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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Zechariah 7

Introduction

Overview

Zechariah 7:1, The captives enquire concerning the set fasts; Zechariah 7:4, Zechariah reproves the hypocrisy of their fasting; Zechariah 7:8, Sin the cause of their captivity.

Verse 1

the fourth: Zechariah 1:1, Ezra 6:14, Ezra 6:15, Haggai 2:10, Haggai 2:20

Chisleu: Answering to part of November and part of December. Nehemiah 1:1

Reciprocal: Exodus 1:1 - General Zechariah 6:9 - General

Verse 2

they: Zechariah 6:10, Ezra 6:10, Ezra 7:15-23, Ezra 8:28-30, Isaiah 60:7

pray before the Lord: Heb. intreat the face of the Lord, Zechariah 8:21, Exodus 32:11, *marg. 1 Samuel 13:12, 1 Kings 13:6, Jeremiah 26:19

Verse 3

speak: Deuteronomy 17:9-11, Deuteronomy 33:10, Ezekiel 44:23, Ezekiel 44:24, Hosea 4:6, Haggai 2:11, Malachi 2:7

Should: Zechariah 7:5, Nehemiah 8:9-11, Nehemiah 9:1-3, Ecclesiastes 3:4, Isaiah 22:12, Isaiah 22:13, Joel 2:17, Matthew 9:15, James 4:8-10

fifth: This was a fast for the burning of the temple, as that of the seventh month was for the death of Gedaliah; and seeing that the city and temple were in part rebuilt, they wished to know whether they should continue the observance of them. Zechariah 8:19, 2 Kings 25:8, 2 Kings 25:9, Jeremiah 52:12-14

separating: Zechariah 12:12-14, 1 Corinthians 7:5

Reciprocal: Exodus 19:15 - come not Exodus 33:4 - they mourned Numbers 29:7 - afflict 1 Samuel 21:4 - if the young Proverbs 18:1 - Through Joel 2:12 - with fasting Malachi 3:14 - and that Matthew 6:16 - be Matthew 20:12 - borne Luke 15:29 - Lo

Verse 4

Lord of hosts: Isaiah 10:16

Verse 5

When: Isaiah 58:5

seventh: Zechariah 8:19, 2 Kings 25:23, Jeremiah 41:1-4

seventy: From the eleventh year of Zedekiah to the fourth of Darius Hystapses are just seventy years. Zechariah 7:3, Zechariah 1:12, Jeremiah 25:11

did: Zechariah 7:6, Isaiah 1:11, Isaiah 1:12, Isaiah 58:4-6, Matthew 5:16-18, Matthew 6:2, Matthew 6:5, Matthew 6:16, Matthew 23:5, Romans 14:6-9, Romans 14:17, Romans 14:18, 1 Corinthians 10:31, 2 Corinthians 5:15, Colossians 3:23

Reciprocal: Exodus 33:4 - they mourned 2 Kings 25:25 - seventh Isaiah 43:23 - honoured Isaiah 58:3 - have we fasted Jeremiah 1:3 - in the fifth Jeremiah 12:11 - it mourneth Jeremiah 29:10 - after Jeremiah 36:9 - they Daniel 9:2 - to Jeremiah Hosea 7:14 - they have not Hosea 10:1 - an empty vine Joel 2:12 - with fasting Amos 5:25 - General Malachi 1:13 - should I accept Luke 14:12 - and a Luke 18:12 - fast 1 Corinthians 11:28 - let a Titus 1:15 - but

Verse 6

did not ye eat for: or, be not ye they that did eat for, etc. Deuteronomy 12:7, Deuteronomy 14:26, 1 Samuel 16:7, 1 Chronicles 29:22, Jeremiah 17:9, Jeremiah 17:10, Hosea 8:13, Hosea 9:4, 1 Corinthians 10:31, 1 Corinthians 11:20, 1 Corinthians 11:21, 1 Corinthians 11:26-29, Colossians 3:17

Reciprocal: 1 Samuel 20:24 - the king Isaiah 43:23 - honoured Jeremiah 36:9 - they Hosea 10:1 - an empty vine Zechariah 7:5 - did Zechariah 14:21 - every Malachi 1:13 - should I accept Luke 5:33 - Why Luke 18:12 - fast Romans 14:6 - regardeth it Titus 1:15 - but

Verse 7

Should ye not hear the words: or, Are not these the words, etc. Isaiah 55:3, Isaiah 55:6, Isaiah 55:7

cried: Zechariah 1:3-6, Isaiah 1:16-20, Jeremiah 7:5, Jeremiah 7:23, Jeremiah 36:2, Jeremiah 36:3, Ezekiel 18:30-32, Daniel 9:6-14, Hosea 14:1-3, Amos 5:14, Amos 5:15, Micah 6:6-8, Zephaniah 2:1-3

former: Heb. the hand of former

the south: Deuteronomy 34:3, Jeremiah 17:26, Jeremiah 32:44, Jeremiah 33:13

Reciprocal: Isaiah 65:12 - because Jeremiah 11:6 - Proclaim Jeremiah 44:4 - I sent Zechariah 7:9 - saying Zechariah 7:12 - the former Matthew 7:12 - for Mark 12:2 - a servant

Verse 8

Reciprocal: Leviticus 10:20 - he was content Daniel 9:6 - have we

Verse 9

saying: Zechariah 7:7, Zechariah 8:16, Zechariah 8:17, Leviticus 19:15, Leviticus 19:35-37, Deuteronomy 10:18, Deuteronomy 10:19, Deuteronomy 15:7-14, Deuteronomy 16:18-20, Psalms 82:2-4, Proverbs 21:3, Isaiah 58:6-10, Jeremiah 7:5, Jeremiah 7:23, Ezekiel 45:9, Hosea 10:12, Hosea 10:13, Amos 5:24, Micah 6:8, Matthew 23:23, Luke 11:42, James 2:13-17

Execute true judgment: Heb. Judge judgment of truth, Jeremiah 21:12, *marg. John 7:51

Reciprocal: Exodus 18:21 - men Leviticus 10:20 - he was content Proverbs 21:13 - at Proverbs 22:16 - that oppresseth Proverbs 31:9 - General Ecclesiastes 5:8 - regardeth Isaiah 1:17 - seek Isaiah 3:5 - the people Isaiah 5:7 - he looked Isaiah 16:3 - execute Jeremiah 7:6 - oppress Jeremiah 17:11 - he that Jeremiah 22:3 - Execute Ezekiel 18:7 - hath not Ezekiel 18:8 - hath executed Hosea 4:2 - swearing Hosea 12:6 - keep Haggai 2:17 - yet Matthew 21:34 - he sent Mark 12:3 - and sent Luke 20:10 - sent 1 Peter 3:8 - having

Verse 10

oppress: Exodus 22:21-24, Exodus 23:9, Deuteronomy 24:14-18, Deuteronomy 27:19, Psalms 72:4, Proverbs 22:22, Proverbs 22:23, Proverbs 23:10, Proverbs 23:11, Isaiah 1:16, Isaiah 1:17, Isaiah 1:23, Jeremiah 5:28, Jeremiah 22:15-17, Ezekiel 22:7, Ezekiel 22:12, Ezekiel 22:29, Amos 4:1, Amos 5:11, Amos 5:12, Micah 2:1-3, Micah 3:1-4, Zephaniah 3:1-3, Malachi 3:5, Matthew 23:14, 1 Corinthians 6:10, James 5:4

imagine: Psalms 21:11, Psalms 36:4, Psalms 140:2, Proverbs 3:29, Proverbs 6:18, Jeremiah 11:19, Jeremiah 11:20, Jeremiah 18:18, Micah 2:1, Mark 7:21-23, James 1:14, James 1:15, 1 John 3:15

Reciprocal: Exodus 22:22 - General Deuteronomy 23:16 - thou shalt not Deuteronomy 24:17 - pervert Ezekiel 18:8 - hath executed Ezekiel 18:12 - oppressed Zechariah 8:17 - let James 2:6 - Do

Verse 11

they refused: Zechariah 1:4, Exodus 10:3, 2 Kings 17:13-15, 2 Chronicles 33:10, Nehemiah 9:17, Nehemiah 9:26, Nehemiah 9:29, Proverbs 1:24-32, Isaiah 1:19, Isaiah 1:20, Jeremiah 6:16, Jeremiah 6:17, Jeremiah 7:24, Jeremiah 13:10, Jeremiah 26:5, Jeremiah 26:6, Jeremiah 35:15, Jeremiah 36:31, Jeremiah 44:16, Ezekiel 3:7, Hosea 4:16, Daniel 9:5, Zephaniah 3:2, Acts 7:51, Hebrews 12:25

pulled away the shoulder: Heb. gave a backsliding shoulder, Nehemiah 9:29, Jeremiah 8:5, Hosea 4:16, Hebrews 10:38, Hebrews 10:39

stopped: Heb. made heavy, Psalms 58:4, Psalms 58:5, Isaiah 6:10, Acts 7:57

Reciprocal: Exodus 7:13 - General Exodus 8:15 - he hardened Exodus 32:9 - a stiffnecked Leviticus 26:15 - despise Deuteronomy 9:6 - a stiffnecked 2 Chronicles 24:20 - transgress Psalms 81:11 - people Proverbs 5:12 - How Proverbs 21:13 - stoppeth Proverbs 28:9 - turneth Proverbs 29:1 - shall Isaiah 28:12 - yet Isaiah 30:9 - will not Isaiah 46:12 - ye stouthearted Isaiah 48:4 - I knew Isaiah 65:12 - because Jeremiah 2:19 - and thy Jeremiah 3:3 - thou refusedst Jeremiah 5:3 - they have made Jeremiah 11:8 - obeyed Jeremiah 15:6 - thou art Jeremiah 17:23 - they obeyed Jeremiah 17:27 - ye will Jeremiah 19:15 - because Jeremiah 25:4 - ye Jeremiah 29:19 - General Jeremiah 31:22 - backsliding Jeremiah 32:33 - turned Jeremiah 34:14 - but Jeremiah 42:21 - but Jeremiah 44:5 - they Ezekiel 5:6 - for they Ezekiel 14:5 - I may Hosea 9:17 - because Hosea 11:2 - they called Amos 4:1 - which oppress Amos 6:12 - horses Malachi 2:2 - ye will not hear Matthew 13:15 - ears Matthew 21:32 - repented Romans 2:5 - But after 2 Timothy 4:4 - turn Hebrews 3:8 - Harden

Verse 12

their hearts: Nehemiah 9:29, Job 9:4, Isaiah 48:4, Jeremiah 5:3, Ezekiel 2:4, Ezekiel 3:7-9, Ezekiel 11:19, Ezekiel 36:26

lest: Psalms 50:17, Nehemiah 9:29, Nehemiah 9:30, Isaiah 6:10, Matthew 13:15, Mark 4:12, Luke 8:12, John 3:19, John 3:20, Acts 28:27, 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12

sent: Nehemiah 9:30, Acts 7:51, Acts 7:52, 1 Peter 1:11, 1 Peter 1:12, 2 Peter 1:21

the former: Heb. the hand of the former, Zechariah 7:7

therefore: 2 Chronicles 36:16, Jeremiah 26:19, Daniel 9:11, Daniel 9:12, 1 Thessalonians 2:15, 1 Thessalonians 2:16

Reciprocal: Exodus 7:13 - General Exodus 7:14 - Pharaoh's Exodus 8:15 - he hardened Exodus 32:9 - a stiffnecked Deuteronomy 9:6 - a stiffnecked Job 41:24 - as hard Proverbs 1:24 - I have called Isaiah 30:9 - will not Isaiah 46:12 - ye stouthearted Jeremiah 3:3 - thou refusedst Jeremiah 17:23 - they obeyed Jeremiah 25:4 - ye Jeremiah 34:14 - but Jeremiah 42:21 - but Jeremiah 44:3 - of their Jeremiah 44:5 - they Ezekiel 3:9 - adamant Amos 6:12 - horses Matthew 13:5 - General Matthew 18:35 - from Matthew 19:8 - because Matthew 21:32 - repented Romans 2:5 - But after Hebrews 3:8 - Harden

Verse 13

as: Psalms 81:8-12, Proverbs 1:24-28, Isaiah 50:2, Jeremiah 6:16, Jeremiah 6:17, Luke 13:34, Luke 13:35, Luke 19:42-44

so: Proverbs 21:13, Proverbs 28:9, Isaiah 1:15, Jeremiah 11:11, Jeremiah 14:12, Ezekiel 14:3, Ezekiel 20:3, Micah 3:4, Matthew 25:11, Matthew 25:12, Luke 13:25, James 4:3

Reciprocal: Nehemiah 9:30 - therefore Job 27:9 - Will God Psalms 18:41 - General Proverbs 1:28 - shall they Song of Solomon 5:6 - I sought Isaiah 57:13 - let Jeremiah 7:13 - and I called Jeremiah 7:27 - also Jeremiah 14:2 - the cry Jeremiah 44:3 - of their Lamentations 3:44 - that Ezekiel 8:18 - and though Ezekiel 20:31 - and shall Ezekiel 33:28 - I will lay John 9:31 - we know

Verse 14

scattered: Zechariah 2:6, Zechariah 9:14, Leviticus 26:33, Deuteronomy 4:27, Deuteronomy 28:33, Deuteronomy 28:64, Psalms 58:9, Isaiah 17:13, Isaiah 21:1, Isaiah 66:15, Jeremiah 4:11, Jeremiah 4:12, Jeremiah 23:19, Jeremiah 25:32, Jeremiah 25:33, Jeremiah 30:23, Jeremiah 36:19, Amos 1:14, Nahum 1:3, Habakkuk 3:14

whom: Deuteronomy 28:33, Deuteronomy 28:49, Jeremiah 5:15

the land: Leviticus 26:22, 2 Chronicles 36:21, Jeremiah 52:30, Daniel 9:16-18, Zephaniah 3:6

the pleasant land: Heb. the land of desire, Daniel 8:9

Reciprocal: Esther 3:8 - scattered abroad Isaiah 28:12 - yet Isaiah 40:24 - and the Jeremiah 9:16 - scatter Jeremiah 29:18 - will deliver Jeremiah 34:22 - and I will Ezekiel 5:10 - the whole Ezekiel 5:12 - and I will scatter Ezekiel 12:19 - that her Ezekiel 20:6 - which is Ezekiel 22:15 - scatter Ezekiel 26:12 - thy pleasant houses Ezekiel 33:28 - I will lay Joel 2:3 - and behind

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Zechariah 7". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/zechariah-7.html.