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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ezekiel 30

 

 

Introduction
1The desolation of Egypt and her helpers.
20The arm of Babylon shall be strengthened to break the arm of Egypt.

Verse 2
Son of man, prophesy and say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Howl ye, Woe worth the day!
Howl
21:12; Isaiah 13:6; 14:31; 15:2; 16:7; 23:1,6; 65:14; Jeremiah 4:8; 47:2; Joel 1:5,11; Zephaniah 1:11; Zechariah 11:2; James 5:1; Revelation 18:10

Verse 3
For the day is near, even the day of the LORD is near, a cloudy day; it shall be the time of the heathen.
the day is
7:7,12; Psalms 37:13; Obadiah 1:15; Joel 2:1; Zephaniah 1:7,14; Matthew 24:33; Philippians 4:5; James 5:9; Revelation 6:17
a cloudy
18; 32:7; 34:12; Exodus 14:20,24; Isaiah 19:1; Joel 2:1,2; Amos 5:16-20
the time
29:12; Psalms 110:6; 149:7-9; Isaiah 24:21-23; 34:2-17; Jeremiah 25:15-29; Joel 3:11-14; Zephaniah 3:6,7; Zechariah 14:3-19; Revelation 19:13-21

Verse 4
And the sword shall come upon Egypt, and great pain shall be in Ethiopia, when the slain shall fall in Egypt, and they shall take away her multitude, and her foundations shall be broken down.
the sword
29:8; Isaiah 19:2; Jeremiah 50:35-37
pain
or, fear.
9; Exodus 15:14-16; Psalms 48:6,7; Isaiah 19:16,17; Revelation 18:9,10
and they
10; 29:12,19
and her
Isaiah 16:7; Jeremiah 50:15

Verse 5
Ethiopia, and Libya, and Lydia, and all the mingled people, and Chub, and the men of the land that is in league, shall fall with them by the sword.
Ethiopia
Isaiah 18:1; 20:4; Jeremiah 46:9; Nahum 3:8,9
Libya
Heb. Phut.
27:10
all the
Jeremiah 25:20,24; 50:37
men
Heb. children. that is.
Jeremiah 44:27

Verse 6
Thus saith the LORD; They also that uphold Egypt shall fall; and the pride of her power shall come down: from the tower of Syene shall they fall in it by the sword, saith the Lord GOD.
They also
Job 9:13; Isaiah 20:3-6; 31:3; Nahum 3:9
from the tower of Syene
or, from Migdol to Syene.
29:10

Verse 7
And they shall be desolate in the midst of the countries that are desolate, and her cities shall be in the midst of the cities that are wasted.
29:12; 32:18-32; Jeremiah 25:18-26; 46:1-51

Verse 8
And they shall know that I am the LORD, when I have set a fire in Egypt, and when all her helpers shall be destroyed.
shall know
28:24,26; 29:6,9,16; Psalms 58:11
when I
14,16; 22:31; Deuteronomy 32:22; Isaiah 42:25; Lamentations 4:11; Amos 1:4,7,10,12,14; Amos 2:2,5; Nahum 1:5,6
destroyed
Heb. broken.

Verse 9
In that day shall messengers go forth from me in ships to make the careless Ethiopians afraid, and great pain shall come upon them, as in the day of Egypt: for, lo, it cometh.
messengers
5,6; Isaiah 18:1,2; 20:3,5; Zephaniah 2:12
careless
38:11; 39:6; Judges 18:7; Isaiah 32:9-11; 47:8; Jeremiah 49:31; Zephaniah 2:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:2
great
4; 26:16; 27:35; 32:9,10; Isaiah 19:17; 23:5; Jeremiah 49:21; Zechariah 11:2,3
lo
33:33; Amos 4:2

Verse 10
Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also make the multitude of Egypt to cease by the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon.
I will
29:4,5,19; 32:11-16
by the
24,25

Verse 11
He and his people with him, the terrible of the nations, shall be brought to destroy the land: and they shall draw their swords against Egypt, and fill the land with the slain.
the terrible
28:7; 31:12; 32:12; Deuteronomy 28:50; Isaiah 14:4-6; Jeremiah 51:20-23; Habakkuk 1:6-9
and fill
35:8; 39:4,11-20; Isaiah 34:3-7; Zephaniah 1:17,18
Re 14
&20 19.18

Verse 12
And I will make the rivers dry, and sell the land into the hand of the wicked: and I will make the land waste, and all that is therein, by the hand of strangers: I the LORD have spoken it.
I will make
29:3; Isaiah 19:4-10; 44:27; Jeremiah 50:38; 51:36; Nahum 1:4; Revelation 16:12
dry
Heb. drought. sell.
Judges 2:14; Isaiah 19:4
all that is therein
Heb. the fullness thereof.
1 Corinthians 10:26
by the hand
28:10; 31:12

Verse 13
Thus saith the Lord GOD; I will also destroy the idols, and I will cause their images to cease out of Noph; and there shall be no more a prince of the land of Egypt: and I will put a fear in the land of Egypt.
I will also
Exodus 12:12; Isaiah 19:1-15; Jeremiah 43:12,13; 46:25; Zephaniah 2:11; Zechariah 13:2
Noph
Isaiah 19:13; Jeremiah 2:16; 44:1; 46:14; Hosea 9:6
Memphis
Heb. Moph. there shall.
29:14,15; Zechariah 10:11
put
Isaiah 19:16; Jeremiah 46:5

Verse 14
And I will make Pathros desolate, and will set fire in Zoan, and will execute judgments in No.
Pathros
29:14
Zoan
or, Tanis.
Numbers 13:22; Psalms 78:12,43; Isaiah 19:11; 30:4
will execute
Jeremiah 46:25; Nahum 3:8

Verse 15
And I will pour my fury upon Sin, the strength of Egypt; and I will cut off the multitude of No.
I will pour
Psalms 11:6; Nahum 1:6; Revelation 16:1
Sin
or, Pelusium. Now Tineh, a town of Egypt, situated at the eastern extremity of the Delta, twenty stadia from the Mediterranean, near the lake of Menzaleh, and upon a branch of the Nile, to which it gave name. It was the key of Egypt on the side of Judea and Syria, and was therefore strongly fortified and garrisoned; but it is now quite in ruins.

Verse 16
And I will set fire in Egypt: Sin shall have great pain, and No shall be rent asunder, and Noph shall have distresses daily.
8,9; 28:18

Verse 17
The young men of Aven and of Pibeseth shall fall by the sword: and these cities shall go into captivity.
Aven
or, Heliopolis.
Genesis 41:45
Pibeseth
or Pubastum. Situated on the Pelusiac branch of the Nile, near the top of the Delta.

Verse 18
At Tehaphnehes also the day shall be darkened, when I shall break there the yokes of Egypt: and the pomp of her strength shall cease in her: as for her, a cloud shall cover her, and her daughters shall go into captivity.
Tehaphnehes
Jeremiah 2:16
Tahapanes
Jeremiah 43:7-9; 46:14
Tahpanhes
the day.
Exodus 10:15; Isaiah 5:30; 9:19; 13:10; Joel 3:15; Matthew 24:29
darkened
or, restrained. I shall break.
29:15; Isaiah 9:4; 10:27; 14:25
the pomp
31:18; 32:18-32; Isaiah 14:11; Jeremiah 46:20-26
a cloud
3; Isaiah 19:1

Verse 19
Thus will I execute judgments in Egypt: and they shall know that I am the LORD.
14; 5:8,15; 25:11; 39:21; Numbers 33:4; Psalms 9:16; 149:7; Romans 2:5; Revelation 17:1

Verse 20
And it came to pass in the eleventh year, in the first month, in the seventh day of the month, that the word of the LORD came unto me, saying,
A. M. 3416. B.C. 588
1:2; 26:1; 29:1,17

Verse 21
Son of man, I have broken the arm of Pharaoh king of Egypt; and, lo, it shall not be bound up to be healed, to put a roller to bind it, to make it strong to hold the sword.
Son of man
This prophecy was delivered soon after the Egyptians under Pharaoh-hophra had come to relieve Jerusalem, and some months before the city was taken, being the eleventh year of Jeremiah's captivity, and answering to April 26, A.M. 3416. When the king of Babylon took from the king of Egypt, in the days of Pharaoh-necho, all his dominions in Asia, one of his arms was broken. God now declared that he should never recover these territories, or gain any ascendancy in that part of the world; nay, that his other arm, which was now strong, should soon be broken, and rendered utterly useless. This was fulfilled when Hophra was dethroned and driven into Upper Egypt by Amasis; and then Nebuchadnezzar, taking advantage of this civil discord, invaded and conquered that kingdom, and enslaved, dispersed, and carried captive the Egyptians.
I have
24; Psalms 10:15; 37:17; Jeremiah 48:25
it shall not
Isaiah 1:6; Jeremiah 30:13; 46:11; 51:8,9; Nahum 3:16; Revelation 18:21

Verse 22
Therefore thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against Pharaoh king of Egypt, and will break his arms, the strong, and that which was broken; and I will cause the sword to fall out of his hand.
I am
29:3; Jeremiah 46:25
will break
Psalms 37:17
the strong
34:16
and that
2 Kings 24:7; Jeremiah 37:7; 46:1-12
I will
Jeremiah 46:21-25

Verse 23
And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and will disperse them through the countries.
17,18,26; 29:12,13

Verse 24
And I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and put my sword in his hand: but I will break Pharaoh's arms, and he shall groan before him with the groanings of a deadly wounded man.
I will
25; Nehemiah 6:9; Psalms 18:32,39; 144:1; Isaiah 45:1,5; Jeremiah 27:6-8; Zechariah 10:11,12
and put
Deuteronomy 32:41,42; Psalms 17:13; Isaiah 10:5,6,15; Zephaniah 2:12
he shall
26:15; Job 24:12; Jeremiah 51:52

Verse 25
But I will strengthen the arms of the king of Babylon, and the arms of Pharaoh shall fall down; and they shall know that I am the LORD, when I shall put my sword into the hand of the king of Babylon, and he shall stretch it out upon the land of Egypt.
they shall know
19,26; 29:16,21; 32:15; 38:16,23; 39:21,22; Psalms 9:16

Verse 26
And I will scatter the Egyptians among the nations, and disperse them among the countries; and they shall know that I am the LORD.
I will
17,18,23; 6:13; 29:12; Daniel 11:42
they shall

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 30:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezekiel-30.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, November 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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