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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Titus 2

 

 

Verses 1-15

Second Charge: Speak Sound Doctrine Among Members to Give Them a Sound Mind- While the theme of chapter one is the appointment of church elders, the theme of chapter two is the charge to speak sound doctrine to each group of people in the local churches ( Titus 2:1-15). Paul initially dealt with church leaders in the first chapter because of the priority of their importance in the local church. He now deals with the roles these other various groups in an apparent order of seniority and status in society, with elder men being most honored, and slaves receiving the least honor and recognition.

He opens this passage with the charge to speak sound doctrine, but he does not leave this charge as a vague statement. He proceeds to give Titus specific subjects to deal with. For example, he tells Titus what to teach to elder men ( Titus 2:2), to elder women ( Titus 2:3), to younger women ( Titus 2:4-5), to younger men ( Titus 2:6) and to slaves ( Titus 2:9-10). Titus is to be an example of the lifestyle that he is teaching to others ( Titus 2:7-8). Titus could take these topics and apply them to the everyday life of the Cretans and give them specific instructions that directly apply to their needs.

The purpose of establishing the local church is to provide mankind with a hope of their redemption, which message has now appeared to all people through the redemptive work of Calvary ( Titus 2:11-14). It is important to note that this passage defines redemption from the perspective of God the Father's role in redemption by appointing leaders who are to teach sound doctrine, by which God's plan of salvation is revealed to every man. In this passage of Scripture Paul gives Titus a reason and a hope for a Christian's godly conduct, which is the Second Coming of Christ Jesus. In other words, men now have no excuse for their ignorance and sins. The truth has now been made know through Jesus Christ. Paul said something similar when speaking to the Athenians on Mars Hill, "And the times of this ignorance God winked at; but now commandeth all men every where to repent:" ( Acts 17:30).

Finally, in Titus 2:15 Paul closes this passage by repeating his second charge from the opening verse to Titus ( Titus 2:1).

Outline - Here is a proposed outline:

1. Sound Doctrine for Each Age and Class — Titus 2:1-10

2. Our Blessed Hope thru a Godly Life — Titus 2:11-14

3. Summary — Titus 2:15

Titus 2:1 But speak thou the things which become sound doctrine:

Titus 2:1Comments- Titus was not simply being instructed to each theological concepts. He was to show the congregation how to apply God's Word to their daily lives, which is reflected in the verses that follow.

Titus 2:1Scripture References- Note a similar verse:

1 Peter 4:11, "If any man speak, let him speak as the oracles of God; if any man minister, let him do it as of the ability which God giveth: that God in all things may be glorified through Jesus Christ, to whom be praise and dominion for ever and ever. Amen."

Titus 2:2 That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate, sound in faith, in charity, in patience.

Titus 2:2That the aged men be sober, grave, temperate - Word Study on "grave" - Strong says the Greek word "grave" ( σεμνός) (G 4586) means, "vererable, honorable."

Word Study on "temperate" - Strong says the Greek word "temperate" ( σώφρων) (G 4998) means, "safe, sound (in) mind, self-controlled (moderate as to opinion or passion)."

Titus 2:2 — "sound in faith, in charity, in patience" - Comments- Paul uses a similar trilogy of words in 1 Corinthians 13:13 as "faith, hope and love," and in 1 Thessalonians 1:3 he uses the phrase "work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope." Paul also uses this trilogy in 1 Thessalonians 5:8 as "the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation." Paul is asking Titus to look for soundness of one's heart, which is expressed by their faith in sound doctrine, and soundness in one's love, which is expressed by actions of kindness towards others, and soundness and stability in one's mind, which is outwardly expressed by patience.

1 Corinthians 13:13, "And now abideth faith, hope, charity, these three; but the greatest of these is charity."

1 Thessalonians 1:3, "Remembering without ceasing your work of faith, and labour of love, and patience of hope in our Lord Jesus Christ, in the sight of God and our Father;"

1 Thessalonians 5:8, "But let us, who are of the day, be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love; and for an helmet, the hope of salvation."

Titus 2:2Comments- We will see in Titus 2:6 when Paul refers to younger men that they need an example as well as younger women ( Titus 2:3-5).

Titus 2:3 The aged women likewise, that they be in behaviour as becometh holiness, not false accusers, not given to much wine, teachers of good things;

Titus 2:4 That they may teach the young women to be sober, to love their husbands, to love their children,

Titus 2:4 — "they may teach the young women to be sober" - Comments- Young ladies tend to be silly around their girlfriends. Just because they marry, they do not automatically stop this enjoyment of being entertained with their girlfriends. However, it is not a source of satisfaction with the husband. He generally wants a wife who is focused upon the affairs of the marriage, with less contact with the girls.

Titus 2:4"to love their husbands" - Word Study on "to love their husbands" - The phrase "to love their husbands literally reads "husband-lovers" in the Greek text. Strong says the Greek word "to love their husbands" ( φίλανδρος) (G 5362) means, "fond of a Prayer of Manasseh , affectionate as a wife."

Comments- Christian wives must be taught to love their husbands? One reason might be the fact that in this culture, as in many cultures today, the fathers chose the husband for the bride. A wedding was not consummated out of love, but out of a mutual arrangement by a father and a daughter"s obedience to a father. The wife was to learn to love her husband. Perhaps Uriah and Bathsheba were newly married and therefore, she had not yet developed a deep love for her husband. Therefore, her heart was not as torn apart as a person who had lost one who was dearly loved.

A second reason is that in non-Christian societies today and throughout history, the women and children are usually oppressed and abused. It would take a great sacrifice for a woman to love an abusive husband. However, love is a sacrifice that God requires.

A third reason is that when anyone becomes a Christian, the must grow into maturity and overcome selfishness. A mature marriage requires sacrifice on the part of both spouses. Even in the best marriage, it is difficult to walk in love with a spouse over the years. It takes Christian maturity in this matter in order for the marriage to be successful.

Titus 2:4"to love their children" - Word Study on "to love their children" - The phrase "to love their children literally reads "children-lovers" in the Greek text. Strong says the Greek word "to love their husbands" ( φιλότεκνος) (G 5388) means, "fond of one's children, maternal."

Comments- Christians must be taught these things. Note the many abortions and abandoned children today and the number of divorces and abuse of spouses that we have in modern society. This is because some women have not devoted themselves to their families, but rather long for the freedom and parties that they enjoyed as a single person. They may have feelings for their husband and children, but really see them as a burden, rather than a blessing. Several ways that God has ordained that parents love their children is by feeding them good nutrition, good education and spiritual development, playing games and having fun with them, and by necessary discipline.

Titus 2:5 To be discreet, chaste, keepers at home, good, obedient to their own husbands, that the word of God be not blasphemed.

Titus 2:5 — "To be discreet" - Word Study on "discreet" - Strong says the Greek word "discreet" ( σώφρων) (G 4998) means, "safe, sound (in) mind, self-controlled (moderate as to opinion or passion)." This same Greek word is used in Titus 2:2 to describe elderly men, and now it is addressed to young women. This word is also translated "sober-minded" (ASV, Montgomery, Rotherham, WEB, Weymouth), "sober" (YLT), "sensible" (ISV, RSV), "wise in mind" (BBE), "good sense" (BWE)

Comments- The opposite of being sober-minded would be for a young lady to act silly and giggly around other young girl friends.

Titus 2:5"keepers at home" - Scripture References- Note similar verses:

Psalm 113:9, "He maketh the barren woman to keep house, and to be a joyful mother of children. Praise ye the LORD."

Proverbs 31:10-31

1 Timothy 5:14, "I will therefore that the younger women marry, bear children, guide the house, give none occasion to the adversary to speak reproachfully."

Titus 2:5"obedient to their husbands" - Word Study on "obedient" - Strong says the Greek word ( ὑποτάσσω) (G 5293) literally means, "to subordinate, to obey,"

Scripture References- Note similar verses:

Colossians 3:18, "Wives, submit yourselves unto your own husbands, as it is fit in the Lord."

1 Peter 3:1-6.

Titus 2:6 Young men likewise exhort to be sober minded.

Titus 2:6Comments- The Greek word τοὺς νεωτέρους is translated "young men," is the comparative form of the Greek the word ( νέος) (G 3501), which literally means, "new," and of people, "youthful," and of things, "fresh" (Strong). BDAG translates this phrase as "young men." This comparative adjective is used subjectively in Titus 2:6 and found in the masculine plural, so that it can refer to both genders. For example, the word τῶν ἀνθρώπων in Romans 2:16 reflects all of mankind, including both male and female. Although English versions follow the KJV translation of "young men," it is possible to translate Titus 2:6 as "Younger (people) likewise exhort to be sober minded."

Titus 2:7 In all things shewing thyself a pattern of good works: in doctrine shewing uncorruptness, gravity, sincerity,

Titus 2:8 Sound speech, that cannot be condemned; that he that is of the contrary part may be ashamed, having no evil thing to say of you.

Titus 2:8 Word Study on "speech" - Strong says the Greek word "speech" ( λόγος) (G 2056) means, "something said, a topic, reasoning, motive, computation." However, the context of this passage best fits the translation "speech" (KJV, NASB). BDAG says can mean, "what you say, proclamation, instruction, teaching, message."

Titus 2:9 Exhort servants to be obedient unto their own masters, and to please them well in all things; not answering again;

Titus 2:10 Not purloining, but shewing all good fidelity; that they may adorn the doctrine of God our Saviour in all things.

Titus 2:10 — "Not purloining" - Comments- The English word "purloining" means, "to steal" (Webster) Anyone who has ever has a servant, or housekeeper, especially in the poorer, developing countries, knows the tendency of servants to steal something. This concern of thief is a constant issue with the master or homeowner.

BBE, "Not taking what is not theirs, but giving clear signs of their good faith, in all things doing credit to the teaching of God our Saviour."

Titus 2:11 For the grace of God that bringeth salvation hath appeared to all men,

Titus 2:11Comments- Titus 2:11 is not saying that every human being on earth has now heard and understood the Gospel of Jesus Christ. Perhaps a better way to read this verse would be to say that through the preaching of the Gospel God has now revealed His grace and plan of salvation to mankind and it is now available to everyone, not just the Jew. Or, this verse can read, "The grace of God that provides His plan of salvation has now made its appearance (so that it is now available) to all men, (the Jew as well as the Gentile). In fact, later in Titus 3:3-5, Paul will refer to the time when this grace appeared to himself and Titus.

Titus 3:3-5, "For we ourselves also were sometimes foolish, disobedient, deceived, serving divers lusts and pleasures, living in malice and envy, hateful, and hating one another. But after that the kindness and love of God our Saviour toward man appeared, Not by works of righteousness which we have done, but according to his mercy he saved us, by the washing of regeneration, and renewing of the Holy Ghost;"

Titus 2:12 Teaching us that, denying ungodliness and worldly lusts, we should live soberly, righteously, and godly, in this present world;

Titus 2:12 — "denying ungodliness and worldly lusts" - Comments- When we deny God and His presence in our lives, the only thing left for our hearts is to be turned to the lusts of this world. Our hearts will be captivated by one or the other. Paul explains in Romans 1:18-32 how depraved humanity turns from God to serve idols and fleshly passions.

Titus 2:12Comments- The message of God's Word is described in Titus 2:11 as the grace of God, since the emphasis of this passage is on God the Father's work of grace to bring mankind into His eternal glory through His Son Jesus Christ. This grace teaches us that we must deny the fleshly pleasures of this word and life a holy life. If we do not deny our fleshly passions, we too, will go down a path of sin and death ( James 1:12-15). Instead, we are to live under the constraints of sobriety in order to live righteously (reflecting our relationships with men), and godly (reflecting our relationship with God).

God's grace shows us that we have the ability to live godly. We can break the bondages of sin. It gives us the hope we need to press towards our eternal rewards.

Titus 2:13 Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour Jesus Christ;

Titus 2:13Comments- The motive for our efforts to deny fleshly passions and life a sober life is because we have a blessed hope of the Second Coming of Jesus Christ. We deny this world's sin, live soberly, and look towards our eternal life with Christ in Heaven.

Titus 2:14 Who gave himself for us, that he might redeem us from all iniquity, and purify unto himself a peculiar people, zealous of good works.

Titus 2:11-14Comments- Our Blessed Hope thru a Godly Life - Titus 2:11-14 explains how God's grace teaches us the need to live a godly life so that we can share in Christ's eternal glory. Within the context of Paul's second charge ( Titus 2:1-15), Paul gives Titus principles of a godly lifestyle in Titus 2:1-10, which he is to teach to elder men and women, younger men and women, and servants.

Titus 2:15 These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority. Let no man despise thee.

Titus 2:15 — "These things speak, and exhort, and rebuke with all authority" - Comments- In Titus 2:15 Paul tells Titus to speak the words of sound doctrine. The phrase "all authority" includes divine authority. Therefore, Titus will speak with divine authority to his hearers. For those who receive these words, he can then exhort them further in the things of God. However, for those who resist these words he must rebuke them of their errors. With either response from his hearers, the Lord will stand behind the words of Titus. Paul makes a similar statement earlier in this Epistle in Titus 1:9 when he says, "Holding fast the faithful word as he hath been taught, that he may be able by sound doctrine both to exhort and to convince the gainsayers."

Titus 2:15 — "Let no man despise thee" - Comments- Paul tells young Timothy the same thing, "Let no man despise thy youth." This suggests that Timothy was younger than thirty years of age, and Titus was above this age.

1 Timothy 4:12, "Let no man despise thy youth; but be thou an example of the believers, in word, in conversation, in charity, in spirit, in faith, in purity."

Titus 2:15Comments - In Titus 2:15; Titus 3:8 Paul pauses for a moment to tell Titus that he is to be faithful to the charges given to him, and to speak God's Word with divine authority.

Titus 3:8, "This is a faithful saying, and these things I will that thou affirm constantly, that they which have believed in God might be careful to maintain good works. These things are good and profitable unto men."

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Titus 2:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/titus-2.html. 2013.

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