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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 20

 

 

Introduction
1The ten commandments are spoken by Jehovah.
18The people are afraid, but Moses comforts them.
21Idolatry is forbidden.
23Of what sort the altar should be.

Verse 1
And God spake all these words, saying,
Deuteronomy 4:33,36; 5:4,22; Acts 7:38,53

Verse 2
I am the LORD thy God, which have brought thee out of the land of Egypt, out of the house of bondage.
the Lord
Genesis 17:7,8; Leviticus 26:1,13; Deuteronomy 5:6; 6:4,5; 2 Chronicles 28:5; Psalms 50:7; 81:10; Jeremiah 31:1,33; Hosea 13:4; Romans 3:29; 10:12
brought
10:1-15; Leviticus 19:36; 23:43
out of the
13:3; Deuteronomy 5:15; 7:8; 13:10; 15:15; 26:6-8
bondage
Heb. servants.

Verse 3
Thou shalt have no other gods before me.
15:11; Deuteronomy 5:7; 6:5,14; Joshua 24:18-24; 2 Kings 17:29-35; Psalms 29:2; 73:25; Psalms 81:9; Isaiah 26:4; 43:10; 44:8; 45:21,22; 46:9; Jeremiah 25:6; 35:15; Matthew 4:10; 1 Corinthians 8:4,6; Ephesians 5:5; Philippians 3:19; Colossians 2:18; 1 John 5:20,21; Revelation 19:10; 22:9

Verse 4
Thou shalt not make unto thee any graven image, or any likeness of any thing that is in heaven above, or that is in the earth beneath, or that is in the water under the earth:
32:1,8,23; 34:17; Leviticus 19:4; 26:1; Deuteronomy 4:15-19,23-25; 5:8; 27:15; 1 Kings 12:28; 2 Chronicles 33:7; Psalms 97:7; 115:4-8; 135:15-18; Isaiah 40:18-20; Isaiah 42:8,17; 44:9-20; 45:16; 46:5-8; Jeremiah 10:3-5,8,9,14-16; Ezekiel 8:10; Acts 17:29; 19:26-35; Romans 1:23; Revelation 9:20; 13:14,15; 14:9-11; Revelation 16:2

Verse 5
Thou shalt not bow down thyself to them, nor serve them: for I the LORD thy God am a jealous God, visiting the iniquity of the fathers upon the children unto the third and fourth generation of them that hate me;
bow down
23:24; Leviticus 26:1; Joshua 23:7,16; Judges 2:19; 2 Kings 17:35,41; 2 Chronicles 25:14; Isaiah 44:15,19; Matthew 4:9
for I
34:14; Deuteronomy 4:24; 6:15; 32:21; Joshua 24:19; Psalms 78:58; Proverbs 6:34,35; Ezekiel 8:3; Daniel 1:2; Nahum 1:2; 1 Corinthians 10:22
visiting
34:7; Leviticus 20:5; 26:29,39,40; Numbers 14:18,33; 1 Samuel 15:2,3; 2 Samuel 21:1,6; 1 Kings 21:29; 2 Kings 23:26; Job 5:4; 21:19; Psalms 79:8; 109:14; Isaiah 14:20,21; Isaiah 65:6,7; Jeremiah 2:9; 32:18; Matthew 23:34-36
of them
Deuteronomy 7:10; 32:41; Psalms 81:15; Proverbs 8:36; John 7:7; 15:18,23,24; Romans 1:30; Romans 8:7; James 4:4

Verse 6
And shewing mercy unto thousands of them that love me, and keep my commandments.
shewing
Deuteronomy 4:37; 5:29; 7:9; Jeremiah 32:39,40; Acts 2:39; Romans 11:28,29
love me
John 14:15,21; 1 John 4:19; 5:3; 2 John 1:6

Verse 7
Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.
take
Leviticus 19:12; 24:11-16; Deuteronomy 5:11; Psalms 50:14-16; Proverbs 30:9; Jeremiah 4:2; Matthew 5:33-37; 23:16-22; 26:63,64; 2 Corinthians 1:23; Hebrews 6:16,17; James 5:12
guiltless
Joshua 2:12,17; 9:20; 2 Samuel 21:1,2; 1 Kings 2:9

Verse 8
Remember the sabbath day, to keep it holy.
16:23-30; 31:13,14; Genesis 2:3; Leviticus 19:3; 23:3; Isaiah 56:4-6

Verse 9
Six days shalt thou labour, and do all thy work:
23:12; Luke 13:14

Verse 10
But the seventh day is the sabbath of the LORD thy God: in it thou shalt not do any work, thou, nor thy son, nor thy daughter, thy manservant, nor thy maidservant, nor thy cattle, nor thy stranger that is within thy gates:
the seventh
31:13; 34:21
thou shalt
16:27,28; Numbers 15:32-36; Luke 23:56
thy manservant
Deuteronomy 5:14,15
thy stranger
23:9-12; Deuteronomy 16:11,12; 24:14-22; Nehemiah 10:31; 13:15-21

Verse 11
For in six days the LORD made heaven and earth, the sea, and all that in them is, and rested the seventh day: wherefore the LORD blessed the sabbath day, and hallowed it.
31:17; Genesis 2:2,3; Psalms 95:4-7; Mark 2:27,28; Acts 20:7

Verse 12
Honour thy father and thy mother: that thy days may be long upon the land which the LORD thy God giveth thee.
Honour
21:15,17; Leviticus 19:3,32; 1 Kings 2:19; 2 Kings 2:12; Proverbs 1:8,9; 15:5; 20:20; Proverbs 23:22-25; 28:24; 30:11,17; Malachi 1:6; Matthew 15:4-6; Luke 18:20; Ephesians 5:21; 6:1-3; Colossians 3:20
that thy
Deuteronomy 4:26,40; 25:15; 32:47; Proverbs 3:16

Verse 13
Thou shalt not kill.
21:14,20,29; Genesis 4:8-23; 9:5,6; Leviticus 24:21; Numbers 35:16-34; Deuteronomy 5:17; Deuteronomy 19:11-13; 2 Samuel 12:9,10; 2 Kings 21:16; 2 Chronicles 24:22; Psalms 10:8-11; Proverbs 1:11,18; Isaiah 26:21; Jeremiah 26:15; Matthew 5:21,22; Acts 28:4; Romans 13:9; Galatians 5:21; 1 Timothy 1:9; James 2:11,13; 1 John 3:12-15

Verse 14
Thou shalt not commit adultery.
Leviticus 18:20; 20:10; 2 Samuel 11:4,5,27; Proverbs 2:15-18; 6:24-35; 7:18-27; Jeremiah 5:8,9; 29:22,23; Malachi 3:5; Matthew 5:27,28; Mark 10:11,12; Romans 7:2,3; Ephesians 5:3-5; Hebrews 13:4; James 4:4; Revelation 21:8

Verse 15
Thou shalt not steal.
21:16; Leviticus 6:1-7; 19:11,13,35-37; Deuteronomy 24:7; 25:13-16; Job 20:19-22; Proverbs 1:13-15; 11:1; Amos 3:10; 8:4-6; Micah 6:10,11; 7:3; Zechariah 5:3,4; Matthew 15:19; 19:18; 21:13; Luke 3:13,14; John 12:6; 1 Corinthians 6:10; Ephesians 4:28; 1 Thessalonians 4:6

Verse 16
Thou shalt not bear false witness against thy neighbour.
23:6,7; Leviticus 19:11,16; Deuteronomy 19:15-21; 1 Samuel 22:8-19; 1 Kings 21:10-13; Psalms 15:3; 101:5-7; Proverbs 10:18; 11:13; Matthew 26:59,60; Acts 6:13; Ephesians 4:31; 1 Timothy 1:10; 2 Timothy 3:3; James 4:11

Verse 17
Thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's house, thou shalt not covet thy neighbour's wife, nor his manservant, nor his maidservant, nor his ox, nor his ass, nor any thing that is thy neighbour's.
thy neighbour's house
Genesis 3:6; 14:23; 34:23; Joshua 7:21; 1 Samuel 15:19; Psalms 10:3; 119:36; Ecclesiastes 4:8; 5:10,11; Isaiah 33:15; 57:17; Jeremiah 22:17; Ezekiel 33:31; Amos 2:6,7; Micah 2:2; Habakkuk 2:9; Luke 12:15; 16:14; Acts 20:33; Romans 7:7; 1 Corinthians 6:10; Philippians 3:19; Colossians 3:5; 1 Timothy 6:6-10; Hebrews 13:5
wife
2 Samuel 11:2-4; Job 31:1,9; Proverbs 4:23; 6:24,25; Jeremiah 5:8; Matthew 5:28
is thy neighbour's
Matthew 20:15; Acts 5:4

Verse 18
And all the people saw the thunderings, and the lightnings, and the noise of the trumpet, and the mountain smoking: and when the people saw it, they removed, and stood afar off.
And all
19:16-18
they removed
Psalms 139:7,8; Jeremiah 23:23

Verse 19
And they said unto Moses, Speak thou with us, and we will hear: but let not God speak with us, lest we die.
Speak thou
Deuteronomy 18:16; Acts 7:38
let not
33:20; Genesis 32:30

Verse 20
And Moses said unto the people, Fear not: for God is come to prove you, and that his fear may be before your faces, that ye sin not.
Fear not
1 Samuel 12:20; Isaiah 41:10
prove
15:25,26; Genesis 22:1,12; Deuteronomy 8:2; 13:3
his fear
Genesis 20:11; Deuteronomy 6:2; 10:12; Joshua 24:14; Nehemiah 5:15; Job 28:28; Proverbs 1:7; Proverbs 3:7; Isaiah 8:13

Verse 21
And the people stood afar off, and Moses drew near unto the thick darkness where God was.
the people
19:16,17; Deuteronomy 5:5
thick
1 Kings 8:12; 2 Chronicles 6:1; Psalms 18:9,12; 97:2; 104:2; 1 Timothy 6:16

Verse 22
And the LORD said unto Moses, Thus thou shalt say unto the children of Israel, Ye have seen that I have talked with you from heaven.
I have talked
Deuteronomy 4:36; Nehemiah 9:13; Hebrews 12:25,26

Verse 23
Ye shall not make with me gods of silver, neither shall ye make unto you gods of gold.
3-5; 32:1-4; 1 Samuel 5:4,5; 2 Kings 17:33,41; Ezekiel 20:39; 43:8; Daniel 5:4,23; Zephaniah 1:5; 1 Corinthians 10:21,22; 2 Corinthians 6:14-16; Colossians 2:18,19; 1 John 5:20,21; Revelation 22:15

Verse 24
An altar of earth thou shalt make unto me, and shalt sacrifice thereon thy burnt offerings, and thy peace offerings, thy sheep, and thine oxen: in all places where I record my name I will come unto thee, and I will bless thee.
altar
John 4:24
burnt
Leviticus 1:1-17; 3:1-17
in all places
Deuteronomy 12:5,11,21; 14:23; 16:5,6,11; 26:2; 1 Kings 8:29,43; 9:3; 2 Chronicles 6:6; 2 Chronicles 7:16; 12:13; Ezra 6:12; Nehemiah 1:9; Psalms 74:7; 76:2; 78:68; 132:13,14; Jeremiah 7:10-12; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 18:20; 28:20; John 4:20-23; 1 Timothy 2:8
will bless thee
Genesis 12:2; Numbers 6:24-27; Deuteronomy 7:13; 2 Samuel 6:12; Psalms 128:5; 134:3

Verse 25
And if thou wilt make me an altar of stone, thou shalt not build it of hewn stone: for if thou lift up thy tool upon it, thou hast polluted it.
And
Deuteronomy 27:5,6; Joshua 8:31
build it of hewn stone
Heb. build them with hewing.

Verse 26
Neither shalt thou go up by steps unto mine altar, that thy nakedness be not discovered thereon.
thy nakedness
Leviticus 10:3; Psalms 89:7; Ecclesiastes 5:1; Hebrews 12:28,29; 1 Peter 1:16

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 20:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/exodus-20.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, June 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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