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Bible Commentaries

Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible
Psalms 120

 

 

Verse 1

Psalm 120:1-7. This is the first of fifteen Psalms (Psalms 120-134) entitled “A Song of Degrees” (Psalm 121:1 - literally, “A song for the degrees”), or ascents. It seems most probable they were designed for the use of the people when going up (compare 1 Kings 12:27, 1 Kings 12:28) to Jerusalem on the festival occasions (Deuteronomy 16:16), three times a year. David appears as the author of four, Solomon of one (Psalm 127:1), and the other ten are anonymous, probably composed after the captivity. In this Psalm the writer acknowledges God‘s mercy, prays for relief from a malicious foe, whose punishment he anticipates, and then repeats his complaint.


Verse 2-3

Slander and deceit charged on his foes implies his innocence.

tongue — as in Psalm 52:2, Psalm 52:4.


Verse 4

Sharp arrows of the mighty — destructive inflictions.

coals of juniper — which retain heat long. This verse may be read as a description of the wicked, but better as their punishment, in reply to the question of Psalm 120:3.


Verse 5

A residence in these remote lands pictures his miserable condition.


Verse 6-7

While those who surrounded him were maliciously hostile, he was disposed to peace. This Psalm may well begin such a series as this, as a contrast to the promised joys of God‘s worship.

 


Copyright Statement
These files are a derivative of an electronic edition prepared from text scanned by Woodside Bible Fellowship.
This expanded edition of the Jameison-Faussett-Brown Commentary is in the public domain and may be freely used and distributed.

Bibliography Information
Jamieson, Robert, D.D.; Fausset, A. R.; Brown, David. "Commentary on Psalms 120:4". "Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/jfb/psalms-120.html. 1871-8.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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