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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 32

 

 

Introduction
1The blessings of Christ's kingdom.
9Desolation is foreshewn.
15Restoration is promised to succeed.

Verse 1
Behold, a king shall reign in righteousness, and princes shall rule in judgment.
king
9:6,7; 40:1-5; 2 Samuel 23:3; 2 Chronicles 31:20,21; Psalms 45:1,6,7; 72:1,2; 99:4; Jeremiah 23:5,6; 33:15; Hosea 3:5; Zechariah 9:9; Romans 5:21; Hebrews 1:8,9; Revelation 19:11
princes
28:6; Revelation 17:14

Verse 2
And a man shall be as an hiding place from the wind, and a covert from the tempest; as rivers of water in a dry place, as the shadow of a great rock in a weary land.
a man
7:14; 8:10-14; 9:6; Psalms 146:3-5; Micah 5:4,5; Zechariah 13:7; 1 Timothy 3:16
an hiding
18,19; 4:5,6; 25:4; 26:20,21; 28:17; 44:3; Psalms 32:7; 143:9; Matthew 7:24-27
rivers
35:6,7; 41:18; 43:20; John 7:37; Revelation 22:1
great
Heb. heavy. rock.
Psalms 31:2,3; 63:1; *marg:

Verse 3
And the eyes of them that see shall not be dim, and the ears of them that hear shall hearken.
29:18,24; 30:26; 35:5,6; 54:13; 60:1,2; Jeremiah 31:34; Matthew 13:11; Mark 7:37; 8:22-25; Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 4:6; 1 John 2:20,21

Verse 4
The heart also of the rash shall understand knowledge, and the tongue of the stammerers shall be ready to speak plainly.
heart
29:24; Nehemiah 8:8-12; Matthew 11:25; 16:17; Acts 6:7; 26:9-11; Galatians 1:23
rash
Heb. hasty. the tongue.
Exodus 4:11; Song of Solomon 7:9; Luke 21:14,15; Acts 2:4-12; 4:13
plainly
or, elegantly.

Verse 5
The vile person shall be no more called liberal, nor the churl said to be bountiful.
vile
5:20; Psalms 15:4; Malachi 3:18
nor
1 Samuel 25:3-8; Proverbs 23:6-8

Verse 6
For the vile person will speak villany, and his heart will work iniquity, to practise hypocrisy, and to utter error against the LORD, to make empty the soul of the hungry, and he will cause the drink of the thirsty to fail.
the vile
1 Samuel 24:13; 25:10,11; Jeremiah 13:23; Matthew 12:34-36; 15:19; James 3:5,6
and his heart
Psalms 58:1,2; Hosea 7:6,7; Micah 2:1,2; Acts 5:3,4; 8:21,22; James 1:14,15
empty
Job 22:5-9; 24:2-16; Proverbs 11:24-26; Amos 2:6,7; 8:6; Micah 3:1-3; Matthew 23:14; James 1:27

Verse 7
The instruments also of the churl are evil: he deviseth wicked devices to destroy the poor with lying words, even when the needy speaketh right.
instruments
1:23; 5:23; Jeremiah 5:26-28; Micah 2:11; 7:3; Matthew 26:14-16,59,60
deviseth
Psalms 10:7-10; 64:4-6; 82:2-5; Jeremiah 18:18; Micah 7:2; Matthew 26:4
lying
59:3,4; 1 Kings 21:10-14; Acts 6:11-13
the needy speaketh right
or, he speaketh against the poor in judgment.

Verse 8
But the liberal deviseth liberal things; and by liberal things shall he stand.
the liberal
2 Samuel 9:1-13; Job 31:16-21; Psalms 112:9; Proverbs 11:24; Luke 6:33-35; Acts 9:39; Acts 11:29,30; 2 Corinthians 8:2; 9:6-11
stand
or, be established.

Verse 9
Rise up, ye women that are at ease; hear my voice, ye careless daughters; give ear unto my speech.
ye women
3:16; 47:7,8; Deuteronomy 28:56; Jeremiah 6:2-6; 48:11,12; Lamentations 4:5; Amos 6:1-6
give ear
28:23; Judges 9:7; Psalms 49:1,2; Matthew 13:9

Verse 10
Many days and years shall ye be troubled, ye careless women: for the vintage shall fail, the gathering shall not come.
Many days and years
Heb. Days above a year.
3:17-26; 24:7-12; Jeremiah 25:10,11; Hosea 3:4
for
7:23; 16:10; Jeremiah 8:13; Hosea 2:12; Joel 1:7,12; Habakkuk 3:17; Zephaniah 1:13

Verse 11
Tremble, ye women that are at ease; be troubled, ye careless ones: strip you, and make you bare, and gird sackcloth upon your loins.
be troubled
2:19,21; 22:4,5; 33:14; Luke 23:27-30; James 5:5
strip
20:4; 47:1-3; Deuteronomy 28:48; Hosea 2:3; Micah 1:8-11
and gird
3:24; 15:3; Jeremiah 4:8; 6:26; 49:3

Verse 12
They shall lament for the teats, for the pleasant fields, for the fruitful vine.
lament
Lamentations 2:11; 4:3,4
pleasant fields
Heb. fields of desire.
Deuteronomy 8:7,8; 11:11,12; Ezekiel 20:6,15

Verse 13
Upon the land of my people shall come up thorns and briers; yea, upon all the houses of joy in the joyous city:
come
6:11; 7:23; 34:13; Psalms 107:34; Hosea 9:6; 10:8
yea, upon
or, burning upon, etc.
Jeremiah 39:8; Revelation 18:7,8
in the
22:2,12,13

Verse 14
Because the palaces shall be forsaken; the multitude of the city shall be left; the forts and towers shall be for dens for ever, a joy of wild asses, a pasture of flocks;
the palaces
5:9; 24:1-3,10,12; 25:2; 27:10; 2 Kings 25:9; Luke 21:20,24
forts and towers
or, clifts and watch-towers. for.
13:19-22; 34:11-17; Revelation 18:2,3

Verse 15
Until the spirit be poured upon us from on high, and the wilderness be a fruitful field, and the fruitful field be counted for a forest.
the spirit
11:2,3; 44:3; 45:8; 59:19-21; 63:11; Psalms 104:30; 107:33; Proverbs 1:23; Ezekiel 39:29; Joel 2:28,29; Zechariah 12:10; Luke 24:49; John 7:39; Acts 2:17,18,33; 2 Corinthians 3:8; Titus 3:5,6
wilderness
29:17; 35:2,7; 54:1-3; 55:11-13; 60:1-22; 61:3-5; Hosea 1:10,11; Romans 11:18-26

Verse 16
Then judgment shall dwell in the wilderness, and righteousness remain in the fruitful field.
35:8; 42:4; 56:6-8; 60:21; Psalms 94:14,15; Hosea 3:5; 1 Corinthians 6:9-11; Titus 2:11,12; 1 Peter 2:9-12; 4:1-4

Verse 17
And the work of righteousness shall be peace; and the effect of righteousness quietness and assurance for ever.
the work
26:3; 48:18; 54:13,14; 55:12; 57:19; 66:12; Psalms 72:2,3; 85:8; Psalms 119:165; Romans 14:17; Philippians 4:6-9; James 3:17,18
quietness
2:3,4; 9:7; 11:6-9,13; Psalms 112:6-9; Proverbs 14:26; Ezekiel 37:21,22,25; Ezekiel 39:29; Micah 4:3,4; 2 Corinthians 1:12; Hebrews 6:11; 2 Peter 1:10,11; 1 John 3:18-24; 1 John 4:17

Verse 18
And my people shall dwell in a peaceable habitation, and in sure dwellings, and in quiet resting places;
33:20-22; 35:9,10; 60:17,18; Jeremiah 23:5,6; 33:16; Ezekiel 34:25,26; Hosea 2:18-23; Zechariah 2:5,8; Hebrews 4:9; 1 John 4:16

Verse 19
When it shall hail, coming down on the forest; and the city shall be low in a low place.
it shall
25:4; 28:2,17; 30:30; 37:24; Exodus 9:18-26; Ezekiel 13:11-13; Matthew 7:25; Revelation 8:7
on the
Zechariah 11:2
the city shall be low
or, the city shall be utterly abased.
14:22,23; 26:5; Nahum 1:1,8; 2:10-13; Revelation 18:21

Verse 20
Blessed are ye that sow beside all waters, that send forth thither the feet of the ox and the ass.
Blessed
19:5-7; 30:23; 55:10,11; Ecclesiastes 11:1; Acts 2:41; 4:4; 5:14; 1 Corinthians 3:6; James 3:18
the ox
30:24; 1 Corinthians 9:9-11

 


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Text Courtesy of BibleSupport.com. Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 32:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-32.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Friday, October 18th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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