalm 79:1 - the heathen; Psalm 79:7 - For they; Psalm 89:41 - All; Song of Solomon 2:15 - the foxes; Jeremiah 14:19 - utterly; Ezekiel 19:12 - she was; Hosea 13:8 - wild beast; Nahum 2:2 - for

Verse 14

Return, we beseech thee, O God of hosts: look down from heaven, and behold, and visit this vine;
Return
7:7; 90:13; Isaiah 63:15,17; Joel 2:14; Malachi 3:7; Acts 15:16
look down
33:13; Isaiah 63:15; Lamentations 3:50; Daniel 9:16-19
Reciprocal: Psalm 6:4 - Return; Psalm 28:9 - Save; Jeremiah 38:17 - the God of hosts; Daniel 9:18 - behold

Verse 15

And the vineyard which thy right hand hath planted, and the branch that thou madest strong for thyself.
vineyard
8; Isaiah 5:1,2; Jeremiah 2:21; Mark 12:1; John 15:1
the branch
Or, "the Son," ben, or as 18 MSS., LXX., Vulgate, Syriac, Arabic, and Ethiopic read, ben adam, "Son of man;" which the Targumist renders makla mesheecha, "the King Messiah."
89:21; Isaiah 11:1; 49:5; Jeremiah 23:5,6; Ezekiel 17:22-24; Zechariah 3:8; 6:12
Reciprocal: Psalm 80:17 - General; Isaiah 5:7 - the vineyard; Isaiah 27:11 - the boughs; Jeremiah 11:17 - that; Ezekiel 19:11 - she had; Ezekiel 19:14 - she hath; Matthew 3:10 - is hewn; John 15:6 - he

Verse 16

It is burned with fire, it is cut down: they perish at the rebuke of thy countenance.
burned
79:5; Isaiah 27:11; Ezekiel 20:47,48; John 15:6
perish
39:11; 76:6,7; 90:7; 2 Thessalonians 1:9
Reciprocal: Job 22:4 - reprove; Psalm 9:3 - they shall; Psalm 44:3 - light; Psalm 68:2 - as wax; Psalm 90:8 - in the; Jeremiah 11:16 - with; Ezekiel 15:4 - it is cast; Ezekiel 19:12 - she was; Ezekiel 19:14 - she hath; Matthew 3:10 - is hewn; 1 Peter 3:12 - but

Verse 17

Let thy hand be upon the man of thy right hand, upon the son of man whom thou madest strong for thyself.
15; 89:21; 110:1; Isaiah 53:5; Daniel 7:13,14; John 5:21-29
Reciprocal: Genesis 35:18 - Benjamin; Psalm 8:4 - son; Psalm 50:2 - perfection; Ezekiel 19:11 - she had; Luke 1:66 - And the

Verse 18

So will not we go back from thee: quicken us, and we will call upon thy name.
So will
79:13; John 6:66-69; Hebrews 10:38,39
quicken
85:6; 119:25,37,40,107,154,156; Song of Solomon 1:4; Philippians 2:12,13; Ephesians 2:1-5
Reciprocal: Psalm 71:20 - quicken

Verse 19

Turn us again, O LORD God of hosts, cause thy face to shine; and we shall be saved.
Turn us
3,7; Jeremiah 3:22,23
cause
1; 27:4,9; 31:16; 44:3 Reciprocal: Numbers 6:25 - The Lord; Psalm 4:6 - lift; Psalm 67:1 - cause; Psalm 85:4 - turn us; Psalm 119:135 - Make; Jeremiah 31:18 - turn; Lamentations 5:21 - Turn; Daniel 9:17 - cause

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 80". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-80.html.