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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
1 Thessalonians 4



Other Authors
Verses 1-12

The Sanctification of Man's Body: Labour of Love in the Holy Spirit - The second aspect of our sanctification will be man's physical body. Paul places emphasis upon this aspect in 1 Thessalonians 4:1-12. This passage of Scripture could be described as a discussion of sanctifying their vessels (or bodies). He first focuses on the sanctity of marriage; for in this pagan society sexuality morality was widespread, and even incorporated into temple worship. The next major issue that Paul addresses is ethical behaviour between one another. We can imagine how much fraud and deceit ruled these pagan societies. Thus, in this passage he focuses on moral purity ( 1 Thessalonians 4:3-8) and "brotherly love" ( 1 Thessalonians 4:9-12).

1 Thessalonians 4:1 Comments- Some modern translations insert the phrase, "just as you actually do walk." (ASV, NIV)

ASV, "Finally then, brethren, we beseech and exhort you in the Lord Jesus, that, as ye received of us how ye ought to walk and to please God, even as ye do walk, --that ye abound more and more."

NIV, "Finally, brothers, we instructed you how to live in order to please God, as in fact you are living. Now we ask you and urge you in the Lord Jesus to do this more and more."

In this phase, Paul, due to his love for them, speaks good things about them that he believes to be true. Love thinks no evil, and so Paul does not give them a hard time trying to tell them that they are living evil. He rather encourages them to strive for a closer walk with God, even as now they are walking. This is an attitude of love. Note this attitude also in 1 Thessalonians 4:10.

1 Thessalonians 4:10, "And indeed ye do it toward all the brethren which are in all Macedonia: but we beseech you, brethren, that ye increase more and more;"

1 Thessalonians 4:2Comments- The New Testament church, because of its Jewish heritage, immediately incorporated the Old Testament Scriptures into its daily worship. However, these new believers quickly realized that some of the Old Testament teachings, such as the Law of Moses, must now be interpreted in light of the New Covenant. We see this challenge taking place at the first council of Jerusalem in Acts 15.

Acts 15:1-2, "And certain men which came down from Judaea taught the brethren, and said, Except ye be circumcised after the manner of Moses, ye cannot be saved. When therefore Paul and Barnabas had no small dissension and disputation with them, they determined that Paul and Barnabas, and certain other of them, should go up to Jerusalem unto the apostles and elders about this question."

In addition to the recognition of the Old Testament, the apostles realized that they had been given the authority to reveal the new covenant with as high authority as they held the Jewish Old Testament. According to 2 Corinthians 3:1-11, they were appointed ministers of this new covenant.

The major requirement for all of the New Testament writings to be considered "divinely inspired Scripture" was apostolic authority. These twenty seven books had to have been either written by one of the twelve apostles, or either been imposed by these apostles upon the churches as an "instrument" of the Church, to be read and obeyed by all.

Therefore, Paul's qualifications as a minister of the new covenant was elevated to a level higher than others due to the fact that God had given him the calling of writing much of the New Testament. Paul realized that his writings were on an equal level of authority as the Old Testament Scriptures. Therefore, Paul held the authority to speak on the level of authority that Christ Jesus spoke while on this earth.

Paul was also a man under authority. When the first church council met in Jerusalem as recorded in Acts 15, the apostles and elders decided to send an epistle to all of the churches dealing with four subjects: abstaining from meats offered to idols, from blood, from strangled meats and from fornication.

Acts 15:28-29, "For it seemed good to the Holy Ghost, and to us, to lay upon you no greater burden than these necessary things; That ye abstain from meats offered to idols, and from blood, and from things strangled, and from fornication: from which if ye keep yourselves, ye shall do well. Fare ye well."

As Paul makes a reference in 1 Thessalonians 4:2 to these commandments, Paul immediately speaks about the topic of fornication in the following verses ( 1 Thessalonians 4:3-5). Thus, we see how Paul was obedient in honoring the decree of the church apostles and elders in keeping this teaching before the believers.

1 Thessalonians 4:1-2Comments - Paul the Teacher- In 1 Thessalonians 4:1-2 we see Paul as the teacher, as he refers to his instructions that he gave to them while he was with them, a clear example of his teaching ministry.

1 Thessalonians 4:4 — Note:

1 Corinthians 9:27, "But I keep under my body, and bring it into subjection: lest that by any means, when I have preached to others, I myself should be a castaway."

2 Timothy 2:21, "If a man therefore purge himself from these, he shall be a vessel unto honour, sanctified, and meet for the master"s use, and prepared unto every good work."

1 Thessalonians 4:4 — The word "vessel" is used figuratively throughout the New Testament as your own physical body. Paul is saying that each person should know how to gain the ascendancy over his own body rather that his body ruling him.

1 Thessalonians 4:5 — "Not in the lust of concupiscence" - Word Study on "lust" - Strong says the Greek word πά θος (G 3806) means in the bad sense means, "in a bad sense, depraved passion, vile passions." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 3times in the New Testament, being translated in the KJV as "inordinate affection 1, affection 1, lust 1."

Word Study on "concupiscense" - Strong says the Greek word ἐ πιθυμί α (G 1939) means, "desire, craving, longing, desire for what is forbidden, lust." The Enhanced Strong says it is used 38 times in the New Testament, being translated in the KJV as "lust 31, concupiscence 3, desire 3, lust after 1."

Comments- This phrase is translated in modern English translations with phrases such as "lustful cravings," "the passion of lust," "the affection of desire," "the passion of evil desires," and "passion and lust." It is paraphrased as "do not have sex with a person to whom you are not married."

1 Thessalonians 4:3-5Comments- Abstaining from Fornication - It is unusual that Paul immediately deals with the issue of fornication ( 1 Thessalonians 4:3-4) when discussing the sanctification of believer's bodies in 1 Thessalonians 4:1-12. It seems that Paul was referring to the gross sin of Gentile temple worship, which so pervaded in this region of the Roman Empire. Such "worship" consisted of temple prostituted and eating foods offered unto idols, which amounted to acts of pleasing the sensual desires of the flesh. The Gentiles believed that this was a proper way to use their bodies, or vessels, to please their gods. Paul will deal with these two aspects of Gentile "worship" in his first epistle to the Corinthians. However, to the church in Thessalonica Paul limits his comments to a few short statements.

1 Thessalonians 4:8Word Study on "therefore" - Strong says the Greek word "therefore" "toigaroun" ( τοιγαρου̂ ν) (G 5105) "truly for then, consequently." Strong says it is a compound of ( τοί) (G 5104), meaning "in sooth," ( γάρ) (G 1063), which is a particle "assigning a reason," and ( οὐ̂ ν) (G 3767), meaning, "certainly, accordingly." BDAG translates this word "for that very reason." Thayer tells us that this particle introduces "a conclusion with some special emphasis or formality…" The Enhanced Strong says it is found 2times in the New Testament, being translated in the KJV as, "therefore 1, wherefore 1."

Comments- This same Greek word is used in Hebrews 12:1.

Hebrews 12:1, "Wherefore seeing we also are compassed about with so great a cloud of witnesses, let us lay aside every weight, and the sin which doth so easily beset us, and let us run with patience the race that is set before us,"

Perhaps in Hebrews 12:1, after such a lengthy and winded list of Old Testament examples, the author chose a particle with strong enough emphasis to reach back to the beginning of this long passage preceding it.

1 Thessalonians 4:3-8Comments - Moral Purity - 1 Thessalonians 4:3-8 gives us several practical helps to direct our lives towards sanctification:

1. Abstain from fornication, which is immoral and unlawful sexual acts (verse 3)

2. Control one's own body and desires in sanctification and honour (verse 4).

3. Do not become lustful for earthly things (verse 5)

3. Do not sin and take advantage of your brother (verse 6).

1 Thessalonians 4:10Comments- Although the average believer recognizes obvious abuses of love in his Christian life, there is a deeper walk with the Lord where we become much more sensitive to walking in love with others. In 1 Thessalonians 4:10 Paul exhorts the believers to strive to grow in their love walk by saying "that ye increase more and more." John the apostles defines this type of mature love as "perfect love" ( 1 John 4:18). John explains that it means a believe can come to the place where he no longer makes decisions based on the fear of Prayer of Manasseh , but he strives to please God in pure love and devotion to Him as all costs. We find an excellent example of mature, self-less love in the life of Onesiphorus ( 2 Timothy 1:15-18). In contrast to Phygellus and Hermogenes, who were ashamed of Paul's bonds and hid their faith in Christ for fear of Roman persecutions, Onesiphorus boldly kept the faith in the face of possible persecutions, even going as far as visiting Paul during his Roman imprisonment, which Luke mentions in general in Acts 28:30. Onesiphorus walked in self-less love, while many others in Asia were self-centered because they were moved by fear.

1 John 4:18, "There is no fear in love; but perfect love casteth out fear: because fear hath torment. He that feareth is not made perfect in love."

1 Thessalonians 4:11 — "And that ye study to be quiet" - Comments- Webster defines the use of the English word "study" in 1 Thessalonians 4:11 to mean, "to endeavor diligently; to be zealous."

2 Timothy 2:15, "Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth."

1 Thessalonians 4:11 — "and to do your own business" - Comments- The NKJV reads, "mind your own business." This phase implies not only the need to stay out of other people"s affairs, including the affairs of this life ( 2 Timothy 2:4), but it implies that a man should give his own business much attention and hard work. Thus it also means that we are to work hard and focus on our responsibilities.

2 Timothy 2:4, "No man that warreth entangleth himself with the affairs of this life; that he may please him who hath chosen him to be a soldier."

1 Thessalonians 4:11 — "and to work with your own hands" - Comments (1) - Note that the world is looking for a get-rich-quick scheme such as gambling or the lottery, where they can get something for nothing. Most of the time these riches stay just beyond one's grasp.

Proverbs 23:5, "Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not? for riches certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven."

"and to work with your own hands" - Comments (2) - William Alexander notes how there was a pervasive aristocratic spirit in this Greco-Roman culture, a spirit that looked down upon the slaves and working class. This spirit is found in the writings of Aristotle, "who knew Macedonia so well." 72] Thus, Paul's teachings to work with one's hands elevated the working man to a position of dignity and honor and wisdom. We see in Paul's second epistle to the Thessalonians how he had to speak harshly towards those believers who had retreated to this aristocratic spirit of hierarchy and pride that hindered them from working with their hands ( 2 Thessalonians 3:6-12).

72] William Alexander, 1 Thessalonians , in The Biblical Illustrator, ed. Joseph S. Exell (Grand Rapids, MI: Baker Pub. House, 1954), in Ages Digital Library, v 10 [CD-ROM] (Rio, WI: Ages Software, Inc, 2002), "Introduction."

1 Thessalonians 4:12 — "That ye may have lack of nothing" - Comments- In 1 Thessalonians 4:12, the Greek word ( μηδενος) is translated in the neuter in the KJV. However, it could as well be singular, genitive, masculine meaning "from no one," or neuter, "of nothing."

The NIV reads, "so that you will not be dependant on anybody" (The masculine gender)

The NASB reads, "and not be in any need" (It could be either gender)

1 Thessalonians 4:11-12Comments - Practical Examples- Having asked the believers to grow in their love walk, Paul now provides several practical examples in 1 Thessalonians 4:11-12. We may compare this to the structure of the book of Exodus where God gave Moses the Ten Commandments, which Jesus summarized as loving God with our heart, mind and soul, and loving our neighbour as ourselves. God then gave Moses a set of statutes, recorded in the following chapters of Exodus , which essentially are practical ways in which to walk in love with God and one's neighbours. In 1 Thessalonians 4:11-12 Paul tells them to mind their own affairs rather than getting too involved in other people's affairs. If we will do three things ( 1 Thessalonians 4:11), God will bless us in two ways ( 1 Thessalonians 4:12). If we:

1. "study to be quite" - To lead a quiet (and contented) life, not running about getting caught up in wanting to be somebody in life and admired by everyone, trying to outdo others and look good. Note:

1 Timothy 2:2, "For kings, and for all that are in authority; that we may lead a quiet and peaceable life in all godliness and honesty."

2. "to do your own business" - To mind your own business and affairs, and not interrupting the lives of others unnecessarily. This does not evade the need to help others in need.

3. "To work with your own hands" - Physical labor is rewarding and healthy.

Proverbs 14:23, "In all labour there is profit: but the talk of the lips tendeth only to penury."

The results:

1. "ye may walk honestly toward them that are without" - The world will see you and respect and consider you of high standing, giving you "Favour with man."

2. "ye may have lack of nothing" - You will also not be dependent upon others, but also you will have your needs met.

Proverbs 13:4, "The soul of the sluggard desireth, and hath nothing: but the soul of the diligent shall be made fat."

Verse 13

The Sanctification of Man's Mind: Patience of Hope in the Father's Plan - The third aspect of our sanctification will be man's mind in which dwells our hope, which is the anchor of the soul. Paul places emphasis upon this aspect in 1 Thessalonians 4:13 to 1 Thessalonians 5:11. In 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 he encourages the Thessalonians by instilling a hope of seeing their loved ones again as he discusses one of the clearest passages in the Scriptures on the Rapture of the Church ( 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18). In 1 Thessalonians 5:1-11 he then teaches them that in order to be ready for the Rapture they must prepare themselves for Christ's Second Coming ( 1 Thessalonians 5:1-11). He explains how this event will be sudden for the world ( 1 Thessalonians 5:1-3), but can be anticipated if they are alert by walking in the three-fold aspect of their sanctification in faith, love and hope that is emphasized in this epistle ( 1 Thessalonians 5:4-8). God's wrath is not designed for His children ( 1 Thessalonians 5:9-10). Paul closes this passage in 1 Thessalonians 4:13 to 1 Thessalonians 5:11 by exhorting the believers to comfort one another with these words of hope ( 1 Thessalonians 5:11).

It is important to note that Paul will refer back to this two-fold teaching of the Second Coming in his second epistle to them by saying "by the coming of our Lord Jesus Christ, and by our gathering together unto him." ( 2 Thessalonians 2:1)

While 1Thessalonians places more emphasis upon the Rapture of the Church preceding the Tribulation Period, the second epistle places more on Christ's Second Coming at the end of the Tribulation Period. But these events are placed before us in these two epistles as the goal of our sanctification.

Outline - Here is a proposed outline:

1. The Rapture — 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18

2. The Second Coming of Christ — 1 Thessalonians 5:1-10

3. Closing Exhortation — 1 Thessalonians 5:11

Verses 13-18

The Rapture of the Church - In 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 Paul encourages the Thessalonians by instilling a hope of seeing their loved ones again as he discusses one of the clearest passages in the Scriptures on the Rapture of the Church.

We find that Paul's description of the rapture of the Church in 1 Thessalonians 4:13-18 are strong words of comfort and hope for those who have to face the issue of death. In this passage of Scripture he refers to those saints who have already died. Paul describes them as being "asleep in the Lord." We know that they are not actually asleep, but rather, living with the Saviour and the saints of old in Heaven. The word "asleep" simple describes what it looks like on this side of glory. This is how we see them in the natural.

Why God Raptures of the Church - Why does God rapture the Church prior to the seven-year Tribulation? One reason is that He wants to deliver His people from the terrible judgment that is about to come upon the earth. Another reason is that the Church age has ended and nation of Israel is to take back the center stage in the history of mankind.

A Description of the Rapture- In her book A Divine Revelation of Heaven, Mary K. Baxter describes the rapture of the Church at Jesus' Second Coming:

"Soon I (Jesus) will return and take back with Me to heaven the righteous dead first. Then after them, those who are alive and remain will be caught up to be with Me in the air. Following that, the Antichrist will reign upon the earth for an appointed time, and there will be tribulations such as have never been before, nor will ever be again. And then I will return with My saints, and Satan will be cast into the bottomless pit, where he will remain for a thousand years. During that thousand years, I will reign over the earth from Jerusalem. When the Millennium is past, Satan will be released for a season, and I will defeat him by the brightness of My coming. The old earth will pass away. Behold, there shall be a new earth and a New Jerusalem coming down upon it, and I will reign forever and ever." 73]

73] Mary K. Baxter, A Divine Revelation of Heaven (New Kensington, Pennsylvania: Whitaker House, 1998), 187.

"In another vision, I saw the coming of the Lord! I heard His call like the sound of a trumpet and the voice of an archangel ( 1 Thessalonians 4:16). The whole earth shook, and out of the graves came the righteous dead to meet their Lord in the air. For what seemed like hours, I heard the trumpets blaring. The earth and the sea gave up their dead ( Revelation 20:13). The Lord Jesus Christ stood atop the clouds in vestments of fire and beheld the glorious scene. I heard the sound of trumpets again. As I watched, those who were alive and remained on the earth ascended to meet them." 74]

74] Mary K. Baxter, A Divine Revelation of Heaven (New Kensington, Pennsylvania: Whitaker House, 1998), 189-190.

1 Thessalonians 4:13 Comments- One day in my Philosophy of Religion class in seminary, we were studying the problem of suffering and evil. We dealt with the question of why seemingly innocent people suffer. We saw a filmstrip entitled, "How Green Was My Valley" (1941). 75] It was a story about a little Welsh coal-mining village in the hills of Wales. One small coal mining family had a happy life. Through the years, one family member died, and others left for the United States to find work. The town was then torn apart by a worker"s strike. After almost all of the children had either died, or grown up and left, the father died in a mine accident, leaving the fragment of a once happy family. The film ended in gloom. After class, I asked the Lord what it is in our Christian life that makes sorrow bearable. He spoke, quickly and clearly to my heart the word, "Hope!" Christians have hope. It had been such a dry sounding, hollow or empty word without much meaning in this movie; but this one word explains the difference between how we and a lost world face death and other of life's tragedies. We must have our hope anchored in Jesus Christ. (5 April 1983)

75] How Green Was My Valley, director by John Ford, 1941, 20th Century Fox.

1 Thessalonians 4:14Comments- God will bring those who are asleep in Christ with Him to Heaven, along with us who are alive at that time. It does not mean that God will bring them from heaven.

1 Thessalonians 4:16 — "and the dead in Christ shall rise first" - Comments- Job spoke of the resurrection.

Job 14:12-15, "So man lieth down, and riseth not: till the heavens be no more, they shall not awake, nor be raised out of their sleep. O that thou wouldest hide me in the grave, that thou wouldest keep me secret, until thy wrath be past, that thou wouldest appoint me a set time, and remember me! If a man die, shall he live again? all the days of my appointed time will I wait, till my change come. Thou shalt call, and I will answer thee: thou wilt have a desire to the work of thine hands."

Job 19:25-27, "For I know that my redeemer liveth, and that he shall stand at the latter day upon the earth: And though after my skin worms destroy this body, yet in my flesh shall I see God: Whom I shall see for myself, and mine eyes shall behold, and not another; though my reins be consumed within me."

David prophesied of this resurrection.

Psalm 17:15, "As for me, I will behold thy face in righteousness: I shall be satisfied, when I awake, with thy likeness."

Paul taught on the resurrection:

1 Corinthians 15:42-44, "So also is the resurrection of the dead. It is sown in corruption; it is raised in incorruption: It is sown in dishonour; it is raised in glory: it is sown in weakness; it is raised in power: It is sown a natural body; it is raised a spiritual body. There is a natural body, and there is a spiritual body."

1 Corinthians 15:51-53, "Behold, I shew you a mystery; We shall not all sleep, but we shall all be changed, In a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trump: for the trumpet shall sound, and the dead shall be raised incorruptible, and we shall be changed. For this corruptible must put on incorruption, and this mortal must put on immortality."

Moses' ascent upon Mount Sinai is a figure of the rapture, since it was preceded by the Lord's descent and the sound of the trumpet. As the Lord came down upon Mount Sinai with the sound of the trumpet, so will Christ descend from heaven with the trump of God at the time of the Rapture.

Exodus 19:19-20, "And when the voice of the trumpet sounded long, and waxed louder and louder, Moses spake, and God answered him by a voice. And the LORD came down upon mount Sinai, on the top of the mount: and the LORD called Moses up to the top of the mount; and Moses went up."

1 Thessalonians 4:16 Comments - 1 Thessalonians 4:16 tells us that when Jesus comes, there will be three sounds, or signals, given:

1. Jesus will shout the command

2. The archangel will speak

3. The trumpet will blow

1 Thessalonians 4:17 "Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds" - Comments- We often wonder where we will meet our loved ones when Jesus comes: at the pearly gate, in the city, or outside the city? The Bible here says that we will be "caught up together," meaning that we will meet them on the ground and ascend up together.

"in the clouds" - The book of Daniel portrays the Messiah riding on a cloud ( Daniel 7:13). The eschatological passages of the New Testament tell us that Jesus Christ will come to earth a second time riding upon a cloud ( Matthew 24:30; Matthew 26:64, Mark 13:26; Mark 14:62, Luke 21:27, 1 Thessalonians 4:17, Revelation 1:7). This cloud of heaven may be likened to a royal chariot, horse or palanquin upon which ancient kings often rode. These royal vehicles were often preceded by forerunners, men who ran before the king to announce his coming. We see such a scene when Elijah ran before Ahab's chariot ( 1 Kings 18:46). The Song of Solomon 3:6-11 describes a wedding processional with the bride in a royal palanquin perfumed with spices ( 1 Thessalonians 3:6; 1 Thessalonians 3:9-10), accompanied by sixty valiant men armed with swords ( 1 Thessalonians 3:7-8) approaching Jerusalem.

Daniel 7:13, "I saw in the night visions, and, behold, one like the Son of man came with the clouds of heaven, and came to the Ancient of days, and they brought him near before him."

Matthew 24:30, "And then shall appear the sign of the Son of man in heaven: and then shall all the tribes of the earth mourn, and they shall see the Son of man coming in the clouds of heaven with power and great glory."

Matthew 26:64, "Jesus saith unto him, Thou hast said: nevertheless I say unto you, Hereafter shall ye see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven."

Mark 13:26, "And then shall they see the Son of man coming in the clouds with great power and glory."

Mark 14:62, "And Jesus said, I am: and ye shall see the Son of man sitting on the right hand of power, and coming in the clouds of heaven."

Luke 21:27, "And then shall they see the Son of man coming in a cloud with power and great glory."

1 Thessalonians 4:17, "Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord."

Revelation 1:7, "Behold, he cometh with clouds; and every eye shall see him, and they also which pierced him: and all kindreds of the earth shall wail because of him. Even Song of Solomon , Amen."

1 Kings 18:46, "And the hand of the LORD was on Elijah; and he girded up his loins, and ran before Ahab to the entrance of Jezreel."

1 Thessalonians 4:17 — "to meet the Lord in the air" - Word Study on "meet" - Strong says the Greek word "meet" ( απά ντησις) (G 529) means, "to encounter." According to Moulton and Milligan, this Greek word appears to carry a technical meaning for an official welcome of an arriving dignitary. 76] F. F. Bruce says that it was often used when an important person was approaching a town to pay an official visit. The leaders of the town would go out to meet him and escort him to his final destination. Bruce says that this Greek word was so distinct in its meaning that it was carried over into Latin, where it was used with the same meaning. He says Cicero used it when Julius Caesar went on diplomatic visits. Because of this απά ντησις was often used with its counterpart παρουσί α, which refers to the official visit of a king or other dignitary. 77]

76] James Hope Moulton and George Milligan, The Vocabulary of the Greek New Testament Illustrated from the Papyri and Other Non-literary Sources (London: Hodder & Stoughton, 1914-1929), 53.

77] F. F. Bruce, The Books and the Parchments (Old Tappan, New Jersey: Fleming H. Revell Company, 1963), 68-70.

In each of the four uses of this word in the New Testament, the Greek word απά ντησις carries the same meaning. Note:

Matthew 25:1, "Then shall the kingdom of heaven be likened unto ten virgins, which took their lamps, and went forth to meet the bridegroom."

Matthew 25:6, "And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him."

Acts 28:15, "And from thence, when the brethren heard of us, they came to meet us as far as Appii forum, and The three taverns: whom when Paul saw, he thanked God, and took courage."

1 Thessalonians 4:17, "Then we which are alive and remain shall be caught up together with them in the clouds, to meet the Lord in the air: and so shall we ever be with the Lord."

Comments- We now know that the believers in Rome met Paul with a royal welcome in Acts 28:15, although he arrived as a prisoner. We know now that this is the reason that we will meet Jesus in the air in 1 Thessalonians 4:17, and not on the ground or in heaven. This is why the five virgins went out to meet the bridegroom in Matthew 25:1; Matthew 25:6.

It is interesting to note that I have seen this formal welcome given to important people in Uganda, East Africa on many occasions. The greater a man's importance in this culture the larger the crowds that will welcome such dignitaries.


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on 1 Thessalonians 4:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 20th, 2020
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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