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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 86

Introduction

1David strengthens his prayer by the consciousness of his religion;
5by the goodness and power of God.
11He desires the continuance of former grace.
14Complaining of the proud, he craves some token of God's goodness.

Verse 1

Bow down thine ear, O LORD, hear me: for I am poor and needy.
(Title
&) A Prayer of David. or a prayer, being a Psalm of David. This Psalm is supposed to have been composed by David either when persecuted by Saul, or driven from Jerusalem by Absalom.
102:1; 142:1; *titles
Bow
31:2; Isaiah 37:17; Daniel 9:18
for I am
10:14; 34:6; 40:17; 72:12-14; 102:17; 119:22; 140:12; Isaiah 66:2; Matthew 5:3; Luke 4:18; James 1:9,10; 2:5
Reciprocal: Psalm 5:1 - Give; Psalm 17:1 - General; Psalm 109:22 - For I; Psalm 119:58 - I entreated; Habakkuk 3:1 - prayer

Verse 2

Preserve my soul; for I am holy: O thou my God, save thy servant that trusteth in thee.
Preserve
4:3; 37:28; 119:94; 1 Samuel 2:9; John 10:27-29; 17:11; 1 Peter 5:3-5
holy
or, one whom thou favourest.
18:19; Deuteronomy 7:7,8; Romans 9:18,23,24
save
119:124,125; 143:12; John 12:26
trusteth
13:5; 16:1; 31:1; Isaiah 26:3,4; Romans 15:12,13; Ephesians 1:12,13
Reciprocal: Romans 6:22 - become

Verse 3

Be merciful unto me, O Lord: for I cry unto thee daily.
Be merciful
56:1; 57:1
for I
55:17; 88:9; Luke 2:37; 11:8-13; 18:7; Ephesians 6:18
daily
or, all the day.
25:5
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:28 - hearken; Psalm 3:4 - I cried; Psalm 4:1 - have mercy upon me; Psalm 88:1 - I have; Daniel 6:10 - three; Luke 18:1 - that; Acts 10:2 - and prayed

Verse 4

Rejoice the soul of thy servant: for unto thee, O Lord, do I lift up my soul.
Rejoice
51:12; Isaiah 61:3; 65:18; 66:13,14
do
25:1; 62:8; 143:8
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:15 - setteth his heart upon it; Job 22:26 - lift up; Psalm 3:4 - I cried; Psalm 90:14 - that we; Psalm 119:145 - cried; Jeremiah 20:12 - for; Jeremiah 22:27 - desire; Lamentations 3:41 - lift

Verse 5

For thou, Lord, art good, and ready to forgive; and plenteous in mercy unto all them that call upon thee.
thou
15; 25:8; 36:7; 52:1; 69:16; 119:68; 130:7; 145:8,9; Exodus 34:6; Joel 2:13; 1 John 4:8,9
ready
Nehemiah 9:17; Isaiah 55:7; Daniel 9:9; Micah 7:18
plenteous
103:8; 130:4,7; Joel 2:13; Romans 5:20,21; Ephesians 1:6-8; 2:4
unto all
145:18; Jeremiah 33:3; Ezekiel 36:33,37; Luke 11:9,10; John 4:10; Acts 2:21; Romans 10:12,13
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:32 - I will not; Genesis 19:16 - the Lord; Deuteronomy 4:31 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 24:14 - for his; 1 Kings 8:52 - in all that; 1 Chronicles 21:13 - great; 2 Chronicles 30:9 - the Lord; 2 Chronicles 30:18 - The good; 2 Chronicles 33:13 - he was entreated; Job 33:24 - Then; Psalm 32:5 - forgavest; Psalm 100:5 - For the; Psalm 109:21 - thy mercy; Psalm 111:4 - gracious; Psalm 116:5 - Gracious; Psalm 119:76 - merciful; Psalm 119:156 - are thy; Isaiah 63:7 - according to his; Jeremiah 3:12 - for I am; Jonah 4:2 - thou art; Zechariah 9:17 - how great is his goodness; Matthew 7:7 - and it; Matthew 7:11 - how; Matthew 18:27 - moved; Matthew 22:4 - and all; Mark 10:18 - that is; Luke 7:13 - he; Luke 15:20 - But; Romans 2:4 - riches; Romans 15:5 - the God; 2 Corinthians 1:3 - the Father of mercies; Ephesians 1:7 - the forgiveness; Titus 3:5 - according; James 5:11 - the Lord is; 1 Peter 1:3 - which; 1 Peter 5:10 - the God

Verse 6

Give ear, O LORD, unto my prayer; and attend to the voice of my supplications.
5:1,2; 17:1; 130:2
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:28 - hearken; Nehemiah 1:11 - Let now; Psalm 116:2 - therefore

Verse 7

In the day of my trouble I will call upon thee: for thou wilt answer me.
18:6; 34:4-6; 50:15; 55:16-18; 77:1,2; 91:15; 142:1,3; Isaiah 26:16; Lamentations 3:55-57; Jonah 2:2; Luke 22:44; Hebrews 5:7
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:28 - hearken; Psalm 116:2 - therefore; Nahum 1:7 - in the

Verse 8

Among the gods there is none like unto thee, O Lord; neither are there any works like unto thy works.
Among
89:6,8; Exodus 15:11; Isaiah 40:18,25; Jeremiah 10:6,7,16; Daniel 3:29
neither
136:4; Deuteronomy 3:24; 4:34
Reciprocal: Genesis 21:7 - Who; Exodus 8:10 - there is none; Deuteronomy 33:26 - none; 1 Samuel 2:2 - rock; 2 Samuel 7:22 - none; 1 Kings 8:23 - no God; 1 Kings 8:42 - great name; 1 Chronicles 16:28 - ye kindreds; 1 Chronicles 17:20 - none; 2 Chronicles 2:5 - great is our God; 2 Chronicles 6:14 - no God; Job 36:24 - magnify; Psalm 18:31 - General; Psalm 35:10 - who; Psalm 71:19 - who is like; Psalm 86:10 - For; Psalm 95:3 - For; Psalm 135:5 - I know; Isaiah 46:5 - General

Verse 9

All nations whom thou hast made shall come and worship before thee, O Lord; and shall glorify thy name.
All
22:27-31; 66:4; 67:7; 72:8,19; 102:15,18; Isaiah 2:2-4; 11:9; 43:7; Isaiah 59:19; 66:23; Zechariah 14:9; Romans 11:25; Revelation 11:15; 15:4; 20:3
glorify
Romans 15:9; Ephesians 1:12; 1 Peter 2:9
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 26:10 - and worship; 1 Kings 8:42 - great name; 1 Kings 8:43 - General; 2 Chronicles 2:5 - great is our God; Psalm 22:31 - They; Psalm 50:23 - Whoso; Psalm 65:2 - unto thee; Psalm 72:11 - all nations; Psalm 113:3 - General; Psalm 117:1 - O praise; Psalm 145:21 - let all flesh; Psalm 148:11 - Kings; Isaiah 26:15 - thou art; Isaiah 49:22 - Behold; Isaiah 66:18 - that I; Jeremiah 10:7 - O King; Jeremiah 16:19 - Gentiles; Daniel 2:35 - and filled; Daniel 7:27 - and all; Micah 4:1 - and people; Habakkuk 2:14 - the earth; Zephaniah 2:11 - and men; Zephaniah 3:9 - that; Luke 24:47 - among; John 10:16 - other; Romans 1:21 - they glorified

Verse 10

For thou art great, and doest wondrous things: thou art God alone.
For
8; 72:18; 77:14,15; 145:3-5; Exodus 15:11; Job 11:7; Daniel 6:26,27; Acts 2:19-22; 4:30; Romans 15:18,19; Hebrews 2:4
God
Deuteronomy 6:3,4; 32:39; Isaiah 37:16,20; 44:6-8; Mark 12:29; 1 Corinthians 8:4; Ephesians 4:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 2:4 - Lord; Genesis 21:7 - Who; Joshua 3:5 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 7:22 - Wherefore; Nehemiah 9:6 - even thou; Job 5:9 - doeth; Psalm 48:1 - Great; Psalm 96:4 - For the; Psalm 98:1 - for he; Psalm 136:4 - who alone; Isaiah 26:15 - thou art; Daniel 4:3 - great; Zephaniah 3:9 - that

Verse 11

Teach me thy way, O LORD; I will walk in thy truth: unite my heart to fear thy name.
Teach
5:8; 25:4,12; 27:11; 119:33,73; 143:8-10; Job 34:32; John 6:45,46; Ephesians 4:21
I will
26:3; 119:30; Malachi 2:6; 2 John 1:4; 3 John 1:3,4
unite
Jeremiah 32:38,39; Hosea 10:2; 14:8; Zephaniah 1:5; Matthew 6:22-24; John 17:20,21; Acts 2:46; 1 Corinthians 6:17; 10:21; 2 Corinthians 11:3; Colossians 3:17,22,23
Reciprocal: Genesis 5:22 - General; Exodus 33:13 - show; 1 Samuel 18:1 - the soul of Jonathan; 1 Chronicles 12:17 - heart; Psalm 119:12 - teach; Psalm 119:26 - teach; Jeremiah 42:3 - General; Acts 9:31 - and walking; Ephesians 6:5 - in

Verse 12

I will praise thee, O Lord my God, with all my heart: and I will glorify thy name for evermore.
praise
34:1; 103:1-3; 104:33; 145:1-5; 146:1,2; 1 Chronicles 29:13,20; Isaiah 12:1; Revelation 5:9-13; 19:5,6
with all
9:1; Deuteronomy 6:5; Proverbs 3:5,6; Acts 8:37; Ephesians 5:19
glorify
Romans 15:6; 1 Corinthians 6:20; 10:31
Reciprocal: Psalm 50:23 - Whoso; Psalm 51:14 - tongue; Psalm 56:13 - For; Psalm 66:20 - General; Psalm 89:1 - I will; Psalm 119:7 - I will; Psalm 138:1 - I will praise

Verse 13

For great is thy mercy toward me: and thou hast delivered my soul from the lowest hell.
great
57:10; 103:8-12; 108:4; Luke 1:58
and thou
16:10; 56:13; 88:6; 116:8; Job 33:18,22,24,28; Isaiah 38:17; Jonah 2:3-6; 1 Thessalonians 1:10
hell
or, grave.
Reciprocal: Exodus 14:8 - with an high hand; Deuteronomy 32:22 - lowest; 2 Chronicles 1:8 - Thou has showed; Psalm 6:4 - deliver; Psalm 9:13 - thou; Psalm 18:5 - The sorrows; Psalm 30:3 - brought; Psalm 40:2 - brought; Psalm 49:15 - the grave; Psalm 51:14 - tongue; Psalm 59:16 - sing aloud; Psalm 63:9 - go; Psalm 66:20 - General; Psalm 71:20 - shalt bring; Psalm 89:1 - I will; Psalm 103:1 - all that; Psalm 119:7 - I will; Psalm 119:156 - are thy; Psalm 138:1 - I will praise; Hosea 13:14 - ransom; Jonah 2:2 - out; Luke 16:23 - in hell; Acts 2:27 - leave

Verse 14

O God, the proud are risen against me, and the assemblies of violent men have sought after my soul; and have not set thee before them.
O God
36:11; 54:3; 119:51,69,85; 140:5; 2 Samuel 15:1-12
assemblies
2 Samuel 16:20-23; 17:1,14; Matthew 26:3,4; 27:1,2; Acts 4:27,28
violent
Heb. terrible. and have.
10:4,11,13; 14:4; 36:1; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:3 - thou savest; Psalm 18:48 - violent man; Psalm 22:16 - assembly; Psalm 25:19 - cruel hatred; Psalm 31:20 - from

Verse 15

But thou, O Lord, art a God full of compassion, and gracious, longsuffering, and plenteous in mercy and truth.
But thou
5; 103:8; 111:4; 130:4,7; 145:8; Exodus 31:6,7; Numbers 14:18; Nehemiah 9:17; Joel 2:13; Micah 7:18; Romans 5:20,21; Ephesians 1:7; 2:4-7
mercy
85:10; 98:3; John 1:17; Romans 15:8,9
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:16 - the Lord; Exodus 22:27 - for I am gracious; Exodus 34:6 - merciful; Exodus 34:7 - Keeping; Deuteronomy 4:31 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 12:8 - I would; 2 Samuel 24:14 - for his; 1 Kings 21:29 - I will not; 2 Kings 13:23 - the Lord; 1 Chronicles 21:13 - great; 2 Chronicles 30:9 - the Lord; Nehemiah 9:30 - many years; Job 33:24 - Then; Psalm 32:5 - forgavest; Psalm 36:7 - How; Psalm 62:12 - mercy; Psalm 69:16 - turn; Psalm 109:21 - thy mercy; Psalm 116:5 - Gracious; Psalm 119:156 - are thy; Psalm 138:2 - and praise; Isaiah 63:7 - according to his; Isaiah 65:16 - in the God; Jeremiah 3:12 - for I am; Lamentations 3:22 - because; Daniel 9:9 - To the Lord; Jonah 4:2 - thou art; Zechariah 9:17 - how great is his goodness; Matthew 7:11 - how; Matthew 18:27 - moved; Mark 10:49 - stood; Luke 7:13 - he; Luke 15:20 - But; Luke 18:13 - God; Romans 2:4 - forbearance; 2 Corinthians 1:3 - the Father of mercies; 1 Thessalonians 5:24 - Faithful; Titus 3:5 - according; James 5:11 - the Lord is; 1 Peter 1:3 - which; 1 Peter 5:10 - the God; 2 Peter 3:9 - but is; 1 John 4:8 - God is

Verse 16

O turn unto me, and have mercy upon me; give thy strength unto thy servant, and save the son of thine handmaid.
turn
25:16; 69:16; 90:13; 119:132
give
28:7,8; 84:5; 138:3; Isaiah 40:29-31; 45:24; Zechariah 10:12; Ephesians 3:16; 6:10; Philippians 4:13; Colossians 1:11; 116:16; 119:94; Luke 1:38
Reciprocal: Psalm 119:125 - I am thy; Luke 18:13 - God; 2 Timothy 1:5 - thy mother

Verse 17

Shew me a token for good; that they which hate me may see it, and be ashamed: because thou, LORD, hast holpen me, and comforted me.
Shew
41:10,11; 74:9; Isaiah 38:22; 1 Corinthians 5:5
that they
71:9-13; 109:29; Micah 7:8-10
thou
40:1; 71:20,21 Reciprocal: Genesis 15:8 - General; Exodus 3:12 - token; Judges 6:17 - show; Judges 13:23 - he would not; Psalm 6:10 - Let all; Psalm 119:82 - When wilt; Isaiah 26:11 - be; 2 Corinthians 1:4 - comforteth; Revelation 11:12 - and their

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 86". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-86.html.