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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Haggai 1

 

 

Introduction
1The time when Haggai prophesied.
2He reproves the people for neglecting the building of the house.
7He incites them to the building.
12He promises them, being forward, God's assistance.

Verse 1
In the second year of Darius the king, in the sixth month, in the first day of the month, came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet unto Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and to Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, saying,
second
2:1,10,20; Ezra 4:24; 5:1,2; Zechariah 1:1
the sixth
Elul, the sixth month of the ecclesiastical year, answering to a part of September.
by Haggai
Heb. by the hand of Haggai.
Exodus 4:13; 1 Kings 14:18; 2 Kings 14:25; Ezra 6:14
unto
12,14; 2:2,4,21-23; 1 Chronicles 3:17,19
Salathiel
Ezra 2:2; 3:2,8; 4:2; 5:2; Nehemiah 7:7; Zechariah 4:6-10; Matthew 1:12,13
Zorobabel, Salathiel
Luke 3:27
governor
or, captain.
Ezra 1:8; 2:63; Nehemiah 5:14; 8:9
Joshua
Ezra 2:2; 3:8; 5:2; Nehemiah 12:1,10
Josedech
1 Chronicles 6:14,15
Jehozadak

Verse 2
Thus speaketh the LORD of hosts, saying, This people say, The time is not come, the time that the LORD'S house should be built.
This
Numbers 13:31; Ezra 4:23,24; 5:1,2; Nehemiah 4:10; Proverbs 22:13; 26:13-16; 29:25; Ecclesiastes 9:10; 11:4; Song of Solomon 5:2,3

Verse 3
Then came the word of the LORD by Haggai the prophet, saying,
by Haggai
Ezra 5:1; Zechariah 1:1

Verse 4
Is it time for you, O ye, to dwell in your cieled houses, and this house lie waste?
to
2 Samuel 7:2; Psalms 132:3-5; Matthew 6:33; Philippians 2:21
and
Psalms 74:7; 102:14; Jeremiah 26:6,18; 52:13; Lamentations 2:7; 4:1; Ezekiel 24:21; Daniel 9:17,18,26,27; Micah 3:12; Matthew 24:1,2

Verse 5
Now therefore thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.
thus
7; 2:15-18; Lamentations 3:40; Ezekiel 18:28; Luke 15:17; 2 Corinthians 13:5; Galatians 6:4
Consider your ways
Heb. Set your heart on your ways.
Exodus 7:23; 9:21; *marg:; Psalms 48:13; *marg:; Ezekiel 40:4; Daniel 6:14; 10:12

Verse 6
Ye have sown much, and bring in little; ye eat, but ye have not enough; ye drink, but ye are not filled with drink; ye clothe you, but there is none warm; and he that earneth wages earneth wages to put it into a bag with holes.
have
9; 2:16; Leviticus 26:20; Deuteronomy 28:38-40; 2 Samuel 21:1; Psalms 107:34; Isaiah 5:10; Jeremiah 14:4; Hosea 4:10; 8:7; Joel 1:10-13; Amos 4:6-9; Micah 6:14,15; Zechariah 8:10; Malachi 2:2; 3:9-11
eat
Leviticus 26:26; 1 Kings 17:12; Job 20:22; Jeremiah 44:18; Ezekiel 4:16,17
with holes
Heb. pierced through.
Job 20:28; Zechariah 5:4

Verse 7
Thus saith the LORD of hosts; Consider your ways.
See on ver
5; Psalms 119:59,60; Isaiah 28:10; Philippians 3:1

Verse 8
Go up to the mountain, and bring wood, and build the house; and I will take pleasure in it, and I will be glorified, saith the LORD.
to
2 Chronicles 2:8-10; Ezra 3:7; 6:4; Zechariah 11:1,2
and build
2-4; Jonah 3:1,2; Matthew 3:8,9
and I will take
1 Kings 9:3; 2 Chronicles 7:16; Psalms 87:2,3; 132:13,14
I will be
2:7; Exodus 29:43; Isaiah 60:7,13; 66:11; John 13:31,32

Verse 9
Ye looked for much, and, lo, it came to little; and when ye brought it home, I did blow upon it. Why? saith the LORD of hosts. Because of mine house that is waste, and ye run every man unto his own house.
Ye looked
They had used all proper means in the cultivation of their lands, and had "sown much;" but when they rationally entertained the most sanguine expectations of a large increase, they were strangely disappointed; and even what they had brought home was unaccountably wasted, as if the Lord had "blown upon it," and driven it away! And the reason was, because they neglected the temple, and left it in ruins, whilst they eagerly employed themselves in building and decorating their own houses; therefore they were visited by drought and famine, and by various diseases on man and beast.
6; 2:16,17; Isaiah 17:10,11; Malachi 3:8-11
blow upon it
or, blow it away.
2 Samuel 22:16; 2 Kings 19:7; Isaiah 40:7; Malachi 2:2
Why
Job 10:2; Psalms 77:5-10
Because
4; Joshua 7:10-15; 2 Samuel 21:1; Matthew 10:37,38; 1 Corinthians 11:30-32; Revelation 2:4; 3:19

Verse 10
Therefore the heaven over you is stayed from dew, and the earth is stayed from her fruit.
Leviticus 26:19; Deuteronomy 28:23,24; 1 Kings 8:35; 17:1; Jeremiah 14:1-6; Hosea 2:9; Joel 1:18-20

Verse 11
And I called for a drought upon the land, and upon the mountains, and upon the corn, and upon the new wine, and upon the oil, and upon that which the ground bringeth forth, and upon men, and upon cattle, and upon all the labour of the hands.
I called
Deuteronomy 28:22; 1 Kings 17:1; 2 Kings 8:1; Job 34:29; Lamentations 1:21; Amos 5:8; 7:4; 9:6
upon all
2:17

Verse 12
Then Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, and Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, with all the remnant of the people, obeyed the voice of the LORD their God, and the words of Haggai the prophet, as the LORD their God had sent him, and the people did fear before the LORD.
Zerubbabel
14; Ezra 5:2; Isaiah 55:10,11; Colossians 1:6; 1 Thessalonians 1:5,6; 2:13,14
fear
Genesis 22:12; Psalms 112:1; Proverbs 1:7; Ecclesiastes 12:13; Isaiah 50:10; Acts 9:31; Hebrews 12:28

Verse 13
Then spake Haggai the LORD'S messenger in the LORD'S message unto the people, saying, I am with you, saith the LORD.
the Lord's
Judges 2:1; *marg:; Isaiah 42:19; 44:26; Ezekiel 3:17; Malachi 2:7; 3:1; 2 Corinthians 5:20
I am
2:4; 2 Chronicles 15:2; 20:17; 32:8; Psalms 46:7,11; Isaiah 8:8-10; 41:10; 43:2; Jeremiah 15:20; 20:11; 30:11; Matthew 1:23; 18:20; 28:20; Acts 18:9,10; Romans 8:31; 2 Timothy 4:17,22

Verse 14
And the LORD stirred up the spirit of Zerubbabel the son of Shealtiel, governor of Judah, and the spirit of Joshua the son of Josedech, the high priest, and the spirit of all the remnant of the people; and they came and did work in the house of the LORD of hosts, their God,
stirred
1 Chronicles 5:26; 2 Chronicles 36:22; Ezra 1:1,5; 7:27,28; Psalms 110:3; 1 Corinthians 12:4-11; 2 Corinthians 8:16; Hebrews 13:21
governor of
1; 2:21
and they
Ezra 5:2,8; Nehemiah 4:6; 1 Corinthians 15:58; Philippians 2:12,13

Verse 15
In the four and twentieth day of the sixth month, in the second year of Darius the king.
1; 2:1,10,20

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Haggai 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/haggai-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, October 15th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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