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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 89

Introduction

1The psalmist praises God for his covenant;
5for his wonderful power;
15for the care of his church;
19for his favour to the kingdom of David.
38Then complaining of contrary events,
46he expostulates, prays, and blesses God.

Verse 1

I will sing of the mercies of the LORD for ever: with my mouth will I make known thy faithfulness to all generations.
A. M. cir. 3463. B.C. cir. 541. (Title.) Maschil, etc. or, A Psalm for Ethan, the Ezrahite, to give instructions. This Psalm is generally supposed to have been written during the Babylonian captivity, when, the family of David being dethroned, and the royal family ruined, the Divine promises had apparently failed
Ethan
1 Kings 4:31; 1 Chronicles 2:6
I will
86:12,13; 101:1; 106:1; 136:1-26
with
40:9,10; 71:8,15-19
thy faithfulness
5,8,33,49; 36:5; 92:2; Isaiah 25:1; Lamentations 3:23; Micah 7:20; Titus 1:2
all generations
Heb. generation and generation.
4; 119:90; *marg:
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:24 - his bow; 1 Chronicles 6:44 - Ethan; Psalm 48:1 - greatly; Psalm 57:10 - For; Psalm 59:16 - sing aloud; Psalm 71:22 - even; Psalm 90:1 - all generations; Psalm 100:5 - and his truth; Psalm 103:17 - the mercy; Psalm 105:1 - make known; Psalm 115:1 - for thy mercy; Psalm 117:2 - General; Psalm 119:54 - General; Psalm 135:13 - throughout all generations; Psalm 138:2 - and praise; Psalm 145:21 - My mouth; Isaiah 16:5 - in mercy; John 1:17 - grace; 1 John 3:1 - what

Verse 2

For I have said, Mercy shall be built up for ever: thy faithfulness shalt thou establish in the very heavens.
Mercy
36:5; 103:17; Nehemiah 1:5; 9:17,31; Luke 1:50; Ephesians 1:6,7; 5,37; 119:89; 146:6; Numbers 23:19; Matthew 24:35; Hebrews 6:18
Reciprocal: Psalm 57:10 - For; Psalm 89:14 - mercy; Psalm 89:24 - But my; Psalm 92:2 - show; Psalm 97:6 - The heavens; Psalm 100:5 - and his truth; Psalm 103:11 - as the; Psalm 108:4 - thy mercy; Psalm 115:1 - for thy mercy; Psalm 119:90 - unto all generations; Psalm 138:2 - and praise; Proverbs 29:14 - king; Isaiah 16:5 - in mercy; Isaiah 55:9 - General; Jeremiah 31:35 - which giveth; Jeremiah 31:37 - If; Lamentations 3:23 - great; John 1:17 - grace; Acts 13:34 - the sure; 1 Thessalonians 5:24 - Faithful; 1 John 3:1 - what

Verse 3

I have made a covenant with my chosen, I have sworn unto David my servant,
made
28,34,39; 2 Samuel 7:10-16; 23:5; 1 Kings 8:16; Isaiah 55:3; Jeremiah 30:9; 33:20,21; Ezekiel 34:23,24; Hosea 3:5; Luke 1:32,33
my chosen
19; 78:70; Isaiah 42:1; Matthew 3:17; 12:18-21
sworn
35; 132:11; 2 Samuel 3:9; Acts 2:30; Hebrews 7:21
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:16 - everlasting; Leviticus 26:9 - for I:2 Samuel 3:18 - By the hand; 2 Samuel 7:11 - he will make; 1 Kings 8:23 - who keepest; Psalm 18:50 - Great; Psalm 60:1 - O turn; Psalm 89:49 - thou; Isaiah 38:5 - God; Jeremiah 33:22 - so; Ezekiel 37:26 - I will make; Daniel 2:44 - set up; Luke 1:69 - in; Romans 9:4 - covenants; Ephesians 2:12 - the covenants

Verse 4

Thy seed will I establish for ever, and build up thy throne to all generations. Selah.
1,29,36; 72:17; 132:12; 2 Samuel 7:12-16,29; 1 Kings 9:5; 1 Chronicles 17:10-14; 1 Chronicles 22:10; Isaiah 9:6,7; Zechariah 12:8; Luke 1:32,33; 20:41-44; Acts 13:32-37; Romans 1:3,4; 15:12; Philippians 2:9-11; Revelation 22:16
Reciprocal: Genesis 9:16 - everlasting; 2 Samuel 3:9 - as the Lord; 2 Samuel 3:18 - By the hand; 2 Samuel 7:11 - he will make; 2 Samuel 7:13 - I will stablish; 1 Chronicles 17:12 - I will; Psalm 16:5 - thou; Psalm 18:50 - Great; Psalm 89:49 - thou; Psalm 132:11 - sworn; Isaiah 38:5 - God; Jeremiah 33:22 - so; Ezekiel 37:26 - I will make; Daniel 2:44 - set up; Acts 2:30 - knowing; 2 Corinthians 1:21 - stablisheth

Verse 5

And the heavens shall praise thy wonders, O LORD: thy faithfulness also in the congregation of the saints.
heavens
19:1; 50:6; 97:6; Isaiah 44:23; Luke 2:10-15; Ephesians 3:10; 1 Peter 1:12; Revelation 5:11-14; 7:10-12
in the congregation
7; Deuteronomy 33:2; Daniel 7:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; Hebrews 12:22,23; Jude 1:14,15; Revelation 19:1-6
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:11 - fearful; 1 Chronicles 16:29 - the glory; 1 Chronicles 16:31 - Let the heavens; Psalm 89:1 - thy faithfulness; Psalm 89:2 - faithfulness; Psalm 108:4 - thy mercy; Psalm 111:1 - assembly; Psalm 148:1 - Praise ye the Lord; Psalm 149:1 - in the congregation; Acts 2:11 - wonderful

Verse 6

For who in the heaven can be compared unto the LORD? who among the sons of the mighty can be likened unto the LORD?
For who
8; 40:5; 71:19; 73:25; 86:8; 113:5; Exodus 15:11; Jeremiah 10:6
the sons
29:1; *marg:; 52:1
Reciprocal: Exodus 8:10 - there is none; Deuteronomy 3:24 - what God; 1 Samuel 2:2 - rock; 2 Samuel 7:22 - none; 1 Kings 8:23 - no God; 1 Chronicles 17:20 - none; 2 Chronicles 6:14 - no God; Psalm 35:10 - who; Psalm 77:13 - who; Psalm 93:4 - mightier; Psalm 135:5 - I know; Song of Solomon 2:3 - my beloved; Song of Solomon 5:16 - most; Isaiah 40:18 - General; Isaiah 46:5 - General; Jeremiah 10:7 - among; Jeremiah 49:19 - who is like; Jeremiah 50:44 - for who; Micah 7:18 - a God

Verse 7

God is greatly to be feared in the assembly of the saints, and to be had in reverence of all them that are about him.
76:7-11; Leviticus 10:3; Isaiah 6:2-7; 66:2; Jeremiah 10:7,10; Matthew 10:28; Luke 12:4,5; Acts 5:11; Hebrews 12:28,29; Revelation 15:3,4
Reciprocal: Genesis 18:30 - General; Exodus 15:11 - fearful; Exodus 20:26 - thy nakedness; Exodus 30:20 - die not; Exodus 38:9 - the court; Leviticus 19:30 - reverence; Joshua 3:4 - a space; Joshua 4:24 - ye might; 1 Kings 18:42 - put his face; 1 Chronicles 16:25 - great; Job 37:1 - General; Psalm 2:11 - Serve; Psalm 31:23 - saints; Psalm 34:9 - fear; Psalm 60:1 - O turn; Psalm 76:11 - let all; Psalm 89:5 - in the congregation; Psalm 96:4 - For the; Psalm 111:1 - assembly; Psalm 111:9 - holy; Ecclesiastes 5:1 - thy foot; Isaiah 4:5 - upon every; Ezekiel 1:23 - which; Ezekiel 44:4 - and I fell; Daniel 4:13 - an holy; Mark 4:41 - feared; Acts 7:32 - Then; 2 Thessalonians 1:10 - to be glorified; Hebrews 12:23 - the general; Revelation 14:7 - Fear

Verse 8

O LORD God of hosts, who is a strong LORD like unto thee? or to thy faithfulness round about thee?
O Lord
84:12; Joshua 22:22; Isaiah 28:22
a strong
13; 24:8; 147:5; 1 Samuel 15:19; Job 9:19; Isaiah 40:25,26; Jeremiah 32:17; Matthew 6:13
like
6; 35:10; 71:19; Deuteronomy 32:31; 1 Samuel 2:2
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:6 - right hand; Deuteronomy 3:24 - what God; 2 Samuel 7:22 - none; 1 Chronicles 17:20 - none; 2 Chronicles 6:14 - no God; Psalm 86:8 - Among; Psalm 113:5 - like; Isaiah 40:18 - General; Isaiah 46:5 - General; Jeremiah 32:21 - with a strong; Jeremiah 49:19 - who is like; Jeremiah 50:44 - for who; Micah 7:18 - a God

Verse 9

Thou rulest the raging of the sea: when the waves thereof arise, thou stillest them.
29:10; 65:7; 66:5,6; 93:3,4; 107:25-29; Job 38:8-11; Nahum 1:4; Matthew 8:24-27; 14:32; Mark 4:39,41
Reciprocal: Job 26:12 - the proud; Job 38:11 - but; Psalm 44:2 - how thou didst afflict; Psalm 107:29 - General; Jonah 1:15 - and the; Zechariah 8:20 - there; Matthew 8:26 - and rebuked

Verse 10

Thou hast broken Rahab in pieces, as one that is slain; thou hast scattered thine enemies with thy strong arm.
Thou hast
78:43-72; 105:27-45; Exodus 7:1-15
Rahab
or, Egypt. scattered.
59:11; 68:30; 144:6; Isaiah 24:1
thy strong arm
Heb. the arm of thy strength.
Exodus 3:19,20; Deuteronomy 4:34
Reciprocal: Job 26:12 - the proud; Job 40:9 - Hast; Psalm 68:1 - be scattered; Psalm 87:4 - Rahab; Psalm 89:13 - a mighty arm; Psalm 92:9 - For; Isaiah 51:9 - Art thou; Luke 1:51 - he hath scattered

Verse 11

The heavens are thine, the earth also is thine: as for the world and the fulness thereof, thou hast founded them.
24:1,2; 50:12; 115:16; Genesis 1:1; 2:1; 1 Chronicles 29:11; Job 41:11; 1 Corinthians 10:26,28
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 33:16 - the earth; Job 38:18 - General; Psalm 119:90 - thou hast; Isaiah 40:26 - by the greatness

Verse 12

The north and the south thou hast created them: Tabor and Hermon shall rejoice in thy name.
north
Job 26:7
Tabor
Joshua 19:22; Judges 4:6,12
Hermon
133:3; Deuteronomy 3:8,9; Joshua 12:1
rejoice
65:12,13; Isaiah 35:1,2; 49:13; 55:12,13
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:1 - God; Joshua 11:3 - Hermon; Joshua 19:12 - Chislothtabor; Judges 8:18 - Tabor; 1 Samuel 10:3 - Tabor; Job 38:18 - General; Psalm 89:16 - name; Jeremiah 46:18 - Tabor

Verse 13

Thou hast a mighty arm: strong is thy hand, and high is thy right hand.
a mighty arm
Heb. an arm with might.
10; 62:11; Daniel 4:34,35; Matthew 6:13
Reciprocal: Exodus 6:1 - with a strong; Exodus 13:9 - strong hand; Joshua 4:24 - that it is; 1 Kings 8:42 - thy strong hand; 2 Chronicles 6:32 - thy mighty; Job 30:21 - thy strong hand; Job 40:9 - Hast; Psalm 18:48 - liftest; Psalm 89:8 - a strong; Psalm 89:21 - mine; Psalm 118:15 - the right; Isaiah 41:10 - the right; Luke 1:51 - showed; 1 Peter 5:6 - the

Verse 14

Justice and judgment are the habitation of thy throne: mercy and truth shall go before thy face.
Justice
45:6,7; 97:2; 99:4; 145:17; Deuteronomy 32:4; Revelation 15:3
habitation
or, establishment.
Proverbs 16:12
mercy
2; 85:13; John 1:17
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 8:15 - David executed; 2 Samuel 15:20 - mercy; 1 Chronicles 18:14 - executed; Job 8:3 - God; Psalm 9:4 - right; Psalm 25:10 - mercy; Psalm 47:8 - throne; Psalm 85:10 - Mercy; Psalm 111:7 - works; Proverbs 29:4 - king; Isaiah 16:5 - in mercy; Isaiah 41:10 - the right; Revelation 20:11 - I saw

Verse 15

Blessed is the people that know the joyful sound: they shall walk, O LORD, in the light of thy countenance.
know
90:6; 98:4-6; 100:1; Leviticus 25:9; Numbers 10:10; 23:21; Isaiah 52:7,8; Nahum 1:15; Luke 2:10-14; Romans 10:15,18
in the light
4:6; 44:3; Numbers 6:26; Job 29:3; Proverbs 16:15; Isaiah 2:5; John 14:21-23; Acts 2:28; Revelation 21:23
Reciprocal: Exodus 28:34 - General; Exodus 39:25 - bells; Numbers 10:2 - the calling; Numbers 29:1 - blowing; 2 Chronicles 29:28 - the singers sang; Job 29:24 - the light; Psalm 32:1 - Blessed; Psalm 144:15 - happy; Proverbs 15:30 - a good; Song of Solomon 1:3 - thy name; Song of Solomon 2:12 - time; Song of Solomon 5:13 - as a; Isaiah 27:13 - the great; 1 John 1:7 - If we; Revelation 11:15 - The kingdoms

Verse 16

In thy name shall they rejoice all the day: and in thy righteousness shall they be exalted.
name
12; 29:5,7; 33:21; 44:8; Luke 1:47; Philippians 4:4
righteousness
40:10; 71:15,16; Isaiah 45:24,25; 46:13; Jeremiah 23:6; Romans 1:17; 3:21-26; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Philippians 3:9
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:3 - Because; 1 Chronicles 28:4 - chose me; Psalm 89:24 - in my; Psalm 91:14 - I will set; Psalm 145:7 - sing; Song of Solomon 1:3 - thy name; 1 Peter 5:6 - that

Verse 17

For thou art the glory of their strength: and in thy favour our horn shall be exalted.
For thou
28:7; 1 Corinthians 1:30,31; 2 Corinthians 12:9,10; Philippians 4:13
our horn
24; 75:10; 92:10; 112:9; 132:17; 148:14; 1 Samuel 2:1,10
Reciprocal: Psalm 30:7 - by thy; Psalm 75:4 - Lift; Psalm 91:14 - I will set; Psalm 106:20 - Thus; 1 Peter 5:6 - that

Verse 18

For the LORD is our defence; and the Holy One of Israel is our king.
the Lord is, etc
or, our Shield is of the Lord, and our King is of the Holy One of Israel.
47:9; 62:1,2,6; 84:11; 91:1,2; Genesis 15:1; Deuteronomy 33:27-29
Holy
71:22; Isaiah 1:4; 12:6; 29:19; 30:11; 43:3,14
king
44:4; Isaiah 33:22
Reciprocal: Exodus 15:11 - glorious; Numbers 23:21 - the shout; Psalm 7:10 - My; Hosea 13:10 - I will be thy king; Mark 1:24 - the Holy One; Revelation 3:7 - he that is holy

Verse 19

Then thou spakest in vision to thy holy one, and saidst, I have laid help upon one that is mighty; I have exalted one chosen out of the people.
Then
1 Samuel 16:1; 2 Samuel 7:8-17; Luke 1:70; 2 Peter 1:21; 3:2
to thy holy
Mark 1:24; Revelation 3:7
I have laid
1 Samuel 16:18; Isaiah 9:6; Jeremiah 30:21
exalted
3; 1 Kings 11:34; Philippians 2:6-11; Hebrews 2:9-17
Reciprocal: Genesis 22:13 - behind; Exodus 28:12 - the shoulders; Numbers 11:14 - General; Numbers 12:6 - in a vision; Numbers 24:4 - saw; Deuteronomy 1:12 - General; 1 Samuel 13:14 - the Lord; 1 Samuel 16:12 - anoint him; 2 Samuel 3:9 - as the Lord; 2 Samuel 3:18 - By the hand; 2 Samuel 6:21 - chose; 1 Kings 8:16 - I chose David; 1 Chronicles 12:23 - according; 1 Chronicles 17:17 - hast regarded; 2 Chronicles 6:6 - chosen David; 2 Chronicles 13:5 - to David; Psalm 60:1 - O turn; Psalm 60:6 - God; Psalm 78:70 - chose; Psalm 119:42 - for I trust; Isaiah 1:1 - vision; Isaiah 42:1 - mine elect; Daniel 2:44 - set up; Habakkuk 3:13 - with; Matthew 12:18 - whom I; Matthew 28:18 - All; Acts 2:27 - thine; Acts 2:30 - knowing; Acts 2:33 - by; Acts 5:31 - hath; Acts 7:46 - found; Acts 13:22 - he raised; Acts 13:34 - the sure; 1 Peter 2:6 - elect

Verse 20

I have found David my servant; with my holy oil have I anointed him:
1 Samuel 16:1,12,13; Isaiah 61:1-3; John 3:34
Reciprocal: Genesis 22:13 - behind; Exodus 29:7 - General; Exodus 30:25 - an holy; Exodus 30:31 - an holy; Judges 9:9 - wherewith; 1 Samuel 13:14 - the Lord; 1 Samuel 25:30 - according; 2 Samuel 3:9 - as the Lord; 2 Samuel 6:21 - chose; 2 Samuel 7:14 - I will be; 2 Samuel 22:51 - his anointed; 2 Samuel 23:1 - the anointed; 1 Kings 1:34 - Zadok; 1 Kings 1:36 - the Lord; 1 Kings 1:39 - out; 1 Kings 8:16 - I chose David; 1 Chronicles 12:23 - according; 1 Chronicles 14:2 - the Lord; 2 Chronicles 1:8 - Thou has showed; 2 Chronicles 6:6 - chosen David; 2 Chronicles 23:11 - anointed him; Job 1:8 - my servant; Psalm 2:2 - anointed; Psalm 16:5 - thou; Psalm 18:50 - to his; Psalm 20:6 - Now; Psalm 45:7 - hath; Psalm 78:70 - chose; Psalm 84:9 - the face; Psalm 119:170 - deliver me; Isaiah 10:27 - because; Isaiah 42:1 - mine elect; Lamentations 4:20 - the anointed; Zechariah 4:14 - These; Luke 1:69 - in; John 1:41 - Christ; Acts 13:22 - he raised; Hebrews 1:9 - anointed

Verse 21

With whom my hand shall be established: mine arm also shall strengthen him.
With
18:32-39; 80:15-17; 2 Samuel 7:8-16; Isaiah 42:1; 49:8
mine
13; Isaiah 41:10; Ezekiel 30:24,25; Zechariah 10:12
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 7:13 - I will stablish; Psalm 80:17 - General; Isaiah 50:7 - the Lord; Lamentations 4:20 - the anointed; Zechariah 10:6 - I will strengthen; Luke 1:66 - And the

Verse 22

The enemy shall not exact upon him; nor the son of wickedness afflict him.
enemy
1 Chronicles 17:9; Matthew 4:1-10
son
John 17:12; 2 Thessalonians 2:3
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 7:10 - neither; Psalm 21:8 - General

Verse 23

And I will beat down his foes before his face, and plague them that hate him.
I will
2 Samuel 3:1; 7:1,9; 22:40-44
plague
2:1-6; 21:8,9; 109:3-31; 110:1; 132:18; Luke 19:14,27; John 15:23
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 28:7 - shall cause; 2 Samuel 7:10 - neither; 1 Chronicles 17:10 - Moreover; Psalm 2:9 - General; Psalm 34:21 - they; Psalm 91:4 - his truth

Verse 24

But my faithfulness and my mercy shall be with him: and in my name shall his horn be exalted.
But my
2-5,28,33; 61:7; John 1:17; 2 Corinthians 1:20
in my
16,17; 20:1,5; 91:14; 1 Samuel 2:1; John 17:6,11,26
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:10 - exalt; Psalm 91:4 - his truth; Psalm 92:10 - But; Lamentations 2:3 - the horn; Acts 2:33 - by; Acts 5:31 - hath

Verse 25

I will set his hand also in the sea, and his right hand in the rivers.
I will
2:8; 72:8-11; 80:11; 1 Kings 4:21; Revelation 11:15
his hand
That is, his power or authority, as hand frequently signifies: for the accomplishment of these promises, see the parallel texts.
Reciprocal: Ezekiel 19:10 - she was

Verse 26

He shall cry unto me, Thou art my father, my God, and the rock of my salvation.
Thou
2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Chronicles 22:10; Matthew 26:39,42; Luke 23:46; John 11:41; 20:17; Hebrews 1:5
God
43:4; Mark 15:34
rock
18:46; 62:2,6,7; 95:1; 2 Samuel 22:47; Isaiah 50:7-9
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 32:15 - the Rock; 2 Samuel 22:51 - the tower; 1 Kings 1:36 - the Lord; 1 Chronicles 17:13 - I will be; 1 Chronicles 28:9 - the God; Psalm 7:1 - O; Psalm 16:2 - thou hast; Psalm 35:23 - my God; Psalm 45:7 - thy God; Psalm 69:29 - let thy; Psalm 140:7 - the strength; Ezekiel 21:10 - General; John 1:34 - this; Hebrews 1:9 - thy God

Verse 27

Also I will make him my firstborn, higher than the kings of the earth.
Also
2:7; Romans 8:29; Colossians 1:15,18
higher
2:10-12; 72:11; Numbers 24:7; 2 Chronicles 1:12; 9:23,24; Isaiah 49:7; Revelation 19:16; Revelation 21:24
Reciprocal: 1 Kings 1:37 - and make; 1 Kings 10:23 - exceeded; 2 Chronicles 9:22 - passed all the kings; Psalm 2:6 - Yet; Psalm 69:29 - let thy; Matthew 28:18 - All; Luke 20:14 - the heir; John 1:34 - this; Philippians 2:9 - given; Hebrews 1:5 - I will; Hebrews 12:23 - the firstborn; Revelation 1:5 - and the prince

Verse 28

My mercy will I keep for him for evermore, and my covenant shall stand fast with him.
mercy
2 Samuel 7:15,16; Isaiah 54:10; 55:3; Acts 13:32-34
covenant
34; 111:5,9; 2 Samuel 23:5; Jeremiah 33:20,21
Reciprocal: Exodus 39:8 - General; Deuteronomy 11:21 - as the days; 1 Kings 9:5 - I will establish; 1 Chronicles 28:7 - Moreover; 2 Chronicles 6:14 - keepest covenant; 2 Chronicles 7:18 - as I have; 2 Chronicles 21:7 - because; Psalm 55:20 - broken; Psalm 74:20 - Have; Psalm 89:24 - But my; Psalm 89:45 - The

Verse 29

His seed also will I make to endure for ever, and his throne as the days of heaven.
His seed
4,36; 132:11; 1 Chronicles 17:11,12; Isaiah 59:21; Jeremiah 33:17-26
throne
45:6; 1 Chronicles 22:10; Isaiah 9:7; Ezekiel 37:24,25; Daniel 2:44; Luke 1:32,33
days
21:4; Deuteronomy 11:21
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 25:28 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 7:12 - I will set; 2 Samuel 7:13 - I will stablish; 2 Samuel 22:51 - seed; 1 Kings 2:4 - his word; 1 Kings 2:33 - his house; 1 Kings 12:16 - now see; 1 Chronicles 17:13 - I will be; 2 Chronicles 10:16 - David; 2 Chronicles 23:3 - as the Lord; Psalm 72:5 - as long; Psalm 89:45 - The; Isaiah 53:10 - he shall prolong; Jeremiah 17:25 - sitting; Jeremiah 30:21 - governor; Jeremiah 33:22 - so

Verse 30

If his children forsake my law, and walk not in my judgments;
If
132:12; 2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 7:17-22
forsake
119:53; Proverbs 4:2; 28:4; Jeremiah 9:13-16
walk
Ezekiel 18:9,17; 20:19; Luke 1:6
Reciprocal: Ruth 1:5 - Mahlon; 1 Kings 11:14 - an adversary; 1 Kings 11:39 - not for ever; 2 Chronicles 10:19 - Israel; Job 34:33 - he will; Psalm 119:75 - thou in; Ezekiel 20:37 - I will; Hebrews 12:6 - whom

Verse 31

If they break my statutes, and keep not my commandments;
break
Heb. profane.
55:20; *marg:
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 12:14 - the child; Romans 11:1 - Hath God; 1 Corinthians 11:30 - many

Verse 32

Then will I visit their transgression with the rod, and their iniquity with stripes.
Exodus 32:34; 2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Kings 11:6,14,31,39; Proverbs 3:11,12; Amos 3:2; 1 Corinthians 11:31,32; Hebrews 12:6-11
Reciprocal: Leviticus 18:25 - therefore; Deuteronomy 8:5 - as a man; Job 35:15 - visited; Hebrews 12:11 - no chastening

Verse 33

Nevertheless my lovingkindness will I not utterly take from him, nor suffer my faithfulness to fail.
Nevertheless
2 Samuel 7:13,15; 1 Kings 11:13,32,36; Isaiah 54:8-10; Jeremiah 33:20-26; Lamentations 3:31,32; 1 Corinthians 15:25
not utterly take
Heb. not make void.
39; 1 Samuel 15:29
fail
Heb. lie.
Hebrews 6:18
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:44 - break; Psalm 89:1 - thy faithfulness; Psalm 89:24 - But my; Psalm 99:8 - thou wast; Psalm 132:11 - sworn; Psalm 146:6 - keepeth truth; Isaiah 54:10 - the covenant; Lamentations 3:23 - great; 1 Corinthians 1:9 - God; 1 Corinthians 10:13 - but

Verse 34

My covenant will I not break, nor alter the thing that is gone out of my lips.
covenant
Leviticus 26:44; Jeremiah 14:21; 33:20
nor
Numbers 23:19; Malachi 3:6; Matthew 24:35; Romans 11:29; James 1:17
Reciprocal: Judges 2:1 - I will never; 2 Samuel 7:15 - But my; Psalm 55:20 - broken; Psalm 74:20 - Have; Psalm 89:3 - made; Psalm 89:28 - covenant; Psalm 89:39 - void; Psalm 110:4 - Lord; Psalm 111:5 - he will; Psalm 119:152 - thy testimonies; Isaiah 54:10 - the covenant; Jeremiah 33:21 - may; Jeremiah 44:26 - I have sworn; Romans 9:4 - covenants

Verse 35

Once have I sworn by my holiness that I will not lie unto David.
Once
110:4; 132:11; Amos 4:2; 8:7; Hebrews 6:13,17
that I will not lie
Heb. If I lie.
2 Thessalonians 2:13; Titus 1:2
Reciprocal: Numbers 23:19 - God; 2 Samuel 3:9 - as the Lord; 1 Kings 14:26 - he took away; 2 Chronicles 1:9 - let thy promise; Psalm 60:6 - God; Psalm 89:3 - sworn; Psalm 89:49 - thou; Psalm 108:7 - spoken; Isaiah 9:7 - the increase; Isaiah 55:3 - the sure; Luke 1:33 - he; Acts 13:23 - this; Acts 15:16 - build again the tabernacle

Verse 36

His seed shall endure for ever, and his throne as the sun before me.
seed
4,29; 2 Samuel 7:16; Isaiah 53:10; 59:21; John 12:34
and
72:5,17; Isaiah 9:7; Jeremiah 33:20; Luke 1:33
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:26 - everlasting hills; 2 Samuel 7:13 - I will stablish; 2 Samuel 7:26 - before thee; 2 Samuel 22:51 - seed; 2 Samuel 23:4 - as the light; 1 Kings 1:34 - Zadok; 1 Kings 2:12 - his kingdom; 1 Kings 2:33 - his house; 1 Chronicles 17:12 - I will; 1 Chronicles 17:14 - in mine; 1 Chronicles 22:10 - I will establish; 2 Chronicles 23:3 - as the Lord; Psalm 2:6 - Yet; Psalm 21:4 - length; Psalm 45:6 - throne; Psalm 61:6 - many generations; Psalm 72:8 - He shall; Psalm 108:7 - spoken; Psalm 136:9 - The moon and stars; Psalm 148:3 - sun; Proverbs 27:24 - doth; Ecclesiastes 1:5 - sun; Jeremiah 31:35 - which giveth; Jeremiah 31:36 - those; Matthew 1:1 - the son of David; Romans 1:3 - which; Revelation 1:5 - who is

Verse 37

It shall be established for ever as the moon, and as a faithful witness in heaven. Selah.
It shall
That is, as long as the sun and moon shall endure, as long as time shall last, his kingdom shall continue among men. The moon is probably termed a faithful witness, because by her, particularly, time is measured. Her decrease and increase are especially observed by every nation; and by these time is generally estimated, especially among eastern nations:--So many moons is a man old--so many moons since such an event happened; and even their years are reckoned by lunations. Or, the rainbow may be intended; that faithful sign which God has established in the clouds, that the earth shall no more be destroyed by water.
ever
72:7; 104:19; Genesis 1:14-18; Jeremiah 31:35,36
and as
Genesis 9:13-16; Isaiah 54:9,10
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 7:13 - I will stablish; 2 Samuel 7:16 - General; 1 Kings 2:12 - his kingdom; 1 Kings 2:33 - his house; 1 Chronicles 17:12 - I will; 1 Chronicles 22:10 - I will establish; Psalm 2:6 - Yet; Psalm 21:4 - length; Psalm 45:6 - throne; Psalm 61:6 - many generations; Psalm 72:5 - as long; Psalm 89:2 - faithfulness; Psalm 132:11 - sworn; Psalm 136:9 - The moon and stars; Psalm 148:3 - sun; Psalm 148:6 - He hath also; Ecclesiastes 1:5 - sun; Jeremiah 33:20 - General; John 12:34 - Christ; Romans 1:3 - which; Revelation 1:5 - who is

Verse 38

But thou hast cast off and abhorred, thou hast been wroth with thine anointed.
But
44:9-26; 60:1,10; 77:7; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Jeremiah 12:1; Hosea 9:17
and
78:59; 106:40; Deuteronomy 32:19; Lamentations 2:7; Zechariah 11:8
wroth
51; 84:9; 2 Samuel 1:21; 15:26; 2 Chronicles 12:1-12; Lamentations 4:20; Zechariah 13:7
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:30 - my soul; 1 Kings 11:39 - afflict; 2 Kings 21:14 - And I will; Job 1:21 - blessed; Psalm 55:20 - broken; Psalm 78:62 - gave; Psalm 102:23 - He weakened; Psalm 132:10 - turn not; Isaiah 49:14 - The Lord; Jeremiah 14:19 - utterly; Ezekiel 17:24 - have brought; Ezekiel 21:10 - General

Verse 39

Thou hast made void the covenant of thy servant: thou hast profaned his crown by casting it to the ground.
void
34-36; 77:10; 116:11; John 13:7
profaned
44; 74:7; 143:3; Isaiah 25:12; 43:28; Lamentations 5:16
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 11:12 - put the crown; 2 Chronicles 21:7 - because; 2 Chronicles 23:11 - put upon; Psalm 74:20 - Have; Psalm 89:33 - not utterly take; Psalm 132:10 - turn not; Jeremiah 14:21 - remember; Lamentations 2:2 - brought them down to; Zechariah 11:10 - that

Verse 40

Thou hast broken down all his hedges; thou hast brought his strong holds to ruin.
broken
80:12; Job 1:10; Isaiah 5:5,6
brought
2 Chronicles 12:2-5; 15:5; Lamentations 2:2,5; Revelation 13:1-7
Reciprocal: Psalm 60:2 - broken; Jeremiah 14:21 - remember; Lamentations 2:6 - he hath violently; Ezekiel 19:12 - she was; Amos 9:11 - close

Verse 41

All that pass by the way spoil him: he is a reproach to his neighbours.
All
44:10-14; 80:13; Isaiah 10:6; Jeremiah 50:17
he is
74:10; 79:4; Deuteronomy 28:37; Nehemiah 5:9; Jeremiah 24:9; 29:18; 42:18; 44:8,12; Lamentations 5:1; Ezekiel 5:14,15; Daniel 9:16
Reciprocal: Psalm 30:1 - hast not; Psalm 80:12 - broken; Ezekiel 22:4 - have I; Joel 2:17 - and give

Verse 42

Thou hast set up the right hand of his adversaries; thou hast made all his enemies to rejoice.
Leviticus 26:17,25; Deuteronomy 28:25,43; Lamentations 2:17; John 16:20; Revelation 11:10
Reciprocal: Lamentations 1:5 - adversaries; Ezekiel 22:4 - have I

Verse 43

Thou hast also turned the edge of his sword, and hast not made him to stand in the battle.
turned
Ezekiel 30:21-25
not made
Leviticus 26:36,37; Numbers 14:42,45; Joshua 7:4,5,8-12; 2 Chronicles 25:8

Verse 44

Thou hast made his glory to cease, and cast his throne down to the ground.
Thou
1 Samuel 4:21,22; 1 Kings 12:16-20; 14:25-28; Lamentations 4:1,2; 2 Thessalonians 2:3-10
glory
Heb. brightness. cast.
39; Daniel 7:20-25
Reciprocal: Job 19:9 - stripped; Isaiah 47:1 - there is

Verse 45

The days of his youth hast thou shortened: thou hast covered him with shame. Selah.
The
28,29; 2 Chronicles 10:19; Isaiah 63:18
thou
44:15; 109:29; Micah 7:10
Reciprocal: Isaiah 38:12 - is removed; Ezekiel 17:24 - have brought; Obadiah 1:10 - shame

Verse 46

How long, LORD? wilt thou hide thyself for ever? shall thy wrath burn like fire?
How
13:1,2; 79:5; 85:5; 90:13
wilt
10:1; 88:14; Job 23:9; Isaiah 8:17; 45:15; Hosea 5:15
thy wrath
78:63; Jeremiah 4:4; 21:12; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Hebrews 12:29
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 31:17 - hide my face; Job 19:11 - kindled; Psalm 35:17 - how; Psalm 74:10 - General; Psalm 77:7 - the Lord; Psalm 88:16 - fierce; Psalm 94:3 - Lord; Isaiah 64:12 - General; Lamentations 2:3 - he burned; Lamentations 5:20 - dost; Ezekiel 38:18 - that

Verse 47

Remember how short my time is: wherefore hast thou made all men in vain?
Remember
39:5,6; 119:84; Job 7:7; 9:25,26; 10:9
wherefore
144:4; Job 14:1; James 4:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 47:9 - an hundred; 2 Kings 20:3 - remember; Psalm 103:14 - he knoweth; Ecclesiastes 1:4 - One generation; Ecclesiastes 2:17 - for; Ecclesiastes 3:19 - for; Ecclesiastes 6:12 - the days of his vain life; Isaiah 63:11 - he remembered; Lamentations 3:19 - Remembering

Verse 48

What man is he that liveth, and shall not see death? shall he deliver his soul from the hand of the grave? Selah.
What
49:7-9; Job 30:23; Ecclesiastes 3:19,20; 8:8; 9:5; 12:7; Hebrews 9:27
see death
John 8:51; Hebrews 11:5
shall
49:15; Acts 2:27; 2 Corinthians 4:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 5:5 - and he died; Genesis 47:9 - an hundred; Genesis 47:29 - must die; 1 Kings 2:2 - I go; Job 3:14 - kings; Psalm 49:9 - That he; Psalm 119:84 - How; Ecclesiastes 1:4 - One generation; Luke 2:26 - see death; Acts 13:35 - to see; 1 Corinthians 15:55 - is thy victory; Hebrews 2:15 - deliver

Verse 49

Lord, where are thy former lovingkindnesses, which thou swarest unto David in thy truth?
where
77:9,10; Isaiah 63:7-15
thou
3,4,35; 54:5; 132:11,12; 2 Samuel 3:9; 7:15; Isaiah 55:3; Hebrews 7:21
Reciprocal: Judges 6:13 - why then; 1 Kings 11:13 - for David; 1 Kings 11:39 - afflict; 2 Chronicles 1:8 - Thou has showed; Psalm 89:1 - thy faithfulness; Isaiah 63:15 - where; Luke 2:26 - see death

Verse 50

Remember, Lord, the reproach of thy servants; how I do bear in my bosom the reproach of all the mighty people;
44:13-16; 69:9,19,20; 74:18,22; 79:10-12; Romans 15:3
Reciprocal: 2 Kings 20:3 - remember; Nehemiah 2:17 - a reproach; Job 7:7 - remember; Psalm 31:11 - I was; Psalm 74:10 - General; Psalm 123:3 - for we are; Isaiah 25:8 - rebuke; Isaiah 37:17 - hear; Lamentations 3:19 - Remembering; Lamentations 3:61 - General; Lamentations 5:1 - behold; Ezekiel 36:15 - thou bear; Hebrews 11:26 - the reproach

Verse 51

Wherewith thine enemies have reproached, O LORD; wherewith they have reproached the footsteps of thine anointed.
they have
Matthew 5:10-12; Acts 5:41; 1 Corinthians 4:12,13; Hebrews 10:33; 11:36
footsteps
56:5,6; 57:3; 2 Samuel 16:7,8; Matthew 12:24; 26:61; John 8:48; 1 Peter 2:20,21; 1 Peter 3:16; 4:14-16
Reciprocal: Numbers 15:30 - reproacheth; Nehemiah 2:17 - a reproach; Psalm 31:11 - I was; Psalm 44:13 - makest; Psalm 69:9 - and the; Psalm 74:10 - General; Psalm 74:18 - Remember; Psalm 74:22 - remember; Psalm 89:38 - wroth; Psalm 102:8 - Mine; Psalm 123:3 - for we are; Isaiah 25:8 - rebuke; Isaiah 37:17 - hear; Lamentations 5:1 - behold; Joel 2:17 - and give; Romans 15:3 - The; Hebrews 11:26 - the reproach

Verse 52

Blessed be the LORD for evermore. Amen, and Amen.
Blessed
This verse ends the third book of the Psalter; and is thought to have been added by a later hand, as it is wanting in two MSS., in another written without points, and in three others written separately from the text; though it is found in all the versions.
41:13; 72:18,19; 106:48; Nehemiah 9:5; Habakkuk 3:17-19; Matthew 6:13; 1 Timothy 1:17 Reciprocal: Numbers 5:22 - Amen; 1 Chronicles 29:10 - Blessed be thou; Jeremiah 28:6 - Amen; Romans 9:5 - Amen; 1 Corinthians 14:16 - Amen; Revelation 7:12 - Amen; Revelation 19:4 - Amen

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 89". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-89.html.