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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Hebrews 3

Introduction

1Christ is more worthy than Moses;
7therefore if we believe not in him, we shall be more worthy punishment than hardhearted Israel.

Verse 1

Wherefore, holy brethren, partakers of the heavenly calling, consider the Apostle and High Priest of our profession, Christ Jesus;
holy
Colossians 1:22; 3:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:27; 2 Timothy 1:9; 1 Peter 2:9; 3:5; 2 Peter 1:3-10; Revelation 18:20
partakers
14; Romans 11:17; 15:27; 1 Corinthians 9:23; 10:17; 2 Corinthians 1:7; Ephesians 3:6; Colossians 1:12; 1 Timothy 6:2; 1 Peter 5:1; 2 Peter 1:4; 1 John 1:3
the heavenly
Romans 1:6,7; 8:28-30; 9:24; 1 Corinthians 1:2; Ephesians 4:1,4; Philippians 3:14; 1 Thessalonians 2:12; 2 Thessalonians 1:11; 2:14; 1 Timothy 6:12; 2 Timothy 1:9; 1 Peter 5:10; 2 Peter 1:10; Jude 1:1; Revelation 17:14
consider
Isaiah 1:3; 5:12; 41:20; Ezekiel 12:3; 18:28; Haggai 1:5; 2:15; John 20:27; 2 Timothy 2:7
the apostle
John 20:21; *Gr:; Romans 15:8
and
2:17; 4:14,15; 5:1-10; 6:20; 7:26; 8:1-3; 9:11; 10:21; Psalms 110:4
Reciprocal: Exodus 38:1 - the altar; Numbers 4:16 - the oversight; Song of Solomon 2:3 - my beloved; Zechariah 6:13 - a priest; Matthew 3:10 - now; Matthew 10:2 - apostles; Matthew 17:3 - Moses; Luke 6:13 - apostles; John 14:28 - Father; Acts 2:39 - as many; Romans 16:14 - and; 1 Corinthians 1:9 - by; Philippians 1:7 - partakers of my; Philippians 2:25 - but; Philemon 1:16 - a brother; Philemon 1:17 - thou count; Hebrews 9:15 - they which; Hebrews 12:3 - consider; Hebrews 13:22 - suffer; 1 Peter 2:25 - Bishop

Verse 2

Who was faithful to him that appointed him, as also Moses was faithful in all his house.
faithful
2:17; John 6:38-40; 7:18; 8:29; 15:10; 17:4
appointed
Gr. made.
1 Samuel 12:6
as
5; Numbers 12:7; Deuteronomy 4:5; 1 Timothy 1:12
all
6; Ephesians 2:22; 1 Timothy 3:15
Reciprocal: Exodus 39:32 - according; Exodus 40:33 - So Moses; Numbers 29:40 - General; Deuteronomy 18:15 - like unto me; Deuteronomy 18:18 - like unto; Deuteronomy 31:30 - General; Psalm 99:7 - kept; Luke 16:10 - faithful in; John 3:30 - but; John 8:53 - thou greater; John 9:29 - know; Acts 6:11 - against Moses; 1 Corinthians 10:2 - General; Colossians 1:7 - a; 2 Timothy 2:2 - faithful; 2 Timothy 2:20 - in a; Revelation 17:14 - and they

Verse 3

For this man was counted worthy of more glory than Moses, inasmuch as he who hath builded the house hath more honour than the house.
this
6; 1:2-4; 2:9; Colossians 1:18
who
Zechariah 4:9; 6:12,13; Matthew 16:18; 1 Corinthians 3:9; 1 Peter 2:5-7
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 34:5 - So Moses; 2 Samuel 7:13 - He shall; 1 Chronicles 28:6 - he shall; Psalm 102:25 - General; Proverbs 9:1 - builded; Luke 9:30 - which; John 1:3 - General; John 4:12 - General; John 7:19 - not; John 8:53 - thou greater; 1 Corinthians 10:2 - General; Ephesians 2:21 - all; Ephesians 3:9 - created; Colossians 1:16 - by him were; 2 Timothy 2:2 - faithful; Hebrews 1:8 - O God; Hebrews 3:4 - but; Hebrews 10:21 - the house

Verse 4

For every house is builded by some man; but he that built all things is God.
but
3; 1:2; Esther 2:10; 3:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 1:1 - God; Psalm 102:25 - General; Zechariah 6:12 - he shall build; Matthew 16:18 - I will; John 1:3 - General; Acts 17:24 - that made; 1 Corinthians 3:9 - ye are God's building; Ephesians 2:21 - all; Ephesians 3:9 - created; Colossians 1:16 - by him were; Hebrews 1:8 - O God; Hebrews 11:10 - whose

Verse 5

And Moses verily was faithful in all his house, as a servant, for a testimony of those things which were to be spoken after;
faithful
2; Numbers 12:7; Matthew 24:45; 25:21; Luke 12:42; 16:10-12; 1 Corinthians 4:2; 1 Timothy 1:12
as
Exodus 14:31; Deuteronomy 3:24; 34:5; Joshua 1:2,7,15; 8:31,33; Nehemiah 9:14; Psalms 105:26
for
8:5; 9:8-13,24; Deuteronomy 18:15-19; Luke 24:27,44; John 5:39,46,47; Acts 3:22,23; 7:37; 28:23; Romans 3:21; 1 Peter 1:10-12
Reciprocal: Numbers 9:5 - according; Numbers 9:8 - I will; Numbers 29:40 - General; Deuteronomy 4:5 - General; Deuteronomy 31:30 - General; Deuteronomy 34:10 - there arose; 2 Kings 18:12 - Moses; Isaiah 8:16 - the testimony; Matthew 12:41 - behold; John 1:17 - the law; John 8:35 - but; 2 Corinthians 3:9 - exceed; Hebrews 2:17 - a merciful; Hebrews 4:14 - a great; Revelation 15:3 - the servant

Verse 6

But Christ as a son over his own house; whose house are we, if we hold fast the confidence and the rejoicing of the hope firm unto the end.
as
1:2; 4:14; Psalms 2:6,7,12; Isaiah 9:6,7; John 3:35,36; Revelation 2:18
whose
2,3; Matthew 16:18; 1 Corinthians 3:16; 6:19; 2 Corinthians 6:16; Ephesians 2:21,22; 1 Timothy 3:15; 1 Peter 2:5
if
14; 4:11; 6:11; 10:23,35,38,39; Matthew 10:22; 24:13; Galatians 6:9; Colossians 1:23; Revelation 2:25; 3:11
rejoicing
Romans 5:2; 12:12; 15:13; 1 Thessalonians 5:16; 2 Thessalonians 2:16; 1 Peter 1:3-6,8
Reciprocal: Exodus 25:8 - I may dwell; Numbers 4:16 - the oversight; Numbers 9:8 - I will; Deuteronomy 34:10 - there arose; Joshua 1:2 - Moses; 2 Kings 18:12 - Moses; 1 Chronicles 17:14 - in mine; 1 Chronicles 28:6 - he shall; Isaiah 56:5 - will I; Ezekiel 46:10 - General; Zechariah 14:21 - in the; Matthew 12:41 - behold; Luke 10:2 - the Lord; John 1:17 - the law; John 8:35 - but; John 13:1 - unto; John 17:6 - they; Romans 11:22 - if thou; 1 Corinthians 3:9 - ye are God's building; 1 Corinthians 15:2 - keep in memory; 2 Corinthians 3:9 - exceed; Galatians 5:1 - Stand; Galatians 6:10 - especially; 2 Timothy 1:13 - Hold; Hebrews 5:8 - he were; Hebrews 7:28 - maketh the; Hebrews 12:28 - have; James 5:11 - we count; 1 Peter 1:13 - hope; 1 Peter 3:15 - the hope; 1 John 5:14 - this; Revelation 2:13 - thou holdest

Verse 7

Wherefore (as the Holy Ghost saith, To day if ye will hear his voice,
as
9:8; 2 Samuel 23:2; Matthew 22:43; Mark 12:36; Acts 1:16; 28:25; 2 Peter 1:21
To-day
13,15; 4:7; Psalms 95:7-11; Proverbs 27:1; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Isaiah 55:6; 2 Corinthians 6:1,2; James 4:13-15
hear
Psalms 81:11,13; Isaiah 55:3; Matthew 17:5; John 5:25; 10:3,16,27; Revelation 3:20
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:15 - hastened; Exodus 7:13 - General; Deuteronomy 18:19 - General; Joshua 4:10 - hasted; 2 Kings 17:14 - but hardened; Job 8:5 - thou wouldest; Psalm 106:25 - hearkened; Ecclesiastes 8:6 - therefore; Isaiah 44:1 - now; Jeremiah 8:20 - General; Hosea 13:13 - for he; Micah 6:1 - ye; Matthew 5:25 - whiles; Mark 10:5 - For; Mark 16:14 - unbelief; Luke 1:70 - spake; Luke 8:6 - General; Luke 9:35 - hear; Luke 12:58 - give; Luke 13:25 - once; Luke 19:42 - the things; Luke 20:42 - himself; John 12:35 - Yet; John 14:26 - Holy Ghost; Acts 2:30 - being; Acts 13:18 - about; Acts 17:32 - We will; Acts 21:11 - Thus; Acts 24:25 - when; Ephesians 4:21 - heard; 2 Timothy 3:16 - All; Hebrews 10:15 - General

Verse 8

Harden not your hearts, as in the provocation, in the day of temptation in the wilderness:
Harden
12,13; Exodus 8:15; 1 Samuel 6:6; 2 Kings 17:14; 2 Chronicles 30:8; 36:13; Nehemiah 9:16; Job 9:4; Proverbs 28:14; 29:1; Jeremiah 7:26; Ezekiel 3:7-9; Daniel 5:20; Zechariah 7:11,12; Matthew 13:15; Acts 19:9; Romans 2:5,6
as
Numbers 14:11,22,23; Deuteronomy 9:22-24; Psalms 78:56
of
Exodus 17:7; Deuteronomy 6:16; Psalms 78:18; 106:14; 1 Corinthians 10:9
Reciprocal: Genesis 19:15 - hastened; Exodus 7:13 - General; Numbers 32:10 - General; Deuteronomy 1:34 - and sware; Deuteronomy 2:14 - until all the generation; Joshua 4:10 - hasted; 2 Samuel 23:2 - General; Job 8:5 - thou wouldest; Psalm 78:41 - Yea; Psalm 95:8 - in the; Psalm 106:25 - hearkened; Isaiah 44:1 - now; Hosea 13:13 - for he; Micah 6:1 - ye; Mark 12:36 - by; Mark 16:14 - unbelief; Luke 4:12 - Thou; Luke 8:6 - General; Luke 9:35 - hear; Luke 13:25 - once; John 12:35 - Yet; Acts 1:16 - which the; Acts 17:32 - We will; Acts 24:25 - when; Ephesians 4:21 - heard; Hebrews 3:15 - To day; Hebrews 4:7 - saying

Verse 9

When your fathers tempted me, proved me, and saw my works forty years.
and
Exodus 19:4; 20:22; Deuteronomy 4:3,9; 11:7; 29:2; Joshua 23:3; 24:7; Luke 7:22
forty
Numbers 14:33; Deuteronomy 8:2,4; Joshua 5:6; Amos 2:10; Acts 7:36; 13:8
Reciprocal: Exodus 17:2 - wherefore; Exodus 17:7 - tempted; Numbers 14:22 - tempted; Deuteronomy 6:16 - tempted him; Psalm 95:8 - in the; Psalm 95:10 - Forty; Malachi 3:15 - they that tempt; Matthew 4:7 - Thou; Matthew 19:3 - tempting; Luke 4:12 - Thou; Luke 9:41 - and suffer; Acts 7:42 - of forty; Acts 15:10 - Why; Hebrews 3:16 - some

Verse 10

Wherefore I was grieved with that generation, and said, They do alway err in their heart; and they have not known my ways.
I was
Genesis 6:6; Judges 10:16; Psalms 78:40; Isaiah 63:10; Mark 3:5; Ephesians 4:30
err
12; Psalms 78:8; Isaiah 28:7; Hosea 4:12; John 3:19,20; 8:45; Romans 1:28; 2 Thessalonians 2:10-12
they have
Psalms 67:2; 95:10; 147:20; Jeremiah 4:22; Romans 3:7
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:21 - provoke him not; Psalm 90:7 - For we; Isaiah 7:13 - will ye; Mark 9:19 - O faithless; Mark 12:27 - ye; 2 Timothy 2:18 - concerning; Hebrews 3:16 - some; Hebrews 3:17 - General

Verse 11

So I sware in my wrath, They shall not enter into my rest.)
I sware
18,19; 4:3; Numbers 14:20-23,25,27-30,35; 32:10-13; Deuteronomy 1:34,35; 2:14
They shall not enter
Gr. If they shall enter. my rest.
4:9
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:21 - he will not; Joshua 5:6 - sware that; Psalm 90:7 - For we; Psalm 95:11 - I sware; Psalm 106:26 - Therefore; Ezekiel 20:15 - I lifted; Hebrews 4:1 - his; Hebrews 4:5 - General; Hebrews 6:18 - two

Verse 12

Take heed, brethren, lest there be in any of you an evil heart of unbelief, in departing from the living God.
Take
2:1-3; 12:15; Matthew 24:4; Mark 13:9,23,33; Luke 21:8; Romans 11:21; 1 Corinthians 10:12
an
10; Genesis 8:21; Jeremiah 2:13; 3:17; 7:24; 11:8; 16:12; 17:9; 18:12; Mark 7:21-23
in
10:38; 12:25; Job 21:14; 22:17; Psalms 18:21; Proverbs 1:32; Isaiah 59:13; Jeremiah 17:5; Hosea 1:2
the
1 Thessalonians 1:9
Reciprocal: Deuteronomy 1:32 - General; Deuteronomy 4:23 - heed; Deuteronomy 11:16 - Take heed; Deuteronomy 29:18 - among you man; Deuteronomy 30:17 - heart; 2 Kings 17:14 - did not believe; Psalm 78:22 - General; Psalm 106:24 - they believed; Proverbs 14:14 - backslider; Jeremiah 5:23 - a revolting; Ezekiel 11:21 - whose; Ezekiel 14:5 - estranged; Daniel 9:5 - departing; Malachi 2:8 - ye are; Matthew 6:21 - there; Matthew 6:30 - O ye; Matthew 13:58 - General; Matthew 15:8 - but; Matthew 21:32 - repented; John 3:19 - this; John 5:44 - can; John 16:9 - General; John 20:25 - Except; Acts 2:40 - Save; Acts 13:40 - Beware; Acts 14:15 - the living; Romans 2:8 - but obey; Romans 10:10 - For with; Romans 11:20 - because; 1 Timothy 3:15 - the living; 1 Timothy 6:5 - men; Hebrews 3:8 - Harden; Hebrews 4:2 - not being; Hebrews 4:11 - lest; Hebrews 11:6 - without; Hebrews 12:22 - of the; Hebrews 13:22 - suffer; 1 John 5:10 - hath made

Verse 13

But exhort one another daily, while it is called To day; lest any of you be hardened through the deceitfulness of sin.
exhort
10:24,25; Acts 11:23; 1 Thessalonians 2:11; 4:18; 5:11; 2 Timothy 4:2
daily
the deceitfulness
Proverbs 28:26; Isaiah 44:20; Obadiah 1:3; Romans 7:11; Ephesians 4:22; James 1:14
Reciprocal: Genesis 11:3 - they said one to another; Exodus 7:13 - General; Leviticus 8:32 - General; 1 Samuel 6:6 - harden; 2 Chronicles 14:7 - while the land; 2 Chronicles 36:13 - hardened; Nehemiah 9:16 - hardened; Psalm 95:7 - To day; Psalm 95:8 - Harden; Isaiah 48:4 - obstinate; Isaiah 55:6 - Seek; Ezekiel 11:21 - whose; Daniel 5:20 - hardened; Malachi 3:16 - spake; Matthew 5:25 - whiles; Luke 19:42 - the things; John 3:19 - this; Acts 2:40 - Save; Acts 19:9 - divers; Acts 24:25 - when; Romans 2:5 - But after; Romans 2:8 - but obey; 1 Corinthians 14:3 - exhortation; 2 Corinthians 6:2 - a time; 2 Thessalonians 2:10 - deceivableness; 1 Timothy 6:5 - men; Hebrews 3:8 - Harden; Hebrews 13:22 - suffer

Verse 14

For we are made partakers of Christ, if we hold the beginning of our confidence stedfast unto the end;
we are
1; 6:4; 12:10; Romans 11:17; 1 Corinthians 1:30; 9:23; 10:17; Ephesians 3:6; 1 Timothy 6:2; 1 Peter 4:13; 5:1; 1 John 1:3
if
6; 6:11
Reciprocal: Leviticus 8:32 - General; Numbers 29:25 - General; Numbers 35:28 - he should; Lamentations 3:26 - hope; Hosea 6:3 - if; Matthew 10:22 - but; Matthew 24:13 - General; Mark 13:13 - but; John 8:31 - If; John 13:1 - unto; Romans 11:22 - if thou; 1 Corinthians 1:9 - the fellowship; 1 Corinthians 10:16 - the communion of the blood; 1 Corinthians 15:2 - keep in memory; 1 Corinthians 15:58 - be ye; Galatians 5:1 - Stand; Galatians 6:9 - if; Philippians 1:5 - General; Philippians 3:8 - win; Philippians 4:1 - so; Colossians 1:12 - partakers; Colossians 1:23 - ye continue; Colossians 2:5 - and the; Colossians 2:6 - received; 1 Thessalonians 3:8 - if; 1 Timothy 1:19 - Holding; 1 Timothy 3:2 - the husband; 1 Timothy 6:12 - lay; Philemon 1:17 - thou count; Hebrews 4:3 - we; Hebrews 4:14 - let; Hebrews 10:23 - hold; Hebrews 10:35 - Cast; Hebrews 11:1 - substance; James 5:11 - we count; 2 Peter 3:17 - from; 1 John 2:24 - abide; 1 John 5:12 - that hath the; 1 John 5:14 - this; 2 John 1:9 - He that

Verse 15

While it is said, To day if ye will hear his voice, harden not your hearts, as in the provocation.
To day
7,8; 10:38,29
Reciprocal: Exodus 8:15 - he hardened; 2 Kings 19:3 - blasphemy; Nehemiah 9:16 - hardened; Psalm 78:40 - grieve; Psalm 95:7 - To day; Psalm 95:8 - in the; Psalm 106:25 - hearkened; Mark 16:14 - unbelief; Luke 8:6 - General; Luke 9:35 - hear; Luke 19:42 - the things; John 9:18 - General; Acts 7:42 - of forty; Romans 2:5 - But after; Hebrews 4:7 - To day

Verse 16

For some, when they had heard, did provoke: howbeit not all that came out of Egypt by Moses.
some
9,10; Numbers 14:2,4; 26:65; Psalms 78:17
not
Numbers 14:24,30,38; Deuteronomy 1:36,38; Joshua 14:7-11; Romans 11:4,5
Reciprocal: Exodus 23:21 - provoke him not; Numbers 14:11 - provoke; Numbers 32:13 - until all; 2 Kings 19:3 - blasphemy; Jeremiah 44:8 - ye provoke; Matthew 17:17 - O faithless; Acts 13:18 - about; Hebrews 7:8 - he liveth

Verse 17

But with whom was he grieved forty years? was it not with them that had sinned, whose carcases fell in the wilderness?
with him
was it
Numbers 26:64,65; 1 Corinthians 10:1-13
whose
Numbers 14:22,29,32,33; Deuteronomy 2:15,16; Jeremiah 9:22; Jude 1:5
Reciprocal: Genesis 6:6 - grieved; Numbers 14:23 - Surely they shall not see; Numbers 14:28 - As truly; Numbers 14:37 - died; Joshua 5:4 - All the; Joshua 24:7 - ye dwelt; 2 Kings 7:2 - thou shalt see it; Psalm 90:7 - For we; Psalm 95:10 - Forty; Mark 3:5 - grieved; John 6:49 - and are; 1 Corinthians 10:5 - General; Ephesians 4:30 - grieve; Hebrews 12:25 - if they

Verse 18

And to whom sware he that they should not enter into his rest, but to them that believed not?
to whom
11; Numbers 14:30; Deuteronomy 1:34,35
but
Numbers 14:11; 20:12; Deuteronomy 1:26-32; 9:23; Psalms 106:24-26
Reciprocal: Numbers 14:22 - which have; Numbers 14:23 - Surely they shall not see; Numbers 26:65 - They shall; Deuteronomy 1:32 - General; 2 Kings 7:20 - General; Psalm 78:22 - General; Psalm 95:11 - I sware; Psalm 106:26 - Therefore; Jeremiah 22:5 - I; Jeremiah 44:26 - I have sworn; Ezekiel 20:15 - I lifted; Matthew 25:10 - and the; John 20:25 - Except; Hebrews 4:2 - not being; Hebrews 4:6 - entered; Hebrews 4:11 - lest; Hebrews 11:6 - without; Hebrews 11:31 - believed not

Verse 19

So we see that they could not enter in because of unbelief.
Mark 16:16; John 3:18,36; 2 Thessalonians 2:12; 1 John 5:10; Jude 1:5 Reciprocal: Numbers 13:31 - General; Numbers 14:35 - this evil; Deuteronomy 1:32 - General; Deuteronomy 9:23 - ye believed; 2 Kings 7:20 - General; Psalm 78:22 - General; Psalm 106:24 - they believed; Matthew 17:20 - Because; Matthew 25:10 - and the; Luke 9:41 - O faithless; John 20:25 - Except; Romans 11:20 - because; Ephesians 5:6 - disobedience; Hebrews 3:11 - I sware; Hebrews 4:2 - not being; Hebrews 4:6 - they; Hebrews 4:11 - lest; Hebrews 11:6 - without

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Hebrews 3". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/hebrews-3.html.