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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Deuteronomy 5

 

 

Verses 1-33

Moses Rehearses the Decalogue to the Children of Israel - In Deuteronomy 5:1-22 Moses repeats the Ten Commandments to the children of Israel, which was first given in Exodus 20:2-17.

Deuteronomy 5:16-21 — The Commandments to Love Your Neighbour As Yourself - Jesus summarized the last six commandments of the Decalogue to mean that men were to love their neighbours as themselves.

Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Note Jesus' reference to five of these commandments in the New Testament.

Matthew 19:18-19, "He saith unto him, Which? Jesus said, Thou shalt do no murder, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother: and, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself."

Mark 10:19, "Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Defraud not, Honour thy father and mother."

Luke 18:20, "Thou knowest the commandments, Do not commit adultery, Do not kill, Do not steal, Do not bear false witness, Honour thy father and thy mother."

Note a reference to Deuteronomy 5:17-21 in Romans 13:9.

Romans 13:9, "For this, Thou shalt not commit adultery, Thou shalt not kill, Thou shalt not steal, Thou shalt not bear false witness, Thou shalt not covet; and if there be any other commandment, it is briefly comprehended in this saying, namely, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself."

Deuteronomy 5:16 Honour thy father and thy mother, as the LORD thy God hath commanded thee; that thy days may be prolonged, and that it may go well with thee, in the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.

Deuteronomy 5:16Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Note references to Deuteronomy 5:16 in the New Testament.

Matthew 15:4, "For God commanded, saying, Honour thy father and mother: and, He that curseth father or mother, let him die the death."

Mark 7:10, "For Moses said, Honour thy father and thy mother; and, Whoso curseth father or mother, let him die the death:"

Ephesians 6:1-3, "Children, obey your parents in the Lord: for this is right. Honour thy father and mother; (which is the first commandment with promise;) That it may be well with thee, and thou mayest live long on the earth."

Deuteronomy 5:17 Thou shalt not kill.

Deuteronomy 5:17Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Note a reference to Deuteronomy 5:17 in the New Testament.

Matthew 5:21, "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not kill; and whosoever shall kill shall be in danger of the judgment:"

Deuteronomy 5:18 Neither shalt thou commit adultery.

Deuteronomy 5:18Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Note a reference to Deuteronomy 5:18 in Matthew 5:27.

Matthew 5:27, "Ye have heard that it was said by them of old time, Thou shalt not commit adultery:"

Deuteronomy 5:17-18Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Note a reference to Deuteronomy 5:17-18 in the James 2:10-11.

James 2:10-11, "For whosoever shall keep the whole law, and yet offend in one point, he is guilty of all. For he that said, Do not commit adultery, said also, Do not kill. Now if thou commit no adultery, yet if thou kill, thou art become a transgressor of the law."

Deuteronomy 5:21 Neither shalt thou desire thy neighbour"s wife, neither shalt thou covet thy neighbour"s house, his field, or his manservant, or his maidservant, his ox, or his ass, or any thing that is thy neighbour"s.

Deuteronomy 5:21Old Testament Quotes in the New Testament - Note a reference to Deuteronomy 5:21 in Romans 7:7.

Romans 7:7, "What shall we say then? Is the law sin? God forbid. Nay, I had not known sin, but by the law: for I had not known lust, except the law had said, Thou shalt not covet."

Deuteronomy 5:22 These words the LORD spake unto all your assembly in the mount out of the midst of the fire, of the cloud, and of the thick darkness, with a great voice: and he added no more. And he wrote them in two tables of stone, and delivered them unto me.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 5:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/deuteronomy-5.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, September 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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