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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Exodus 40



1The tabernacle is commanded to be reared, anointed, and consecrated.
13Aaron and his sons to be sanctified.
16Moses performs all things accordingly.
34A cloud covers the tabernacle.

Verse 2
On the first day of the first month shalt thou set up the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation.
the first month
17; 12:1,2; 13:4; Numbers 7:1
6,18,19; 26:1,7,30; 27:21; 30:36; 35:11; 36:18

Verse 3
And thou shalt put therein the ark of the testimony, and cover the ark with the vail.
20,21; 25:10,22; 26:31,33,34; 35:12; 36:35,36; 37:1-9; Leviticus 16:14; Numbers 4:5; Revelation 11:19

Verse 4
And thou shalt bring in the table, and set in order the things that are to be set in order upon it; and thou shalt bring in the candlestick, and light the lamps thereof.
the table
22,25; 25:23-30; 26:35,36; 37:10-24
the things that, etc
Heb. the order thereof.
Leviticus 24:5,6,8
the candlestick
24,25; 25:31-39

Verse 5
And thou shalt set the altar of gold for the incense before the ark of the testimony, and put the hanging of the door to the tabernacle.
the altar
26,27; 30:1-5; 35:25-28; 37:25-28; John 14:6; Hebrews 9:24; 10:19-22; 1 John 2:1,2
28; 26:36,37

Verse 6
And thou shalt set the altar of the burnt offering before the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation.
29; 27:1-8; 38:1-7; Ephesians 1:6,7; Hebrews 13:10; 1 John 2:2; 4:9,10

Verse 7
And thou shalt set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and shalt put water therein.
30-32; 30:18-21; 38:8; Psalms 26:6; Zechariah 13:1; Titus 3:5; Hebrews 10:22; 1 John 1:7; Revelation 1:5,6

Verse 8
And thou shalt set up the court round about, and hang up the hanging at the court gate.
the court
33; 27:9-19; 38:9-20; Matthew 16:18; 1 Corinthians 12:28; Ephesians 4:11,12

Verse 9
And thou shalt take the anointing oil, and anoint the tabernacle, and all that is therein, and shalt hallow it, and all the vessels thereof: and it shall be holy.
the anointing oil
30:23-33; 37:29; 39:39; Leviticus 8:10; Numbers 7:1; Psalms 45:7; Isaiah 11:2; 61:1; Matthew 3:16; John 3:34; 2 Corinthians 1:4,22; 1 John 2:20

Verse 10
And thou shalt anoint the altar of the burnt offering, and all his vessels, and sanctify the altar: and it shall be an altar most holy.
29:36,37; Leviticus 8:11; Isaiah 11:2; 61:1; John 3:34; 17:19
most holy
Heb. holiness of holiness.
Luke 1:35; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 2 Corinthians 5:21; Hebrews 7:26

Verse 12
And thou shalt bring Aaron and his sons unto the door of the tabernacle of the congregation, and wash them with water.
29:1-35; Leviticus 8:1-13; 9:1-24; Isaiah 11:1-5; 61:1-3; Matthew 3:16; Luke 1:35; John 3:34; Romans 8:3; Galatians 4:4

Verse 13
And thou shalt put upon Aaron the holy garments, and anoint him, and sanctify him; that he may minister unto me in the priest's office.
anoint him
28:41; Isaiah 61:1; John 3:34; 17:19; Hebrews 10:10,29; 1 John 2:20,27

Verse 14
And thou shalt bring his sons, and clothe them with coats:
Isaiah 44:3-5; 61:10; John 1:16; Romans 8:30; 13:14; 1 Corinthians 1:9,30

Verse 15
And thou shalt anoint them, as thou didst anoint their father, that they may minister unto me in the priest's office: for their anointing shall surely be an everlasting priesthood throughout their generations.
12:14; 30:31,33; Numbers 25:13; Psalms 110:4; Hebrews 5:1-14; 7:3,7,17-24; Hebrews 8:1-10

Verse 16
Thus did Moses: according to all that the LORD commanded him, so did he.
17-32; 23:21,22; 39:42,43; Deuteronomy 4:1; 12:32; Isaiah 8:20; Matthew 28:20; 1 Corinthians 4:2

Verse 17
And it came to pass in the first month in the second year, on the first day of the month, that the tabernacle was reared up.
the first month
1,2; Numbers 7:1; 9:1

Verse 18
And Moses reared up the tabernacle, and fastened his sockets, and set up the boards thereof, and put in the bars thereof, and reared up his pillars.
2; 26:15-30; 36:20-34; Leviticus 26:11; Ezekiel 37:27,28; John 1:14; Galatians 4:4; 1 Peter 1:5; Revelation 21:3
and fastened
Isaiah 33:24; Matthew 16:18; 1 Timothy 3:15

Verse 19
And he spread abroad the tent over the tabernacle, and put the covering of the tent above upon it; as the LORD commanded Moses.
the tent
26:1-14; 36:8-19

Verse 20
And he took and put the testimony into the ark, and set the staves on the ark, and put the mercy seat above upon the ark:
the testimony
16:34; 25:16-21; 31:18; Psalms 40:8; Matthew 3:15
3; 37:6-9; Romans 3:25; 10:4; Hebrews 4:16; 10:19-21; 1 John 2:2

Verse 21
And he brought the ark into the tabernacle, and set up the vail of the covering, and covered the ark of the testimony; as the LORD commanded Moses.
he brought
3; 26:33; 35:12
and covered
Hebrews 10:19,20

Verse 22
And he put the table in the tent of the congregation, upon the side of the tabernacle northward, without the vail.
he put
John 6:53-57; Ephesians 3:8
24; 26:35

Verse 23
And he set the bread in order upon it before the LORD; as the LORD had commanded Moses.
4; 25:30; Matthew 12:4; Hebrews 9:2

Verse 24
And he put the candlestick in the tent of the congregation, over against the table, on the side of the tabernacle southward.
25:31-35; 37:17-24; Psalms 119:105; John 1:1,5,9; 8:12; Revelation 1:20; 2:5

Verse 25
And he lighted the lamps before the LORD; as the LORD commanded Moses.
4; 25:37; Revelation 4:5

Verse 26
And he put the golden altar in the tent of the congregation before the vail:
5; 30:1-10; Matthew 23:19; John 11:42; 17:1-26; Hebrews 7:25; 10:1; 1 John 2:1

Verse 27
And he burnt sweet incense thereon; as the LORD commanded Moses.

Verse 28
And he set up the hanging at the door of the tabernacle.
5; 26:36,37; 38:9-19; John 14:6; 10:9; Ephesians 2:18; Hebrews 10:19,20

Verse 29
And he put the altar of burnt offering by the door of the tabernacle of the tent of the congregation, and offered upon it the burnt offering and the meat offering; as the LORD commanded Moses.
the altar
6; 27:1-8; 38:1-7; Matthew 23:19; Romans 3:24-26; Hebrews 9:12; 13:5,6,10

Verse 30
And he set the laver between the tent of the congregation and the altar, and put water there, to wash withal.
7; 30:18-21; 38:8; Ezekiel 36:25; Hebrews 10:22

Verse 31
And Moses and Aaron and his sons washed their hands and their feet thereat:
Psalms 26:6; 51:6,7; John 13:10; 1 John 1:7,9

Verse 32
When they went into the tent of the congregation, and when they came near unto the altar, they washed; as the LORD commanded Moses.
as the Lord
19; 30:19,20; Psalms 73:19

Verse 33
And he reared up the court round about the tabernacle and the altar, and set up the hanging of the court gate. So Moses finished the work.
up the court
8; 27:9-16; Numbers 1:50; Matthew 16:8; 1 Corinthians 12:12,28; Ephesians 4:11-13; Hebrews 9:6,7
the tabernacle
The tabernacle might either be called a house or a tent, because it had wooden walls and partitions like a house, and curtains and hangings like a tent; but as it externally resembled a common oblong tent, and the wooden walls were without a roof, and properly only supports for the many curtains and hangings spread over them, it is more properly called a tent. Even the ordinary tents of the Arabs have at least two main divisions; the innermost for the women, and hence called sacred, i.e., cut off, inaccessible. In the tent of an emir the innermost space is accessible to himself only, or those whom he particularly honours; into the outer tent others may come. The furniture is costly, the floor covered with a rich carpet, and has a stand with a censer and coals, on which incense is strewed. Hence we have the simple idea after which this magnificent royal tent of Jehovah, the King and God of the Hebrews, was made.
John 10:9; 14:6; Ephesians 2:18; Hebrews 4:14-16
So Moses
39:32; 1 Kings 6:9; Zechariah 4:9; John 4:34; 17:4; 2 Timothy 4:7; Hebrews 3:2-5

Verse 34
Then a cloud covered the tent of the congregation, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
a cloud
13:21,22; 14:19,20,24; 25:8,21,22; 29:43; 33:9; Leviticus 16:2; Numbers 9:15-23; 1 Kings 8:10,11; 2 Chronicles 5:13; 7:2; Psalms 18:10-12; Isaiah 4:5,6; Isaiah 6:4; Ezekiel 43:4-7; Haggai 2:7,9; Revelation 15:8; 21:3,23,24

Verse 35
And Moses was not able to enter into the tent of the congregation, because the cloud abode thereon, and the glory of the LORD filled the tabernacle.
Leviticus 16:2; 1 Kings 8:11; 2 Chronicles 5:14; 7:2; Isaiah 6:4; Revelation 15:8

Verse 36
And when the cloud was taken up from over the tabernacle, the children of Israel went onward in all their journeys:
13:21,22; Numbers 10:11-13,33-36; 19:17-22; Nehemiah 9:19; Psalms 78:14; 105:39; 1 Corinthians 10:1; 2 Corinthians 5:19,20
went onward
Heb. journeyed.

Verse 37
But if the cloud were not taken up, then they journeyed not till the day that it was taken up.
Numbers 9:19-22; Psalms 31:15

Verse 38
For the cloud of the LORD was upon the tabernacle by day, and fire was on it by night, in the sight of all the house of Israel, throughout all their journeys.
the cloud
13:21; Numbers 9:15
Psalms 78:14; 105:39; Isaiah 4:5,6


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Exodus 40:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 3rd, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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