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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 42

 

 

Introduction
1The office of Christ, graced with meekness and constancy.
5God's promise unto him.
10An exhortation to praise God for his Gospel.
13God will manifest himself, and check idolatry.
18He reproves the people of incredulity.

Verse 1
Behold my servant, whom I uphold; mine elect, in whom my soul delighteth; I have put my spirit upon him: he shall bring forth judgment to the Gentiles.
my servant
43:10; 49:3-6; 52:13; 53:11; Matthew 12:18-20; Philippians 2:7
whom I
49:7,8; 50:4-9; John 16:32
mine elect
Psalms 89:19,20; John 6:27; 1 Peter 2:4,6
my soul
Matthew 3:17; 17:5; Mark 1:11; Luke 3:22; Ephesians 1:4,6; Colossians 1:13; *marg:
I have
11:2-5; 59:21; 61:1; Matthew 3:16; Mark 1:10; Luke 3:22; John 1:32-34; 3:34; Acts 10:38
he shall
32:16; 49:6; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 12:18; Acts 9:15; 11:18; 26:17,18; 28:28; Romans 15:8-16; Ephesians 3:8

Verse 2
He shall not cry, nor lift up, nor cause his voice to be heard in the street.
Zechariah 9:9; Matthew 11:29; 12:16-20; Luke 17:20; 2 Timothy 2:24; 1 Peter 2:23

Verse 3
A bruised reed shall he not break, and the smoking flax shall he not quench: he shall bring forth judgment unto truth.
bruised
35:3,4; 40:11,29-31; 50:4,10; 57:15-18; 61:1-3; 66:2; Psalms 103:13,14; Psalms 147:3; Jeremiah 30:12-17; 31:18-20,25; Ezekiel 34:16; Matthew 11:28; 18:11-14; Luke 22:31,32; John 20:19-21,27; Hebrews 2:17,18
smoking
or, dimly burning. quench. Heb. quench it. he shall.
11:3,4; Psalms 72:2-4; 96:13; 98:9; Micah 7:9; John 5:30; Revelation 19:11

Verse 4
He shall not fail nor be discouraged, till he have set judgment in the earth: and the isles shall wait for his law.
shall not
9:7; 49:5-10; 52:13-15; 53:2-12; John 17:4,5; Hebrews 12:2-4; 1 Peter 2:22-24
discouraged
Heb. broken. and the isles.
12; 2:2-4; 11:9-12; 24:15,16; 41:5; 55:5; 60:9; 66:19; Genesis 49:10; Psalms 22:27; 72:8-11; 98:2,3; Micah 4:1-3; Zechariah 2:11; Romans 16:26; 1 Corinthians 9:21

Verse 5
Thus saith God the LORD, he that created the heavens, and stretched them out; he that spread forth the earth, and that which cometh out of it; he that giveth breath unto the people upon it, and spirit to them that walk therein:
he that created
40:12,22,28; 44:24; 45:12,18; 48:13; Psalms 102:25,26; 104:2-35; Jeremiah 10:12; 32:17; Amos 9:6; Zechariah 12:1; Hebrews 1:2,10-12
he that spread
Genesis 1:10-12,24,25; Psalms 24:1,2; 136:6
he that giveth
Genesis 2:7; Job 12:10; 27:3; 33:4; 34:14; Psalms 33:6; Daniel 5:23; Acts 17:25

Verse 6
I the LORD have called thee in righteousness, and will hold thine hand, and will keep thee, and give thee for a covenant of the people, for a light of the Gentiles;
called
32:1; 43:1; 45:13; 49:1-3; Psalms 45:6,7; Jeremiah 23:5,6; 33:15,16; Romans 3:25,26; Hebrews 1:8,9; 7:2,26
and will hold
1; 41:13
and give
49:8; Matthew 26:28; Luke 1:69-72; Romans 15:8,9; 2 Corinthians 1:20; Galatians 3:15-17; Hebrews 8:6; 9:15; 12:24; 13:20
a light
49:6; 51:4,5; 60:1-3; Luke 2:32; John 8:12; Acts 13:47; 26:23; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 7
To open the blind eyes, to bring out the prisoners from the prison, and them that sit in darkness out of the prison house.
open
16; 29:18; 35:5; Psalms 146:8; Matthew 11:5; Luke 24:45; John 9:39; Acts 26:18; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 1:17,18; Revelation 3:18
to bring
22; 9:2; 49:9; 61:1; Psalms 107:10-16; 146:7; Zechariah 9:11,12; Luke 4:18-21; 2 Timothy 2:26; Hebrews 2:14,15; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 8
I am the LORD: that is my name: and my glory will I not give to another, neither my praise to graven images.
that is
Exodus 3:13-15; 4:5; Psalms 83:18; John 8:58
my glory
48:11; Exodus 20:3-5; 34:14; John 5:23

Verse 9
Behold, the former things are come to pass, and new things do I declare: before they spring forth I tell you of them.
the former
Genesis 15:12-16; Joshua 21:45; 23:14,15; 1 Kings 8:15-20; 11:36
new things
41:22,23; 43:19; 44:7,8; 46:9,10; John 13:19; Acts 15:18; 1 Peter 1:10-12; 2 Peter 1:19-21

Verse 10
Sing unto the LORD a new song, and his praise from the end of the earth, ye that go down to the sea, and all that is therein; the isles, and the inhabitants thereof.
Sing
24:14-16; 44:23; 49:13; 65:14; Psalms 33:3; 40:3; 96:1-3; 98:1-4; 117:1,2; Romans 15:9-11; Revelation 5:9; 14:3
ye that go
Psalms 107:23-32; 148:1-14; 150:6
all that is therein
Heb. the fulness thereof. the isles.
4; 51:5; 60:9; Psalms 97:1; Zephaniah 2:11

Verse 11
Let the wilderness and the cities thereof lift up their voice, the villages that Kedar doth inhabit: let the inhabitants of the rock sing, let them shout from the top of the mountains.
Let the wilderness
32:16; 35:1,6; 40:3; 41:18,19; 43:19; Psalms 72:8-10
Kedar
60:7; Genesis 25:23; Psalms 120:5
let the inhabitants
Jeremiah 21:13; 48:28; 49:16; Obadiah 1:3

Verse 12
Let them give glory unto the LORD, and declare his praise in the islands.
24:15,16; 66:18,19; Psalms 22:27; 96:3-10; 117:1,2; Romans 15:9-11; Revelation 5:9,10; 7:9-12

Verse 13
The LORD shall go forth as a mighty man, he shall stir up jealousy like a man of war: he shall cry, yea, roar; he shall prevail against his enemies.
as a mighty
59:16-19; 63:1-4; Exodus 15:1-3; Psalms 78:65; 110:5,6; Jeremiah 25:30
jealousy
Nahum 1:2; Zephaniah 1:18; 3:8
shall cry
31:4; Hosea 11:10; Joel 3:16; Amos 1:2
prevail
or, behave himself mightily.
Psalms 118:16

Verse 14
I have long time holden my peace; I have been still, and refrained myself: now will I cry like a travailing woman; I will destroy and devour at once.
long time
Job 32:18,20; Psalms 50:2; 83:1,2; Ecclesiastes 8:11,12; Jeremiah 15:6; 44:22; Luke 18:7; 2 Peter 3:9,10,15
devour
Heb. swallow, or sup up.

Verse 15
I will make waste mountains and hills, and dry up all their herbs; and I will make the rivers islands, and I will dry up the pools.
2:12-16; 11:15,16; 44:27; 49:11; 50:2; Psalms 18:7; 107:33,34; 114:3-7; Jeremiah 4:24; Nahum 1:4-6; Habakkuk 3:6-10; Haggai 2:6; Zechariah 10:11; Revelation 6:12-17; Revelation 8:7-12; 11:13; 16:12,18; 20:11

Verse 16
And I will bring the blind by a way that they knew not; I will lead them in paths that they have not known: I will make darkness light before them, and crooked things straight. These things will I do unto them, and not forsake them.
I will bring
29:18,24; 30:21; 32:3; 35:5,8; 48:17; 54:13; 60:1,2,19,20; Jeremiah 31:8,9; Hosea 2:14; Luke 1:78,79; Ephesians 5:8
lead
41:3; Joshua 3:4; Hosea 2:6
crooked
40:4; 45:2; Ecclesiastes 1:15; 7:13; Luke 3:5
straight
Heb. into straightness. and not.
Psalms 94:14; Jeremiah 32:39-41; Ezekiel 14:23; Romans 5:8-10; 8:29-31; 2 Thessalonians 2:13,14; 1 Peter 1:3-5; Hebrews 13:5

Verse 17
They shall be turned back, they shall be greatly ashamed, that trust in graven images, that say to the molten images, Ye are our gods.
be greatly
1:29; 44:11; 45:16,17; Psalms 97:7; Jeremiah 2:26,27; Habakkuk 2:18-20
say to
44:17; Exodus 32:4,8

Verse 18
Hear, ye deaf; and look, ye blind, that ye may see.
ye deaf
29:18; 43:8; Exodus 4:11; Proverbs 20:12; Mark 7:34-37; Luke 7:22; Revelation 3:17,18

Verse 19
Who is blind, but my servant? or deaf, as my messenger that I sent? who is blind as he that is perfect, and blind as the LORD'S servant?
Who is blind
6:9; 29:9-14; 56:10; Jeremiah 4:22; 5:21; Ezekiel 12:2; Matthew 13:14,15; 15:14-16; Matthew 23:16-24; Mark 8:17,18; John 7:47-49; 9:39,41; 12:40; Romans 2:17-23; Romans 11:7-10,25; 2 Corinthians 3:14,15; 4:4

Verse 20
Seeing many things, but thou observest not; opening the ears, but he heareth not.
Seeing
1:3; 48:6-8; Numbers 14:22; Deuteronomy 4:9; 29:2-4; Nehemiah 9:10-17; Psalms 106:7-13; Psalms 107:43; John 9:37-40; 11:37-50
opening
58:2; Jeremiah 42:2-5; Ezekiel 33:31; Mark 6:19,20; Acts 28:22-27

Verse 21
The LORD is well pleased for his righteousness' sake; he will magnify the law, and make it honourable.
well
1:24-27; 46:12,13; Psalms 71:16,19; 85:9-12; Daniel 9:24-27; Matthew 3:17; 5:17; Matthew 17:5; John 8:29; 15:10; Romans 3:25,26; 2 Corinthians 5:19-21; Philippians 3:9
he will
Psalms 40:8; Matthew 3:15; 5:17-20; Romans 3:31; 7:12; 8:3,4; 10:4; Galatians 3:13,21; Galatians 5:22,23; Hebrews 8:10; 1 John 3:4,5
it
Heb. or, him.
John 13:31,32; 17:4,5

Verse 22
But this is a people robbed and spoiled; they are all of them snared in holes, and they are hid in prison houses: they are for a prey, and none delivereth; for a spoil, and none saith, Restore.
a people
1:7; 18:2; 36:1; 52:4,5; 56:9; Jeremiah 50:17; 51:34,35; 52:4-11; Luke 19:41-44; 21:20-24
they are all of them snared
or, in snaring all the young men of them. are hid.
7; 14:17; 45:13; Psalms 102:20; Jeremiah 52:31
a spoil
Heb. a treading.
51:23; Deuteronomy 28:29-33; Psalms 50:22

Verse 23
Who among you will give ear to this? who will hearken and hear for the time to come?
will give
1:18-20; 48:18; Leviticus 26:40-42; Deuteronomy 4:29-31; 32:29; Proverbs 1:22,23; Jeremiah 3:4-7,13; Micah 6:9; Matthew 21:28-31; Acts 3:19,22,23; 1 Peter 4:2,3
time to come
Heb. after-time.

Verse 24
Who gave Jacob for a spoil, and Israel to the robbers? did not the LORD, he against whom we have sinned? for they would not walk in his ways, neither were they obedient unto his law.
10:5,6; 45:7; 47:6; 50:1,2; 59:1,2; 63:10; Deuteronomy 28:49; 32:30; Judges 2:14; Judges 3:8; 10:7; 2 Chronicles 15:6; 36:17; Nehemiah 9:26,27; Psalms 106:40-42; Jeremiah 5:15; Jeremiah 25:8,9; Lamentations 1:14,18; Amos 3:6; Matthew 22:7

Verse 25
Therefore he hath poured upon him the fury of his anger, and the strength of battle: and it hath set him on fire round about, yet he knew not; and it burned him, yet he laid it not to heart.
he hath poured
Leviticus 26:15-46; Deuteronomy 32:22; Psalms 79:5,6; Ezekiel 7:8,9; 20:34; 22:21,22; Nahum 1:6; Revelation 16:1-21
and it hath
2 Kings 25:9
he knew
9:13; Jeremiah 5:3; Hosea 7:9; Revelation 9:18-21; 16:9
yet he laid
57:11; Malachi 2:2

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 42:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-42.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Tuesday, May 21st, 2019
the Fifth Week after Easter
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