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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 88

Introduction

1A prayer containing a grievous complaint.

Verse 1

O LORD God of my salvation, I have cried day and night before thee:
A. M. cir. 2473. B.C. cir. 1531. (Title.) for. or, of. Mahalath
53:1; *title
Maschil, etc
or, A Psalm of Heman the Ezrahite, giving instruction. Supposed to have been written by Heman, son of Zerah, and grandson of Judah, on the oppression of the Hebrews in Egypt.
Heman
1 Kings 4:31; 1 Chronicles 2:6
Lord
27:1,9; 51:14; 62:7; 65:5; 68:19; 79:9; 140:7; Genesis 49:18; Isaiah 12:2; Luke 1:47; 2:30; Titus 2:10,13; 3:4-7
I have
22:2; 86:3; Nehemiah 1:6; Isaiah 62:6; Luke 2:37; 18:7; 1 Thessalonians 3:10; 2 Timothy 1:3
Reciprocal: Numbers 16:32 - all the; 1 Kings 8:28 - hearken; 1 Chronicles 6:33 - Heman; 1 Chronicles 25:4 - Heman; 2 Chronicles 5:12 - Asaph; 2 Chronicles 6:40 - my God; Psalm 1:2 - day; Psalm 24:5 - God; Psalm 25:5 - God; Psalm 42:6 - my God; Psalm 77:2 - In the; Psalm 88:9 - called; Psalm 116:2 - therefore; Jonah 2:2 - out; Matthew 26:38 - My; Matthew 26:42 - the second; Mark 14:32 - while; Luke 22:44 - being; Acts 10:2 - and prayed; Romans 8:26 - with; 1 Thessalonians 2:9 - night; Hebrews 5:7 - when; 1 Peter 1:11 - the sufferings

Verse 2

Let my prayer come before thee: incline thine ear unto my cry;
79:11; 141:1,2; 1 Kings 8:31; Lamentations 3:8
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 8:28 - hearken; Psalm 102:2 - incline; Matthew 26:42 - the second

Verse 3

For my soul is full of troubles: and my life draweth nigh unto the grave.
soul
14,15; 22:11-21; 69:17-21; 77:2; 143:3,4; Job 6:2-4; Isaiah 53:3,10,11; Lamentations 3:15-19; Matthew 26:37-39; Mark 14:33,34
life
107:18; Job 33:22
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:29 - And if; Job 13:26 - writest; Job 17:1 - the graves; Psalm 18:5 - The sorrows; Psalm 31:9 - my soul; Psalm 55:4 - My; Psalm 77:3 - I complained; Psalm 119:143 - Trouble; Ezekiel 26:20 - in places; John 12:27 - is

Verse 4

I am counted with them that go down into the pit: I am as a man that hath no strength:
counted
28:1; 30:9; 143:7; Job 17:1; Isaiah 38:17,18; Ezekiel 26:20; Jonah 2:6; 2 Corinthians 1:9
as a man
31:12; 109:22-24; Romans 5:6; 2 Corinthians 13:4
Reciprocal: Genesis 44:29 - And if; Numbers 12:12 - as one dead; Job 17:16 - the bars of the pit; Psalm 69:15 - pit; Psalm 142:7 - my soul; Psalm 143:3 - made me; Ezekiel 28:8 - shall bring; Luke 10:30 - wounded

Verse 5

Free among the dead, like the slain that lie in the grave, whom thou rememberest no more: and they are cut off from thy hand.
Free
Isaiah 14:9-12; 38:10-12; Ezekiel 32:18-32
whom
136:23; Genesis 8:1; 19:29
cut
16; 31:22; Job 6:9; 11:10; Isaiah 53:8
from thy hand
or, by thy hand.
Reciprocal: Numbers 12:12 - as one dead; Psalm 31:12 - forgotten; Psalm 88:12 - in the land; Lamentations 3:6 - in dark; Ezekiel 28:8 - shall bring; Jonah 2:3 - thou; Romans 7:24 - the body of this

Verse 6

Thou hast laid me in the lowest pit, in darkness, in the deeps.
lowest
40:2; 86:13; Deuteronomy 32:22
darkness
143:3; Proverbs 4:19; Lamentations 3:2; John 12:46; Jude 1:6,13
deeps
69:15; 130:1
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:24 - the pit; Job 10:21 - the land; Psalm 69:2 - deep waters; Psalm 71:20 - which; Psalm 116:3 - sorrows; Lamentations 3:6 - in dark

Verse 7

Thy wrath lieth hard upon me, and thou hast afflicted me with all thy waves. Selah.
Thy wrath
38:1; 90:7; 102:10; Job 6:4; 10:16; John 3:36; Romans 2:5-9; 1 Peter 2:24; Revelation 6:16,17
with
42:7; Jonah 2:3
Reciprocal: Job 9:18 - will not; Psalm 69:2 - deep waters; Psalm 116:3 - sorrows; Psalm 130:1 - Out of; Lamentations 3:1 - the man; Mark 14:50 - General

Verse 8

Thou hast put away mine acquaintance far from me; thou hast made me an abomination unto them: I am shut up, and I cannot come forth.
put
18; 31:11; 143:4; 1 Samuel 23:18-20; Job 19:13-19; John 11:57
made
Isaiah 49:7; 63:3; Zechariah 11:8; Matthew 27:21-25; John 15:23,24
I am shut
Job 12:14; 19:8; Lamentations 3:7-9
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:24 - the pit; Job 30:10 - abhor me; Psalm 22:6 - a reproach; Psalm 31:8 - shut me; Psalm 142:4 - but there was; Proverbs 19:7 - the brethren; Mark 14:50 - General

Verse 9

Mine eye mourneth by reason of affliction: LORD, I have called daily upon thee, I have stretched out my hands unto thee.
38:10; 42:3; 102:9; Job 16:20; 17:7; Lamentations 3:48,49; John 11:35
called
1; 55:17; 86:3
stretched
44:20; 68:31; 143:6; Ezekiel 17:11; Job 11:13
Reciprocal: Psalm 6:6 - I am; Psalm 6:7 - Mine; Psalm 31:9 - mine; Psalm 38:6 - mourning; Psalm 42:9 - why go; Song of Solomon 5:6 - I sought

Verse 10

Wilt thou shew wonders to the dead? shall the dead arise and praise thee? Selah.
Wilt thou
The interrogations in these verses imply the strongest negations.
6:5; 30:9; 115:17; 118:17; Isaiah 38:18,19; Mark 5:35,36
shall
Job 14:7-12; Isaiah 26:19; Ezekiel 37:1-14; Luke 7:12-16; 1 Corinthians 15:52-57
Reciprocal: Job 26:6 - destruction; Psalm 143:7 - unto them; Ecclesiastes 9:5 - the dead; Ecclesiastes 9:10 - for; John 4:49 - come

Verse 11

Shall thy lovingkindness be declared in the grave? or thy faithfulness in destruction?
in destruction
55:23; 73:18; Job 21:30; 26:6; Proverbs 15:11; Matthew 7:13; Romans 9:22; 2 Peter 2:1
Reciprocal: Job 10:21 - the land; Job 35:15 - in great; Psalm 143:7 - unto them; Ecclesiastes 9:5 - the dead; Isaiah 38:18 - the grave

Verse 12

Shall thy wonders be known in the dark? and thy righteousness in the land of forgetfulness?
dark
143:3; Job 10:21,22; Isaiah 8:22; Matthew 8:12; Jude 1:13; 5; 31:12; Ecclesiastes 2:16; 8:10; 9:5

Verse 13

But unto thee have I cried, O LORD; and in the morning shall my prayer prevent thee.
and in
5:3; 119:147,148; Mark 1:35
prevent thee
"Come before thee;" see on Ps 21:3.
Reciprocal: Job 19:10 - destroyed; Lamentations 3:56 - hide; 1 Thessalonians 4:15 - prevent

Verse 14

LORD, why castest thou off my soul? why hidest thou thy face from me?
Lord
43:2; 77:7-9; Matthew 27:46
hidest
13:1; 44:24; 69:17; Job 13:24
Reciprocal: Psalm 10:1 - hidest; Psalm 44:9 - General; Psalm 44:23 - cast; Psalm 88:3 - soul; Psalm 89:46 - wilt; Psalm 102:2 - Hide; Proverbs 18:14 - but; Lamentations 3:56 - hide; Matthew 26:38 - My; Mark 14:33 - and began

Verse 15

I am afflicted and ready to die from my youth up: while I suffer thy terrors I am distracted.
afflicted
73:14; Job 17:1,11-16; Isaiah 53:3
while
22:14,15; Job 6:4; 7:11-16; Isaiah 53:10; Zechariah 13:7; Luke 22:44
Reciprocal: Ruth 1:20 - dealt; Job 9:18 - will not; Job 9:28 - afraid; Job 16:6 - my grief; Job 20:25 - terrors; Job 21:6 - Even when; Job 30:15 - Terrors; Psalm 18:5 - The sorrows; Psalm 25:16 - for I; Psalm 31:10 - my life; Psalm 38:1 - rebuke; Psalm 42:7 - all thy; Psalm 55:5 - horror; Psalm 88:3 - soul; Psalm 109:22 - and my; Isaiah 51:20 - full; Jeremiah 17:17 - a terror; Lamentations 3:1 - the man; 2 Corinthians 5:11 - the terror; 1 John 4:18 - fear hath

Verse 16

Thy fierce wrath goeth over me; thy terrors have cut me off.
fierce
38:1,2; 89:46; 90:7,11; 102:10; Isaiah 53:4-6; Romans 8:32; Galatians 3:13; Revelation 6:17
cut me
Isaiah 53:8; Daniel 9:26
Reciprocal: Job 6:4 - the terrors; Job 9:28 - afraid; Job 23:16 - Almighty; Job 33:7 - my terror; Psalm 31:22 - I am; Psalm 55:5 - horror; Psalm 88:5 - cut; Psalm 109:22 - and my; Isaiah 51:20 - full; Jeremiah 17:17 - a terror; Lamentations 3:1 - the man; 2 Corinthians 5:11 - the terror; 1 John 4:18 - fear hath

Verse 17

They came round about me daily like water; they compassed me about together.
They
22:16; 42:7; 69:1,2; 116:3; Job 16:12,13; 30:14,15; Lamentations 3:5-7; Matthew 27:39-44
daily
or, all the day.
Reciprocal: Psalm 109:3 - compassed; Psalm 118:11 - General; Hosea 5:10 - like

Verse 18

Lover and friend hast thou put far from me, and mine acquaintance into darkness.
Lover
8; 31:11; 38:11; Job 19:12-15
mine acquaintance
A figurative expression to denote that he now never saw them. Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 16:3 - where is; Job 6:15 - My brethren; Job 19:13 - put my brethren; Psalm 142:4 - but there was; Proverbs 19:7 - the brethren; Isaiah 51:18 - none; Matthew 26:31 - and the; Mark 14:50 - General; Luke 23:49 - acquaintance

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 88". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-88.html.