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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Hebrews 4

 

 

Introduction
1The rest of Christians is attained by faith.
12The power of God's word.
14By our high priest Jesus, the Son of God,
16we may and must go boldly to the throne of grace.

Verse 1
Let us therefore fear, lest, a promise being left us of entering into his rest, any of you should seem to come short of it.
us therefore
11; 2:1-3; 12:15,25; 13:7; Proverbs 14:16; 28:14; Jeremiah 32:40; Romans 11:20; 1 Corinthians 10:12
a promise
9; Numbers 14:34; 1 Samuel 2:30; Romans 3:3,4; 2 Timothy 2:13
his
3-5; 3:11
any
Matthew 7:21-23,26,27; 24:48-51; 25:1-3; Luke 12:45,46; 13:25-30; Romans 3:23; 1 Corinthians 9:26,27

Verse 2
For unto us was the gospel preached, as well as unto them: but the word preached did not profit them, not being mixed with faith in them that heard it.
unto us
Acts 3:26; 13:46; Galatians 3:8; 4:13; 1 Peter 1:12
preached
Gr. of hearing.
Romans 10:16,17; *marg:
did
Romans 2:25; 1 Corinthians 13:3; 1 Timothy 4:8
not being, etc
or because they were not united by faith to.
6; 3:12,18,19; 11:6; 1 Thessalonians 1:5; 2:13; 2 Thessalonians 2:12,13; James 1:21

Verse 3
For we which have believed do enter into rest, as he said, As I have sworn in my wrath, if they shall enter into my rest: although the works were finished from the foundation of the world.
we
3:14; Isaiah 28:12; Jeremiah 6:16; Matthew 11:28,29; Romans 5:1,2
As I
3:11; Psalms 95:11
the works
Genesis 1:31; Exodus 20:11
from
9:26; Matthew 13:35; Ephesians 1:4; 1 Peter 1:20

Verse 4
For he spake in a certain place of the seventh day on this wise, And God did rest the seventh day from all his works.
in
2:6
God
Genesis 2:1,2; Exodus 20:11; 31:17

Verse 5
And in this place again, If they shall enter into my rest.
3; 3:11

Verse 6
Seeing therefore it remaineth that some must enter therein, and they to whom it was first preached entered not in because of unbelief:
it remaineth
9; 1 Corinthians 7:29
some
Numbers 14:12,31; Isaiah 65:15; Matthew 21:43; 22:9,10; Luke 14:21-24; Acts 13:46,47; Acts 28:28
they
2; 3:19; Galatians 3:8
it was
or, the gospel was. entered.
3:18,19

Verse 7
Again, he limiteth a certain day, saying in David, To day, after so long a time; as it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts.
saying
3:7,8; 2 Samuel 23:1,2; Matthew 22:43; Mark 12:36; Luke 20:42; Acts 2:29,31; 28:25
To day
3:7,15; Psalms 95:7
after
1 Kings 6:1; Acts 13:20-23

Verse 8
For if Jesus had given them rest, then would he not afterward have spoken of another day.
Jesus, that is, Joshua
Acts 7:45
had
11:13-15; Deuteronomy 12:9; 25:19; Joshua 1:15; 22:4; 23:1; Psalms 78:55; 105:44

Verse 9
There remaineth therefore a rest to the people of God.
remaineth
1,3; 3:11; Isaiah 11:10; 57:2; 60:19,20; Revelation 7:14-17; 21:4
rest
or, keeping of a sabbath. people.
11:25; Psalms 47:9; Matthew 1:21; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:10

Verse 10
For he that is entered into his rest, he also hath ceased from his own works, as God did from his.
he that
1:3; 10:12; Revelation 14:13
hath
John 19:30; 1 Peter 4:1,2
as
3,4

Verse 11
Let us labour therefore to enter into that rest, lest any man fall after the same example of unbelief.
Let
1; 6:11; Matthew 7:13; 11:12,28-30; Luke 13:24; 16:16; John 6:27; Philippians 2:12; 2 Peter 1:10,11
lest
3:12,18,19
unbelief
or, disobedience.
Acts 26:19; Romans 11:30-32; Ephesians 2:2; 5:6; Colossians 3:6; Titus 1:16; 3:3; *Gr:

Verse 12
For the word of God is quick, and powerful, and sharper than any twoedged sword, piercing even to the dividing asunder of soul and spirit, and of the joints and marrow, and is a discerner of the thoughts and intents of the heart.
the word
13:7; Isaiah 49:2; Luke 8:11; Acts 4:31; 2 Corinthians 2:17; 4:2; Revelation 20:4
is quick
Psalms 110:2; 119:130; Ecclesiastes 12:11; Isaiah 55:11; Jeremiah 23:29; Romans 1:16; 1 Corinthians 1:24; 2 Corinthians 10:4,5; 1 Thessalonians 2:13; James 1:18; 1 Peter 1:23; John 6:51; 1 Peter 2:4,5; *Gr:
sharper
Psalms 45:3; 149:6; Proverbs 5:4; Isaiah 11:4; 49:2; Acts 2:37; 5:33; Ephesians 6:17; Revelation 1:16; 2:16; 19:15,21
and is
Psalms 139:2; Jeremiah 17:10; 1 Corinthians 14:24,25; Ephesians 5:13; Revelation 2:23

Verse 13
Neither is there any creature that is not manifest in his sight: but all things are naked and opened unto the eyes of him with whom we have to do.
is there
1 Samuel 16:7; 1 Chronicles 28:9; 2 Chronicles 6:30; Psalms 7:9; 33:13-15; 44:21; 90:8; 139:11; Psalms 139:12; Proverbs 15:3,11; Jeremiah 17:10,23,24; John 2:24; 21:17; 1 Corinthians 4:5; Revelation 2:23
naked
Job 26:6; 34:21; 38:17
with
Ecclesiastes 12:14; Matthew 7:21,22; 25:31,32; John 5:22-29; Acts 17:31; Romans 2:16; Romans 14:9-12; 2 Corinthians 5:10; Revelation 20:11-15

Verse 14
Seeing then that we have a great high priest, that is passed into the heavens, Jesus the Son of God, let us hold fast our profession.
a great
2:17; 3:1; 3:5,6
that is
1:3; 6:20; 7:25,26; 8:1; 9:12,24; 10:12; 12:2; Mark 16:19; Luke 24:51; Acts 1:11; 3:21; Romans 8:34
Jesus
1:2,8; Mark 1:1
let
2:1; 3:6,14; 10:23

Verse 15
For we have not an high priest which cannot be touched with the feeling of our infirmities; but was in all points tempted like as we are, yet without sin.
we have
5:2; Exodus 23:9; Isaiah 53:4,5; Hosea 11:8; Matthew 8:16,17; 12:20; Philippians 2:7,8
tempted
2:17,18; Luke 4:2; 22:28
yet
7:26; Isaiah 53:9; John 8:46; 2 Corinthians 5:21; 1 Peter 2:22; 1 John 3:5

Verse 16
Let us therefore come boldly unto the throne of grace, that we may obtain mercy, and find grace to help in time of need.
come
10:19-23; 13:6; Romans 8:15-17; Ephesians 2:18; 3:12
the throne
9:5; Exodus 25:17-22; Leviticus 16:2; 1 Chronicles 28:11
obtain
Isaiah 27:11; 55:6,7; Matthew 7:7-11; 2 Corinthians 12:8-10; Philippians 4:6,7; 1 Peter 2:10

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 4:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/hebrews-4.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, December 8th, 2019
the Second Week of Advent
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