Partner with as God uses us to make a difference for those displaced by Russia's war on Ukraine.
Click to donate today!

Bible Commentaries

Bullinger's Companion Bible Notes

Isaiah 42

Verse 1

My Servant: i.e. Messiah. See note on Isaiah 37:35 .

My soul = I Myself. Hebrew. nephesh. App-13 .

delighteth = is well-pleased.

put = bestowed.

My spirit. Hebrew. ruach ( App-9 ). Here is the doctrine of the Trinity: (1) The Father, the speaker; (2) My "Servant", the Messiah, the Son; and (3) My Spirit. See note on "stretched out" in Isaiah 42:5 .

Verse 2

cry. See the Divine interpretation "strive" (Matthew 12:19 ).

Verse 3

the smoking flax: i.e. the wick (made of flax) that is burning dim.

flax. Put by Figure of speech Metonymy (of Cause), for the wick made of it.

not quench: i.e. not put it out, but trim it and make it burn brightly. This was the servant's work.

unto = in accordance with.

Verse 4

fail = go out (as a lamp).

be discouraged = break, or break down.

in = upon.

isles = maritime countries. The Divine interpretation = "Gentiles" (Matthew 12:18-21 ). See note on Isaiah 11:11 .

wait. Reference to Pentateuch (Genesis 8:12 "stayed").

and stretched them out = they that stretched them out. Compare "us", "our" (Genesis 1:26 ). Compare "image" (singular).

breath. Hebrew. neshmah , App-16 ). See note on Isaiah 2:22 .

Verse 6

a light of the Gentiles. Quoted in Luke 2:32 . Compare Isaiah 49:6 .

Verse 7

To open the blind eyes. Renewing the prophecy of Isaiah 35:5 .

prisoners. See Isaiah 49:9 ; Isaiah 61:1 .

sit. Put by Figure of speech Synecdoche (of Species), for being in a permanent condition.

Verse 8

I am. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 3:15 ). App-92 .

will I not give. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:5 ).

another: i.e. a strange god.

praise. Hebrew. lullal. Not confined to the "former" part of Isaiah, as alleged. See Isaiah 13:10 ; Isaiah 38:18 . See App-79 .

Verse 9

the former things, &c. Referring to his prophecies, among others, concerning Sennacherib, Isaiah 10:0 and Isaiah 37:0 .

new things, &c. Thus uniting the predictions of the earlier chapters with the so-called "second" part. See App-79 .

Verse 13

go forth. This is an enlargement of Isaiah 41:15 , Isaiah 41:16 . Still more so in Revelation 6:2 ; Revelation 19:11 .

mighty man. Hebrew. gibbor.

stir up = awaken, incite. See note on Song of Solomon 2:7 .

jealousy. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 20:6 ). App-92 .

cry . . . roar. Figure of speech Anthropopatheia.

Verse 16

I will lead = I have led.

I will lead them, &c. Some codices, with Septuagint, Syriac, and Vulgate, commence this sentence with "And".

These things, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 31:6 ).

will I do = have I done.

and not = and have not.

Verse 17

trust = confide. Hebrew. batah. App-69 .

that say, &c. Reference to Pentateuch (Exodus 32:4 ). App-92 .

Verse 18

Hear. Note the call to hear in the Structure, corresponding with the call in Isaiah 42:23 .

Verse 19

My servant. This is Israel. See the Structures above; and see note on Isaiah 37:35 . Not the same "servant" as in Isaiah 42:1 .

perfect = an intimate friend or trusted one. Hebrew. me'shullam (plural of shalam), to be at peace with. Compare 2 Samuel 20:19 . Job 22:21 .Psalms 7:4 . It is from this word we have Mussulman and Moslem. Israel, in the presence of the foe, was, in Jehovah's sight, thus perfect. See Numbers 23:21 .

Verse 20

Seeing . . . opening the ears. As Israel had done. Reference to Pentateuch (Deuteronomy 29:1 , Deuteronomy 29:2 ). But Israel was blind and deaf (Isaiah 42:19 ). Compare Jeremiah 5:21 ; Jeremiah 6:10 . Ezekiel 12:2 .Matthew 13:14 , &c.

he. Some codices, with Syriac, read "thou" (as in the preceding clause); others read "ye". The pronoun refers to Israel. See Isaiah 42:19 .

Verse 21

He will magnify the law. Note the correspondence with Isaiah 42:24 .

Verse 22

this is a People. Showing most clearly that Israel is the subject of this member.

Verse 23

Who . . . ? The other "call to hear" emphasized by the Figure of speech Erotesis .

Verse 24

Jacob . . . Israel. See notes on Genesis 32:28 ; Gen 32:43 , &c.

Verse 25

strength = strength (for prevailing). Not the same word as in Isaiah 41:1 , Isaiah 41:10 . Hebrew. 'azaz : i.e. battle that prevailed against Israel.

Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.
Bibliographical Information
Bullinger, Ethelbert William. "Commentary on Isaiah 42". "Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". 1909-1922.