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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Ezekiel 38

 

 

Introduction
1The army,
8and malice of Gog.
14God's judgment against him.

Verse 2
Son of man, set thy face against Gog, the land of Magog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal, and prophesy against him,
Son
2:1; 39:1
set
6:2; 20:46; 25:2; 35:2,3
Gog
Rather, "Gog (the prince) of the land of Magog, the prince of Rosh, Meshech, and Tubal." By Magog is most probably meant the Scythians or Tartars, called so by Arabian and Syrian writers, and especially the Turks, who were originally natives of Tartary; and by Rosh, the Russians, descendants of the ancient inhabitants on the river Araxes or Rosh.
Revelation 20:8,9
Magog
Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5
the chief prince of
or, prince of the chief of. Meshech.
27:13; 32:26; Isaiah 66:19

Verse 3
And say, Thus saith the Lord GOD; Behold, I am against thee, O Gog, the chief prince of Meshech and Tubal:
I am
13:8; 29:3; 35:3; 39:1,2-10

Verse 4
And I will turn thee back, and put hooks into thy jaws, and I will bring thee forth, and all thine army, horses and horsemen, all of them clothed with all sorts of armour, even a great company with bucklers and shields, all of them handling swords:
I will turn
29:4; 39:2; 2 Kings 19:28; Isaiah 37:29
horses
15; Daniel 11:40
all of them
23:12
handling
1 Chronicles 12:8; 2 Chronicles 25:5; Jeremiah 46:9

Verse 5
Persia, Ethiopia, and Libya with them; all of them with shield and helmet:
Persia
27:10
Libya
or, Phut.
30:5; Genesis 10:6; 1 Chronicles 1:8; Nahum 3:9
Put

Verse 6
Gomer, and all his bands; the house of Togarmah of the north quarters, and all his bands: and many people with thee.
Gomer
Genesis 10:2; 1 Chronicles 1:5
Togarmah
27:14; Genesis 10:3; 1 Chronicles 1:6; Daniel 11:40

Verse 7
Be thou prepared, and prepare for thyself, thou, and all thy company that are assembled unto thee, and be thou a guard unto them.
2 Chronicles 25:8; Psalms 2:1-4; Isaiah 8:9,10; 37:22; Jeremiah 46:3-5,14-16; 51:12; Joel 3:9-12; Amos 4:12; Zechariah 14:2,3

Verse 8
After many days thou shalt be visited: in the latter years thou shalt come into the land that is brought back from the sword, and is gathered out of many people, against the mountains of Israel, which have been always waste: but it is brought forth out of the nations, and they shall dwell safely all of them.
many days
16; Genesis 49:1; Numbers 24:14; Deuteronomy 4:30; Jeremiah 48:47; 49:39; Hosea 3:3-5; Habakkuk 2:3
thou shalt be
Exodus 20:5; Isaiah 24:22; 29:6; Jeremiah 32:5; Lamentations 4:22
into the land
12; 36:24-38; 37:21-28; 39:27-29; Isaiah 11:11-16; Jeremiah 30:3,18; 32:37; Amos 9:14,15
the mountains
34:13; 36:1-8
it is
1 Peter 2:9
and they shall
11; 28:26; 34:25-28; Jeremiah 23:6; 33:16

Verse 9
Thou shalt ascend and come like a storm, thou shalt be like a cloud to cover the land, thou, and all thy bands, and many people with thee.
shalt ascend
13:11; Isaiah 21:1,2; 25:4; 28:2; Daniel 11:40
like
16; Jeremiah 4:13; Joel 2:2
all thy
Isaiah 8:9,10

Verse 10
Thus saith the Lord GOD; It shall also come to pass, that at the same time shall things come into thy mind, and thou shalt think an evil thought:
that at
Psalms 83:3,4; 139:2; Proverbs 19:21; Isaiah 10:7; Mark 7:21; John 13:2; Acts 5:3,9; Acts 8:22; 1 Corinthians 4:5
think an evil thought
or, conceive a mischievous purpose.
Psalms 36:4; Proverbs 6:14,18; 12:2; Micah 2:1

Verse 11
And thou shalt say, I will go up to the land of unwalled villages; I will go to them that are at rest, that dwell safely, all of them dwelling without walls, and having neither bars nor gates,
go up
Exodus 15:9; Psalms 10:9; Proverbs 1:11-16; Isaiah 37:24,25; Romans 3:15
go to
Judges 18:7,27; Jeremiah 49:31,32; Zechariah 2:4,5
safely
or, confidently.
8; Proverbs 3:29,30

Verse 12
To take a spoil, and to take a prey; to turn thine hand upon the desolate places that are now inhabited, and upon the people that are gathered out of the nations, which have gotten cattle and goods, that dwell in the midst of the land.
take a spoil, and to take a prey
Heb. spoil the spoil, and to prey the prey.
29:19; *marg:; Isaiah 10:6; Jeremiah 30:16
turn
Isaiah 1:24,25; Amos 1:8; Zechariah 13:7
the desolate
36:33-35; Jeremiah 32:43,44; 33:12,13; Zechariah 1:12,17
and upon
8; Zechariah 10:8-10
midst
Heb. navel.
Judges 9:37; *marg:

Verse 13
Sheba, and Dedan, and the merchants of Tarshish, with all the young lions thereof, shall say unto thee, Art thou come to take a spoil? hast thou gathered thy company to take a prey? to carry away silver and gold, to take away cattle and goods, to take a great spoil?
Sheba
27:12,15,20,22,23,25
with
19:3-6; 32:2; Psalms 57:4; Jeremiah 50:17; 51:38; Nahum 2:11-13; Zechariah 11:3

Verse 14
Therefore, son of man, prophesy and say unto Gog, Thus saith the Lord GOD; In that day when my people of Israel dwelleth safely, shalt thou not know it?
in that
Isaiah 4:1,2
dwelleth
8,11; Jeremiah 23:6; Zechariah 2:5,8
shalt
37:28

Verse 15
And thou shalt come from thy place out of the north parts, thou, and many people with thee, all of them riding upon horses, a great company, and a mighty army:
thy place
39:2; Daniel 11:40
and many
4,6; Joel 3:2; Zephaniah 3:8; Zechariah 12:2-4; 14:2,3; Revelation 16:14,16; 20:8

Verse 16
And thou shalt come up against my people of Israel, as a cloud to cover the land; it shall be in the latter days, and I will bring thee against my land, that the heathen may know me, when I shall be sanctified in thee, O Gog, before their eyes.
as a cloud
it shall be
Though it is not generally agreed what people or transactions are here predicted, yet it seems evident that the prophecy is not yet accomplished. Nothing occurred in the wars of Cambyses, or Antiochus Epiphanes with the Jews, that answers to it; and the expression here used, in the latter days, plainly implies that there should be a succession of many ages between the publication of the prediction and its accomplishment. It is therefore supposed, with much probability, that its fulfilment will be posterior to the conversion of the Jews and their restoration to their own land; and that the Turks, Tarters, or Scythians, from the northern parts of Asia, perhaps uniting with the inhabitants of some more southern regions, will make war upon the Jews and be cut off in a manner predicted here.
8; Deuteronomy 31:29; Isaiah 2:2; Daniel 2:28; 10:14; Hosea 3:5; Micah 4:1; 1 Timothy 4:1; 2 Timothy 3:1
that the
23; 36:23; 39:21; Exodus 14:4; 1 Samuel 17:45-47; 2 Kings 19:19; Psalms 83:17,18; Daniel 3:24-29; 4:32-37; 6:15-27; Micah 7:15-17; Matthew 6:9,10

Verse 17
Thus saith the Lord GOD; Art thou he of whom I have spoken in old time by my servants the prophets of Israel, which prophesied in those days many years that I would bring thee against them?
whom
10,11,16; Psalms 110:5,6; Isaiah 27:1; 34:1-6; 63:1-6; 66:15,16; Daniel 11:40-45; Joel 3:9-14; Zechariah 12:2-8; 14:1-21
by
Heb. the hands of.

Verse 18
And it shall come to pass at the same time when Gog shall come against the land of Israel, saith the Lord GOD, that my fury shall come up in my face.
that
36:5,6; Deuteronomy 32:22; Psalms 18:7,8; 89:46; Nahum 1:2; Hebrews 12:29

Verse 19
For in my jealousy and in the fire of my wrath have I spoken, Surely in that day there shall be a great shaking in the land of Israel;
in my
39:25; Deuteronomy 29:20; Isaiah 42:13; Joel 2:18; Zechariah 1:14
Surely
Joel 3:16; Haggai 2:6,7,21,22; Hebrews 12:26; Revelation 11:13; 16:18,20

Verse 20
So that the fishes of the sea, and the fowls of the heaven, and the beasts of the field, and all creeping things that creep upon the earth, and all the men that are upon the face of the earth, shall shake at my presence, and the mountains shall be thrown down, and the steep places shall fall, and every wall shall fall to the ground.
the fishes
Jeremiah 4:23-26; Hosea 4:3; Nahum 1:4-6; Zechariah 14:4,5; Revelation 6:12,13
steep places
or, towers, or stairs.
Isaiah 30:25; 2 Corinthians 10:4

Verse 21
And I will call for a sword against him throughout all my mountains, saith the Lord GOD: every man's sword shall be against his brother.
I will
14:17; Psalms 105:16
every
Judges 7:22; 1 Samuel 14:20; 2 Chronicles 20:23; Haggai 2:22

Verse 22
And I will plead against him with pestilence and with blood; and I will rain upon him, and upon his bands, and upon the many people that are with him, an overflowing rain, and great hailstones, fire, and brimstone.
I will plead
Isaiah 66:16; Jeremiah 25:31; Zechariah 14:12-15
with pestilence
5:17
an overflowing
13:11; Genesis 19:24; Exodus 9:22-25; Joshua 10:11; Psalms 11:6; 18:12-14; 77:16-18; Isaiah 28:17; 29:6; 30:30-33; Matthew 7:27; Revelation 16:21

Verse 23
Thus will I magnify myself, and sanctify myself; and I will be known in the eyes of many nations, and they shall know that I am the LORD.
magnify
36:23
and I
16; 37:28; 39:7,13,27; Psalms 9:16; Revelation 15:3,4; 19:1-6

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Ezekiel 38:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/ezekiel-38.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Thursday, November 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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