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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Jeremiah 12

 

 

Introduction
1Jeremiah, complaining of the wicked's prosperity, by faith sees their ruin.
5God admonishes him of his brethren's treachery against him;
7and laments his heritage.
14He promises to the penitent return from captivity.

Verse 1
Righteous art thou, O LORD, when I plead with thee: yet let me talk with thee of thy judgments: Wherefore doth the way of the wicked prosper? wherefore are all they happy that deal very treacherously?
Righteous
11:20; Genesis 18:25; Deuteronomy 32:4; Psalms 51:4; 119:75,137; 145:17; Daniel 9:7; Habakkuk 1:13-17; Zephaniah 3:5; Romans 3:5,6
talk
or, reason the case.
Job 13:3; Isaiah 41:21
Wherefore doth
5:28; Job 12:6; 21:7-15; Psalms 37:1,35; 73:3-28; 92:7; 94:3,4; Proverbs 1:32; Habakkuk 1:4; Malachi 3:15
deal
6; 5:11; Isaiah 48:8; Hosea 6:7

Verse 2
Thou hast planted them, yea, they have taken root: they grow, yea, they bring forth fruit: thou art near in their mouth, and far from their reins.
hast
11:17; 45:4; Ezekiel 17:5-10; 19:10-13
grow
Heb. go on. near.
Isaiah 29:13; Ezekiel 33:31; Matthew 15:8; Mark 7:6; Titus 1:16

Verse 3
But thou, O LORD, knowest me: thou hast seen me, and tried mine heart toward thee: pull them out like sheep for the slaughter, and prepare them for the day of slaughter.
knowest
11:20; 2 Kings 20:3; 1 Chronicles 29:17; Job 23:10; Psalms 17:3; 26:1; 44:21; Psalms 139:1,23; John 21:17; 1 John 3:20,21
toward
or, with. pull.
17:18; 18:21-23; 20:12; 48:15; 50:27; 51:4
the day
11:19; Psalms 44:22; James 5:5

Verse 4
How long shall the land mourn, and the herbs of every field wither, for the wickedness of them that dwell therein? the beasts are consumed, and the birds; because they said, He shall not see our last end.
long
9:10; 14:2; 23:10
the herbs
Psalms 107:34; Joel 1:10-17
the beasts
4:25; 7:20; Hosea 4:3; Habakkuk 3:17; Romans 8:22
He
5:13,31; Psalms 50:21; Ezekiel 7:2-13

Verse 5
If thou hast run with the footmen, and they have wearied thee, then how canst thou contend with horses? and if in the land of peace, wherein thou trustedst, they wearied thee, then how wilt thou do in the swelling of Jordan?
thou hast
Proverbs 3:11; 24:10; Hebrews 12:3,4; 1 Peter 4:12
canst
26:8; 36:26; 38:4-6
swelling
49:19; 50:44; Joshua 3:15; 1 Chronicles 12:15; Psalms 42:7; 69:1,2

Verse 6
For even thy brethren, and the house of thy father, even they have dealt treacherously with thee; yea, they have called a multitude after thee: believe them not, though they speak fair words unto thee.
thy brethren
9:4; 11:19,21; 20:10; Genesis 37:4-11; Job 6:15; Psalms 69:8; Ezekiel 33:30,31; Micah 7:5,6; Matthew 10:21; Mark 12:12; John 7:5
yea
Isaiah 31:4; Acts 16:22; 18:12; 19:24-29; 21:28-30
have called, etc
or, cried after thee fully. though.
Psalms 12:2; Proverbs 26:25; Matthew 22:16-18
fair words
Heb. good things.

Verse 7
I have forsaken mine house, I have left mine heritage; I have given the dearly beloved of my soul into the hand of her enemies.
have forsaken
11:15; 51:5; Isaiah 2:6; Psalms 78:59,60; Hosea 9:15; Joel 2:15; 3:2
I have given
7:14; Lamentations 2:1-22; Ezekiel 7:20,21; 24:21; Luke 21:24
dearly beloved
Heb. love.

Verse 8
Mine heritage is unto me as a lion in the forest; it crieth out against me: therefore have I hated it.
crieth out
or, yelleth. Heb. giveth out his voice.
2:15; 51:38
therefore
Hosea 9:15; Amos 6:8; Zechariah 11:8

Verse 9
Mine heritage is unto me as a speckled bird, the birds round about are against her; come ye, assemble all the beasts of the field, come to devour.
Mine
Or rather, as the learned Bochart renders, "Is then my heritage (people) to me as a fierce hyæna? Is there a wild beast all around upon her?" i.e., the land of Canaan. The hyæna is a kind of wolf, a little bigger than a mastiff; colour grey, streaked with black: it is of a solitary and savage disposition.
speckled bird
or, a bird having talons. the birds.
2:15; 2 Kings 24:2; Ezekiel 16:36,37; 23:22-25; Revelation 17:16
come ye
7:33; Isaiah 56:9; Ezekiel 39:17-20; Revelation 19:17,18
come
or, cause them to come.

Verse 10
Many pastors have destroyed my vineyard, they have trodden my portion under foot, they have made my pleasant portion a desolate wilderness.
pastors
6:3; 25:9; 39:3
my vineyard
Psalms 80:8-16; Isaiah 5:1-7; Luke 20:9-16
trodden
Isaiah 43:28; 63:18; Lamentations 1:10,11; Luke 21:14; Revelation 11:2
pleasant portion
Heb. portion of desire.
3:19

Verse 11
They have made it desolate, and being desolate it mourneth unto me; the whole land is made desolate, because no man layeth it to heart.
made it
6:8; 9:11; 10:22,25; 19:8
it mourneth
4-8; 14:2; 23:10; Lamentations 1:1-5; Zechariah 7:5
layeth
Ecclesiastes 7:2; Isaiah 42:25; 57:1; Malachi 2:2

Verse 12
The spoilers are come upon all high places through the wilderness: for the sword of the LORD shall devour from the one end of the land even to the other end of the land: no flesh shall have peace.
spoilers
4:11-15; 9:19-21
the sword
15:2; 34:17; 47:6; 48:2; Leviticus 26:33; Isaiah 34:6; 66:15,16; Ezekiel 5:2; Ezekiel 14:17; Amos 9:4; Zephaniah 2:12; Revelation 19:16-21
no
Isaiah 57:21; Matthew 24:21,22; Revelation 6:4

Verse 13
They have sown wheat, but shall reap thorns: they have put themselves to pain, but shall not profit: and they shall be ashamed of your revenues because of the fierce anger of the LORD.
sown
Leviticus 26:16; Deuteronomy 28:38; Micah 6:15; Haggai 1:6; 2:16,17
put
3:23-25; Isaiah 30:1-6; 31:1-3; 55:2; Habakkuk 2:13; Romans 6:21
they
or, ye.

Verse 14
Thus saith the LORD against all mine evil neighbours, that touch the inheritance which I have caused my people Israel to inherit; Behold, I will pluck them out of their land, and pluck out the house of Judah from among them.
A. M. 3401. B.C. 603. against
48:26,27; 50:9-17; 51:33-35; Ezekiel 25:3-15; Amos 1:2-15; Zephaniah 2:8-10
that
2:3; 49:1,7; Psalms 105:15; Obadiah 1:10-16; Zechariah 1:15; 2:8; 12:2-4
I will
48:1-51; Ezekiel 25:1-32; 35:1-15
and pluck
3:18; 32:37; Deuteronomy 30:3; Psalms 106:47; Isaiah 11:11-16; Ezekiel 28:25; 34:12,13; Ezekiel 36:24; 37:21; 39:27,28; Hosea 1:11; Amos 9:14,15; Zephaniah 3:19,20; Zechariah 10:6-12

Verse 15
And it shall come to pass, after that I have plucked them out I will return, and have compassion on them, and will bring them again, every man to his heritage, and every man to his land.
after
48:47; 49:6,39; Deuteronomy 30:3; Isaiah 23:17,18
heritage
48:47; 49:6,39; Numbers 32:18; Deuteronomy 3:20

Verse 16
And it shall come to pass, if they will diligently learn the ways of my people, to swear by my name, The LORD liveth; as they taught my people to swear by Baal; then shall they be built in the midst of my people.
my name
4:2; 5:2; Deuteronomy 10:20,21; Song of Solomon 1:8; Isaiah 9:18-21; 45:23; 65:16; Romans 14:11
as they
Joshua 23:7; Psalms 106:35,36; Zephaniah 1:5
built
Isaiah 19:23-25; 56:5,6; Zechariah 2:11; Romans 11:17; 1 Corinthians 3:9; Ephesians 2:19-22; 1 Peter 2:4-6

Verse 17
But if they will not obey, I will utterly pluck up and destroy that nation, saith the LORD.
if
Psalms 2:8-12; Isaiah 60:12; Zechariah 14:16-19; Luke 19:27; 2 Thessalonians 1:8; 1 Peter 2:6-8
pluck
14-17; 18:7; 31:28; Ezekiel 19:12; Daniel 7:4-8; 11:4

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 12:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-12.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Saturday, September 21st, 2019
the Week of Proper 19 / Ordinary 24
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