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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Isaiah 8

 

 

Introduction
1In Maher-shalal-hash-baz, he prophesies that Syria and Israel shall be subdued by Assyria.
5Judah likewise for their infidelity.
9God's judgments shall be irresistible.
11Comfort shall be to them that fear God.
19Great afflictions to idolaters.

Verse 1
Moreover the LORD said unto me, Take thee a great roll, and write in it with a man's pen concerning Mahershalalhashbaz.
Take thee
Jeremiah 36:2,28,32
write
30:8; Job 19:23,24; Habakkuk 2:2,3
a man's pen
Revelation 13:18; 21:17
Maher-shalal-hash-baz
Heb. in making speed to the spoil, he hasteneth the prey. Or, Make speed, etc. hasten, etc.

Verse 2
And I took unto me faithful witnesses to record, Uriah the priest, and Zechariah the son of Jeberechiah.
I took
Ruth 4:2,10,11; 2 Corinthians 13:1
Uria
2 Kings 16:10,11; 18:2

Verse 3
And I went unto the prophetess; and she conceived, and bare a son. Then said the LORD to me, Call his name Mahershalalhashbaz.
went
Heb. approached. the prophetess.
Judges 4:4; 2 Kings 22:14
she conceived
Hosea 1:3-9
Call his name
7:13,14
Maher-shalal-hash-baz

Verse 4
For before the child shall have knowledge to cry, My father, and my mother, the riches of Damascus and the spoil of Samaria shall be taken away before the king of Assyria.
before
7:15,16; Deuteronomy 1:39; Jonah 4:11; Romans 9:11
the riches of Damascus, etc
or, he that is before the king of Assyria shall take away the riches, etc.
10:6-14; 17:3; 2 Kings 15:29; 16:9; 17:3,5,6

Verse 5
The LORD spake also unto me again, saying,
A. M. 3263. B.C. 741. spake
7:10

Verse 6
Forasmuch as this people refuseth the waters of Shiloah that go softly, and rejoice in Rezin and Remaliah's son;
refuseth
1 Kings 7:16; 2 Chronicles 13:8-18
the waters of Shiloah
Nehemiah 3:15; John 9:7
Siloam
that go softly
Jeremiah 2:13,18; 18:14
rejoice
7:1,2,6; Judges 9:16-20

Verse 7
Now therefore, behold, the Lord bringeth up upon them the waters of the river, strong and many, even the king of Assyria, and all his glory: and he shall come up over all his channels, and go over all his banks:
the Lord bringeth
17:12,13; 28:17; 59:19; Genesis 6:17; Deuteronomy 28:49-52; Jeremiah 46:7,8; Daniel 9:26; Daniel 11:10,22; Amos 8:8; 9:5; Nahum 1:8; Luke 6:48; Revelation 12:15,16; 17:15
strong
Ezra 4:10; Psalms 72:8
the king
7:1-6,17; 10:8-14; Ezekiel 31:3-18
he shall come
2 Kings 17:3-6; 18:9-12

Verse 8
And he shall pass through Judah; he shall overflow and go over, he shall reach even to the neck; and the stretching out of his wings shall fill the breadth of thy land, O Immanuel.
he shall pass
10:28-32; 22:1-7; 28:14-22; 29:1-9; 36:1-37
reach
30:28
the stretching, etc
Heb. the fulness of the breadth of thy land shall be the stretchings out of his wings.
Ezekiel 17:3
O Immanuel
7:14; Matthew 1:23
Emmanuel
28:20

Verse 9
Associate yourselves, O ye people, and ye shall be broken in pieces; and give ear, all ye of far countries: gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces; gird yourselves, and ye shall be broken in pieces.
Associate
7:1,2; 54:15; Jeremiah 46:9-11; Ezekiel 38:9-23; Joel 3:9-14; Micah 4:11-13; Zechariah 14:1-3; Revelation 17:12-14; 20:8,9
and ye
or, yet ye.
14:5,6; 28:13; Psalms 37:14,15; Proverbs 11:21
gird
37:36; 1 Kings 20:11

Verse 10
Take counsel together, and it shall come to nought; speak the word, and it shall not stand: for God is with us.
counsel
7:5-7; 2 Samuel 15:31; 17:4,23; Job 5:12; Psalms 2:1,2; 33:10,11; 46:1,7; Psalms 83:3-18; Proverbs 21:30; Lamentations 3:37; Nahum 1:9-12; Acts 5:38,39
for God
7:14; 9:6; 41:10; Deuteronomy 20:1; Joshua 1:5; 2 Chronicles 13:12; 33:7,8; Psalms 46:7,11; Matthew 1:23; 28:20; Romans 8:13,31; 1 John 4:4

Verse 11
For the LORD spake thus to me with a strong hand, and instructed me that I should not walk in the way of this people, saying,
with a strong hand
Heb. in strength of hand.
Jeremiah 20:7,9; Ezekiel 3:14; Acts 4:20
instructed
Psalms 32:8; Proverbs 1:15; Jeremiah 15:19; Ezekiel 2:6-8

Verse 12
Say ye not, A confederacy, to all them to whom this people shall say, A confederacy; neither fear ye their fear, nor be afraid.
not, A confederacy
7:2-6; 51:12,13; 2 Kings 16:5-7
fear ye
7:4; 57:9-11; Psalms 53:5; Matthew 28:2-5; Luke 12:4,5; 21:9; 1 Peter 3:14,15

Verse 13
Sanctify the LORD of hosts himself; and let him be your fear, and let him be your dread.
Sanctify
26:3,4; Leviticus 10:3; Numbers 20:12,13; 27:14; Romans 4:20
and let him
Genesis 31:53; Psalms 76:7; Malachi 2:5; Matthew 10:28; Luke 12:5; Revelation 15:4

Verse 14
And he shall be for a sanctuary; but for a stone of stumbling and for a rock of offence to both the houses of Israel, for a gin and for a snare to the inhabitants of Jerusalem.
he shall be
26:20; Psalms 46:1,2; Proverbs 18:10; Ezekiel 11:16
a stone
28:16; Luke 2:34; Romans 9:32,33; 11:9-11,35; 1 Peter 2:8
a snare
Psalms 11:6; 69:22; Matthew 13:57; Luke 21:35

Verse 15
And many among them shall stumble, and fall, and be broken, and be snared, and be taken.
stumble
Matthew 11:6; 15:14; 21:44; Luke 20:17,18; John 6:66; 1 Corinthians 1:23

Verse 16
Bind up the testimony, seal the law among my disciples.
Bind up
29:11; Daniel 12:4
the testimony
20; Deuteronomy 4:45; 2 Kings 11:12; John 3:32,33; Hebrews 3:5; 1 John 5:9-12; Revelation 19:10
seal
Daniel 9:24; Revelation 5:1,5; 10:4
among
54:13; Psalms 25:14; Proverbs 8:8,9; Daniel 12:9,10; Matthew 13:11; Mark 4:10,11,34; Mark 10:10; 1 Corinthians 2:14; Revelation 2:17

Verse 17
And I will wait upon the LORD, that hideth his face from the house of Jacob, and I will look for him.
I will
25:9; 26:8; 33:2; 64:4; Genesis 49:18; Psalms 27:14; 33:20; 37:34; 39:7; 40:1; Psalms 130:5; Lamentations 3:25,26; Hosea 12:6; Micah 7:7; Habakkuk 2:3; 1 Thessalonians 1:10; 2 Thessalonians 3:5; Hebrews 10:36-39
hideth
54:8; 59:2; 64:7; Deuteronomy 31:17,18; 32:20; Ezekiel 39:23,24; Micah 3:4
I will look
50:10; Luke 2:38; Hebrews 9:28

Verse 18
Behold, I and the children whom the LORD hath given me are for signs and for wonders in Israel from the LORD of hosts, which dwelleth in mount Zion.
I and the
3; 7:3,16; 53:10; Psalms 22:30; Hebrews 2:13,14
for signs
Psalms 71:7; Ezekiel 14:8; Zechariah 3:8; Luke 2:34; 1 Corinthians 4:9-13; Hebrews 10:33
which
12:6; 14:32; 24:23; 1 Chronicles 23:25; Psalms 9:11; Zechariah 8:3; Hebrews 12:22

Verse 19
And when they shall say unto you, Seek unto them that have familiar spirits, and unto wizards that peep, and that mutter: should not a people seek unto their God? for the living to the dead?
Seek
19:3; Leviticus 20:6; Deuteronomy 18:11; 1 Samuel 28:8; 1 Chronicles 10:13; 2 Chronicles 33:6
that peep
29:4
should not
1 Samuel 28:16; 2 Kings 1:3; 2 Peter 2:1
for the living
Psalms 106:28; Jeremiah 10:10; 1 Thessalonians 1:9

Verse 20
To the law and to the testimony: if they speak not according to this word, it is because there is no light in them.
the law
16; Luke 10:26; 16:29-31; John 5:39,46,47; Acts 17:11; Galatians 3:8-29; Galatians 4:21,22; 2 Timothy 3:15-17; 2 Peter 1:19
it is
30:8-11; Psalms 19:7,8; 119:130; Jeremiah 8:9; Micah 3:6; Matthew 6:23; 22:29; Mark 7:7-9; Romans 1:22; 2 Peter 1:9
light
Heb. morning.
Proverbs 4:18; Hosea 6:3; Malachi 4:2; 2 Peter 1:19

Verse 21
And they shall pass through it, hardly bestead and hungry: and it shall come to pass, that when they shall be hungry, they shall fret themselves, and curse their king and their God, and look upward.
through
7,8
hardly bestead
9:20; Deuteronomy 28:33,34,53-57; 2 Kings 25:3; Jeremiah 14:18; 52:6; Lamentations 4:4,5,9,10
they shall fret
Proverbs 19:3
curse
Exodus 22:28; 2 Kings 6:33; Job 1:11; 2:5,9; Revelation 9:20,21; 16:9-11

Verse 22
And they shall look unto the earth; and behold trouble and darkness, dimness of anguish; and they shall be driven to darkness.
look
5:30; 9:1; 2 Chronicles 15:5,6; Jeremiah 13:16; 30:6,7; Amos 5:18-20; Zephaniah 1:14,15; Matthew 8:12; 24:29; Luke 21:25,26; Jude 1:13
driven to darkness
Job 18:18; Proverbs 14:32; Jeremiah 23:12; Matthew 22:13

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Isaiah 8:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/isaiah-8.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, October 23rd, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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