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Bible Commentaries

Matthew Henry's Complete Commentary on the Bible
1 Chronicles 3




Of all the families of Israel none was so illustrious as the family of David. That is the family which was mentioned in the foregoing chapter (1 Chronicles 3:15). Here we have a full account of it. I. David's sons (1 Chronicles 3:1-9). II. His successors in the throne as long as the kingdom continued (1 Chronicles 3:10-16). III. The remains of his family in and after the captivity (1 Chronicles 3:17-24). From this family, “as concerning the flesh, Christ came.”

Verses 1-9

We had an account of David's sons, 2 Samuel 3:2, etc., and 2 Samuel 5:14, etc. 1. He had many sons; and no doubt wrote as he thought, Psalm 127:5. Happy is the man that hath his quiver full of these arrows. 2. Some of them were a grief to him, as Amnon, Absalom, and Adonijah; and we do not read of any of them that imitated his piety or devotion except Solomon, and he came far short of it. 3. One of them, which Bath-sheba bore to him, he called Nathan, probably in honour of Nathan the prophet, who reproved him for his sin in that matter and was instrumental to bring him to repentance. It seems he loved him the better for it as long as he lived. It is wisdom to esteem those our best friends that deal faithfully with us. From this son of David our Lord Jesus descended, as appears Luke 3:31. 4. Here are two Elishamas, and two Eliphelets, 1 Chronicles 3:6, 1 Chronicles 3:8. Probably the two former were dead, and therefore David called two more by their names, which he would not have done if there had been any ill omen in this practice as some fancy. 5. David had many concubines; but their children are not named, as not worthy of the honour (1 Chronicles 3:9), the rather because the concubines had dealt treacherously with David in the affair of Absalom. 6. Of all David's sons Solomon was chosen to succeed him, perhaps not for any personal merits (his wisdom was God's gift), but so, Father, because it seemed good unto thee.

Verses 10-24

David having nineteen sons, we may suppose them to have raised many noble families in Israel whom we never hear of in the history. But the scripture gives us an account only of the descendants of Solomon here, and of Nathan, 1 Chronicles 3:17-19), which is usual in scripture. Belshazzar is called Nebuchadnezzar's son, but was his grandson. Salathiel is said to be the son of Jeconiah because adopted by him, and because, as some think, he succeeded him in the dignity to which he was restored by Evil-merodach. Otherwise Jeconiah was written childless: he was the signet God plucked from his right hand (Jeremiah 22:24), and in his room Zerubbabel was placed, and therefore God saith to him (Haggai 2:23), I will make thee as a signet. The posterity of Zerubbabel here bear not the same names that they do in the genealogies (Daniel 7:13), the son of man came gnim gnanani - with the clouds of heaven. The reason indeed is very foreign and far-fetched; but that learned man thinks it may be made use of as an evidence that their minds were always full of the thoughts of the Messiah and that they expected it would not be very long after the days of Zerubbabel before the set time of his approach would come.


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain and are a derivative of an electronic edition that is available on the Christian Classics Ethereal Library Website.

Bibliography Information
Henry, Matthew. "Complete Commentary on 1 Chronicles 3:4". "Matthew Henry Complete Commentary on the Whole Bible". 1706.

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Saturday, December 7th, 2019
the First Week of Advent
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