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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
1 Corinthians 10

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1The sacraments of the Jews are types of ours;
7and their punishments,
11examples for us.
13We must flee from idolatry.
21We must not make the Lord's table the table of devils;
24and in things indifferent we must have regard of our brethren.

Verse 1
Moreover, brethren, I would not that ye should be ignorant, how that all our fathers were under the cloud, and all passed through the sea;
I would
12:1; 14:38; Romans 11:21
our
John 4:20; Romans 4:11; Galatians 3:29
were
Exodus 13:21,22; 14:19,20; 40:34; Numbers 9:15-22; 14:14; Deuteronomy 1:33; Nehemiah 9:12,19; Psalms 78:14; 105:39
and all
Exodus 14:19-22,29; Numbers 33:8; Joshua 4:23; Nehemiah 9:11; Psalms 66:6; 77:16-20; Psalms 78:13,53; 106:7-11; 114:3-5; 136:13-15; Isaiah 58:11-13; Hebrews 11:29; Revelation 15:2,3

Verse 2
And were all baptized unto Moses in the cloud and in the sea;
1:13-16; Exodus 14:31; John 9:28,29; Hebrews 3:2,3

Verse 3
And did all eat the same spiritual meat;
Exodus 16:4,15,35; Deuteronomy 8:3; Nehemiah 9:15,20; Psalms 78:23-25; 105:40; John 6:22-58

Verse 4
And did all drink the same spiritual drink: for they drank of that spiritual Rock that followed them: and that Rock was Christ.
did
Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:11; Psalms 78:15,20; 105:41; Isaiah 43:20; 48:21; John 4:10,14; 7:37; Revelation 22:17
followed them
or, went with them.
Deuteronomy 9:21
that Rock
11:24,25; Genesis 40:12; 41:26; Ezekiel 5:4,5; Daniel 2:38; 7:17; Matthew 13:38,39; Matthew 26:26-28; Galatians 4:25; Colossians 2:17; Hebrews 10:1

Verse 5
But with many of them God was not well pleased: for they were overthrown in the wilderness.
Numbers 14:11,12,28-35; 26:64,65; Deuteronomy 1:34,35; 2:15,16; Psalms 78:32-34; Psalms 90:1; *title; Psalms 90:7,8; 95:11; 106:26; Hebrews 3:17; Jude 1:5

Verse 6
Now these things were our examples, to the intent we should not lust after evil things, as they also lusted.
these
11; Zephaniah 3:6,7; Hebrews 4:11; 2 Peter 2:6; Jude 1:7
examples
Gr. figures.
Romans 5:14; Hebrews 9:24; 1 Peter 3:21
lust
Numbers 11:4,31-34; Psalms 78:27-31; 106:14,15

Verse 7
Neither be ye idolaters, as were some of them; as it is written, The people sat down to eat and drink, and rose up to play.
be
14:20-22; 5:11; 6:9; 8:7; Deuteronomy 9:12,16-21; Psalms 106:19,20; 1 John 5:21
The people
Exodus 32:6-8,17,19

Verse 8
Neither let us commit fornication, as some of them committed, and fell in one day three and twenty thousand.
6:9,18; Numbers 25:1-9; Psalms 106:29; Revelation 2:14

Verse 9
Neither let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed of serpents.
tempt
Exodus 17:2,7; 23:20,21; Numbers 21:5; Deuteronomy 6:16; Psalms 78:18,56; 95:9; 106:14; Hebrews 3:8-11; 10:28-30
and were
Numbers 21:6

Verse 10
Neither murmur ye, as some of them also murmured, and were destroyed of the destroyer.
murmur
Exodus 15:24; 16:2-9; 17:2,3; Numbers 14:2,27-30; 16:41; Psalms 106:25; Philippians 2:14; Jude 1:16
were
Numbers 14:37; 16:46-49
destroyer
Exodus 12:23; 2 Samuel 24:16; 1 Chronicles 21:15; 2 Chronicles 32:21; Matthew 13:39-42; Acts 12:23; 2 Thessalonians 1:7,8; Hebrews 11:28; Revelation 16:1

Verse 11
Now all these things happened unto them for ensamples: and they are written for our admonition, upon whom the ends of the world are come.
ensamples
or, types. they.
9:10; Romans 15:4
upon
7:29; Philippians 4:5; Hebrews 10:25,37; 1 John 2:18

Verse 12
Wherefore let him that thinketh he standeth take heed lest he fall.
4:6-8; 8:2; Proverbs 16:18; 28:14; Matthew 26:33,34,40,41; Romans 11:20; Revelation 3:17,18

Verse 13
There hath no temptation taken you but such as is common to man: but God is faithful, who will not suffer you to be tempted above that ye are able; but will with the temptation also make a way to escape, that ye may be able to bear it.
hath
Jeremiah 12:5; Matthew 24:21-24; Luke 11:4; 22:31,46; 2 Corinthians 11:23-28; Ephesians 6:12,13; Hebrews 11:35-38; 12:4; James 5:10,11; 1 Peter 1:6,7; 5:8,9; Revelation 2:10; 3:10
common
or, moderate. but.
1:9; Deuteronomy 7:9; Psalms 36:5; 89:33; Isaiah 11:5; 25:1; 49:7; Lamentations 3:23; Hosea 2:20; 1 Thessalonians 5:24; 2 Thessalonians 3:3; 2 Timothy 2:11-13; Hebrews 6:18; 10:23; 11:11; 1 Peter 4:19; 1 John 1:9; Revelation 19:11
who
Exodus 3:17; Psalms 125:3; Daniel 3:17; Luke 22:32; John 10:28-30; Romans 8:28-39; 2 Corinthians 1:10; 12:8-10; 2 Timothy 4:18; 1 Peter 1:5; 2 Peter 2:9
make
Genesis 19:20,21; Psalms 124:7; Jeremiah 29:11; Luke 16:26; Acts 27:44; James 5:11

Verse 14
Wherefore, my dearly beloved, flee from idolatry.
my
Romans 12:19; 2 Corinthians 7:1; 11:11; 12:15,19; Philippians 4:1; Philemon 1:1; 1 Peter 2:11
flee
7,20,21; 2 Corinthians 6:17; 1 John 5:21; Revelation 2:14; 13:8; 21:8; 22:15

Verse 15
I speak as to wise men; judge ye what I say.
4:10; 6:5; 8:1; 11:13; 14:20; Job 34:2,3; 1 Thessalonians 5:21

Verse 16
The cup of blessing which we bless, is it not the communion of the blood of Christ? The bread which we break, is it not the communion of the body of Christ?
cup
21; 11:23-29; Matthew 26:26-28; Mark 14:22-25; Luke 22:19,20
the communion of the blood
20; 1:9; 12:13; John 6:53-58; Hebrews 3:14; 1 John 1:3,7
The bread
11:23,24; Acts 2:42,46; 20:7,11

Verse 17
For we being many are one bread, and one body: for we are all partakers of that one bread.
we being
12:12,27; Romans 12:5; Galatians 3:26-28; Ephesians 1:22,23; 2:15,16; 3:6; 4:12,13; Ephesians 4:25; Colossians 2:19; 3:11,15
that
3,4,21; 11:26-28

Verse 18
Behold Israel after the flesh: are not they which eat of the sacrifices partakers of the altar?
Israel
Romans 4:1,12; 9:3-8; 2 Corinthians 11:18-22; Galatians 6:16; Ephesians 2:11,12; Philippians 3:3-5
are
9:13; Leviticus 3:3-5,11; 7:11-17; 1 Samuel 2:13-16; 9:12,13

Verse 19
What say I then? that the idol is any thing, or that which is offered in sacrifice to idols is any thing?
that the
1:28; 3:7; 8:4; 13:2; Deuteronomy 32:21; Isaiah 40:17; 41:29; 2 Corinthians 12:11

Verse 20
But I say, that the things which the Gentiles sacrifice, they sacrifice to devils, and not to God: and I would not that ye should have fellowship with devils.
sacrifice
Leviticus 17:7; Deuteronomy 32:16,17; 2 Chronicles 11:15; Psalms 106:37-39; 2 Corinthians 4:4; Revelation 9:20

Verse 21
Ye cannot drink the cup of the Lord, and the cup of devils: ye cannot be partakers of the Lord's table, and of the table of devils.
cannot drink
16; 8:10; Deuteronomy 32:37,38; 1 Kings 18:21; Matthew 6:24; 2 Corinthians 6:15-17

Verse 22
Do we provoke the Lord to jealousy? are we stronger than he?
we provoke
Exodus 20:5; 34:14; Deuteronomy 4:24; 6:15; 32:16,21; Joshua 24:19; Psalms 78:58; Zephaniah 1:18
are
Job 9:4; 40:9-14; Ezekiel 22:14; Hebrews 10:31

Verse 23
All things are lawful for me, but all things are not expedient: all things are lawful for me, but all things edify not.
things are lawful
6:12; 8:9; Romans 14:15,20
edify
8:1; 14:3-5,12,17,26; Romans 14:19; 15:1,2; 2 Corinthians 12:19; Ephesians 4:29; 1 Thessalonians 5:11; 1 Timothy 1:4

Verse 24
Let no man seek his own, but every man another's wealth.
seek
33; 9:19-23; 13:5; Philippians 2:4,5,21

Verse 25
Whatsoever is sold in the shambles, that eat, asking no question for conscience sake:
sold
Romans 14:14; 1 Timothy 4:4; Titus 1:15
for
27-29; 8:7; Romans 13:5

Verse 26
For the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof.
28; Exodus 19:5; Deuteronomy 10:14; Job 41:11; Psalms 24:1; 50:12; 1 Timothy 6:17

Verse 27
If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake.
bid
5:9-11; Luke 5:29,30; 15:23; 19:7
whatsoever
Luke 10:7
for
25; 2 Corinthians 1:13; 4:2; 5:11

Verse 28
But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof:
eat
8:10-13; Romans 14:15
for
26; Exodus 9:29; Deuteronomy 10:14; Psalms 24:1; 115:16; Jeremiah 27:5,6; Matthew 6:31,32

Verse 29
Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another man's conscience?
not
32; 8:9-13; Romans 14:15-21
why
Romans 14:16; 2 Corinthians 8:21; 1 Thessalonians 5:22

Verse 30
For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks?
grace
or, thanksgiving. for which.
Romans 14:6; 1 Timothy 4:3,4

Verse 31
Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God.
Whether
The apostle concludes the subject by giving them a general rule, sufficient to regulate every man's conscience and practice,--that whether they eat, or drink, or whatsoever they do, to do it all with an habitual aim to the glory of God; by considering his precepts, and the propriety, expediency, appearance, and tendency of their actions.
ye eat
7:34; Deuteronomy 12:7,12,18; Nehemiah 8:16-18; Zechariah 7:5,6; Luke 11:41; Colossians 3:17,23; 1 Peter 4:11

Verse 32
Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God:
none
33; 8:13; Romans 14:13; 2 Corinthians 6:3; Philippians 1:10
Gentiles
or, Greeks. the church.
11:22; Acts 20:28; 1 Timothy 3:5,15

Verse 33
Even as I please all men in all things, not seeking mine own profit, but the profit of many, that they may be saved.
24; 9:19-23; Romans 15:2,3; 2 Corinthians 11:28,29; 12:19

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 1 Corinthians 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/1-corinthians-10.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, June 25th, 2019
the Week of Proper 7 / Ordinary 12
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