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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 60

 

 

Introduction
1The glory of the church in the abundant access of the Gentiles,
15and the great blessings after a short affliction.

Verse 1
Arise, shine; for thy light is come, and the glory of the LORD is risen upon thee.
Arise
52:1,2; Matthew 5:16; Ephesians 5:8,14; Philippians 2:15
shine; for thy light is come
or, be enlightened, for thy light cometh.
19,20; 9:2; Matthew 4:16; Luke 1:78,79; John 1:9; 3:19; 8:12; 12:46; Ephesians 5:8; Revelation 21:23; 22:5
the glory
Malachi 4:2; Luke 2:32; 1 Peter 4:14

Verse 2
For, behold, the darkness shall cover the earth, and gross darkness the people: but the LORD shall arise upon thee, and his glory shall be seen upon thee.
the darkness
Matthew 15:14; 23:19,24; John 8:55; Acts 14:16; 17:23,30,31; 26:18; Romans 1:21-32; Ephesians 4:17-20; 1 Peter 2:9
the Lord
Leviticus 9:23; Numbers 16:19; 1 Kings 8:11; Psalms 80:1; Ezekiel 10:4; Habakkuk 3:3,4; Haggai 2:7-9; Malachi 4:2; John 1:1,14,18; 2 Corinthians 3:18; 4:4-6; Hebrews 1:2,3

Verse 3
And the Gentiles shall come to thy light, and kings to the brightness of thy rising.
the Gentiles
2:2-5; 11:10; 19:23-25; 45:14; 49:6,12,23; 54:1-3; 66:12,19,20; Genesis 49:10; Psalms 22:27; 67:1-4; 72:17-19; 98:2,3; 117:1,2; Amos 9:12; Micah 4:1,2; Zechariah 2:11; 8:20-23; Matthew 2:1-11; 28:19; Luke 24:47; John 12:20,21,32; Acts 13:47; 15:17; Romans 11:11-15; 15:9-12
kings
10,16; 49:7,23; Psalms 2:10; 68:29; 72:11; 138:4; Revelation 11:15; 21:24

Verse 4
Lift up thine eyes round about, and see: all they gather themselves together, they come to thee: thy sons shall come from far, and thy daughters shall be nursed at thy side.
Lift
49:18; John 4:35; Acts 13:44
they come
42:6; 49:20-22; 66:11,12; Matthew 8:11; Galatians 3:28,29

Verse 5
Then thou shalt see, and flow together, and thine heart shall fear, and be enlarged; because the abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee, the forces of the Gentiles shall come unto thee.
thou shalt see
Jeremiah 33:9; Hosea 1:10,11; 3:5; Acts 10:45; 11:17
be enlarged
54:2; 1 Samuel 2:1; 2 Corinthians 6:1-13; 10:15; Revelation 21:26
abundance of the sea shall be converted unto thee
or, noise of the sea shall be turned towards thee.
24:14,15; Psalms 96:7-9; 98:7-9; Romans 11:25
forces
or, wealth.
11; 23:18; 61:6; Acts 24:17; Romans 15:26

Verse 6
The multitude of camels shall cover thee, the dromedaries of Midian and Ephah; all they from Sheba shall come: they shall bring gold and incense; and they shall shew forth the praises of the LORD.
multitude
30:6; Judges 6:5; 7:12; 1 Kings 10:2; 2 Kings 8:9
Midian
Genesis 25:4,13
all
45:14; Genesis 10:7; 25:3; 2 Chronicles 9:1; Psalms 72:10,15
bring
61:6; Malachi 1:11; Matthew 2:11
they shall shew
Romans 15:9; Philippians 2:17; 1 Peter 2:5,9; Revelation 5:9,10; 7:9-12

Verse 7
All the flocks of Kedar shall be gathered together unto thee, the rams of Nebaioth shall minister unto thee: they shall come up with acceptance on mine altar, and I will glorify the house of my glory.
the flocks
42:11; Genesis 25:13
they shall
56:7; Job 42:8; Romans 12:1; 15:16; Hebrews 13:10,15,16
I will
Haggai 2:7-9

Verse 8
Who are these that fly as a cloud, and as the doves to their windows?
fly
4; 45:22; Luke 13:29; Revelation 7:9
a cloud
Hebrews 12:1
as the
Genesis 8:8-11

Verse 9
Surely the isles shall wait for me, and the ships of Tarshish first, to bring thy sons from far, their silver and their gold with them, unto the name of the LORD thy God, and to the Holy One of Israel, because he hath glorified thee.
the isles
42:4,10; 49:1; 51:5; 66:19,20; Genesis 9:27; 10:2-5; Psalms 72:10; Zephaniah 2:11
the ships
2:16; 1 Kings 10:22; 22:48
thy sons
4; Psalms 68:30,31; Zechariah 14:14; 2 Corinthians 8:4,5; Galatians 3:26; 4:26
unto
Exodus 33:19; 34:5-7; Joshua 9:9; 1 Kings 8:41; 10:1; Proverbs 18:20; Jeremiah 3:17; John 17:26; Acts 9:15
because
14:1,2; 43:4; 52:1-6; 55:5; 57:17; Jeremiah 30:19; Luke 2:32

Verse 10
And the sons of strangers shall build up thy walls, and their kings shall minister unto thee: for in my wrath I smote thee, but in my favour have I had mercy on thee.
the sons
61:5; 66:21; Zechariah 6:15
their kings
3; 49:23; Ezra 6:3-12; 7:12-28; Nehemiah 2:7-9; Revelation 21:24,26
in my wrath
12:1; 54:7,8; 57:17,18; Psalms 30:5

Verse 11
Therefore thy gates shall be open continually; they shall not be shut day nor night; that men may bring unto thee the forces of the Gentiles, and that their kings may be brought.
Therefore
The subject of this chapter, says Bp. Lowth, is the great increase and flourishing state of the church of God, by the conversion and accession of the heathen nations to it; which is set forth in such ample and exalted terms, as plainly shew that the full completion of this prophecy is reserved for future times. This subject is displayed in the most splendid colours, under a great variety of images highly poetical, designed to give a general idea of the glories of that perfect state of the church of God, which we are taught to expect in the latter times; when the fulness of the Gentiles shall come in, and the Jews shall be converted and gathered from their dispersions, and "the kingdom of this world shall become the kingdom of our Lord and of His Christ."
thy gates
Nehemiah 13:19; Revelation 21:25
forces
or, wealth.
5; *marg:

Verse 12
For the nation and kingdom that will not serve thee shall perish; yea, those nations shall be utterly wasted.
41:11; 54:15; Psalms 2:12; Daniel 2:35,44,45; Zechariah 12:2-4; 14:12-19; Matthew 21:44; Luke 19:27; Revelation 2:26,27

Verse 13
The glory of Lebanon shall come unto thee, the fir tree, the pine tree, and the box together, to beautify the place of my sanctuary; and I will make the place of my feet glorious.
The glory
That is, the cedar; and as the choice timber of Lebanon beautified Solomon's temple, that footstool of Jehovah; so shall the peculiar advantages of every nation, and of every description of men, concur to beautify the church of Christ, which He has determined to make glorious. The language then becomes more energetic, and the images employed more grand and magnificent; and nothing can answer to the glorious description but some future exalted state of the church on earth, or the church triumphant in heaven; though several expressions seem to limit it to the church below.
35:2; 41:19,20; 55:13; Hosea 14:6,7
to beautify
Ezra 7:27
the place
66:1; 1 Chronicles 28:2; Psalms 96:6; 132:7

Verse 14
The sons also of them that afflicted thee shall come bending unto thee; and all they that despised thee shall bow themselves down at the soles of thy feet; and they shall call thee, The city of the LORD, The Zion of the Holy One of Israel.
sons
14:1,2; 45:14; 49:23; Jeremiah 16:19; Revelation 3:9
The city
62:12; Psalms 87:3; Hebrews 12:22; Revelation 3:12; 14:1

Verse 15
Whereas thou hast been forsaken and hated, so that no man went through thee, I will make thee an eternal excellency, a joy of many generations.
thou
49:14-23; 54:6-14; Psalms 78:60,61; Jeremiah 30:17; Lamentations 1:1,2; Revelation 11:2,15-17
a joy
35:10; 61:7; Jeremiah 33:11

Verse 16
Thou shalt also suck the milk of the Gentiles, and shalt suck the breast of kings: and thou shalt know that I the LORD am thy Saviour and thy Redeemer, the mighty One of Jacob.
suck the milk
49:23; 61:6; 66:11,12
thou shalt know
43:3,4; 66:14; Ezekiel 34:30

Verse 17
For brass I will bring gold, and for iron I will bring silver, and for wood brass, and for stones iron: I will also make thy officers peace, and thine exactors righteousness.
brass
30:26; 1 Kings 10:21-27; Zechariah 12:8; Hebrews 11:40; 2 Peter 3:13
make
1:26; 32:1,2

Verse 18
Violence shall no more be heard in thy land, wasting nor destruction within thy borders; but thou shalt call thy walls Salvation, and thy gates Praise.
Violence
2:4; 11:9; Psalms 72:3-7; Micah 4:3; Zechariah 9:8
but
26:1; Revelation 19:1-6

Verse 19
The sun shall be no more thy light by day; neither for brightness shall the moon give light unto thee: but the LORD shall be unto thee an everlasting light, and thy God thy glory.
sun
Psalms 36:9; Revelation 21:23; 22:5
thy God
Psalms 3:3; 4:2; 62:7; Zechariah 2:5; Luke 2:32

Verse 20
Thy sun shall no more go down; neither shall thy moon withdraw itself: for the LORD shall be thine everlasting light, and the days of thy mourning shall be ended.
sun
Psalms 27:1; 84:11; Amos 8:9; Malachi 4:2
the days
25:8; 30:19; 35:10; Revelation 7:15-17; 21:4

Verse 21
Thy people also shall be all righteous: they shall inherit the land for ever, the branch of my planting, the work of my hands, that I may be glorified.
people
4:3,4; 51:2; 62:4; Zechariah 14:20,21; 2 Peter 3:13; Revelation 21:27
inherit
Psalms 37:11,22; Matthew 5:5; Revelation 5:10; 21:7
the branch
29:23; 43:7; 45:11; 61:3; Psalms 92:13; Matthew 15:13; John 15:2; Ephesians 2:10
that I
43:21; 44:23; 49:3; Ephesians 1:6,12; 2:7; 2 Thessalonians 1:10

Verse 22
A little one shall become a thousand, and a small one a strong nation: I the LORD will hasten it in his time.
little
66:8; Daniel 2:35,44; Matthew 13:31,32; Acts 2:41; 5:14; Revelation 7:9
I the Lord
5:19; Habakkuk 2:3; Luke 18:7; Hebrews 10:36; 2 Peter 3:8

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 60:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-60.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, October 19th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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