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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
John 10

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Christ is the door, and the good shepherd.
19Divers opinions of him.
23He proves by his works that he is Christ the Son of God;
31escapes the Jews;
39and goes again beyond Jordan, where many believe on him.

Verse 1
Verily, verily, I say unto you, He that entereth not by the door into the sheepfold, but climbeth up some other way, the same is a thief and a robber.
Verily
3:3
He
9; Jeremiah 14:15; 23:16,17,21,32; 28:15-17; 29:31,32; Ezekiel 13:2-6; Matthew 7:15; 23:16-28; Romans 10:15; Ephesians 4:8-12; Hebrews 5:4; 1 Peter 1:10; 2 Peter 2:1; 1 John 4:1
the same
8,10; Isaiah 56:10-12; Ezekiel 34:2-5; Zechariah 11:4,5,16,17; Romans 16:18; 2 Corinthians 11:13-15; Titus 1:11; 2 Peter 2:3,14-19

Verse 2
But he that entereth in by the door is the shepherd of the sheep.
he that
7,9; Acts 20:28; 1 Timothy 3:2-7; 4:14; Titus 1:5; Revelation 1:20; 2:1
the shepherd
11,12,14; Psalms 23:1; 80:1; Ecclesiastes 12:11; Isaiah 40:11; 63:11; Ezekiel 34:23; Micah 5:5; Zechariah 11:3,5,8; 13:7; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:4

Verse 3
To him the porter openeth; and the sheep hear his voice: and he calleth his own sheep by name, and leadeth them out.
the porter
Isaiah 53:10-12; 1 Corinthians 16:9; Colossians 4:3; 1 Peter 1:12; Revelation 3:7,8,20
the sheep
4,16,26,27; 6:37,45; Song of Solomon 8:13
and he
14,27; Exodus 33:17; Romans 8:30; Philippians 4:3; 2 Timothy 2:19; Revelation 20:15
and leadeth
Psalms 23:2,3; 78:52,53; 80:1; Isaiah 40:11; 42:16; 49:9,10; Jeremiah 31:8,9; Jeremiah 50:4-6; Ezekiel 34:11-16; Revelation 7:17

Verse 4
And when he putteth forth his own sheep, he goeth before them, and the sheep follow him: for they know his voice.
he goeth
12:26; 13:15; 14:2,3; Deuteronomy 1:30; Micah 2:12,13; Matthew 16:24; 1 Corinthians 11:1; Ephesians 5:1; Philippians 2:5-11; Hebrews 6:20; 12:2; 1 Peter 2:21; 4:1; 5:3
for
8,16; 3:29; 18:37; Song of Solomon 2:8; 5:2

Verse 5
And a stranger will they not follow, but will flee from him: for they know not the voice of strangers.
1 Kings 22:7; Proverbs 19:27; Mark 4:24; Luke 8:18; Ephesians 4:11-15; Colossians 2:6-10; 2 Timothy 3:5-7; 4:3; 1 Peter 2:1-3; 1 John 2:19,21; 4:5,6; Revelation 2:2

Verse 6
This parable spake Jesus unto them: but they understood not what things they were which he spake unto them.
they understood not
6:52,60; 7:36; 8:27,43; Psalms 82:5; 106:7; Proverbs 28:5; Isaiah 6:9,10; 56:11; Daniel 12:10; Matthew 13:13,14,51; 1 Corinthians 2:14; 1 John 5:20

Verse 7
Then said Jesus unto them again, Verily, verily, I say unto you, I am the door of the sheep.
I am
1,9; 14:6; Ephesians 2:18; Hebrews 10:19-22
the sheep
Psalms 79:13; 95:7; 100:3; Isaiah 53:6; Ezekiel 34:31; Luke 15:4-6

Verse 8
All that ever came before me are thieves and robbers: but the sheep did not hear them.
came
1; Isaiah 56:10-12; Ezekiel 22:25-28; 34:2; Zephaniah 3:3; Zechariah 11:4-9,16; Acts 5:36
but
5,27

Verse 9
I am the door: by me if any man enter in, he shall be saved, and shall go in and out, and find pasture.
the door
1,7; 14:6; Romans 5:1,2; Ephesians 2:18; Hebrews 10:19-22
and shall
Psalms 23:1-6; 80:1-3; 95:7; 100:3,4; Isaiah 40:11; 49:9,10; Ezekiel 34:12-16; Zechariah 10:12

Verse 10
The thief cometh not, but for to steal, and to kill, and to destroy: I am come that they might have life, and that they might have it more abundantly.
thief
1; 12:6; Isaiah 56:11; Ezekiel 34:2-4; Hosea 7:1; Matthew 21:13; 23:14; Mark 11:17; Romans 2:21; 2 Peter 2:1-3
I am
3:17; 6:33,51; 12:47; Matthew 18:11; 20:28; Luke 19:10; 1 Timothy 1:15
more abundantly
Romans 5:13-21; Hebrews 6:17; 7:25; 2 Peter 1:11

Verse 11
I am the good shepherd: the good shepherd giveth his life for the sheep.
the good
14; Psalms 23:1; 80:1; Isaiah 40:11; Ezekiel 34:12,23; 37:24; Micah 5:4; Zechariah 13:7; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:4
giveth
Genesis 31:39,40; 1 Samuel 17:34,35; 2 Samuel 24:17; Isaiah 53:6; Ephesians 5:2; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:24

Verse 12
But he that is an hireling, and not the shepherd, whose own the sheep are not, seeth the wolf coming, and leaveth the sheep, and fleeth: and the wolf catcheth them, and scattereth the sheep.
he that
3; Isaiah 56:10-12; Ezekiel 34:2-6; Zechariah 11:16,17; 1 Timothy 3:3,8; 2 Timothy 4:10; Titus 1:7; 1 Peter 5:2; 2 Peter 2:3
the wolf coming
Matthew 7:15; 10:16; Acts 20:29

Verse 13
The hireling fleeth, because he is an hireling, and careth not for the sheep.
careth not
12:6; Acts 18:17; Philippians 2:20

Verse 14
I am the good shepherd, and know my sheep, and am known of mine.
good
know
27; Psalms 1:6; 2 Timothy 2:19; Revelation 2:2,9,13,19; 3:1,8,15
am
17:3,8; Isaiah 53:11; 2 Corinthians 4:6; Ephesians 1:17; 3:19; Philippians 3:8; 2 Timothy 1:12; 1 John 5:20

Verse 15
As the Father knoweth me, even so know I the Father: and I lay down my life for the sheep.
As
1:18; 6:46; 8:55; 17:25; Matthew 11:27; Luke 10:21; Revelation 5:2-9
and I
11,17; 15:13; Isaiah 53:4-6,8,10; Daniel 9:26; Zechariah 13:7; Matthew 20:28; Galatians 1:4; Galatians 3:13; Ephesians 5:2; 1 Timothy 2:5,6; Titus 2:14; 1 Peter 2:24; 3:18; 1 John 2:2; Revelation 5:9

Verse 16
And other sheep I have, which are not of this fold: them also I must bring, and they shall hear my voice; and there shall be one fold, and one shepherd.
other
11:52; Genesis 49:10; Psalms 22:26-31; 72:17-19; 86:9; 98:2,3; Isaiah 11:10; Isaiah 24:13-16; 42:10-12; 43:6; 49:6; 52:10; 56:8; Hosea 1:10; Zechariah 2:11; Zechariah 8:20-23; Acts 18:10; Romans 9:23,24; 15:9-13; Ephesians 2:14; 1 Peter 2:10
them
Acts 15:14; Romans 8:29,30; Ephesians 2:1-5,15-18; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; Titus 3:3-5
they shall
27; 6:37; Matthew 17:5; Acts 22:14; Revelation 3:20
there
Ezekiel 37:22; Ephesians 2:14
one shepherd
2,11; Ecclesiastes 12:11; Ezekiel 34:23; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:4

Verse 17
Therefore doth my Father love me, because I lay down my life, that I might take it again.
3:25; 15:9,10; 17:4,5,24-26; Isaiah 42:1,21; 53:7-12; Hebrews 2:9

Verse 18
No man taketh it from me, but I lay it down of myself. I have power to lay it down, and I have power to take it again. This commandment have I received of my Father.
man
18:5,6; 19:11; Matthew 26:53-56
but
2:19-21; Isaiah 53:10-12; Acts 2:24,32; 3:15; Philippians 2:6-8; Titus 2:14; Hebrews 2:9,14,15
This
6:38; 14:31; 15:10; Psalms 40:6-8; Hebrews 5:6-9; 10:6-10

Verse 19
There was a division therefore again among the Jews for these sayings.
7:40-43; 9:16; Matthew 10:34,35; Luke 12:51-53; Acts 14:4; 23:7-10; 1 Corinthians 3:3; 1 Corinthians 11:18

Verse 20
And many of them said, He hath a devil, and is mad; why hear ye him?
He hath
7:20; 8:48,52; Matthew 9:34; 10:25; Mark 3:21; Acts 26:24
why
7:46-52; 8:47; 9:28,29; Isaiah 53:8; Acts 18:14,15; 25:19,20; 26:30-32

Verse 21
Others said, These are not the words of him that hath a devil. Can a devil open the eyes of the blind?
Can
9:6,32; Exodus 4:11; 8:19; Psalms 94:9; 146:8; Proverbs 20:12; Isaiah 35:5,6; Matthew 11:5

Verse 23
And Jesus walked in the temple in Solomon's porch.
in Solomon's
Acts 3:11; 5:12

Verse 24
Then came the Jews round about him, and said unto him, How long dost thou make us to doubt? If thou be the Christ, tell us plainly.
How
1 Kings 18:21; Matthew 11:3; Luke 3:15
make us to doubt
or, hold us in suspense. If.
1:19; 8:25,53; 9:22; Luke 22:67-70; 2 Corinthians 3:12

Verse 25
Jesus answered them, I told you, and ye believed not: the works that I do in my Father's name, they bear witness of me.
I told
5:17-43; 8:12,24,58
the works
32,38; 3:2; 5:36; 7:31; 11:47; 12:37; 14:11; 20:30; Acts 2:22; 10:38; Hebrews 2:3

Verse 26
But ye believe not, because ye are not of my sheep, as I said unto you.
because
4,27; 6:37,44,45,65; 8:47; 12:37-40; Romans 11:7,8; 2 Corinthians 4:3,4; 1 John 4:6

Verse 27
My sheep hear my voice, and I know them, and they follow me:
sheep
4,8,16; 5:25; 8:43; Matthew 17:5; Acts 3:23; Hebrews 3:7; Revelation 3:20
and I
3,14; Matthew 7:23; 25:12; Luke 13:27; 1 Corinthians 8:3; Galatians 4:9; 2 Timothy 2:19
and they
4; 8:12; 12:26; 21:22; 1 Kings 18:21; Matthew 16:24; Mark 8:34; 10:21; Luke 9:23; Revelation 14:4

Verse 28
And I give unto them eternal life; and they shall never perish, neither shall any man pluck them out of my hand.
I give
3:16,36; 5:39,40; 6:27,40,47,68; 11:25; 17:2; Romans 5:21; 6:23; 1 Timothy 1:16; 1 John 2:25; 5:13-20; Jude 1:21
they
3:15; 4:14; 5:24; 6:37,39,40; 14:19; 17:12; 18:9; 1 Samuel 2:9; Job 17:9; Psalms 37:28; 103:17,18; 125:1,2; Proverbs 4:18; 24:16; Isaiah 45:17; 54:17; 55:3; Jeremiah 31:3,34; 32:40; Mark 13:22; Romans 5:2,9,17; 8:1,29,33-39; Philippians 1:6; Colossians 3:3,4; 2 Thessalonians 2:13; 1 Peter 1:5; Hebrews 7:25; 1 John 2:19; 5:13,18; Jude 1:1,24
neither
17:11,12; Deuteronomy 33:3; Psalms 31:5; Luke 22:31,32; 23:46; Acts 7:59; 2 Timothy 1:12; Hebrews 7:25

Verse 29
My Father, which gave them me, is greater than all; and no man is able to pluck them out of my Father's hand.
which
6:37; 17:2,6,9,11
is greater
14:28; Exodus 18:11; Psalms 145:3; Daniel 4:3; Malachi 1:14

Verse 30
I and my Father are one.
1:1,2; 5:17,23; 8:58; 14:9,23; 16:15; 17:10,21; Matthew 11:27; 28:19; 1 Timothy 3:16; Titus 2:13; 1 John 5:7,20

Verse 31
Then the Jews took up stones again to stone him.
5:18; 8:59; 11:8; Exodus 17:4; 1 Samuel 30:6; Matthew 21:35; 23:35; Acts 7:52,58,59

Verse 32
Jesus answered them, Many good works have I shewed you from my Father; for which of those works do ye stone me?
Many
25,37; 5:19,20,36; Matthew 11:5; Acts 2:22; 10:38
for
1 Samuel 19:4-6; 2 Chronicles 24:20-22; Psalms 35:12; 109:4,5; Ecclesiastes 4:4; 1 John 3:12

Verse 33
The Jews answered him, saying, For a good work we stone thee not; but for blasphemy; and because that thou, being a man, makest thyself God.
but
Leviticus 24:14; 1 Kings 21:10
makest
30; 5:18; Psalms 82:6; Romans 13:1; Philippians 2:6

Verse 34
Jesus answered them, Is it not written in your law, I said, Ye are gods?
in
12:34; 15:25; Romans 3:10-19
I said
Psalms 82:1,6,7
gods
Exodus 4:16; 7:1; 22:28; Psalms 138:1

Verse 35
If he called them gods, unto whom the word of God came, and the scripture cannot be broken;
unto
Genesis 15:1; Deuteronomy 18:15,18-20; 1 Samuel 14:36,37; 15:1; 23:9-11; 28:6; 30:8; 2 Samuel 7:5; 1 Chronicles 22:8; 2 Chronicles 11:2,3; 19:2; Romans 13:1
the scripture
12:38,39; 19:28,36,37; Matthew 5:18; 24:35; 26:53-56; 27:35; Luke 16:17; Luke 24:26,27,44-46; Acts 1:16

Verse 36
Say ye of him, whom the Father hath sanctified, and sent into the world, Thou blasphemest; because I said, I am the Son of God?
whom
3:34; 6:27; Psalms 2:2,6-12; Isaiah 11:2-5; 42:1,3; 49:1-3,6-8; 55:4; Isaiah 61:1-3; Jeremiah 1:5
sent
3:17; 5:30,36,37; 6:38,57; 8:42; 17:4,5,8,18,21; Romans 8:3; Galatians 4:4; 1 John 4:9-14
I am
30-33; 5:17,18; 9:35-37; 19:7; 20:28,31; Matthew 26:63-66; 27:43,54; Luke 1:35; Romans 1:4; 9:5

Verse 37
If I do not the works of my Father, believe me not.
25,32; 5:31; 12:37-40; 14:10; 15:24; Matthew 11:20-24

Verse 38
But if I do, though ye believe not me, believe the works: that ye may know, and believe, that the Father is in me, and I in him.
believe the
3:2; 5:36; Acts 2:22; 4:8-12
that ye
30; 14:9-11,20; 17:11,21-23

Verse 39
Therefore they sought again to take him: but he escaped out of their hand,
31; 7:30,44; 8:59; Luke 4:29,30

Verse 40
And went away again beyond Jordan into the place where John at first baptized; and there he abode.
the place
1:28; 3:26
there
7:1; 11:54

Verse 41
And many resorted unto him, and said, John did no miracle: but all things that John spake of this man were true.
many
3:26; Matthew 4:23-25; Mark 1:37; Luke 5:1; 12:1
John did
Matthew 14:2; Luke 7:26-28
but
1:29,33,34; 3:29-36; Matthew 3:11,12; Luke 7:29,30

Verse 42
And many believed on him there.
2:23; 4:39,41; 8:30; 11:45; 12:42

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-10.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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