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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 21



1The prophet, bewailing the captivity of his people, sees in a vision the fall of Babylon by the Medes and Persians.
11Edom, scorning the prophet, is moved to repentance.
13The set time of Arabia's calamity.

Verse 1
The burden of the desert of the sea. As whirlwinds in the south pass through; so it cometh from the desert, from a terrible land.
The burden
The first ten verses of this chapter contain a prediction of the taking of Babylon by the Medes and Persians; which is here denominated "the desert of the sea," because the country around it, and especially towards the sea, was a great morass, often overflowed by the Tigris and Euphrates, and only rendered habitable by being drained by a number of canals.
13:1; 17:1
the desert
13:20-22; 14:23; Jeremiah 51:42
As whirlwinds
Job 37:9; Daniel 11:40; Zechariah 9:14
13:4,5,17,18; Ezekiel 30:11; 31:12

Verse 2
A grievous vision is declared unto me; the treacherous dealer dealeth treacherously, and the spoiler spoileth. Go up, O Elam: besiege, O Media; all the sighing thereof have I made to cease.
Heb. hard.
Psalms 60:3; Proverbs 13:15
the treacherous
24:16; 33:1; 1 Samuel 24:13; Jeremiah 51:44,48,49,53; Revelation 13:10
Go up
13:2-4,17,18; Jeremiah 50:14,34; 49:34; 51:11,27,28; Daniel 5:28; 8:20
all the
14:1-3; 35:10; 47:6; Psalms 12:5; 79:11; 137:1-3; Jeremiah 31:11,12,20,25; Jeremiah 45:3; 51:3,4; Lamentations 1:22; Micah 7:8-10; Zechariah 1:15,16

Verse 3
Therefore are my loins filled with pain: pangs have taken hold upon me, as the pangs of a woman that travaileth: I was bowed down at the hearing of it; I was dismayed at the seeing of it.
15:5; 16:9,11; Habakkuk 3:16
pangs have
13:8; 26:17; Psalms 48:6; Jeremiah 48:41; 49:22; 50:43; Micah 4:9,10; 1 Thessalonians 5:3
I was bowed
Deuteronomy 28:67; Daniel 5:5,6

Verse 4
My heart panted, fearfulness affrighted me: the night of my pleasure hath he turned into fear unto me.
heart panted
or, mind wandered. the night.
5:11-14; 1 Samuel 25:36-38; 2 Samuel 13:28,29; Esther 5:12; 7:6-10; Job 21:11-13; Jeremiah 51:39,57; Daniel 5:1,5,30; Nahum 1:10; Luke 21:34-36
Heb. put.

Verse 5
Prepare the table, watch in the watchtower, eat, drink: arise, ye princes, and anoint the shield.
22:13,14; Daniel 5:1-5; 1 Corinthians 15:32
13:2,17,18; 45:1-3; Jeremiah 51:11,27,28

Verse 6
For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Go, set a watchman, let him declare what he seeth.
62:6; 2 Kings 9:17-20; Jeremiah 51:12,13; Ezekiel 3:17; 33:2-7; Habakkuk 2:1,2

Verse 7
And he saw a chariot with a couple of horsemen, a chariot of asses, and a chariot of camels; and he hearkened diligently with much heed:
And he saw
9; 37:24
he hearkened
Hebrews 2:1

Verse 8
And he cried, A lion: My lord, I stand continually upon the watchtower in the daytime, and I am set in my ward whole nights:
cried, A lion
or, cried as a lion.
5:29; Jeremiah 4:7; 25:38; 49:19; 50:44; 1 Peter 5:8
I stand
56:10; 62:6; Psalms 63:6; 127:1; Habakkuk 2:1,2
whole nights
or, every night.

Verse 9
And, behold, here cometh a chariot of men, with a couple of horsemen. And he answered and said, Babylon is fallen, is fallen; and all the graven images of her gods he hath broken unto the ground.
Jeremiah 50:3,9,29,42; 51:27
13:19; 14:4; Jeremiah 50:2; 51:8,64; Revelation 14:8; 18:2,21
46:1,2; Jeremiah 50:2,38; 51:44,47,52

Verse 10
O my threshing, and the corn of my floor: that which I have heard of the LORD of hosts, the God of Israel, have I declared unto you.
my threshing
41:15,16; 2 Kings 13:7; Jeremiah 51:33; Micah 4:13; Habakkuk 3:12; Matthew 3:12
Heb. son. that which.
1 Kings 22:14; Ezekiel 3:17-19; Acts 20:26,27

Verse 11
The burden of Dumah. He calleth to me out of Seir, Watchman, what of the night? Watchman, what of the night?
Dumah is probably the same as Dumatha, a city of Arabia, mentioned by Stephanus, and the modern Dumah and Dumathalgandel, on the borders of Arabia and Syria, in a rocky valley. The Edomites, says Bp. Lowth, as well as Jews, were subdued by the Babylonians. They enquire of the prophet how long their subjection is to last; he intimates that the Jews should be delivered from their captivity; not so the Edomites. "The morning cometh, and also the night."
Genesis 25:14; 1 Chronicles 1:30
me out
34:1-17; 63:1-6; Numbers 24:18; Deuteronomy 2:5; Psalms 137:7; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Ezekiel 35:1-15; Joel 3:19; Amos 1:6,11,12; Obadiah 1:1-16; Malachi 1:2-4
6; Jeremiah 37:17

Verse 12
The watchman said, The morning cometh, and also the night: if ye will enquire, enquire ye: return, come.
The morning
17:14; Jeremiah 50:27; Ezekiel 7:5-7,10,12
55:7; Jeremiah 42:19-22; Ezekiel 14:1-6; 18:30-32; Acts 2:37,38; 17:19,20; Acts 17:30-32

Verse 13
The burden upon Arabia. In the forest in Arabia shall ye lodge, O ye travelling companies of Dedanim.
1 Kings 10:15; Jeremiah 25:23,24; 49:28-33; Galatians 4:25
O ye
13:20; Genesis 25:3; 1 Chronicles 1:9,32; Ezekiel 27:15,20,21

Verse 14
The inhabitants of the land of Tema brought water to him that was thirsty, they prevented with their bread him that fled.
Genesis 25:15; 1 Chronicles 1:30; Job 6:19
or, bring ye.
16:3,4; Judges 8:4-8; Proverbs 25:21; Romans 12:20; 1 Peter 4:9

Verse 15
For they fled from the swords, from the drawn sword, and from the bent bow, and from the grievousness of war.
from the swords
or, for fear of the swords. Heb. from the face of.
Job 6:19,20

Verse 16
For thus hath the Lord said unto me, Within a year, according to the years of an hireling, and all the glory of Kedar shall fail:
16:14; Job 7:1
42:11; 60:7; Genesis 25:13; 1 Chronicles 1:29; Psalms 120:5; Song of Solomon 1:5; Jeremiah 49:28; Ezekiel 27:21

Verse 17
And the residue of the number of archers, the mighty men of the children of Kedar, shall be diminished: for the LORD God of Israel hath spoken it.
Heb. bows. the mighty.
10:18,19; 17:4,5; Psalms 107:39
1:20; Numbers 23:19; Jeremiah 44:29; Zechariah 1:6; Matthew 24:35


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 21:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, December 5th, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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