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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 58

 

 

Introduction
1The prophet, being sent to reprove hypocrisy, shews the difference between a counterfeit fast and a true.
8He declares what promises are due unto godliness,
13and to the keeping of the sabbath.

Verse 1
Cry aloud, spare not, lift up thy voice like a trumpet, and shew my people their transgression, and the house of Jacob their sins.
aloud
Heb. with the throat. spare.
56:10; Psalms 40:9,10; Jeremiah 1:7-10,17-19; 7:8-11; 15:19,20; Ezekiel 2:3-8; Ezekiel 3:5-9,17-21; 20:4; 22:2; Micah 3:8-12; Matthew 3:7-9; Acts 7:51,52; Acts 20:26,27; Titus 2:15; Revelation 14:9,10
lift up
40:9,10
like
27:13; Hosea 8:1; Revelation 1:10; 4:1

Verse 2
Yet they seek me daily, and delight to know my ways, as a nation that did righteousness, and forsook not the ordinance of their God: they ask of me the ordinances of justice; they take delight in approaching to God.
they seek
1:11-15; 29:13; 48:1,2; Deuteronomy 5:28,29; 1 Samuel 15:21-25; Proverbs 15:8; Ezekiel 33:30-33; Matthew 15:7-9; Mark 4:16,17; 6:20; John 5:35; Titus 1:16; Hebrews 6:4-6
they ask
Jeremiah 42:2,20; Mark 12:14; James 1:21,22; 1 Peter 2:1,2

Verse 3
Wherefore have we fasted, say they, and thou seest not? wherefore have we afflicted our soul, and thou takest no knowledge? Behold, in the day of your fast ye find pleasure, and exact all your labours.
have we fasted
Numbers 23:4; Micah 3:9-11; Zechariah 7:5-7; Malachi 3:14; Matthew 20:11,12; Luke 15:29; Luke 18:9-12
afflicted
Leviticus 16:29,31; 23:27; Psalms 69:10
in
Daniel 10:2,3; Jonah 3:6-8
exact
Nehemiah 5:7; Proverbs 28:9; Jeremiah 34:9-17; Matthew 18:28-35
labours
or, things wherewith ye grieve others. Heb. griefs.
47:6; Exodus 2:23,24

Verse 4
Behold, ye fast for strife and debate, and to smite with the fist of wickedness: ye shall not fast as ye do this day, to make your voice to be heard on high.
ye fast
1 Kings 21:9-13; Proverbs 21:27; Matthew 6:16; 23:14; Luke 20:47; John 18:28
and to smite
Acts 23:1,2; Philippians 1:14,15
shall not fast as ye do this day
or, fast not as this day. to make.
Joel 2:13,14; Jonah 3:7; Matthew 6:16-18

Verse 5
Is it such a fast that I have chosen? a day for a man to afflict his soul? is it to bow down his head as a bulrush, and to spread sackcloth and ashes under him? wilt thou call this a fast, and an acceptable day to the LORD?
it such
2 Chronicles 20:3; Ezra 10:6; Nehemiah 9:1,2; Esther 4:3,16; Daniel 9:3-19; Zechariah 7:5
a day for a man to afflict his soul
or, to afflict his soul for a day.
3; Leviticus 16:29
to spread
1 Kings 21:27-29; 2 Kings 6:30; Job 2:8; Jonah 3:5-8
an acceptable
49:8; 61:2; Psalms 69:13; Luke 4:19; Romans 12:2; 1 Peter 2:5

Verse 6
Is not this the fast that I have chosen? to loose the bands of wickedness, to undo the heavy burdens, and to let the oppressed go free, and that ye break every yoke?
to loose
Nehemiah 5:10-12; Jeremiah 34:8-11; Micah 3:2-4
heavy burdens
Heb. bundles of the yoke. oppressed. Heb. broken. ye break.
1 Timothy 6:1

Verse 7
Is it not to deal thy bread to the hungry, and that thou bring the poor that are cast out to thy house? when thou seest the naked, that thou cover him; and that thou hide not thyself from thine own flesh?
to deal
10; Job 22:7; 31:18-21; Psalms 112:9; Proverbs 22:9; 25:21; 28:27; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Ezekiel 18:7,16; Daniel 4:27; Matthew 25:35-40; Luke 11:41; 19:8; Romans 12:20,21; 2 Corinthians 9:6-10; 1 Timothy 5:10; Philemon 1:7; James 2:15,16; 1 John 3:17,18
bring
16:3,4; Genesis 18:2-5; 19:2; Judges 19:20,21; Acts 16:15,34; Romans 12:13; Hebrews 13:2,3
cast out
or, afflicted. the naked.
2 Chronicles 28:15; Job 31:19,20; Ezekiel 18:7; Matthew 25:35-45; Luke 3:11
thine own
Genesis 19:14; Judges 9:2; Nehemiah 5:5; Luke 10:26-36; 1 John 3:17

Verse 8
Then shall thy light break forth as the morning, and thine health shall spring forth speedily: and thy righteousness shall go before thee; the glory of the LORD shall be thy rereward.
thy light
10,11; Job 11:17; Psalms 37:6; 97:11; 112:4; Proverbs 4:18; Hosea 6:3; Malachi 4:2
and thine
57:18; Jeremiah 33:6; Hosea 6:2; 14:4; Matthew 13:15
and thy
Psalms 85:13; Acts 10:4,31,35
the glory
52:12; Exodus 14:19
be thy rereward
Heb. gather thee up.

Verse 9
Then shalt thou call, and the LORD shall answer; thou shalt cry, and he shall say, Here I am. If thou take away from the midst of thee the yoke, the putting forth of the finger, and speaking vanity;
shalt thou
1:15; 30:19; 65:24; Psalms 34:15-17; 37:4; 50:15; 66:18,19; 91:15; 118:5; Jeremiah 29:12,13; Matthew 7:7,8; 1 John 3:21,22
Here
Genesis 27:18; 1 Samuel 3:4-8
the yoke
the putting
57:4; Proverbs 6:13
speaking
59:3,4; Psalms 12:2; Ezekiel 13:8; Zechariah 10:2

Verse 10
And if thou draw out thy soul to the hungry, and satisfy the afflicted soul; then shall thy light rise in obscurity, and thy darkness be as the noonday:
thou draw
7; Deuteronomy 15:7-10; Psalms 41:1; 112:5-9; Proverbs 11:24,25; 14:31; 28:27; Luke 18:22
thy soul
Instead of naphshecha, "thy soul," eleven MSS. read lachmecha, "thy bread," which is adopted by Bp. Lowth; but "to draw out the soul" in relieving the poor, probably means to do it not of constraint, but cheerfully.
then
8; 29:18; Job 11:17; Psalms 37:6

Verse 11
And the LORD shall guide thee continually, and satisfy thy soul in drought, and make fat thy bones: and thou shalt be like a watered garden, and like a spring of water, whose waters fail not.
the Lord
49:10; Psalms 25:9; 32:8; 48:14; 73:24; John 16:13; 1 Thessalonians 3:11
and satisfy
33:16; Job 5:20; Psalms 33:19; 34:9,10; 37:19; Jeremiah 17:8; Hosea 13:5
drought
Heb. droughts. make fat.
Psalms 92:14; Proverbs 3:8; 11:25; 13:4; 28:25
be like
61:11; Song of Solomon 4:15; Jeremiah 31:12; Ezekiel 36:35
fail
Heb. lie, or deceive.
Job 6:15-20

Verse 12
And they that shall be of thee shall build the old waste places: thou shalt raise up the foundations of many generations; and thou shalt be called, The repairer of the breach, The restorer of paths to dwell in.
build
61:4; Nehemiah 2:5,17; 4:1-6; Jeremiah 31:38; Ezekiel 36:4,8-11,33; Amos 9:14
waste
51:3; 52:9
The repairer
Nehemiah 4:7; 6:1; Daniel 9:25; Amos 9:11

Verse 13
If thou turn away thy foot from the sabbath, from doing thy pleasure on my holy day; and call the sabbath a delight, the holy of the LORD, honourable; and shalt honour him, not doing thine own ways, nor finding thine own pleasure, nor speaking thine own words:
turn
56:2-6; Exodus 20:8-11; 31:13-17; 36:2,3; Deuteronomy 5:12-15; Nehemiah 13:15-22; Jeremiah 17:21-27
call
Psalms 27:4; 42:4; 84:2,10; 92:1,2; *title; Psalms 122:1; Revelation 1:10

Verse 14
Then shalt thou delight thyself in the LORD; and I will cause thee to ride upon the high places of the earth, and feed thee with the heritage of Jacob thy father: for the mouth of the LORD hath spoken it.
delight
Job 22:26; 27:10; 34:9; Psalms 36:8; 37:4,11; Habakkuk 3:18; Philippians 4:4; 1 Peter 1:8
to ride
33:16; Deuteronomy 32:13; 33:29; Habakkuk 3:19
and feed
1:19; Psalms 105:9-11; 135:12; 136:21; Jeremiah 3:19
the mouth
1:20; 40:5; Micah 4:4; Matthew 24:35

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 58:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-58.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, June 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 6 / Ordinary 11
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