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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 3

 

 

Introduction
1The great calamities which come by sin.
10The different reward of the righteous and wicked.
12The oppression and covetousness of the rulers.
16The judgments which shall be for the pride of the women.
25The general desolation.

Verse 1
For, behold, the Lord, the LORD of hosts, doth take away from Jerusalem and from Judah the stay and the staff, the whole stay of bread, and the whole stay of water,
behold
2:22
the Lord
1:24; 36:12; 51:22
the stay
Leviticus 26:26; Psalms 105:16; Jeremiah 37:21; 38:9; Ezekiel 4:16,17; 14:13

Verse 2
The mighty man, and the man of war, the judge, and the prophet, and the prudent, and the ancient,
mighty
2:13-15; 2 Kings 24:14-16; Psalms 74:9; Lamentations 5:12-14; Amos 2:3
the ancient
9:15; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:5

Verse 3
The captain of fifty, and the honourable man, and the counsellor, and the cunning artificer, and the eloquent orator.
captain
Exodus 18:21; Deuteronomy 1:15; 1 Samuel 8:12
the honourable man
Heb. a man eminent in countenance.
Judges 8:18
eloquent orator
or, skilful of speech.
Exodus 4:10,14-16

Verse 4
And I will give children to be their princes, and babes shall rule over them.
children
1 Kings 3:7-9; 2 Chronicles 33:1; 34:1; 36:2,5,9,11; Ecclesiastes 10:16

Verse 5
And the people shall be oppressed, every one by another, and every one by his neighbour: the child shall behave himself proudly against the ancient, and the base against the honourable.
the people
9:19-21; 11:13; Jeremiah 9:3-8; 22:17; Ezekiel 22:6,7,12; Amos 4:1; Micah 3:1-3,11; Zechariah 7:9-11; Malachi 3:5; James 2:6; 5:4
child
1:4; Leviticus 19:32; 2 Kings 2:23; Job 30:1-12
base
2 Samuel 16:5-9; Ecclesiastes 10:5-7; Matthew 26:67; 27:28-30; Mark 14:65; Luke 22:64

Verse 6
When a man shall take hold of his brother of the house of his father, saying, Thou hast clothing, be thou our ruler, and let this ruin be under thy hand:
a man
4:1; Judges 11:6-8; John 6:15

Verse 7
In that day shall he swear, saying, I will not be an healer; for in my house is neither bread nor clothing: make me not a ruler of the people.
swear
Heb. lift up the hand.
Genesis 14:22; Deuteronomy 32:40; Revelation 10:5,6
healer
Heb. binder up.
58:12; Jeremiah 14:19; Lamentations 2:13; Hosea 5:13; 6:1
neither bread
Princes and great men in the East, as Sir J. Chardin testifies, are obliged to have a great stock of clothes in readiness for presents on all occasions; and a great quantity of provisions for the table is equally necessary, (see 1 Ki 4:22, 23. Ne 5:17, 18.) Hence the person desired to undertake the government, alleges as an excuse that he is not able to support the dignity of his station.

Verse 8
For Jerusalem is ruined, and Judah is fallen: because their tongue and their doings are against the LORD, to provoke the eyes of his glory.
Jerusalem
2 Chronicles 28:5-7,18; 33:11; 36:17-19; Jeremiah 26:6,18; Lamentations 5:16,17; Micah 3:12
because
5:18,19; 57:4; Psalms 73:8,9; Ezekiel 8:12; 9:9; Hosea 7:16; Malachi 3:13-15; Matthew 12:36,37; Jude 1:15
to provoke
65:3-5; 2 Chronicles 33:6,7; Ezekiel 8:4-6,17,18; Habakkuk 1:13; 1 Corinthians 10:22

Verse 9
The shew of their countenance doth witness against them; and they declare their sin as Sodom, they hide it not. Woe unto their soul! for they have rewarded evil unto themselves.
The shew
16; 1 Samuel 15:32; 2 Kings 9:30; Psalms 10:4; 73:6,7; Proverbs 30:13; Jeremiah 3:3; 6:15; Daniel 7:20
and they declare
Genesis 13:13; 18:20,21; 19:5-9; Jeremiah 44:16,17; Ezekiel 23:16
Woe
Lamentations 5:16; Hosea 13:9

Verse 10
Say ye to the righteous, that it shall be well with him: for they shall eat the fruit of their doings.
Say ye
26:20,21; Ecclesiastes 8:12; Jeremiah 15:11; Ezekiel 9:4; 18:9-19; Zephaniah 2:3; Malachi 3:18; Romans 2:5-11
they shall eat
Psalms 18:23,24; 128:1,2; Galatians 6:7,8; Hebrews 6:10

Verse 11
Woe unto the wicked! it shall be ill with him: for the reward of his hands shall be given him.
Woe
48:22; 57:20,21; 65:13-15,20; Psalms 1:3-5; 11:5,6; Ecclesiastes 8:13
for the reward
Psalms 28:4; 62:12; Proverbs 1:31; 2 Corinthians 5:10; James 2:13
given him
Heb. done to him.
Psalms 120:3,4

Verse 12
As for my people, children are their oppressors, and women rule over them. O my people, they which lead thee cause thee to err, and destroy the way of thy paths.
children
4; 2 Kings 11:1; Nahum 3:13
lead thee
or, which call thee blessed.
9:15; Numbers 6:23-27; Jeremiah 5:31; Matthew 15:14
destroy
Heb. swallow up.
Matthew 23:14

Verse 13
The LORD standeth up to plead, and standeth to judge the people.
standeth up
Psalms 12:5; Proverbs 22:22,23; 23:10,11; Hosea 4:1,2; Micah 6:2

Verse 14
The LORD will enter into judgment with the ancients of his people, and the princes thereof: for ye have eaten up the vineyard; the spoil of the poor is in your houses.
enter
Job 22:4; 34:23; Psalms 143:2
the ancients
2,3
ye have eaten
or, ye have burnt.
5:7; Job 24:2-7; Jeremiah 5:27; Amos 4:1; Micah 2:2; 6:10; Matthew 21:33

Verse 15
What mean ye that ye beat my people to pieces, and grind the faces of the poor? saith the Lord GOD of hosts.
What mean
Ezekiel 18:2; Jonah 1:6
ye beat
58:4; Exodus 5:14; Amos 2:6,7; 8:4-6; Micah 3:2,3

Verse 16
Moreover the LORD saith, Because the daughters of Zion are haughty, and walk with stretched forth necks and wanton eyes, walking and mincing as they go, and making a tinkling with their feet:
the daughters
1:8; 4:4; Matthew 21:5; Luke 23:28
are haughty
24:4; 32:9-11; Proverbs 16:18; 30:13; Ezekiel 16:49,50; Zephaniah 3:11
wanton eyes
Heb. deceiving with their eyes. Or, as messakkaroth ainayim is rendered in the Targum, "painting their eyes with stibium:" for sakar is probably the same as the Chaldee sekar, or that import.
mincing
or, tripping nicely. and making. The Eastern ladies wear on their ankles large rings to which smaller ones are attached, which make a tinkling sound as they move nimbly.

Verse 17
Therefore the Lord will smite with a scab the crown of the head of the daughters of Zion, and the LORD will discover their secret parts.
smite
Leviticus 13:29,30,43,44; Deuteronomy 28:27; Revelation 16:2
discover
Heb. made naked.
20:4; 47:2,3; Jeremiah 13:22; Ezekiel 16:36,37; 23:25-29; Micah 1:11; Nahum 3:5

Verse 18
In that day the Lord will take away the bravery of their tinkling ornaments about their feet, and their cauls, and their round tires like the moon,
tinkling ornaments
cauls
or, networks. Shevisim, probably the rich embroidered kerchiefs used to bind on their caps on the head, described by Lady M. W. Montague, Let. 32.
round tires
Judges 8:21; *marg:

Verse 19
The chains, and the bracelets, and the mufflers,
chains
or, sweet-balls. Neteephoth, earrings or drops; in Arabic, netafat.
the bracelets
Genesis 24:22,30,53; 38:18,25; Exodus 35:22; Numbers 31:50; Ezekiel 16:11
mufflers
or, spangled ornaments.

Verse 20
The bonnets, and the ornaments of the legs, and the headbands, and the tablets, and the earrings,
tablets
Heb. houses of the soul. Probably perfume boxes, as rendered by Bp. Lowth.
the earrings
Lechashim, probably amulets.
Genesis 35:4; Exodus 32:2; Ezekiel 16:12; Hosea 2:13

Verse 21
The rings, and nose jewels,
rings
Genesis 41:42; Esther 8:12; Song of Solomon 5:14; Luke 15:22; James 2:2
nose jewels
Genesis 24:47; 1 Timothy 2:9,10; 1 Peter 3:3,4

Verse 22
The changeable suits of apparel, and the mantles, and the wimples, and the crisping pins,
The changeable suits
Machalatzoth, probably loose robes, used according to the weather.

Verse 23
The glasses, and the fine linen, and the hoods, and the vails.
glasses
Exodus 38:8
fine linen
Genesis 41:42; 1 Chronicles 15:27; Ezekiel 16:10; Luke 16:19; Revelation 19:8,14
vails
Genesis 24:65; Ruth 3:15; Song of Solomon 5:7

Verse 24
And it shall come to pass, that instead of sweet smell there shall be stink; and instead of a girdle a rent; and instead of well set hair baldness; and instead of a stomacher a girding of sackcloth; and burning instead of beauty.
instead
57:9; Proverbs 7:17
baldness
22:12; Ezekiel 7:18; Micah 1:16
a girding
15:3; 32:9-11; Job 16:15; Jeremiah 4:8; 6:26; 48:37; 49:3; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 27:31; Joel 1:8; Amos 8:10; Revelation 11:3
burning
4:4; Leviticus 26:16; Deuteronomy 28:22; 32:24; Revelation 16:9; 18:9

Verse 25
Thy men shall fall by the sword, and thy mighty in the war.
Thy men
2 Chronicles 29:9; Jeremiah 11:22; 14:18; 18:21; 19:7; 21:9; Lamentations 2:21; Amos 9:10
mighty
Heb. might.

Verse 26
And her gates shall lament and mourn; and she being desolate shall sit upon the ground.
her gates
Jeremiah 14:2; Lamentations 1:4
desolate
or, emptied. Heb. cleansed. shall sit.
47:1; Job 2:8,13; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 26:16; Luke 19:44

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 3:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-3.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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