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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
2 Corinthians 10

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Against the false apostles, who disgraced the weakness of his person and bodily presence, he shows the spiritual might and authority with which he was armed against all adverse powers;
7assuring them that at his coming he will be found as mighty in word as he is now in writing, being absent;
12and withal taxing them for reaching out themselves beyond their compass, and vaunting themselves of other men's labours.

Verse 1
Now I Paul myself beseech you by the meekness and gentleness of Christ, who in presence am base among you, but being absent am bold toward you:
I Paul
1 Corinthians 16:21,22; Galatians 5:2; 2 Thessalonians 3:17; Philemon 1:9; Revelation 1:9
beseech
2; 5:20; 6:1; Romans 12:1; Ephesians 4:1; 1 Peter 2:11
by
Psalms 45:4; Isaiah 42:3,4; Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 11:29; 12:19,20; 21:5; Acts 8:32; 1 Peter 2:22,23
presence
or, outward appearance.
7,10
base
Rather, lowly, or humble, [tapeinos (tapeino/v)] which some think refers to his lowness of stature.
10; 11:30; 12:5,7-9; 13:4; 1 Corinthians 2:3; 4:10; Galatians 4:13
bold
3:12; *marg:; 7:4; 11:21; 13:2,3; Romans 10:20; 15:15

Verse 2
But I beseech you, that I may not be bold when I am present with that confidence, wherewith I think to be bold against some, which think of us as if we walked according to the flesh.
that I
12:20; 13:2,10; 1 Corinthians 4:19-21
think
or, reckon. we walked.
11:9-13; 12:13-19; Romans 8:1,5; Galatians 5:16-25; Ephesians 2:2,3

Verse 3
For though we walk in the flesh, we do not war after the flesh:
walk
Galatians 2:20; 1 Peter 4:1,2
we do
4; Romans 8:13; 1 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 2:3,4; 4:7; Hebrews 12:1

Verse 4
(For the weapons of our warfare are not carnal, but mighty through God to the pulling down of strong holds;)
the weapons
6:7; Romans 6:13; *marg:; Romans 13:12; Ephesians 6:13-18; 1 Thessalonians 5:8
our
1 Timothy 1:18; 2 Timothy 2:3
mighty
3:5; 4:7; 13:3,4; Judges 7:13-23; 15:14-16; 1 Samuel 17:45-50; Psalms 110:2; Isaiah 41:14-16; Zechariah 4:6,7; Acts 7:22; 1 Corinthians 1:18-24; 2:5; 2 Corinthians 13:3; Hebrews 11:32,33
through God
or, to God. to the.
Joshua 6:20; Isaiah 30:25; Jeremiah 1:10; Hebrews 11:30

Verse 5
Casting down imaginations, and every high thing that exalteth itself against the knowledge of God, and bringing into captivity every thought to the obedience of Christ;
down
Luke 1:51; Acts 4:25,26; Romans 1:21; 1 Corinthians 1:19,27-29; 3:19
imaginations
or, reasonings. and every.
Exodus 5:2; 9:16,17; 2 Kings 19:22,28; Job 40:11,12; 42:6; Psalms 10:4; 18:27; Isaiah 2:11,12,17; 60:14; Ezekiel 17:24; Daniel 4:37; 5:23-30; Acts 9:4-6; Philippians 3:4-9; 2 Thessalonians 2:4,8
bringing
Matthew 11:29,30; Romans 7:23
every thought
Genesis 8:21; Deuteronomy 15:9; Psalms 139:2; Proverbs 15:26; 24:9; Isaiah 55:7; 59:7; Jeremiah 4:14; Matthew 15:19; Hebrews 4:12
the obedience
Psalms 18:44; 110:2,3; Romans 1:5; 16:26; Hebrews 5:9; 1 Peter 1:2,14,15,22

Verse 6
And having in a readiness to revenge all disobedience, when your obedience is fulfilled.
in
13:2,10; Numbers 16:26-30; Acts 5:3-11; 13:10,11; 1 Corinthians 4:21; 5:3-5; 1 Timothy 1:20; 3 John 1:10
when
2:9; 7:15

Verse 7
Do ye look on things after the outward appearance? If any man trust to himself that he is Christ's, let him of himself think this again, that, as he is Christ's, even so are we Christ's.
ye look
1; *marg:; 5:12; 1 Samuel 16:7; Matthew 23:5; Luke 16:15; John 7:24; Romans 2:28,29
If
1 Corinthians 3:23; 14:37; 15:23; Galatians 3:29
even
5:12; 11:4,18,23; 12:11; 13:3; 1 Corinthians 9:1; Galatians 1:11-13; 2:5-9; 1 John 4:6

Verse 8
For though I should boast somewhat more of our authority, which the Lord hath given us for edification, and not for your destruction, I should not be ashamed:
though
1:24; 13:2,3,8,10; Galatians 1:1
I should not
7:14; 12:6; 2 Timothy 1:12

Verse 9
That I may not seem as if I would terrify you by letters.
terrify
10; 1 Corinthians 4:5,19-21

Verse 10
For his letters, say they, are weighty and powerful; but his bodily presence is weak, and his speech contemptible.
say they
Gr. saith he.
but
1; 12:5-9; 1 Corinthians 2:3,4; Galatians 4:13,14
and his
11:6; Exodus 4:10; Jeremiah 1:6; 1 Corinthians 1:17,21; 2:1-4

Verse 11
Let such an one think this, that, such as we are in word by letters when we are absent, such will we be also in deed when we are present.
such
12:20; 13:2,3,10; 1 Corinthians 4:19,20

Verse 12
For we dare not make ourselves of the number, or compare ourselves with some that commend themselves: but they measuring themselves by themselves, and comparing themselves among themselves, are not wise.
we dare not
3:1; 5:12; Job 12:2; Proverbs 25:27; 27:2; Luke 18:11; Romans 15:18
are not wise
or, understand it not.
Proverbs 26:12

Verse 13
But we will not boast of things without our measure, but according to the measure of the rule which God hath distributed to us, a measure to reach even unto you.
we will not
15; Proverbs 25:14
according
14; Matthew 25:15; Romans 12:6; 15:20; 1 Corinthians 12:11; Ephesians 4:7; 1 Peter 4:10
rule
or, line.
Psalms 19:4; Isaiah 28:17; Romans 10:18

Verse 14
For we stretch not ourselves beyond our measure, as though we reached not unto you: for we are come as far as to you also in preaching the gospel of Christ:
we stretch not
3:1-3; Romans 15:18,19; 1 Corinthians 2:10; 3:5,10; 4:15; 9:1,2
the gospel
4:4; Mark 1:1; Acts 20:24; Romans 1:16; 2:16; 16:25; Galatians 1:6-8; Colossians 1:5; 1 Timothy 1:11

Verse 15
Not boasting of things without our measure, that is, of other men's labours; but having hope, when your faith is increased, that we shall be enlarged by you according to our rule abundantly,
boasting
13; Romans 15:20
enlarged by you
or, magnified in you.

Verse 16
To preach the gospel in the regions beyond you, and not to boast in another man's line of things made ready to our hand.
preach
Romans 15:24-28
line
or, rule.

Verse 17
But he that glorieth, let him glory in the Lord.
Psalms 105:3; 106:5; Isaiah 41:16; 45:25; 65:16; Jeremiah 4:2; 9:23,24; Romans 5:11; *Gr:; 1 Corinthians 1:29,31; Galatians 6:13,14; Philippians 3:3; *Gr:; James 1:9,10; *Gr:

Verse 18
For not he that commendeth himself is approved, but whom the Lord commendeth.
not
12; 3:1; 5:12; Proverbs 21:2; 27:2; Luke 16:15; 18:10-14
approved
6:4; 13:7; Acts 2:22; Romans 14:18; 16:10; 1 Corinthians 11:19; 2 Timothy 2:15
but
Matthew 25:20-23; John 5:42-44; 12:43; Romans 2:29; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 1 Peter 1:7

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on 2 Corinthians 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/2-corinthians-10.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 15th, 2019
the Third Week of Advent
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