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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Job 2



1Satan appearing again before God, obtains further leave to tempt Job.
7He smites him with sore boils.
9Job reproves his wife, who moved him to curse God.
11His three friends console with him in silence.

Verse 1
Again there was a day when the sons of God came to present themselves before the LORD, and Satan came also among them to present himself before the LORD.
1:6; Isaiah 6:1,2; Luke 1:19; Hebrews 1:14

Verse 2
And the LORD said unto Satan, From whence comest thou? And Satan answered the LORD, and said, From going to and fro in the earth, and from walking up and down in it.
From whence
Genesis 16:8
From going
1:7; John 14:30; 2 Corinthians 4:4; 1 Peter 5:8

Verse 3
And the LORD said unto Satan, Hast thou considered my servant Job, that there is none like him in the earth, a perfect and an upright man, one that feareth God, and escheweth evil? and still he holdeth fast his integrity, although thou movedst me against him, to destroy him without cause.
Hast thou
1:1,8; 9:20; Genesis 6:9; Psalms 37:37; Philippians 3:12; 1 Peter 5:10
an upright
Proverbs 11:8; 13:6; 14:2; 15:8; 16:17
1:21,22; 13:15; 27:5,6; Psalms 26:1; 41:12; James 1:12; 1 Peter 1:7
thou movedst
destroy him
Heb. swallow him up.
2 Samuel 20:20
9:17; John 9:3

Verse 4
And Satan answered the LORD, and said, Skin for skin, yea, all that a man hath will he give for his life.
all that
Esther 7:3,4; Isaiah 2:20,21; Jeremiah 41:8; Matthew 6:25; 16:26; Acts 27:18,19; Philippians 3:8-10

Verse 5
But put forth thine hand now, and touch his bone and his flesh, and he will curse thee to thy face.
put forth
1:11; 19:20,21; 1 Chronicles 21:17; Psalms 32:3,4; 38:2-7; 39:10
He will curse
9; 1:5,11; Leviticus 24:15; Isaiah 8:21

Verse 6
And the LORD said unto Satan, Behold, he is in thine hand; but save his life.
or, only. save.
38:10,11; Psalms 65:7; Luke 8:29-33; 22:31,32; 1 Corinthians 10:13; Revelation 2:10; Revelation 20:1,2,7
his life
By naphsho, "his soul," Maimonides understands "his mind," or intellectual powers.

Verse 7
So went Satan forth from the presence of the LORD, and smote Job with sore boils from the sole of his foot unto his crown.
So went
1 Kings 22:22
sore boils
Shechin rĂ¢, supposed to be the Judham, or black leprosy, of the Arabs, termed Elephantiasis by the Greeks, from its rendering the skin, like that of the elephant, scabrous, dark coloured, and furrowed all over with tubercles. This loathsome and most afflictive disease is accompanied with most intolerable itching.
30:17-19,30; Exodus 9:9-11; Deuteronomy 28:27,35; Revelation 16:11
from the sole
Isaiah 1:6; 3:17

Verse 8
And he took him a potsherd to scrape himself withal; and he sat down among the ashes.
took him
19:14-17; Psalms 38:5,7; Luke 16:20,21
he sat
42:6; 2 Samuel 13:19; Isaiah 61:3; Ezekiel 27:30; Jonah 3:6; Matthew 11:21

Verse 9
Then said his wife unto him, Dost thou still retain thine integrity? curse God, and die.
his wife
Genesis 3:6,12; 1 Kings 11:4
3; 21:14,15; 2 Kings 6:33; Malachi 3:14
curse God
5; 1:11

Verse 10
But he said unto her, Thou speakest as one of the foolish women speaketh. What? shall we receive good at the hand of God, and shall we not receive evil? In all this did not Job sin with his lips.
Thou speakest
Genesis 3:17; 2 Samuel 19:22; Matthew 16:23
as one
2 Samuel 6:20,21; 13:13; 24:10; 2 Chronicles 16:9; Proverbs 9:6,13; Matthew 25:2
shall we receive
1:1-3,10,21; 2 Samuel 19:28; Lamentations 3:38-41; John 18:11; Romans 12:12; Hebrews 12:9-11; James 5:10
In all this
1:22; Psalms 39:1; 59:12; Matthew 12:34-37; James 3:2

Verse 11
Now when Job's three friends heard of all this evil that was come upon him, they came every one from his own place; Eliphaz the Temanite, and Bildad the Shuhite, and Zophar the Naamathite: for they had made an appointment together to come to mourn with him and to comfort him.
6:14; 16:20; 19:19,21; 42:7; Proverbs 17:17; 18:24; 27:10
6:19; 15:1; Genesis 36:11,15; Jeremiah 49:7
8:1; 18:1; Genesis 25:2; 1 Chronicles 1:32
to come
42:11; Genesis 37:35; Isaiah 51:19; John 11:19; Romans 12:15; 1 Corinthians 12:26; Hebrews 13:3
to comfort
13:4; 16:2

Verse 12
And when they lifted up their eyes afar off, and knew him not, they lifted up their voice, and wept; and they rent every one his mantle, and sprinkled dust upon their heads toward heaven.
knew him
19:14; Ruth 1:19-21; Lamentations 4:7,8
their voice
Genesis 27:34; Judges 2:4; 1 Samuel 11:4; 30:4; 2 Samuel 13:36; Esther 4:1
they rent
sprinkled dust upon
Nehemiah 9:1; Lamentations 2:10; Ezekiel 27:30; Revelation 18:19

Verse 13
So they sat down with him upon the ground seven days and seven nights, and none spake a word unto him: for they saw that his grief was very great.
they sat
Ezra 9:3; Nehemiah 1:4; Isaiah 3:26; 47:1
seven days
Genesis 1:5,8; 50:10
none spake
4:2; Psalms 77:4


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Job 2:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, June 1st, 2020
the Week of Proper 4 / Ordinary 9
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