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Bible Commentaries

Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary

Isaiah 42

Verse 1

My servant. Christ, who, according to his humanity, is the servant of God, (Challoner) and Redeemer of others; none else being able to satisfy for themselves. (Worthington) (Philippians ii. 7.) (Calmet) --- This passage clearly refers to the Messias, (Chaldean; Kimchi) who was prefigured by Cyrus, ver. 6. (Calmet) (Hugo.) --- It is quoted by St. Matthew (xii. 18.) who has some variations both from the Hebrew and the Septuagint, (Calmet) particularly the first part of ver. 4., which the Septuagint renders, "He shall shine, and shall not be broken."

Verse 4

Islands. Septuagint and St. Matthew, "the Gentiles shall hope in his name." (Haydock)

Verse 6

Gentiles. This was literally verified in Christ. Cyrus is also styled the just, (chap. xli. 26.) and gave liberty to many nations.

Verse 7

House. The Jews out of captivity, prefigured the redemption of mankind. These miracles proved that Jesus was the Messias, Luke vii. 22.

Verse 8

Things. They shall not partake of my divinity. Our Saviour was truly God, Philippians ii. 6.

Verse 9

Them. The completion of former predictions enforces the belief of those which are yet to come. (Calmet)

Verse 10

All. Literally, "its fullness," (Haydock) sailors, (Calmet) and fishes. (Haydock) --- He concludes with a canticle.

Verse 11

Cedar, or the Jews in exile in the desert Arabia, Psalm cxix. 5. (Calmet) --- The people dwell in tents. (Roger. ii. 5.) --- Petra. A city that gives name to Arabia Petr'e6a. (Challoner)

Verse 13

Enemies. The Chaldeans, (Calmet) by the hand of Cyrus.

Verse 15

Pools. Cyrus deluged the country about Babylon, chap. xiii., and xxi. 1. (Haydock) --- The proud and covetous, who expected Christ to give them kingdoms, were deceived. He came to teach humility, and to grant eternal rewards. (Worthington)

Verse 16

Blind captives, or converts to Christianity.

Verse 18

Deaf Jews, who would not listen to the prophets, ver. 19. (Calmet)

Verse 19

Sold. Hebrew Cimshullam, (Haydock) the perfect, or favoured. The Turks call "believers" Musselmans. (Calmet)

Verse 22

Men, whom they corrupt by their bad example. (Haydock) --- Hebrew, "their young men are in chains," during the last wars, and the captivity of Juda. (Calmet)

Verse 24

We. Septuagint, "they have sinned," which seems preferable. (Haydock)

Verse 28


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Bibliographical Information
Haydock, George Leo. "Commentary on Isaiah 42". "Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". 1859.