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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Galatians 2

 

 


Introduction
1He shows when he went up again to Jerusalem, and for what purpose;
3and that Titus was not circumcised;
11and that he resisted Peter, and told him the reason;
14why he and others, being Jews, do believe in Christ to be justified by faith, and not by works;
20and that they live not in sin, who are so justified.

Verse 1
Then fourteen years after I went up again to Jerusalem with Barnabas, and took Titus with me also.
fourteen
1:18
I went
Acts 15:2-4
Barnabas
13; Acts 4:36,37; 11:25,30; 12:25; 13:2,50; 14:12; 15:25,36-39; 1 Corinthians 9:6; Colossians 4:10
Titus
3; 2 Corinthians 8:16,23; Titus 1:4

Verse 2
And I went up by revelation, and communicated unto them that gospel which I preach among the Gentiles, but privately to them which were of reputation, lest by any means I should run, or had run, in vain.
by
Acts 16:9,10; 18:9; 23:11
communicated
9; 1:16; Acts 15:4,12; 1 Corinthians 1:23; 2:2
privately
or, severally. which.
6,9; Ecclesiastes 10:1; Acts 5:34; Philippians 2:29
I should
Matthew 10:16; 1 Corinthians 9:26; Philippians 2:16; 1 Thessalonians 3:5

Verse 3
But neither Titus, who was with me, being a Greek, was compelled to be circumcised:
5:2-6; Acts 15:24; 16:3; 1 Corinthians 9:20,21

Verse 4
And that because of false brethren unawares brought in, who came in privily to spy out our liberty which we have in Christ Jesus, that they might bring us into bondage:
because
5:10,12; Acts 15:1,24; 20:30; 2 Corinthians 11:13,17,26; 1 John 4:1
unawares
2 Timothy 3:6; 2 Peter 2:1,2; Jude 1:4
liberty
3:23-26; 5:1,13; Psalms 51:12; 119:45; John 8:31-36; 2 Corinthians 3:17; 1 Peter 2:16; 2 Peter 2:19
bring
4:3,9,10,25; Isaiah 51:23; 2 Corinthians 11:20

Verse 5
To whom we gave place by subjection, no, not for an hour; that the truth of the gospel might continue with you.
we
3:1,2; Acts 15:2; Colossians 2:4-8; Jude 1:3
that
14; 4:16; Ephesians 1:13; Colossians 1:5; 1 Thessalonians 2:13

Verse 6
But of these who seemed to be somewhat, (whatsoever they were, it maketh no matter to me: God accepteth no man's person:) for they who seemed to be somewhat in conference added nothing to me:
those who
2,9; 6:3; 2 Corinthians 11:5,21-23; 12:11; Hebrews 13:7,17
it maketh
11-14; Job 32:6,7,17-22; Matthew 22:16; Mark 6:17-20; 12:14; Luke 20:21; 2 Corinthians 5:16
God
Job 34:19; Acts 10:34; Romans 2:11; 1 Peter 1:17
in
10; Acts 15:6-29; 2 Corinthians 12:11

Verse 7
But contrariwise, when they saw that the gospel of the uncircumcision was committed unto me, as the gospel of the circumcision was unto Peter;
when
9; Acts 15:12,25,26; 2 Peter 3:15
the gospel of the uncircumcision
1:16; Acts 13:46-48; 18:6; 28:28; Romans 1:5; 11:13; 1 Thessalonians 2:4; 1 Timothy 2:7; 2 Timothy 1:11

Verse 8
(For he that wrought effectually in Peter to the apostleship of the circumcision, the same was mighty in me toward the Gentiles:)
he
Acts 1:8; 2:14-41; 3:12-26; 4:4; 5:12-16; 8:17
the same
3:5; Acts 9:15; 13:2-11; 14:3-11; 15:12; 19:11,12,26; 21:19; 22:21; Acts 26:17,18; 1 Corinthians 1:5-7; 9:2; 15:10; 2 Corinthians 11:4,5; Colossians 1:29

Verse 9
And when James, Cephas, and John, who seemed to be pillars, perceived the grace that was given unto me, they gave to me and Barnabas the right hands of fellowship; that we should go unto the heathen, and they unto the circumcision.
James
Acts 15:7,13,22-29
pillars
2,6,12-14; Matthew 16:18; Ephesians 2:20; Revelation 3:12; 21:14-20
the grace
Romans 1:5; 12:3,5,6; 15:15; 1 Corinthians 15:10; Ephesians 3:8; Colossians 1:29; 1 Peter 4:10,11
fellowship
2 Corinthians 8:4; 1 John 1:3
we should
Acts 15:23-30

Verse 10
Only they would that we should remember the poor; the same which I also was forward to do.
that
Acts 11:29,30; 24:17; Romans 15:25-27; 1 Corinthians 16:1,2; 2 Corinthians 8:1-9; Hebrews 13:16; James 2:15,16; 1 John 3:17

Verse 11
But when Peter was come to Antioch, I withstood him to the face, because he was to be blamed.
to Antioch
Acts 15:30-35
I withstood
5; 2 Corinthians 5:16; 11:5,21-28; 12:11; 1 Timothy 5:20; Jude 1:3
because
Exodus 32:21,22; Numbers 20:12; Jeremiah 1:17; Jonah 1:3; 4:3,4,9; Matthew 16:17,18,23; Acts 15:37-39; 23:1-5; James 3:2; 1 John 1:8-10

Verse 12
For before that certain came from James, he did eat with the Gentiles: but when they were come, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing them which were of the circumcision.
certain
9; Acts 21:18-25
he did
Acts 10:28; 11:3; Ephesians 2:15,19-22; 3:6
he withdrew
Isaiah 65:5; Luke 15:2; 1 Thessalonians 5:22
fearing
Proverbs 29:25; Isaiah 57:11; Matthew 26:69-75

Verse 13
And the other Jews dissembled likewise with him; insomuch that Barnabas also was carried away with their dissimulation.
the other
Genesis 12:11-13; 26:6,7; 27:24; Ecclesiastes 7:20; 10:1; 1 Corinthians 5:6; 8:9; 15:33
carried
Job 15:12; 1 Corinthians 12:2; Ephesians 4:14; Hebrews 13:9

Verse 14
But when I saw that they walked not uprightly according to the truth of the gospel, I said unto Peter before them all, If thou, being a Jew, livest after the manner of Gentiles, and not as do the Jews, why compellest thou the Gentiles to live as do the Jews?
walked
Psalms 15:2; 58:1; 84:11; Proverbs 2:7; 10:9
the truth
5; Romans 14:14; 1 Timothy 4:3-5; Hebrews 9:10
I said
11; Leviticus 19:17; Psalms 141:5; Proverbs 27:5,6; 1 Timothy 5:20
If thou
12,13; Acts 10:28; 11:3-18
why
3; 6:12; Acts 15:10,11,19-21,24,28,29

Verse 15
We who are Jews by nature, and not sinners of the Gentiles,
Jews
Matthew 3:7-9; John 8:39-41; Romans 4:16; Ephesians 2:3
sinners
Matthew 9:11; Mark 7:26-28; Acts 22:21; Romans 3:9; Ephesians 2:11,12; Titus 3:3

Verse 16
Knowing that a man is not justified by the works of the law, but by the faith of Jesus Christ, even we have believed in Jesus Christ, that we might be justified by the faith of Christ, and not by the works of the law: for by the works of the law shall no flesh be justified.
that
19; 3:10-12; 5:4; Job 9:2,3,29; 25:4; Psalms 130:3,4; Luke 10:25-29; Acts 13:38,39; Romans 3:19,20,27,28; 4:2,13-15; Philippians 3:9
but
3:13,14,22-24; 4:5; Romans 1:17; 3:21-26,28,30; 4:5,6,24,25; 5:1,2,8,9; Romans 8:3,30-34; 1 Corinthians 6:11; 2 Corinthians 5:19-21; Philippians 3:9; Hebrews 7:18,19
we have
20; John 6:68,69; 20:31; Acts 4:12; 1 Peter 1:2,8,9,18-21; 2:24; 3:18; 2 Peter 1:1; 1 John 1:7; 2:1,2; Revelation 7:9,14
for
3:11; Psalms 143:2

Verse 17
But if, while we seek to be justified by Christ, we ourselves also are found sinners, is therefore Christ the minister of sin? God forbid.
while
Romans 9:30-33; 11:7
are found
11; Romans 6:1,2; 1 John 3:8-10
is
Matthew 1:21; Romans 15:8; 2 Corinthians 3:7-9; Hebrews 7:24-28; 8:2; 1 John 3:5
God
Romans 3:4,6

Verse 18
For if I build again the things which I destroyed, I make myself a transgressor.
4,5,12-16,21; 4:9-12; 5:11; Romans 14:15; 1 Corinthians 8:11,12

Verse 19
For I through the law am dead to the law, that I might live unto God.
through
3:10,24; Romans 3:19,20; 4:15; 5:20; 7:7-11,14,22,23; 8:2; 10:4,5
dead
Romans 6:2,11,14; 7:4,6,9; Colossians 2:20; 3:3; 1 Peter 2:24
that
20; Romans 14:7,8; 1 Corinthians 10:31; 2 Corinthians 5:15; 1 Thessalonians 5:10; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 9:14; 1 Peter 4:1,2,6

Verse 20
I am crucified with Christ: nevertheless I live; yet not I, but Christ liveth in me: and the life which I now live in the flesh I live by the faith of the Son of God, who loved me, and gave himself for me.
crucified
5:24; 6:14; Romans 6:4-6; 8:3,4; Colossians 2:11-14
nevertheless
Romans 6:8,13; 8:2; Ephesians 2:4,5; Colossians 2:13; 3:3,4
but
John 14:19,20; 17:21; 2 Corinthians 4:10,11; 13:3,5; Ephesians 3:17; Colossians 1:27; 1 Thessalonians 5:10; 1 Peter 4:2; Revelation 3:20
the life
2 Corinthians 4:11; 10:3; 1 Peter 4:1,2
I now
16; 3:11; John 6:57; Romans 1:17; 5:2; 2 Corinthians 1:24; 5:7,15; Philippians 4:13; 1 Thessalonians 5:10; 1 Peter 1:8; 4:2
the Son
John 1:49; 3:16,35; 6:69; 9:35-38; Acts 8:37; 9:20; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 1 John 1:7; 1 John 4:9,10,14; 5:10-13,20
who
1:4; Matthew 20:28; John 10:11; 15:13; Romans 8:37; Ephesians 5:2,25; Titus 2:14; Revelation 1:5

Verse 21
I do not frustrate the grace of God: for if righteousness come by the law, then Christ is dead in vain.
do not
18; Psalms 33:10; Mark 7:9; *marg:; Romans 8:31
righteousness
16; 3:21; 5:2-4; Romans 10:3; 11:6; Hebrews 7:11
Christ
Isaiah 49:4; Jeremiah 8:8; 1 Corinthians 15:2,14,17

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Galatians 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/galatians-2.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, December 2nd, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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