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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Jeremiah 22

 

 

Introduction
1He exhorts to repentance, with promises and threats.
10The judgment of Shallum;
13of Jehoiakim;
20and of Coniah.

Verse 1
Thus saith the LORD; Go down to the house of the king of Judah, and speak there this word,
A. M. cir. 3406. B.C. cir. 598. Go
21:11; 34:2; 1 Samuel 15:16-23; 2 Samuel 12:1; 24:11,12; 1 Kings 21:18-20; 2 Chronicles 19:2,3; 25:15,16; 33:10; Hosea 5:1; Amos 7:13; Mark 6:18; Luke 3:19,20

Verse 2
And say, Hear the word of the LORD, O king of Judah, that sittest upon the throne of David, thou, and thy servants, and thy people that enter in by these gates:
Hear
29; 13:18; 17:20-27; 19:3; 29:20; 1 Kings 22:19; Isaiah 1:10; 28:14; Ezekiel 34:7; Amos 7:16
that sittest
4,30; 17:25; 29:16,17; 36:30; Isaiah 9:7; Luke 1:32
enter
7:2; 17:20

Verse 3
Thus saith the LORD; Execute ye judgment and righteousness, and deliver the spoiled out of the hand of the oppressor: and do no wrong, do no violence to the stranger, the fatherless, nor the widow, neither shed innocent blood in this place.
Execute
5:28; 9:24; 21:12; Exodus 23:6-9; Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 16:18-20; 25:1; 2 Samuel 23:3; Job 29:7-17; Psalms 72:2-4; Micah 3:11; Zechariah 7:9-11
do no wrong
do no violence
Deuteronomy 10:18; 24:7; 27:19; Job 22:9; 24:9; 29:12; Psalms 68:5; 94:6; Proverbs 23:10; Isaiah 1:23; Ezekiel 22:7; Malachi 3:5; James 1:27
neither
17; 7:6; 26:16; Deuteronomy 19:10-13; 2 Kings 24:4; Psalms 94:21; Proverbs 6:17; Isaiah 1:15-20; Joel 3:19

Verse 4
For if ye do this thing indeed, then shall there enter in by the gates of this house kings sitting upon the throne of David, riding in chariots and on horses, he, and his servants, and his people.
then
17:25
upon the throne of David
Heb. for David upon his throne.

Verse 5
But <I>if ye will not hear these words, I swear by myself, saith the LORD, that this house shall become a desolation.
if
17:27; 2 Chronicles 7:19,22; Isaiah 1:20
I
Genesis 22:16; Numbers 14:28-30; Deuteronomy 32:40-42; Psalms 95:11; Amos 6:8; 8:7,8; Hebrews 3:18; 6:13,17
that
7:13,14; 26:6-9; 39:8; Micah 3:12

Verse 6
For thus saith the LORD unto the king's house of Judah; Thou art Gilead unto me, and the head of Lebanon: yet surely I will make thee a wilderness, and cities which are not inhabited.
unto
24; 21:11; Genesis 37:25; Deuteronomy 3:25; Song of Solomon 5:15
Thou
Gilead was the most fertile part of the country, and renowned for its rich pastures; and Lebanon was the highest mountain in Israel, celebrated for its stately cedars; and both were, therefore, proper emblems of the reigning family. "But though thou art the richest and most powerful, I, who raised thee up, can bring thee down, and make thee a wilderness."
surely
4:20; 7:34; 9:11; 19:7,8; 21:14; 25:9,10; 26:6-9,18; Psalms 107:34; Isaiah 6:11; 24:1-6; 27:10; Ezekiel 33:27,28

Verse 7
And I will prepare destroyers against thee, every one with his weapons: and they shall cut down thy choice cedars, and cast them into the fire.
I
4:6,7; 5:15; 50:20-23; Isaiah 10:3-7; 13:3-5; 54:16,17; Ezekiel 9:1-7; Matthew 22:7
cut
21:14; Isaiah 10:33,34; 27:10,11; 37:24; Zechariah 11:1

Verse 8
And many nations shall pass by this city, and they shall say every man to his neighbour, Wherefore hath the LORD done thus unto this great city?
Deuteronomy 29:23-25; 1 Kings 9:8,9; 2 Chronicles 7:20-22; Lamentations 2:15-17; 4:12; Daniel 9:7

Verse 9
Then they shall answer, Because they have forsaken the covenant of the LORD their God, and worshipped other gods, and served them.
2:17-19; 40:2,3; 50:7; Deuteronomy 29:25-28; 2 Kings 22:17; 2 Chronicles 34:25

Verse 10
Weep ye not for the dead, neither bemoan him: but weep sore for him that goeth away: for he shall return no more, nor see his native country.
Weep ye
2 Kings 22:20; 23:30; 2 Chronicles 35:23-25; Ecclesiastes 4:2; Isaiah 57:1; Lamentations 4:9; Luke 23:28
weep sore
11; 2 Kings 23:30-34; Ezekiel 19:3,4

Verse 11
For thus saith the LORD touching Shallum the son of Josiah king of Judah, which reigned instead of Josiah his father, which went forth out of this place; He shall not return thither any more:
Shallum
1 Chronicles 3:15; 2 Chronicles 28:12; 34:22; 36:1-4
Jehoahaz

Verse 12
But he shall die in the place whither they have led him captive, and shall see this land no more.
18; 2 Kings 23:34

Verse 13
Woe unto him that buildeth his house by unrighteousness, and his chambers by wrong; that useth his neighbour's service without wages, and giveth him not for his work;
unto
18; 2 Kings 23:35-37; 2 Chronicles 36:4
buildeth
Leviticus 19:13; Deuteronomy 24:14,15; Job 24:10,11; Micah 3:10; Habakkuk 2:9-11; Malachi 3:5; James 5:4

Verse 14
That saith, I will build me a wide house and large chambers, and cutteth him out windows; and it is cieled with cedar, and painted with vermilion.
I will
Proverbs 17:19; 24:27; Isaiah 5:8,9; 9:9; Daniel 4:30; Malachi 1:4; Luke 14:28,29
large
Heb. through-aired. windows, or, my windows. ceiled with cedar.
2 Samuel 7:2; 2 Chronicles 3:5; Song of Solomon 1:17; Haggai 1:4

Verse 15
Shalt thou reign, because thou closest thyself in cedar? did not thy father eat and drink, and do judgment and justice, and then it was well with him?
thy
18; 2 Kings 23:25; 1 Chronicles 3:15
eat
1 Kings 4:20-23; 2 Chronicles 35:7,8,12-18; Ecclesiastes 2:24; 9:7-10; 10:17; Isaiah 33:16; Luke 11:41; Acts 2:46; 1 Corinthians 10:31
and do
3; 21:12; 23:5; 2 Samuel 8:15; 1 Kings 10:9; 2 Kings 22:2; 23:25; 2 Chronicles 34:2; Proverbs 20:28; 21:3; 25:5; 29:4; 31:9; Isaiah 9:7
then
42:6; Deuteronomy 4:40; Psalms 128:1,2; Isaiah 3:10

Verse 16
He judged the cause of the poor and needy; then it was well with him: was not this to know me? saith the LORD.
judged
5:28; Job 29:12-17; Psalms 72:1-4,12,13; 82:3,4; 109:31; Proverbs 24:11,12; Isaiah 1:17
was not
9:3,16,24; 31:33,34; 1 Samuel 2:2; 1 Chronicles 28:9; Psalms 9:10; John 8:19,54,55; John 16:3; 17:3,6; Titus 1:16; 1 John 2:3,4

Verse 17
But thine eyes and thine heart are not but for thy covetousness, and for to shed innocent blood, and for oppression, and for violence, to do it.
thine eyes
Joshua 7:21; Job 31:7; Psalms 119:36,37; Ezekiel 19:6; 33:31; Mark 7:21,22; James 1:14,15; 2 Peter 2:14; 1 John 2:15,16
covetousness
Exodus 18:21; Psalms 10:3; Luke 12:15-21; 16:13,14; Romans 1:29; 1 Corinthians 6:10; Ephesians 5:3-5; Colossians 3:5; 1 Timothy 6:9,10; 2 Peter 2:3,14
to shed
3; 26:22-24; 1 Kings 21:19; 2 Kings 24:4; 2 Chronicles 36:8; Ezekiel 19:6; Zephaniah 3:3
violence
or, incursion.

Verse 18
Therefore thus saith the LORD concerning Jehoiakim the son of Josiah king of Judah; They shall not lament for him, saying, Ah my brother! or, Ah sister! they shall not lament for him, saying, Ah lord! or, Ah his glory!
They
10; 16:4,6; 2 Chronicles 21:19,20; 35:25
Ah my brother
2 Samuel 1:26; 3:33-38; 1 Kings 13:30

Verse 19
He shall be buried with the burial of an ass, drawn and cast forth beyond the gates of Jerusalem.
15:3; 36:6,30; 1 Kings 14:10; 21:23,24; 2 Kings 9:35; 2 Chronicles 36:6

Verse 20
Go up to Lebanon, and cry; and lift up thy voice in Bashan, and cry from the passages: for all thy lovers are destroyed.
and cry
2:36,37; 30:13-15; 2 Kings 24:7; Isaiah 20:5,6; 30:1-7; 31:1-3
for
22; 4:30; 25:9,17-27; Lamentations 1:2,19; Ezekiel 23:9,22

Verse 21
I spake unto thee in thy prosperity; but thou saidst, I will not hear. This hath been thy manner from thy youth, that thou obeyedst not my voice.
I spake
2:31; 6:16; 35:15; 36:21-26; 2 Chronicles 33:10; 36:16,17; Proverbs 30:9
prosperity
Heb. prosperities. This.
3:25; 7:22-28; 32:30; Deuteronomy 9:7,24; 31:27; 32:15-20; Judges 2:11-19; Nehemiah 9:16-37; Psalms 106:6-48; Isaiah 48:8; Ezekiel 20:8,13,21,28; 23:3-39

Verse 22
The wind shall eat up all thy pastors, and thy lovers shall go into captivity: surely then shalt thou be ashamed and confounded for all thy wickedness.
wind
4:11-13; 30:23,24; Isaiah 64:6; Hosea 4:19; 13:15
thy pastors
2:8; 5:30,31; 10:21; 12:10; 23:1,2; Ezekiel 34:2-10; Zechariah 11:8,17; Acts 7:51,52
thy lovers
surely
2:26,27,37; 20:11

Verse 23
O inhabitant of Lebanon, that makest thy nest in the cedars, how gracious shalt thou be when pangs come upon thee, the pain as of a woman in travail!
inhabitant
Heb. inhabitress. Lebanon.
6; Zechariah 11:1,2
makest
21:13; 48:28; 49:16; Numbers 24:21; Amos 9:2; Obadiah 1:4; Habakkuk 2:9
how
3:21; 4:31; 6:24; 30:5,6; 50:4,5; Hosea 5:15; 6:1; 7:14
when
4:30,31

Verse 24
As I live, saith the LORD, though Coniah the son of Jehoiakim king of Judah were the signet upon my right hand, yet would I pluck thee thence;
Coniah
28; 37:1; 2 Kings 24:6-8
Jehoiachin
1 Chronicles 3:16
Jeconiah
Matthew 1:11,12
the signet
6; Song of Solomon 8:6; Haggai 2:23

Verse 25
And I will give thee into the hand of them that seek thy life, and into the hand of them whose face thou fearest, even into the hand of Nebuchadrezzar king of Babylon, and into the hand of the Chaldeans.
I
28; 21:7; 34:20,21; 38:16; 2 Kings 24:15,16
whose
Proverbs 10:24

Verse 26
And I will cast thee out, and thy mother that bare thee, into another country, where ye were not born; and there shall ye die.
15:2-4; 2 Kings 24:15; 2 Chronicles 36:9,10; Isaiah 22:17; Ezekiel 19:9-14

Verse 27
But to the land whereunto they desire to return, thither shall they not return.
to the
11; 44:14; 52:31-34; 2 Kings 25:27-30
desire
Heb. lift up their mind.
Psalms 86:4

Verse 28
Is this man Coniah a despised broken idol? is he a vessel wherein is no pleasure? wherefore are they cast out, he and his seed, and are cast into a land which they know not?
Is
This appears to be the application of the whole discourse to Zedekiah; for it is to be observed, that Jeconiah is spoken of as absent, and already in captivity. Now if he and his seed had been for their sins thrown aside as a broken idol, or as a vessel which a man despises, how could Zedekiah, who copied and far exceeded them, expect to prosper on the throne of David?
Coniah
a despised
48:38; 1 Samuel 5:3-5; 2 Samuel 5:21; Psalms 31:12; Hosea 8:8; 13:15; Romans 9:21-23; 2 Timothy 2:20,21
his seed
30; 1 Chronicles 3:17-24; Matthew 1:12-16
which
14:18

Verse 29
O earth, earth, earth, hear the word of the LORD.
6:19; Deuteronomy 4:26; 31:19; 32:1; Isaiah 1:1,2; 34:1; Micah 1:2; 6:1,2

Verse 30
Thus saith the LORD, Write ye this man childless, a man that shall not prosper in his days: for no man of his seed shall prosper, sitting upon the throne of David, and ruling any more in Judah.
Write
Zedekiah was taken prisoner by Nebuchadnezzar; his sons slain before his eyes; and his eyes being put out, he was carried to Babylon; and we read no more either of him or his posterity.
1 Chronicles 3:16,17; Matthew 1:12-16
sitting
36:30; Psalms 94:20; Luke 1:32,33; Matthew 1:11,12

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Jeremiah 22:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/jeremiah-22.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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