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Moses called. Here begins his second address. See note on Deuteronomy 1:1 .
statutes and judgments. See note on Deuteronomy 4:1 .
this day. See note on Deuteronomy 4:26 .
keep, and do = observe to do.
The LORD our God. Jehovah, our 'Elohim.
made. Hebrew cut, because covenants were made by cutting the sacrifice in twain and passing between the parts. See Genesis 15:10 . Jeremiah 34:18 , Jeremiah 34:19 . Hebrews 9:16 , Hebrews 9:17 . Galatians 1:3 , Galatians 1:20 , the latter referring to the one of the two necessary parties to a covenant.
our fathers = our fathers only.
talked. Compare Exodus 19:19 , Exodus 19:20 .
I stood. Compare Exodus 20:19 .
saying. Compare Exodus 20:1-17 .
bondage = Hebrew servants, put for servitude.
graven image. Hebrew. pesel , a sculpture. First occurrence is Exodus 20:1 See note on Deuteronomy 4:16 .
likeness = form.
mercy = kindness.
as = according as.
labour. This word is emphasized by the Hebrew accent zarha, to show that the fourth Commandment is twofold, and that the one day's rest cannot be enjoyed without the preceding six days of labour.
And remember. A parenthetical break in Moses' recital, in view of their shortly having servants of their own.
through = by.
or. Figure of speech Paradiastole. App-6 .
his ox. Some codices, with Septuagint and Syriac, read "or his ox".
spake. See note on Deuteronomy 2:1 .
wrote. See note on Exodus 17:14 ; and App-47 .
in = on.
Behold. Figure of speech Asterismos. App-6 .
man. Hebrew. 'adam. App-14 .
why. ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6
who . . . ? Figure of speech Erotesis. App-6 .
the living God. Both plurals. First occurrence of this title, always in contrast with idols, latent or expressed. Compare Acts 14:15 . 1 Thessalonians 1:9 , &c,
said. See note on Deuteronomy 2:9 .
O that, &c. Figure of speech ( Eeonismos . App-6 .
always = every day, or all the days.
commandments. Hebrew, plural "all the commandment", i.e. this whole Law. statutes, and the judgments. See note on Deuteronomy 4:1 .
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Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Deuteronomy 5". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https://www.studylight.org/
the Week of Proper 9 / Ordinary 14