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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge

Isaiah 23

Overview

Isaiah 23:1, The miserable overthrow of Tyre; Isaiah 23:15, Her restoration and whoredoms.

Verse 1

am 3289, bc 715

burden: Tyre, whose destruction by Nebuchadnezzar is here foretold, was a city of Phoenicia, on the shore of the Mediterranean, twenty-four miles south of Sidon, and thirty-two north of Accho or Ptolemais, according to the Antonine and Jerusalem Itineraries, about latitude 33 degrees 18 minutes north, longitude 35 degrees 10 minutes east. There were two cities of this name; one on the continent called Pale Tyrus, or Old Tyre, according to Strabo, thirty stadia south of the other, which was situated on an island, not above 700 paces from the main land, says Pliny. Old Tyre was taken by Nebuchadnezzar, after a siege of thirteen years, bc 573, which he so utterly destroyed, that it never afterwards rose higher than a village. But previous to this, the inhabitants had removed their effects to the island which afterwards became so famous by the name of Tyre, though now consisting only of about 800 dwellings. Jeremiah 25:15, Jeremiah 25:22, Jeremiah 47:4, Ezekiel 26:1 -Ezekiel 28:25, Joel 3:4-8, Amos 1:9, Amos 1:10, Zechariah 9:2, Zechariah 9:4

Howl: Isaiah 15:2, Isaiah 15:8, Revelation 18:17-19

ye ships: Isaiah 2:16, Isaiah 60:9, 1 Kings 22:48, 2 Chronicles 9:21, Psalms 48:7, Ezekiel 27:25

for it is: Isaiah 15:1, Jeremiah 25:10, Jeremiah 25:11, Revelation 18:22, Revelation 18:23

the land: Isaiah 23:12, Numbers 24:24, Jeremiah 2:10, Ezekiel 27:6, Daniel 11:30

Reciprocal: Genesis 10:4 - Kittim Joshua 19:29 - Tyre 1 Kings 10:22 - Tharshish 1 Chronicles 1:7 - Kittim Psalms 79:6 - upon Psalms 87:4 - Tyre Isaiah 13:1 - burden Isaiah 13:6 - Howl ye Isaiah 23:6 - howl Isaiah 23:14 - General Jeremiah 49:3 - Howl Ezekiel 26:2 - Tyrus Ezekiel 26:16 - all the princes Ezekiel 27:30 - shall cause Ezekiel 30:2 - Howl Jonah 1:3 - Tarshish Nahum 1:1 - burden Matthew 11:22 - Tyre Mark 3:8 - Tyre Mark 7:24 - Tyre Luke 10:13 - Tyre Acts 12:20 - Tyre Revelation 8:9 - the ships Revelation 18:11 - the merchants

Verse 2

still: Heb. silent, Isaiah 41:1, Isaiah 47:5, Psalms 46:10, Habakkuk 2:20

the isle: Ezekiel 27:3, Ezekiel 27:4, Ezekiel 28:2

the merchants: Ezekiel 27:8-36

Reciprocal: Joshua 19:28 - great Isaiah 23:6 - howl Isaiah 23:12 - daughter Ezekiel 28:21 - Zidon Acts 27:3 - Sidon

Verse 3

Sihor: 1 Chronicles 13:5, Jeremiah 2:18

the harvest: Isaiah 32:20, Deuteronomy 11:10

she is: Isaiah 23:8, Ezekiel 27:33, Ezekiel 28:4, Joel 3:5, Revelation 18:11-13

Reciprocal: Isaiah 23:11 - against the merchant city Ezekiel 28:5 - and by

Verse 4

I travail: Jeremiah 47:3, Jeremiah 47:4, Ezekiel 26:3-6, Hosea 9:11-14, Revelation 18:23

Reciprocal: Genesis 10:15 - Sidon Joshua 19:28 - great Judges 18:28 - far from Ezekiel 26:17 - strong

Verse 5

at the: Isaiah 19:16, Exodus 15:14-16, Joshua 2:9-11

so shall: Ezekiel 26:15-21, Ezekiel 27:29-36, Ezekiel 28:19, Revelation 18:17-19

Reciprocal: Numbers 22:3 - General Ezekiel 26:18 - at thy Ezekiel 30:9 - great

Verse 6

Pass: Isaiah 23:10, Isaiah 23:12, Isaiah 21:15

howl: Isaiah 23:1, Isaiah 23:2, Isaiah 16:7

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:22 - Tharshish Isaiah 23:14 - General Jeremiah 49:3 - Howl Ezekiel 27:12 - General Ezekiel 27:35 - the inhabitants Ezekiel 30:2 - Howl Jonah 1:3 - Tarshish

Verse 7

your: Isaiah 22:2

whose: Joshua 19:29

her own: Isaiah 47:1, Isaiah 47:2, Ecclesiastes 10:7

afar off: Heb. from afar off

Reciprocal: Ruth 1:19 - Is this Naomi Isaiah 23:12 - Thou shalt Ezekiel 26:13 - General

Verse 8

Who hath: Deuteronomy 29:24-28, Jeremiah 50:44, Jeremiah 50:45, Revelation 18:8

the crowning: Ezekiel 28:2-6, Ezekiel 28:12-18

merchants: Isaiah 10:8, Isaiah 36:9

Reciprocal: Genesis 34:19 - honourable Psalms 107:40 - poureth Isaiah 23:3 - she is Ezekiel 26:12 - thy merchandise Ezekiel 26:17 - strong Ezekiel 27:3 - a merchant Ezekiel 28:5 - and by Ezekiel 28:7 - I will Zechariah 9:3 - heaped Revelation 18:18 - What Revelation 18:23 - thy merchants

Verse 9

Lord: Isaiah 10:33, Isaiah 14:24, Isaiah 14:27, Isaiah 46:10, Isaiah 46:11, Jeremiah 47:6, Jeremiah 47:7, Jeremiah 51:62, Acts 4:28, Ephesians 1:11, Ephesians 3:11

to stain: Heb. to pollute, Isaiah 2:11, Isaiah 2:17, Isaiah 5:15, Isaiah 5:16, Isaiah 13:11, Job 40:11, Job 40:12, Daniel 4:37, Malachi 4:1, James 4:6

bring: Job 12:21, Psalms 107:40, 1 Corinthians 1:26-29

Reciprocal: Genesis 34:19 - honourable Exodus 8:4 - General Exodus 8:17 - lice in man Job 33:17 - withdraw Isaiah 2:12 - upon Isaiah 16:14 - the glory Isaiah 40:23 - General Jeremiah 13:9 - the pride Lamentations 2:2 - polluted Ezekiel 27:3 - I am Ezekiel 28:7 - I will Ezekiel 28:16 - therefore Daniel 4:24 - the decree Obadiah 1:2 - General Zechariah 9:6 - General Zechariah 12:7 - save Luke 4:6 - and the Romans 9:11 - that the Revelation 18:18 - What

Verse 10

O daughter: Isaiah 23:12

no more: Isaiah 23:14, 1 Samuel 28:20, Job 12:21, Lamentations 1:6, Haggai 2:22, Romans 5:6

strength: Heb. girdle, Psalms 18:32

Reciprocal: 1 Kings 10:22 - Tharshish 2 Kings 19:21 - the daughter Job 24:18 - swift Isaiah 23:6 - Pass Ezekiel 26:18 - at thy Ezekiel 27:12 - General Jonah 1:3 - Tarshish

Verse 11

stretched: Isaiah 2:19, Isaiah 14:16, Isaiah 14:17, Exodus 15:8-10, Psalms 46:6, Ezekiel 26:10, Ezekiel 26:15-19, Ezekiel 27:34, Ezekiel 27:35, Ezekiel 31:16, Haggai 2:7

the Lord: Isaiah 10:6, Psalms 71:3, Jeremiah 47:7, Nahum 1:14

against the merchant city: or, concerning a merchantman, Isaiah 23:3, Hosea 12:7, Hosea 12:8

the merchant city: Heb. Canaan, Genesis 9:25, Genesis 10:15-19, Zechariah 14:21, Mark 11:17, John 2:16

strong holds: or, strengths, Zechariah 9:3, Zechariah 9:4

Reciprocal: Isaiah 13:3 - commanded Ezekiel 26:4 - destroy Ezekiel 26:12 - thy merchandise

Verse 12

Thou shalt: Isaiah 23:1, Isaiah 23:7, Ezekiel 26:13, Ezekiel 26:14, Revelation 18:22

thou oppressed: Isaiah 37:22, Isaiah 47:1, Isaiah 47:5, Jeremiah 14:17, Jeremiah 46:11, Lamentations 1:15

daughter: "The Sidonians," says Justin, "when their city was taken by the king of Ascalon, betook themselves to their ships; and landed and built Tyre;" Sidon was therefore the mother city. Isaiah 23:2, Genesis 10:15-19, Genesis 49:13, Joshua 11:8

pass: Isaiah 23:1, Numbers 24:24, Ezekiel 27:6

there also: Deuteronomy 28:64-67, Lamentations 1:3, Lamentations 4:15

Reciprocal: Genesis 10:4 - Kittim Joshua 19:28 - great Judges 18:28 - far from 2 Kings 19:21 - The virgin 1 Chronicles 1:7 - Kittim Isaiah 23:6 - Pass Isaiah 23:10 - O daughter Ezekiel 28:21 - Zidon Daniel 11:30 - the ships Mark 7:24 - Tyre Acts 27:3 - Sidon

Verse 13

land: Isaiah 13:19, Genesis 11:28, Genesis 11:31, Job 1:17, Habakkuk 1:6, Acts 7:4

the Assyrian: Genesis 2:14, Genesis 10:10, Genesis 10:11, Genesis 11:9, 2 Kings 17:24, 2 Kings 20:12, 2 Chronicles 33:11, Ezra 4:9, Ezra 4:10, Daniel 4:30

for them: Psalms 72:9

and he: Ezekiel 26:7-21, Ezekiel 29:18

Reciprocal: Isaiah 25:2 - For Isaiah 39:1 - king Jeremiah 50:1 - the land Jeremiah 50:12 - the hindermost Ezekiel 23:23 - the Chaldeans

Verse 14

Isaiah 23:1, Isaiah 23:6, Ezekiel 27:25-30, Revelation 18:11-19

Reciprocal: Isaiah 23:10 - no more Ezekiel 27:12 - General Revelation 18:17 - And every

Verse 15

Tyre shall: Jeremiah 25:9-11, Jeremiah 25:22, Jeremiah 27:3-7, Jeremiah 29:10, Ezekiel 29:11

one king: Daniel 7:14, Daniel 8:21, Revelation 17:10

shall Tyre sing as an harlot: Heb. it shall be unto Tyre as the song of an harlot, Ezekiel 27:25, Hosea 2:15

Reciprocal: Genesis 36:30 - dukess in the Isaiah 24:8 - General Jeremiah 25:11 - seventy Ezekiel 16:35 - O harlot Ezekiel 26:3 - Behold Nahum 3:4 - the mistress

Verse 16

Proverbs 7:10-12, Jeremiah 30:14

Reciprocal: Isaiah 24:8 - General Ezekiel 16:35 - O harlot Ezekiel 25:10 - may Ezekiel 26:13 - General Ezekiel 28:13 - emerald

Verse 17

visit: Jeremiah 29:10, Zephaniah 2:7, Acts 15:14

and she shall: Deuteronomy 23:18, Ezekiel 16:31, Ezekiel 22:13, Ezekiel 27:6-36, Hosea 12:7, Hosea 12:8, Micah 1:7, Micah 3:11, 1 Timothy 3:3, 1 Timothy 3:8, 1 Peter 5:2

shall commit: Nahum 3:4, Revelation 17:2-5, Revelation 18:9-14, Revelation 19:2

Reciprocal: Genesis 41:56 - the face Joshua 6:19 - all the silver Psalms 45:12 - And the Isaiah 18:7 - shall the Jeremiah 12:15 - after Ezekiel 26:12 - thy merchandise Ezekiel 28:16 - the multitude Ezekiel 29:11 - forty Acts 21:3 - Tyre

Verse 18

her merchandise: Isaiah 60:6, Isaiah 60:7, 2 Chronicles 2:7-9, 2 Chronicles 2:11-16, Psalms 45:12, Psalms 72:10, Zechariah 14:20, Zechariah 14:21, Mark 3:8, Acts 21:3-5

it shall: Matthew 6:19-21, Luke 12:18-20, Luke 12:33, Luke 16:9-13

for them: Deuteronomy 12:18, Deuteronomy 12:19, Deuteronomy 26:12-14, Proverbs 3:9, Proverbs 3:10, Proverbs 13:22, Proverbs 28:8, Ecclesiastes 2:26, Malachi 3:10, Matthew 25:35-40, Luke 8:3, Acts 9:39, Romans 15:25-27, Galatians 6:6, Philippians 4:17, Philippians 4:18

durable: Heb. old

Reciprocal: Exodus 10:26 - cattle Numbers 31:28 - levy Deuteronomy 12:7 - And there Deuteronomy 16:16 - and they shall Joshua 6:19 - all the silver Ecclesiastes 10:19 - but Song of Solomon 5:1 - eat Song of Solomon 7:13 - I have Isaiah 18:7 - shall the Isaiah 45:14 - The labour Isaiah 60:5 - forces Isaiah 61:6 - ye shall eat Jeremiah 12:15 - after Jeremiah 48:47 - Yet will I bring Jeremiah 49:6 - General Ezekiel 26:3 - Behold Ezekiel 26:12 - thy merchandise Ezekiel 28:16 - the multitude Ezekiel 44:3 - to eat Micah 4:13 - I will consecrate Zechariah 14:14 - and the Matthew 25:16 - went

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Bibliographical Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 23". "Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/eng/tsk/isaiah-23.html.