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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 83

Introduction

1A complaint to God of the enemies' conspiracies.
9A prayer against them that oppress the Church.

Verse 1

Keep not thou silence, O God: hold not thy peace, and be not still, O God.
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588. (Title.) A song. Some refer this Psalm to the confederacy against Jehoshaphat, and others to the destruction of Jerusalem by Nebuchadnezzar
of Asaph
or, for Asaph.
Keep
28:1; 35:22; 44:23; 50:3; 109:1,2
be not
Isaiah 42:14
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:14 - hold; Joshua 11:1 - he sent; Judges 8:21 - slew; 1 Chronicles 6:39 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 15:17 - Asaph; 1 Chronicles 25:2 - Asaph; Nehemiah 12:46 - and Asaph; Psalm 44:7 - put them; Isaiah 64:12 - General; Jeremiah 50:11 - ye destroyers; Daniel 6:7 - have consulted; Habakkuk 1:13 - holdest

Verse 2

For, lo, thine enemies make a tumult: and they that hate thee have lifted up the head.
For, lo
2:1,2; 74:4,23; 2 Kings 19:28; Isaiah 37:29; Jeremiah 1:19; Matthew 27:24; Acts 4:25-27; 16:22; 17:5; 19:28-41; 21:30; 22:22; 23:10
that hate
81:15
lifted
75:4,5; 93:3; Isaiah 37:23; Daniel 5:20-23
Reciprocal: Joshua 9:2 - gathered; Judges 9:1 - communed; Psalm 46:6 - heathen; Psalm 48:4 - General; Isaiah 42:14 - long time; Ezekiel 26:2 - Aha; Habakkuk 3:14 - they; Zechariah 1:15 - and; Acts 4:26 - kings

Verse 3

They have taken crafty counsel against thy people, and consulted against thy hidden ones.
They
10:9; 56:6; 64:2; 1 Samuel 13:19; Isaiah 7:6,7; Luke 20:20-23
thy hidden
27:5; 31:20; 91:1; Colossians 3:3
Reciprocal: Exodus 1:10 - Come on; 1 Kings 17:3 - hide thyself; 2 Chronicles 20:11 - to cast us; Nehemiah 4:8 - all; Psalm 71:10 - take; Isaiah 7:1 - Rezin; Isaiah 7:5 - Syria; Isaiah 8:10 - counsel; Jeremiah 51:11 - the vengeance; Lamentations 4:21 - be glad; Ezekiel 25:10 - may; Ezekiel 35:2 - and prophesy; Ezekiel 38:10 - that at; Amos 1:11 - because; Matthew 2:7 - General

Verse 4

They have said, Come, and let us cut them off from being a nation; that the name of Israel may be no more in remembrance.
Exodus 1:10; Esther 3:6-9; Proverbs 1:12; Jeremiah 11:19; 31:36; Daniel 7:25; Matthew 27:62-66; Acts 4:17; 9:1,2
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:38 - children; Joshua 7:9 - environ; Judges 6:5 - to destroy; 2 Samuel 8:5 - came; Job 18:17 - General; Psalm 2:1 - Why; Psalm 21:11 - are not; Psalm 74:8 - said; Psalm 83:12 - General; Psalm 124:3 - Then they; Psalm 129:5 - be confounded; Proverbs 19:21 - many; Isaiah 7:5 - Syria; Jeremiah 33:24 - thus; Jeremiah 48:2 - come; Jeremiah 48:42 - from; Jeremiah 49:7 - Edom; Ezekiel 25:8 - Moab; Ezekiel 35:10 - thou hast; Ezekiel 36:5 - appointed; Ezekiel 38:10 - that at; Amos 2:1 - For three; Zephaniah 2:8 - the revilings; Matthew 2:7 - General; Luke 23:12 - General; Acts 7:19 - General

Verse 5

For they have consulted together with one consent: they are confederate against thee:
For
2:2; Proverbs 21:30; Isaiah 7:5-7; 8:9,10; John 11:47-53; Acts 23:12,13; Revelation 17:13; 19:19
consent
Heb. heart. they are.
Joshua 10:3-5; 2 Samuel 10:6-8; Isaiah 7:2
Reciprocal: Genesis 25:23 - the elder; 2 Chronicles 20:1 - the children of Moab; Isaiah 33:11 - conceive; Obadiah 1:10 - violence; Habakkuk 3:7 - Midian; Acts 7:19 - General; Acts 14:5 - when

Verse 6

The tabernacles of Edom, and the Ishmaelites; of Moab, and the Hagarenes;
The tabernacles
Tents are mentioned because it was the custom of these people, particularly the Ishmaelites, to live a migratory or wandering life; encamping sometimes in one place, and sometimes in another, as they found convenience for themselves and cattle; a custom retained by their descendants to the present day.
Edom
2 Chronicles 20:1,10,11
Hagarenes
Genesis 25:12-18; 1 Chronicles 5:10,19,20
Hagarites
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:10 - I will; Genesis 37:25 - Ishmeelites; Judges 3:13 - Ammon; 2 Samuel 8:2 - he smote; 1 Chronicles 18:11 - Amalek; Obadiah 1:18 - for stubble

Verse 7

Gebal, and Ammon, and Amalek; the Philistines with the inhabitants of Tyre;
Gebal
Joshua 13:5; Ezekiel 27:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 16:10 - I will; Exodus 17:8 - General; Numbers 13:29 - Amalekites; Deuteronomy 25:19 - thou shalt; Judges 3:13 - the city; 1 Kings 5:18 - the stonesquarers; 1 Chronicles 18:11 - Amalek; Nehemiah 13:1 - Moabite; Jeremiah 49:1 - Ammonites; Ezekiel 25:15 - dealt; Ezekiel 26:2 - Tyrus; Amos 1:13 - and for

Verse 8

Assur also is joined with them: they have holpen the children of Lot. Selah.
Assur
Assur is the same in the original as Asshur, or Assyria.
Genesis 10:11
Asshur
Genesis 25:3
holpen
Heb. been an arm to.
Isaiah 33:2
the children
Genesis 19:37,38; Deuteronomy 2:9
Reciprocal: Numbers 24:22 - the Kenite; 1 Chronicles 1:17 - Asshur; Ezekiel 27:23 - Asshur; Ezekiel 32:22 - General; Habakkuk 3:14 - they; Zephaniah 2:13 - he will

Verse 9

Do unto them as unto the Midianites; as to Sisera, as to Jabin, at the brook of Kison:
as unto
Numbers 31:7,8; Judges 7:22-25; Isaiah 9:4; 10:26
as to Sisera
Judges 4:15-24
of Kison
The variations of Kison and Kishon only exists in the translation; the original being uniformly Kishon.
Judges 5:21
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:28 - Midianites; Numbers 5:27 - the woman; Judges 4:2 - Sisera; Judges 4:7 - Kishon; Judges 5:31 - So let; Judges 8:28 - was Midian; Psalm 5:10 - let; Ezekiel 32:4 - General; Habakkuk 3:14 - the head; Zephaniah 2:13 - he will

Verse 10

Which perished at Endor: they became as dung for the earth.
Endor
Joshua 17:11; 1 Samuel 28:7
as dung
2 Kings 9:37; Jeremiah 8:2; 16:4; Zephaniah 1:17
Reciprocal: Genesis 14:10 - fell; Judges 4:7 - Kishon; Judges 4:15 - General; Judges 5:21 - Kishon; 1 Kings 14:10 - as a man taketh; Job 20:7 - perish; Job 28:22 - Destruction; Isaiah 5:25 - torn; Isaiah 25:10 - even; Jeremiah 9:22 - fall; Jeremiah 25:33 - they shall not; Ezekiel 32:4 - General; Malachi 2:3 - spread

Verse 11

Make their nobles like Oreb, and like Zeeb: yea, all their princes as Zebah, and as Zalmunna:
Oreb
Judges 7:25
Zebah
Judges 8:12-21
Reciprocal: Psalm 82:7 - and fall; Isaiah 10:26 - according

Verse 12

Who said, Let us take to ourselves the houses of God in possession.
4; 74:7,8; 2 Chronicles 20:11
Reciprocal: Judges 7:25 - two princes; Ezekiel 7:24 - their holy places shall be defiled; Ezekiel 35:12 - they are given; Hosea 13:3 - as the chaff

Verse 13

O my God, make them like a wheel; as the stubble before the wind.
O my
22:1; 44:4; 74:11,12
like
Isaiah 17:12-14
as the
35:5; 68:1,2; Exodus 15:7; Job 13:25; 21:18; Isaiah 40:24; 41:2; Jeremiah 13:24; Matthew 3:12
Reciprocal: Psalm 146:9 - the way; Isaiah 17:13 - shall be; Isaiah 47:14 - they shall; Isaiah 64:2 - to make

Verse 14

As the fire burneth a wood, and as the flame setteth the mountains on fire;
As the fire
Isaiah 30:33; 33:11,12; 64:1,2; Ezekiel 20:47,48; Malachi 4:1
the flame
Deuteronomy 32:22; Nahum 1:6,10
Reciprocal: Psalm 118:12 - quenched; Isaiah 10:17 - for a flame

Verse 15

So persecute them with thy tempest, and make them afraid with thy storm.
11:6; 50:3; 58:9; Job 9:17; 27:20-23; Isaiah 28:17; 30:30; Ezekiel 13:11-14; Matthew 7:27; Hebrews 12:18
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:18 - I will cause; Job 27:21 - a storm; Psalm 118:12 - quenched; Isaiah 10:17 - for a flame; Lamentations 3:43 - persecuted; Amos 1:14 - with a

Verse 16

Fill their faces with shame; that they may seek thy name, O LORD.
6:10; 9:19,20; 34:5
Reciprocal: Job 11:3 - make thee; Psalm 31:17 - wicked; Psalm 53:5 - thou hast; Hosea 5:15 - in their; 2 Thessalonians 3:14 - that he

Verse 17

Let them be confounded and troubled for ever; yea, let them be put to shame, and perish:
35:4,26; 40:14,15; 109:29
Reciprocal: Exodus 9:16 - deed; Psalm 6:10 - Let all; Psalm 9:16 - known; Psalm 31:17 - wicked; Psalm 53:5 - thou hast; Psalm 79:10 - let him; Isaiah 37:20 - that all; Jeremiah 17:18 - confounded; Ezekiel 6:7 - and ye; Ezekiel 28:22 - I will; Ezekiel 32:15 - then; Ezekiel 33:29 - shall; Ezekiel 38:16 - that the; Daniel 4:17 - that the living; Daniel 5:21 - his heart was made like; Malachi 1:5 - The Lord; Romans 9:17 - that

Verse 18

That men may know that thou, whose name alone is JEHOVAH, art the most high over all the earth.
That men
9:16; 59:13; 1 Kings 18:37; 2 Kings 19:19; Isaiah 5:16; Jeremiah 16:21; Ezekiel 30:19; Ezekiel 38:23
whose
Genesis 22:14; Exodus 6:3; Isaiah 42:8
the most
92:8; Isaiah 54:5; Daniel 4:25,32; Micah 4:13; Zechariah 4:14 Reciprocal: Genesis 14:22 - the most; Exodus 7:17 - thou shalt; Exodus 8:10 - there is none; Exodus 9:16 - deed; Exodus 15:3 - name; Exodus 23:21 - my name; Deuteronomy 4:35 - know; Deuteronomy 28:58 - fear this glorious; Joshua 2:11 - for the Lord; Joshua 9:9 - because; 1 Kings 18:36 - let it; 1 Kings 20:13 - and thou shalt; Ezra 1:3 - he is the God; Nehemiah 9:10 - didst; Psalm 9:2 - O thou; Psalm 20:1 - name; Psalm 46:10 - know; Psalm 79:10 - let him; Psalm 97:5 - the Lord of; Psalm 97:9 - high; Ecclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth; Isaiah 12:2 - the Lord; Isaiah 26:9 - for; Isaiah 37:20 - that all; Isaiah 45:6 - General; Isaiah 49:26 - and all; Isaiah 57:15 - the high; Jeremiah 17:18 - confounded; Ezekiel 6:7 - and ye; Ezekiel 22:16 - thou shalt know; Ezekiel 25:5 - and ye; Ezekiel 32:15 - then; Ezekiel 33:29 - shall; Ezekiel 38:16 - that the; Daniel 3:27 - the princes; Daniel 4:17 - that the living; Daniel 5:21 - his heart was made like; Micah 6:9 - the man of wisdom shall see thy name; Malachi 1:5 - The Lord; Luke 4:8 - only; Romans 9:17 - that; 1 Timothy 6:15 - who

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 83". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-83.html.