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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 24

 

 

Introduction
1The doleful judgments of God upon the land.
13A remnant shall joyfully praise him.
16God in his judgments shall advance his kingdom.

Verse 1
Behold, the LORD maketh the earth empty, and maketh it waste, and turneth it upside down, and scattereth abroad the inhabitants thereof.
A. M. 3292. B.C.712. maketh the
1:7-9; 5:6; 6:11,12; 7:17-25; 27:10; 32:13,14; 42:15; Jeremiah 4:7; Ezekiel 5:14; 6:6; 12:20; 24:11; 35:14; Nahum 2:10; Luke 21:24
turneth it upside down
Heb. perverteth the face thereof.
29:16; 2 Kings 21:13; Psalms 146:9; Acts 17:6
scattereth
Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:64; 32:26; Nehemiah 1:8; Jeremiah 9:16; 40:15; 50:17; Ezekiel 5:2; Zechariah 13:7-9; James 1:1

Verse 2
And it shall be, as with the people, so with the priest; as with the servant, so with his master; as with the maid, so with her mistress; as with the buyer, so with the seller; as with the lender, so with the borrower; as with the taker of usury, so with the giver of usury to him.
as with the people
2:9; 3:2-8; 5:15; 9:14-17; 2 Chronicles 36:14-17,20; Jeremiah 5:3-6; 23:11-13; Jeremiah 41:2; 42:18; 44:11-13; 52:24-30; Lamentations 4:13; 5:12-14; Ezekiel 7:12,13; Ezekiel 14:8-10; Daniel 9:5-8; Hosea 4:9; Ephesians 6:8,9
priest
or, prince.
Genesis 41:50; *marg:

Verse 3
The land shall be utterly emptied, and utterly spoiled: for the LORD hath spoken this word.
shall
1; 6:11; Leviticus 26:30-35; Deuteronomy 29:23,28; 2 Chronicles 36:21; Ezekiel 36:4
the Lord
21:17; 22:25; Jeremiah 13:15; Micah 4:4

Verse 4
The earth mourneth and fadeth away, the world languisheth and fadeth away, the haughty people of the earth do languish.
mourneth
3:26; 28:1; 33:9; 64:6; Jeremiah 4:28; 12:4; Hosea 4:3
haughty people
Heb. height of the people.
2:11,12

Verse 5
The earth also is defiled under the inhabitants thereof; because they have transgressed the laws, changed the ordinance, broken the everlasting covenant.
defiled
Genesis 3:17,18; 6:11-13; Leviticus 18:24-28; 20:22; Numbers 35:33,34; 2 Chronicles 33:9; Psalms 106:36-39; Jeremiah 3:1,2; Ezekiel 7:20-24; 22:24-31; Micah 2:10; Romans 8:20,21
because
1:2-5; 50:1; 59:1-3,12-15; Deuteronomy 32:15,20; 2 Kings 17:7-23; 22:13-17; 2 Kings 23:26,27; Ezra 9:6,7; Ezekiel 20:13,24; Daniel 9:5,10
changed
Joshua 24:25; Daniel 7:25; Mark 7:7-9; Luke 1:6; Hebrews 9:1
broken
Psalms 55:5; Genesis 17:13,14; 2 Samuel 23:5; Psalms 105:10; Jeremiah 50:5; Ezekiel 37:26; Hebrews 13:20

Verse 6
Therefore hath the curse devoured the earth, and they that dwell therein are desolate: therefore the inhabitants of the earth are burned, and few men left.
hath
42:24,25; Deuteronomy 28:15-20; 29:22-28; 30:18,19; Joshua 23:15,16; Zechariah 5:3,4; Malachi 2:2; 3:9; 4:1,6; Matthew 27:25
and few
Leviticus 26:22; Deuteronomy 4:27; 28:62; Ezekiel 5:3; Matthew 7:14; Romans 9:27; 2 Peter 3:10

Verse 7
The new wine mourneth, the vine languisheth, all the merryhearted do sigh.
16:8,10; 32:9-13; Hosea 9:1,2; Joel 1:10-12

Verse 8
The mirth of tabrets ceaseth, the noise of them that rejoice endeth, the joy of the harp ceaseth.
23:15,16; Jeremiah 7:34; 16:9; 25:10; Ezekiel 26:13; Hosea 2:11; Revelation 18:22

Verse 9
They shall not drink wine with a song; strong drink shall be bitter to them that drink it.
5:11,12; Psalms 69:12; Ecclesiastes 9:7; Amos 6:5-7; 8:3,10; Zechariah 9:15; Ephesians 5:18,19

Verse 10
The city of confusion is broken down: every house is shut up, that no man may come in.
city
12; 25:2; 27:10; 32:14; 34:13-15; 2 Kings 25:4,9,10; Jeremiah 39:4,8; Jeremiah 52:7,13,14; Micah 2:13; 3:12; Luke 19:43; 21:24
of confusion
Genesis 11:9; Jeremiah 9:25,26; Matthew 23:34,35; Revelation 11:7,8; 17:5,6; 18:2

Verse 11
There is a crying for wine in the streets; all joy is darkened, the mirth of the land is gone.
a crying
Proverbs 31:6; Hosea 7:14; Joel 1:15
all joy
7-9; 8:22; 9:19; Jeremiah 48:33; Lamentations 5:14,15; Amos 5:16-20; Matthew 22:11-13; Luke 16:25

Verse 12
In the city is left desolation, and the gate is smitten with destruction.
32:14; Jeremiah 9:11; Lamentations 1:1,4; 2:9; 5:18; Micah 1:9,12; Matthew 22:7

Verse 13
When thus it shall be in the midst of the land among the people, there shall be as the shaking of an olive tree, and as the gleaning grapes when the vintage is done.
there
1:9; 6:13; 10:20-22; 17:5,6; Jeremiah 44:28; Ezekiel 6:8-11; 7:16; 9:4-6; Ezekiel 11:16-20; 14:22,23; Micah 2:12; Matthew 24:22; Romans 11:2-6; Revelation 3:4; Revelation 11:2,3

Verse 14
They shall lift up their voice, they shall sing for the majesty of the LORD, they shall cry aloud from the sea.
12:1-6; 25:1; 26:1; 27:2; 35:2,10; 40:9; 42:10-12; 44:23; 51:11; 52:7-9; 54:1; Jeremiah 30:19; 31:12; 33:11; Zephaniah 3:14-20; Zechariah 2:10

Verse 15
Wherefore glorify ye the LORD in the fires, even the name of the LORD God of Israel in the isles of the sea.
glorify
Job 35:9,10; Habakkuk 3:17,18; Zechariah 13:8,9; Acts 16:25; 1 Peter 1:7; 3:15; 1 Peter 4:12-14; Revelation 15:2-4
fires
or, valleys. isles.
11:11,12; 41:5; 42:4,10; 49:1; 51:5; 60:9; Genesis 10:4,5; Zephaniah 2:11; Zechariah 10:9-12; Malachi 1:11

Verse 16
From the uttermost part of the earth have we heard songs, even glory to the righteous. But I said, My leanness, my leanness, woe unto me! the treacherous dealers have dealt treacherously; yea, the treacherous dealers have dealt very treacherously.
uttermost part
Heb. wing.
26:15; 45:22-25; 52:10; 66:19,20; Psalms 2:8; 22:27-31; 67:7; 72:8-11; Psalms 98:3; 107:1-43; Micah 5:4; Mark 13:27; Acts 13:47
glory
Exodus 15:11; Psalms 58:10; Revelation 15:3; 16:5-7; 19:1-6
But
10:16; 17:4; Psalms 106:15
My leanness
Heb. Leanness to me. or, My secret to me. the treacherous.
21:2; 33:1; 48:8; Jeremiah 3:20; 5:11; 12:1,6; Lamentations 1:2; Hosea 5:7; 6:7; Habakkuk 1:3

Verse 17
Fear, and the pit, and the snare, are upon thee, O inhabitant of the earth.
and the pit
Leviticus 26:21,22; 1 Kings 19:17; Jeremiah 8:3; 48:43,44; Ezekiel 14:21

Verse 18
And it shall come to pass, that he who fleeth from the noise of the fear shall fall into the pit; and he that cometh up out of the midst of the pit shall be taken in the snare: for the windows from on high are open, and the foundations of the earth do shake.
he who fleeth
Deuteronomy 32:23-26; Joshua 10:10,11; 1 Kings 20:29,30; Job 18:8-16; 20:24; Amos 5:19
for the
Genesis 7:11; 19:24; 2 Kings 7:2
the foundations
Deuteronomy 32:22; Psalms 18:7,15; 46:2,3

Verse 19
The earth is utterly broken down, the earth is clean dissolved, the earth is moved exceedingly.
1-5; 34:4-10; Jeremiah 4:23-28; Nahum 1:5; Habakkuk 3:6; Matthew 24:3; Revelation 20:11

Verse 20
The earth shall reel to and fro like a drunkard, and shall be removed like a cottage; and the transgression thereof shall be heavy upon it; and it shall fall, and not rise again.
reel
19:14; 29:9; Psalms 107:27
removed
1:8; 38:12
the transgression
5:7-30; Psalms 38:4; Lamentations 1:14; Hosea 4:1-5; Matthew 23:35,36
and it
Jeremiah 8:4; 25:27; Daniel 11:19; Amos 8:14; Zechariah 5:5-8; Revelation 18:21

Verse 21
And it shall come to pass in that day, that the LORD shall punish the host of the high ones that are on high, and the kings of the earth upon the earth.
the Lord
10:25-27; 14:1,2; 25:10-12; 34:2-17; Psalms 76:12; 149:6-9; Ezekiel 38:1-39; Joel 3:9-17,19; Haggai 2:21,22; Zechariah 14:12-19; Revelation 6:14-17; 17:14; 18:9; 19:18-21
punish
Heb. visit upon.

Verse 22
And they shall be gathered together, as prisoners are gathered in the pit, and shall be shut up in the prison, and after many days shall they be visited.
they shall
17; 2:19; Joshua 10:16,17,22-26
as prisoners are gathered
Heb. with the gathering of prisoners. pit. or, dungeon. shall they.
Jeremiah 38:6-13; Zechariah 9:11
visited
or, found wanting.

Verse 23
Then the moon shall be confounded, and the sun ashamed, when the LORD of hosts shall reign in mount Zion, and in Jerusalem, and before his ancients gloriously.
the moon
13:10; 30:26; 60:19; Ezekiel 32:7,8; Joel 2:31; 3:15; Mark 13:24-26; Revelation 6:12-14; 21:23
when
52:7; Exodus 15:21; Psalms 97:1; Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 6:10,13; Revelation 11:15; 19:4,6
mount
12:6; Micah 4:7; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 14:1
before his ancients gloriously
or, there shall be glory before his ancients.
Job 38:4-7; Daniel 7:9,10,18,27

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 24:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-24.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, November 17th, 2019
the Week of Proper 28 / Ordinary 33
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