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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 34

 

 

Introduction
1The judgments wherewith God revenges his church.
11The desolation of her enemies.
16The certainty of the prophecy.

Verse 1
Come near, ye nations, to hear; and hearken, ye people: let the earth hear, and all that is therein; the world, and all things that come forth of it.
Come
This and the following chapter, as Bp. Lowth observes, form one distinct prophecy; an entire, regular, and beautiful poem, consisting of two parts; the first containing a denunciation of Divine vengeance against the enemies of the people or church of God; the second describing the flourishing state of that church consequent upon those judgments. The event foretold is represented as of the highest importance, and of universal concern; all nations are called upon to attend to the declaration of it; and the wrath of God is denounced against all the nations who had provoked to anger the Defender of the cause of Zion. By a figure frequently occurring in the prophetical writings, the cities and people mentioned here, who were remarkably distinguished as the enemies of the people of God, are put for those enemies in general.
18:3; 33:13; 41:1; 43:9; 49:1; Judges 5:3,31; Psalms 49:1,2; 50:1; 96:10; Mark 16:15,16; Revelation 2:7
let the
1:2; Deuteronomy 4:26; 32:1; Jeremiah 22:29; Micah 6:1,2
all that is therein
Heb. the fulness thereof.
Psalms 24:1; 1 Corinthians 10:26

Verse 2
For the indignation of the LORD is upon all nations, and his fury upon all their armies: he hath utterly destroyed them, he hath delivered them to the slaughter.
the indignation
24:1-23; Jeremiah 25:15-29; Joel 3:9-14; Amos 1:1-2; Zephaniah 3:8; Zechariah 14:3,12-16; Romans 1:18; Revelation 6:12-17; 14:15-20; 19:15-21; 20:9,15
and his
30:27-30; Nahum 1:2-6

Verse 3
Their slain also shall be cast out, and their stink shall come up out of their carcases, and the mountains shall be melted with their blood.
slain
14:19,20; 2 Kings 9:35-37; Jeremiah 8:1,2; 22:19; Ezekiel 39:4,11; Joel 2:20
and the mountains
7; Ezekiel 32:5,6; Revelation 14:20; 16:3,4

Verse 4
And all the host of heaven shall be dissolved, and the heavens shall be rolled together as a scroll: and all their host shall fall down, as the leaf falleth off from the vine, and as a falling fig from the fig tree.
all the
13:10; 14:12; Psalms 102:25,26; Jeremiah 4:23,24; Ezekiel 32:7,8; Joel 2:30,31; Joel 3:15; Matthew 24:29,35; Mark 13:24,25; Acts 2:19,20; 2 Peter 3:7-12; Revelation 6:13,14; 8:12; 20:11

Verse 5
For my sword shall be bathed in heaven: behold, it shall come down upon Idumea, and upon the people of my curse, to judgment.
my sword
Deuteronomy 32:14,42; Psalms 17:13; Jeremiah 46:10; 47:6; Ezekiel 21:3-5,9-11; Zephaniah 2:12; Revelation 1:16
upon Idumea
63:1; Psalms 137:7; Jeremiah 49:7-22; Ezekiel 25:12-14; Amos 1:11,12; Obadiah 1:1-9; Malachi 1:4
the people
Deuteronomy 27:15-26; 29:18-21; Matthew 25:41; 1 Corinthians 16:22; Galatians 3:10; 2 Peter 2:14

Verse 6
The sword of the LORD is filled with blood, it is made fat with fatness, and with the blood of lambs and goats, with the fat of the kidneys of rams: for the LORD hath a sacrifice in Bozrah, and a great slaughter in the land of Idumea.
filled
63:3; Jeremiah 49:13; Ezekiel 21:4,5,10
the fast
Deuteronomy 32:14
the Lord hath
5; 63:1; Jeremiah 50:27; 51:40; Ezekiel 39:17-20; Zephaniah 1:7; Revelation 19:17,18

Verse 7
And the unicorns shall come down with them, and the bullocks with the bulls; and their land shall be soaked with blood, and their dust made fat with fatness.
unicorns
or, rhinoceroses.
Numbers 23:22; 24:8; Deuteronomy 33:17; Job 39:9,10; Psalms 92:10
the bullocks
Psalms 68:30; Jeremiah 46:21; 50:11,27
soaked
or, drunken.

Verse 8
For it is the day of the LORD'S vengeance, and the year of recompences for the controversy of Zion.
26:21; 35:4; 49:26; 59:17,18; 61:2; 63:4; Deuteronomy 32:35,41-43; Psalms 94:1; Jeremiah 46:10; Micah 6:1; Luke 18:7; Romans 2:5,8,9; 2 Thessalonians 1:6-10; Revelation 6:10,11; Revelation 18:20; 19:2

Verse 9
And the streams thereof shall be turned into pitch, and the dust thereof into brimstone, and the land thereof shall become burning pitch.
Genesis 19:28; Deuteronomy 29:23; Job 18:15; Psalms 11:6; Luke 17:29; Jude 1:7; Revelation 19:20; Revelation 21:8

Verse 10
It shall not be quenched night nor day; the smoke thereof shall go up for ever: from generation to generation it shall lie waste; none shall pass through it for ever and ever.
shall not
1:31; 66:24; Jeremiah 7:20; Ezekiel 20:47,48; Mark 9:43-48
the smoke
Revelation 14:10,11; 18:18; 19:3
from
13:20; Ezekiel 29:11; Malachi 1:3,4

Verse 11
But the cormorant and the bittern shall possess it; the owl also and the raven shall dwell in it: and he shall stretch out upon it the line of confusion, and the stones of emptiness.
cormorant
or, pelican.
13:20-22; 14:23; Zephaniah 2:14; Revelation 18:2,21-23
stretch
2 Samuel 8:2; 2 Kings 21:13; Lamentations 2:8; Malachi 1:3,4

Verse 12
They shall call the nobles thereof to the kingdom, but none shall be there, and all her princes shall be nothing.
call
3:6-8; Ecclesiastes 10:16,17
nothing
41:24; 1 Corinthians 8:4; 13:2; 2 Corinthians 12:11

Verse 13
And thorns shall come up in her palaces, nettles and brambles in the fortresses thereof: and it shall be an habitation of dragons, and a court for owls.
thorns
32:13,14; Hosea 9:6; Zephaniah 2:9
an habitation
13:21,22; 35:7; Jeremiah 9:11; 10:22; 49:33; 50:39,40; 51:37; Malachi 1:3; Revelation 18:2,20-24
owls
or, ostriches. Heb. daughters of the owl.

Verse 14
The wild beasts of the desert shall also meet with the wild beasts of the island, and the satyr shall cry to his fellow; the screech owl also shall rest there, and find for herself a place of rest.
The wild beasts of the desert
Heb. Ziim.
13:21; *marg:
the wild beasts of the island
Heb. Ijim.
13:22; *marg:
screech owl
or, night-monster.

Verse 16
Seek ye out of the book of the LORD, and read: no one of these shall fail, none shall want her mate: for my mouth it hath commanded, and his spirit it hath gathered them.
Seek
30:8; Deuteronomy 31:21; Joshua 1:8; Proverbs 23:12; Daniel 10:21; Amos 3:7; Malachi 3:16; John 5:39; 10:35; 2 Peter 1:19; Matthew 5:18; Luke 21:33
my mouth
Genesis 6:17; Psalms 33:6,9

Verse 17
And he hath cast the lot for them, and his hand hath divided it unto them by line: they shall possess it for ever, from generation to generation shall they dwell therein.
he hath cast
Joshua 18:8; Psalms 78:55; Acts 13:19; 17:26
they shall
10; 13:20-22

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 34:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-34.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, July 16th, 2019
the Week of Proper 10 / Ordinary 15
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