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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Hebrews 1

 

 

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Introduction
1Christ in these last times coming to us from the Father,
4is preferred above the angels, both in person and office.

Verse 1
God, who at sundry times and in divers manners spake in time past unto the fathers by the prophets,
at
Genesis 3:15; 6:3,13-22; 8:15-19; 9:1-17; 12:1-3; 26:2-5; 28:12-15; Genesis 32:24-30; 46:2-4; Exodus 3:1-22; Luke 24:27,44; Acts 28:23; 1 Peter 1:10-12; 2 Peter 1:20,21
in
Numbers 12:6-8; Joel 2:28
the fathers
Luke 1:55,72; John 7:22; Acts 13:32

Verse 2
Hath in these last days spoken unto us by his Son, whom he hath appointed heir of all things, by whom also he made the worlds;
these
Genesis 49:1; Numbers 24:14; Deuteronomy 4:30; 18:15; 31:29; Isaiah 2:2; Jeremiah 30:24; 48:47; Ezekiel 38:16; Daniel 2:28; 10:14; Hosea 3:5; Micah 4:1; Acts 2:17; Galatians 4:4; Ephesians 1:10; 2 Peter 3:3; Jude 1:18
spoken
5,8; 2:3; 5:8; 7:3; Matthew 3:17; 17:5; 26:63; Mark 1:1; 12:6; John 1:14,17,18; John 3:16; 15:15; Romans 1:4
appointed
2:8,9; Psalms 2:6-9; Isaiah 9:6,7; 53:10-12; Matthew 21:38; 28:18; John 3:25; 13:3; John 16:15; 17:2; Acts 10:36; Romans 8:17; 1 Corinthians 8:6; 15:25-27; Ephesians 1:20-23; Philippians 2:9-11; Colossians 1:17,18
by whom
Proverbs 8:22-31; Isaiah 44:24; 45:12,18; John 1:3; 1 Corinthians 8:6; Ephesians 3:9; Colossians 1:16,17

Verse 3
Who being the brightness of his glory, and the express image of his person, and upholding all things by the word of his power, when he had by himself purged our sins, sat down on the right hand of the Majesty on high;
the brightness
John 1:14; 14:9,10; 2 Corinthians 4:6
image
2 Corinthians 4:4; Colossians 1:15,16
upholding
Psalms 75:3; John 1:4; Colossians 1:17; Revelation 4:11
the word
Ecclesiastes 8:4; Romans 1:16; 2 Corinthians 4:7
by himself
7:27; 9:12-14,16,26; John 1:29; 1 John 1:7; 3:5
sat
4:14; 8:1; 10:12; 12:2; Psalms 110:1; Matthew 22:24; Mark 16:19; Luke 20:42,43; Acts 2:33; 7:56; Romans 8:34; Ephesians 1:20-22; Colossians 3:1; 1 Peter 1:21; 3:22; Revelation 3:21
Majesty
1 Chronicles 29:11; Job 37:22; Micah 5:4; 2 Peter 1:16; Jude 1:25

Verse 4
Being made so much better than the angels, as he hath by inheritance obtained a more excellent name than they.
so
9; 2:9; Ephesians 1:21; Colossians 1:18; 2:10; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; 1 Peter 3:22; Revelation 5:11,12
by
Psalms 2:7,8; Philippians 2:9-11

Verse 5
For unto which of the angels said he at any time, Thou art my Son, this day have I begotten thee? And again, I will be to him a Father, and he shall be to me a Son?
Thou
5:5; Psalms 2:7; Acts 13:33
I will
2 Samuel 7:14; 1 Chronicles 17:13; 22:10; 28:6; Psalms 89:26,27

Verse 6
And again, when he bringeth in the firstbegotten into the world, he saith, And let all the angels of God worship him.
And again, etc
or, When he bringeth again. the first- begotten.
5; Proverbs 8:24,25; John 1:14,18; 3:16; Romans 8:29; Colossians 1:15,18; 1 John 4:9; Revelation 1:5
And let
Deuteronomy 32:43; *Sept:; Psalms 97:7; Luke 2:9-14; 1 Peter 3:22; Revelation 5:9-12

Verse 7
And of the angels he saith, Who maketh his angels spirits, and his ministers a flame of fire.
of
Gr. unto. Who.
14; 2 Kings 2:11; 6:17; Psalms 104:4; Isaiah 6:2; *Heb:; Ezekiel 1:13,14; Daniel 7:10; Zechariah 6:5

Verse 8
But unto the Son he saith, Thy throne, O God, is for ever and ever: a sceptre of righteousness is the sceptre of thy kingdom.
Thy throne
Psalms 45:6,7
O God
3:3,4; Isaiah 7:14; 9:6,7; 45:21,22,25; Jeremiah 23:6; Hosea 1:7; Zechariah 13:9; Malachi 3:1; Matthew 1:23; Luke 1:16,17; John 10:30,33; 20:28; Romans 9:5; 1 Timothy 3:16; Titus 2:13,14; 1 John 5:20
for
Psalms 145:13; Isaiah 9:7; Deuteronomy 2:37; 7:14; 1 Corinthians 15:25; 2 Peter 1:11
a sceptre
2 Samuel 23:3; Psalms 72:1-4,7,11-14; 99:4; Isaiah 9:7; 32:1,2; Jeremiah 23:5; 38:15; Zechariah 9:9
righteousness
Gr. rightness. or, straightness.

Verse 9
Thou hast loved righteousness, and hated iniquity; therefore God, even thy God, hath anointed thee with the oil of gladness above thy fellows.
loved
7:26; Psalms 11:5; 33:5; 37:28; 40:8; 45:7; Isaiah 61:8
hated
Psalms 119:104,128; Proverbs 8:13; Amos 5:15; Zechariah 8:17; Romans 12:9; Revelation 2:6,7,15
thy God
Psalms 89:26; John 20:17; 2 Corinthians 11:31; Ephesians 1:3; 1 Peter 1:3
anointed
Psalms 2:2,6; *marg:; Psalms 89:20; Isaiah 61:1; Luke 4:18; John 1:41; 3:34; Acts 4:27; 10:38
oil
Psalms 23:5; Isaiah 61:3; Romans 15:13; Galatians 5:22
thy fellows
2:11; 1 Corinthians 1:9; 1 John 1:3

Verse 10
And, Thou, Lord, in the beginning hast laid the foundation of the earth; and the heavens are the works of thine hands:
Thou
Psalms 102:25-27
in
Genesis 1:1; John 1:1-3; Revelation 3:14
hast
Proverbs 8:29; Isaiah 42:5; 48:13; 51:13; Jeremiah 32:17; Zechariah 12:1
the works
Deuteronomy 4:19; Psalms 8:3,4; 19:1; Isaiah 64:8

Verse 11
They shall perish; but thou remainest; and they all shall wax old as doth a garment;
shall perish
12:27; Isaiah 34:4; 65:17; Matthew 24:35; Mark 13:31; Luke 21:33; 2 Peter 3:7-10; Revelation 20:11; 21:1
thou
Psalms 10:16; 29:10; 90:2; Isaiah 41:4; 44:6; Revelation 1:11,17,18; 2:8
shall wax
Isaiah 50:9; 51:6,8

Verse 12
And as a vesture shalt thou fold them up, and they shall be changed: but thou art the same, and thy years shall not fail.
but
13:8; Exodus 3:14; John 8:58; James 1:17
and thy
Psalms 90:4

Verse 13
But to which of the angels said he at any time, Sit on my right hand, until I make thine enemies thy footstool?
to
Sit
3; 10:12; Psalms 110:1; Matthew 22:44; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42; Acts 2:34-36; 7:55
until
Psalms 21:8,9; 132:18; Isaiah 63:3-6; Luke 19:27; 1 Corinthians 15:25,26; Revelation 19:11-21; Revelation 20:15

Verse 14
Are they not all ministering spirits, sent forth to minister for them who shall be heirs of salvation?
ministering
8:6; 10:11; Psalms 103:20,21; Daniel 3:28; 7:10; Matthew 18:10; Luke 1:19,23; 2:9,13; Acts 13:2; Romans 13:6; 15:16,27; 2 Corinthians 9:12; Philippians 2:17,25; *Gr:; 1 Kings 22:19; Job 1:6; Psalms 103:20,21; 104:4; Isaiah 6:2,3; Daniel 7:10; Matthew 13:41,49,50; Luke 1:19; 2 Thessalonians 1:7; Jude 1:14
sent
Genesis 19:15,16; 32:1,2,24; Acts 11:22; 1 Peter 1:12; Revelation 5:6
minister
Psalms 34:7; 91:11,12; Daniel 6:22; 9:21-23; 10:11,12; Matthew 1:20; 2:13; 24:31; Luke 16:22; Acts 5:19; 10:3,4; 12:7,23; 16:26; 27:23
heirs
6:12,17; Matthew 25:34; Romans 8:17; Galatians 3:7,9,29; Ephesians 3:6; Titus 3:7; James 2:5; 1 Peter 1:4; 3:7

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 1:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-1.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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