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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Psalms 94

Introduction

1The prophet, calling for justice, complains of tyranny and impiety.
8He teaches God's providence.
12He shews the blessedness of affliction.
16God is the defender of the afflicted.

Verse 1

O LORD God, to whom vengeance belongeth; O God, to whom vengeance belongeth, shew thyself.
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588. (Title.) Dr. Delaney supposes that this Psalm was written by David on occasion of his war with the Ammonites, in consequence of the indignities shewn to his messengers; but it is more probable that it was written to bewail the destruction of Jerusalem and the temple
God, to whom vengeance belongeth
Heb. God of revenges. O God.
Deuteronomy 32:35,41,42; Isaiah 35:4; 59:17; Jeremiah 50:28; Nahum 1:2; Romans 12:19; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; Hebrews 10:30
shew thyself
Heb. shine forth.
80:1
Reciprocal: Leviticus 26:25 - avenge; Numbers 31:2 - Avenge; Judges 5:2 - for the avenging; 1 Samuel 24:12 - Lord judge; 1 Samuel 25:31 - avenged; 1 Samuel 26:10 - the Lord liveth; 2 Samuel 18:31 - the Lord; 2 Samuel 22:48 - avengeth me; 2 Kings 9:7 - I may avenge; Psalm 7:6 - lift up; Psalm 10:18 - judge; Isaiah 34:8 - General; Isaiah 47:3 - I will take; Jeremiah 50:15 - for it; Jeremiah 51:36 - take; Jeremiah 51:56 - the Lord; Amos 1:7 - I will; Romans 3:5 - Is God; 1 Thessalonians 4:6 - the Lord; Revelation 18:20 - God

Verse 2

Lift up thyself, thou judge of the earth: render a reward to the proud.
Lift
7:6; 68:1; 74:22; Micah 5:9
thou
50:6; Genesis 18:25; John 5:22,23; 2 Corinthians 5:10
render
31:23; Job 40:11,12; Isaiah 2:11,12,17; 10:12; 37:23,29,36-38; Jeremiah 50:31,32; Daniel 4:37; 5:22-24; 1 Peter 5:5; Revelation 18:6-8
Reciprocal: Judges 11:27 - the Judge; 1 Samuel 26:10 - the Lord liveth; Psalm 10:12 - lift; Psalm 74:18 - the foolish; Psalm 94:15 - But; Isaiah 47:3 - I will take; Jeremiah 51:56 - the Lord; Romans 3:5 - Is God; Hebrews 12:23 - God

Verse 3

LORD, how long shall the wicked, how long shall the wicked triumph?
Lord
43:2; 73:8; 74:9,10; 79:5; 80:4; 89:46; Jeremiah 12:1,2; 47:6; Revelation 6:10
the wicked
Esther 5:11,12; 6:6-10; 7:6,10; Job 20:5; Acts 12:22,23
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert; Job 7:19 - How long; Psalm 13:1 - How; Psalm 25:2 - let not; Psalm 35:17 - how; Psalm 94:15 - But; Isaiah 6:11 - Lord; Lamentations 5:20 - dost; Habakkuk 1:2 - how; Habakkuk 1:4 - for; Habakkuk 2:6 - how

Verse 4

How long shall they utter and speak hard things? and all the workers of iniquity boast themselves?
shall
31:18; 59:7,12; 64:3,4; 73:8,9; 140:3; Proverbs 30:14; Jeremiah 18:18; Matthew 12:24,34; Jude 1:14,15
boast
10:2-7; 52:1; Exodus 15:9,10; Job 21:14,15; Isaiah 10:13-15; 37:24,25; Daniel 7:8,11,25; 8:11; 11:36,37; Revelation 13:5,6
Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 2:3 - let not arrogancy; Psalm 10:3 - boasteth; Psalm 13:1 - How; Psalm 14:1 - They are; Psalm 35:17 - how; Jeremiah 12:1 - Wherefore doth; Jeremiah 13:27 - wilt; Lamentations 5:20 - dost; Romans 1:30 - boasters; Revelation 6:10 - How

Verse 5

They break in pieces thy people, O LORD, and afflict thine heritage.
break
7:2; 14:4; 44:22; 74:8,19,20; 79:2,3,7; 129:2,3; Isaiah 3:15; 52:5; Jeremiah 22:17; 51:20-23,34; Micah 3:2,3; Revelation 17:6
afflict
Exodus 2:23,24; Jeremiah 50:11; Revelation 11:3
Reciprocal: Job 34:24 - break; Psalm 72:4 - break; Psalm 94:14 - forsake; Isaiah 5:18 - draw

Verse 6

They slay the widow and the stranger, and murder the fatherless.
Isaiah 10:2; 13:15-18; Jeremiah 7:6; 22:3; Ezekiel 22:7; Malachi 3:5
Reciprocal: Exodus 22:22 - General; Exodus 23:9 - thou shalt not; Deuteronomy 29:19 - that he bless; Job 22:9 - widows; Proverbs 23:10 - fatherless; Ezekiel 22:29 - oppressed; 1 Timothy 5:3 - widows

Verse 7

Yet they say, The LORD shall not see, neither shall the God of Jacob regard it.
they say
10:11-13; 59:7; Job 22:12,13; Isaiah 29:15; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9; Zephaniah 1:12; Luke 18:3,4
Reciprocal: Exodus 22:22 - General; Numbers 12:2 - And the; Deuteronomy 29:19 - that he bless; 1 Samuel 2:3 - a God; Job 24:15 - No eye; Psalm 50:21 - thoughtest; Psalm 64:5 - Who; Psalm 73:11 - How; Psalm 139:11 - Surely; Isaiah 47:10 - thou hast said; Acts 5:3 - lie to; Acts 17:29 - we ought

Verse 8

Understand, ye brutish among the people: and ye fools, when will ye be wise?
brutish
49:10; 73:22; 92:6; Proverbs 12:1; Isaiah 27:11; Jeremiah 8:6-8; 10:8; Romans 3:11
fools
Deuteronomy 32:29; Proverbs 1:22; 8:5; Titus 3:3
Reciprocal: Psalm 5:5 - The; Psalm 14:4 - Have; Psalm 53:4 - Have; Psalm 75:4 - I said; Proverbs 6:9 - when; Isaiah 1:3 - but Israel; Isaiah 29:16 - or shall; Jeremiah 5:21 - O foolish; Jeremiah 10:14 - man; Jeremiah 13:27 - wilt; Matthew 23:17 - Ye fools; Mark 7:14 - when; Mark 8:21 - How; Luke 11:40 - fools; Ephesians 4:17 - in the; James 2:20 - O vain; 2 Peter 2:12 - as natural

Verse 9

He that planted the ear, shall he not hear? he that formed the eye, shall he not see?
He that planted
Exodus 4:11; Proverbs 20:1,12
hear
11:4; 17:3; 44:21; 139:1-12; Jeremiah 23:23,24
Reciprocal: Psalm 14:4 - Have; Isaiah 29:16 - or shall; Ezekiel 35:12 - I have heard; Luke 11:40 - did; John 10:21 - Can; 1 Corinthians 12:17 - General

Verse 10

He that chastiseth the heathen, shall not he correct? he that teacheth man knowledge, shall not he know?
chastiseth
9:5; 10:16; 44:2; 135:8-12; 149:7; Isaiah 10:12; 37:36; Jeremiah 10:25; Ezekiel 39:21
he correct
Isaiah 10:5,6; Amos 3:2; Habakkuk 1:12; 3:12
teacheth man
25:8,9; 119:66; Job 35:11; Proverbs 2:6; Isaiah 2:3; 28:26; 54:13; John 6:45
Reciprocal: Job 36:22 - who; Psalm 94:22 - But; Ezekiel 35:12 - I have heard; Revelation 3:19 - many

Verse 11

The LORD knoweth the thoughts of man, that they are vanity.
49:10-13; Job 11:11,12; Romans 1:21,22; 1 Corinthians 1:19,21,25
Reciprocal: Psalm 119:113 - hate; Psalm 139:2 - understandest; 1 Corinthians 3:20 - the lord

Verse 12

Blessed is the man whom thou chastenest, O LORD, and teachest him out of thy law;
Blessed
119:67,71; Job 5:17; Proverbs 3:11; 1 Corinthians 11:32; Hebrews 12:5-11
teachest
Job 33:16-25; Micah 6:9; Revelation 3:19
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 8:5 - as a man; 2 Samuel 7:14 - I will; 2 Samuel 12:14 - the child; 1 Kings 8:36 - thou teach; 2 Chronicles 6:27 - when thou hast; Job 33:19 - chastened; Job 33:23 - an interpreter; Job 35:11 - General; Job 36:9 - he; Job 36:22 - who; Psalm 73:14 - For all; Psalm 118:18 - chastened; Ecclesiastes 7:14 - but; Jeremiah 6:8 - Be thou; Jeremiah 24:5 - them that are carried away captive; Jeremiah 31:18 - Thou hast; Lamentations 3:27 - bear; Hosea 7:15 - bound; Habakkuk 3:16 - that I; Acts 9:6 - and it; James 1:12 - the man; James 5:11 - we count

Verse 13

That thou mayest give him rest from the days of adversity, until the pit be digged for the wicked.
mayest
Isaiah 26:20,21; Habakkuk 3:16; 2 Corinthians 4:17,18; 2 Thessalonians 1:7,8; Hebrews 4:9; Revelation 14:13
until the pit
9:15; 55:23; Jeremiah 18:20,22; 2 Peter 2:9; 3:3-7; Revelation 6:10,11; 11:18
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 7:14 - I will; Psalm 7:15 - and is; Psalm 118:18 - chastened; Psalm 119:71 - good; Ecclesiastes 7:14 - but; Matthew 11:28 - and I; Acts 9:31 - the churches; 1 Corinthians 11:32 - we are

Verse 14

For the LORD will not cast off his people, neither will he forsake his inheritance.
For
37:28; 1 Samuel 12:22; Isaiah 49:14,15; Jeremiah 32:39,40; John 10:27-31; Romans 8:30,38,39; 11:1,2; Hebrews 13:5
forsake
5; 34:12; Deuteronomy 32:9; Jeremiah 10:16; Ephesians 1:18
Reciprocal: Exodus 34:9 - take us; Leviticus 26:44 - I will; Job 8:20 - God; Psalm 36:10 - and thy; Psalm 37:25 - yet; Psalm 43:2 - why dost; Isaiah 32:16 - General; Isaiah 41:9 - I have chosen; Isaiah 41:17 - I the God; Isaiah 42:16 - and not; Jeremiah 33:24 - The two; Jeremiah 51:5 - Israel; Lamentations 3:31 - General; Luke 12:46 - cut him in sunder

Verse 15

But judgment shall return unto righteousness: and all the upright in heart shall follow it.
But
2,3; 7:8,9; 9:16; 58:11; 125:3; Deuteronomy 32:35,36; Job 35:14; Micah 7:9; Malachi 3:18; 2 Peter 3:8-10; Revelation 15:3,4
and all
37:5-7,34; 125:4,5; Job 17:9; 23:11,12; James 5:7-11; 1 John 2:19
shall follow it
Heb. shall be after it.
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 29:34 - upright; Psalm 7:11 - General; Psalm 9:8 - General; Psalm 11:2 - the upright; Psalm 36:10 - and thy; Isaiah 28:17 - Judgment; Isaiah 32:16 - General; Isaiah 51:1 - ye that follow; Philippians 3:12 - I follow; Hebrews 10:22 - a true; Hebrews 12:14 - and holiness

Verse 16

Who will rise up for me against the evildoers? or who will stand up for me against the workers of iniquity?
rise up
Exodus 32:26-29; Numbers 25:6-13; Judges 5:23; 1 Kings 18:39,40; 2 Kings 9:32; 10:15; Isaiah 59:16; 63:5; Jeremiah 5:1; Ezekiel 22:30; Matthew 12:30; 3 John 1:8
stand up
Nehemiah 5:7; Jeremiah 26:16-19; John 7:50,51

Verse 17

Unless the LORD had been my help, my soul had almost dwelt in silence.
Unless
118:13; 124:1,2; 125:1; 142:4,5; John 16:32; 2 Corinthians 1:8-10; 2 Timothy 4:16,17
almost
or, quickly. dwelt.
13:3; 31:17; 115:17
Reciprocal: 2 Chronicles 18:31 - the Lord; Hebrews 13:6 - The Lord

Verse 18

When I said, My foot slippeth; thy mercy, O LORD, held me up.
My foot
17:5; 37:23,24; 38:16; 119:116,117; 121:3; 1 Samuel 2:9; John 12:5; Isaiah 41:10; Luke 22:32; 1 Peter 1:5
Reciprocal: 2 Samuel 22:37 - feet; Job 12:5 - ready; Psalm 13:2 - take; Psalm 26:1 - I shall; Psalm 41:12 - thou; Psalm 56:13 - wilt; Psalm 63:8 - thy; Psalm 66:9 - suffereth; Psalm 73:2 - steps; Psalm 116:8 - and my feet; Psalm 119:92 - I should; Psalm 145:14 - upholdeth

Verse 19

In the multitude of my thoughts within me thy comforts delight my soul.
43:2-5; 61:2; 63:5,6; 73:12-16; 77:2-10; Jeremiah 20:7-11; Habakkuk 3:16-18; Romans 5:2-5; 2 Corinthians 1:4,5; 1 Peter 1:7,8
Reciprocal: Psalm 13:2 - take; Psalm 119:50 - This; Psalm 119:92 - I should; Malachi 3:16 - that thought; Matthew 1:20 - while

Verse 20

Shall the throne of iniquity have fellowship with thee, which frameth mischief by a law?
throne
52:1; 82:1; 1 Samuel 22:12; Ecclesiastes 3:16; 5:8; Amos 6:3
fellowship
2 Chronicles 6:14-16; Isaiah 1:11-20; Jeremiah 7:4-11; John 18:28; 1 John 1:5,6
frameth
58:2; 1 Kings 12:32; Esther 3:6-12; Isaiah 10:1; Daniel 3:4-7; 6:7-9; Micah 6:16; John 9:22; 11:57; Revelation 13:15-17
Reciprocal: Genesis 49:6 - come; Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert; Psalm 5:4 - evil; Psalm 47:8 - throne; Psalm 56:7 - escape; Psalm 140:8 - Grant not; Jeremiah 22:30 - sitting; Ezekiel 33:26 - and shall; Daniel 2:13 - the decree; Daniel 3:10 - hast made; Daniel 6:15 - Know; Amos 6:12 - for; Habakkuk 1:4 - for; Matthew 26:3 - assembled; Matthew 26:59 - sought; John 7:24 - General; John 8:15 - judge; John 19:13 - and sat; Acts 16:37 - They have; Acts 23:3 - for; Acts 26:12 - with; Ephesians 5:11 - no; 2 Thessalonians 1:6 - General

Verse 21

They gather themselves together against the soul of the righteous, and condemn the innocent blood.
gather
2:1-3; 22:16; 59:3; Proverbs 1:11,16; Matthew 27:1; Acts 4:5-7,27,28
condemn
Exodus 23:7; 1 Kings 21:19; Proverbs 17:15; Jeremiah 26:15; Ezekiel 22:6,12,27; Matthew 23:32-36; Acts 7:52,58-60; James 5:6; Revelation 17:6
Reciprocal: Genesis 37:18 - conspired; Genesis 49:6 - come; Deuteronomy 19:10 - General; Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert; Job 16:10 - gathered; Psalm 56:7 - escape; Psalm 140:8 - Grant not; Ecclesiastes 3:16 - General; Isaiah 5:23 - take; Isaiah 10:1 - them; Jeremiah 22:3 - neither; Ezekiel 33:26 - and shall; Daniel 6:15 - Know; Amos 6:12 - for; Habakkuk 1:4 - for; Matthew 12:7 - condemned; Matthew 26:3 - assembled; Matthew 26:59 - sought; John 7:24 - General; John 8:15 - judge; John 19:13 - and sat; Acts 26:12 - with; Ephesians 5:11 - no

Verse 22

But the LORD is my defence; and my God is the rock of my refuge.
But
10; 27:1-3; 59:9,16,17; 62:2,6
the rock
18:2; Isaiah 33:16
Reciprocal: Psalm 31:2 - my strong rock; Psalm 62:7 - rock; Ecclesiastes 3:16 - General

Verse 23

And he shall bring upon them their own iniquity, and shall cut them off in their own wickedness; yea, the LORD our God shall cut them off.
And he
7:16; 9:16,17; 55:23; 64:8; Esther 7:10; Proverbs 1:31; 2:22; 5:22; Daniel 7:24
cut them
12:3; 1 Samuel 26:10,11; Proverbs 14:32; Ezekiel 18:24; Daniel 9:26 Reciprocal: Judges 9:56 - God rendered; Psalm 9:15 - General; Psalm 34:21 - Evil; Psalm 73:18 - thou castedst; Psalm 139:19 - Surely; Psalm 140:9 - let the mischief

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 94". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/psalms-94.html.