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Bible Commentaries

Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures
Zechariah 1

 

 

Verses 1-6

God Reminds Israel of the Stubbornness of their Fathers- God's words of destruction upon Judah came to pass around 589 B.C.

Zechariah 1:1 In the eighth month, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah , the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,

Zechariah 1:1Comments - The Dates of Zechariah's Ministry- Douglas Stuart believes that Zechariah prophesied around 520 B.C. 6] Thus, he was contemporary with Haggai.

6] Douglas Stuart, Hosea -, Jonah , in Word Biblical Commentary, vol 31 (Dallas, Texas: Word, Incorporated, 2002), in Libronix Digital Library System, v 21c [CD-ROM] (Bellingham, WA: Libronix Corp, 2000-2004), comments on "General Introduction," and "The Canonical Order of Hosea ,, Joel ,, Amos ,, Obadiah , and Jonah."

Comments - The Manner in which Divine Oracles were Delivered unto the Prophets- God spoke through the Old Testament prophets in various ways, as the author of the epistle of Hebrews says, "God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets…" ( Hebrews 1:1). The Lord spoke divine oracles ( מַשָּׂא) through the Old Testament prophets in three general ways, as recorded in the book of Hosea , "I have also spoken by the prophets, and have multiplied visions; I have given symbols through the witness of the prophets." ( Hosea 12:10) (NKJV) In other words, the prophets spoke to Israel through the words they received, they described divine visions to the people, and they acted out as divine drama an oracle from the Lord.

(1) The Word of the Lord Came to the Prophets- God gave the prophets divine pronouncements to deliver to the people, as with Hosea 1:1. The opening verses of a number of prophetic books say, "the word of the Lord came to the prophet…" Thus, these prophets received a divine utterance from the Lord.

(2) The Prophets Received Divine Visions- God gave the prophets divine visions ( חָזוֹן), so they prophesied what they saw ( חזה) (to see). Thus, these two Hebrew words are found in Isaiah 1:1, Obadiah 1:1, Nahum 1:1, and Habakkuk 1:1. Ezekiel saw visions ( מַרְאָה) of God.

(3) God Told the Prophets to Deliver Visual Aids as Symbols of Divine Oracles- God asked the prophets to demonstrate divine oracles to the people through symbolic language. For example, Isaiah walked naked for three years as a symbol of Assyria's dominion over Egypt and Ethiopia ( Isaiah 20:1-6). Ezekiel demonstrated the siege of Jerusalem using clay tiles ( Ezekiel 4:1-3), then he laid on his left side for many days, then on his right side, to demonstrate that God will require Israel to bear its iniquities.


Verses 7-17

he Vision of the Horses - Zechariah is told that all other nations are at peace ( Zechariah 1:11).

Zechariah 1:7 Upon the four and twentieth day of the eleventh month, which is the month Sebat, in the second year of Darius, came the word of the LORD unto Zechariah , the son of Berechiah, the son of Iddo the prophet, saying,

Zechariah 1:7Comments- It is generally agreed that the second year of Darius Isaiah 520 B.C.

Zechariah 1:18-21Comments - Judgment Upon Judah's Adversaries- Those who scattered Judah will be thrown down.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are copyrighted by the author, Gary Everett. Used by Permission.
No distribution beyond personal use without permission.

Bibliography Information
Everett, Gary H. "Commentary on Zechariah 1:4". Gary H. Everett's Study Notes on the Holy Scriptures. https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ghe/zechariah-1.html. 2013.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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