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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
John 21

 

 

Other Authors
Introduction
1Christ appearing again to his disciples is known of them by the great draught of fishes.
12He dines with them;
15earnestly commands Peter to feed his lambs and sheep;
18foretells him of his death;
22rebukes his curiosity touching John.
24The conclusion.

Verse 1
After these things Jesus shewed himself again to the disciples at the sea of Tiberias; and on this wise shewed he himself.
these
20:19-29
Jesus
Matthew 26:32; 28:7,16; Mark 16:7
the sea
6:1,23

Verse 2
There were together Simon Peter, and Thomas called Didymus, and Nathanael of Cana in Galilee, and the sons of Zebedee, and two other of his disciples.
Thomas
20:28
Nathanael
1:45-51
Cana
2:1,11; 4:46; Joshua 19:28
Kanah
the sons.
Matthew 4:21,22

Verse 3
Simon Peter saith unto them, I go a fishing. They say unto him, We also go with thee. They went forth, and entered into a ship immediately; and that night they caught nothing.
I go
2 Kings 6:1-7; Matthew 4:18-20; Luke 5:10,11; Acts 18:3; 20:34; 1 Corinthians 9:6; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:7-9
and that
Luke 5:5; 1 Corinthians 3:7

Verse 4
But when the morning was now come, Jesus stood on the shore: but the disciples knew not that it was Jesus.
but
20:14; Mark 16:12; Luke 24:15,16,31

Verse 5
Then Jesus saith unto them, Children, have ye any meat? They answered him, No.
Children
or, Sirs.
1 John 2:13,18; *Gr:
have
Psalms 37:3; Luke 24:41-43; Philippians 4:11-13,19; Hebrews 13:5

Verse 6
And he said unto them, Cast the net on the right side of the ship, and ye shall find. They cast therefore, and now they were not able to draw it for the multitude of fishes.
Cast
Matthew 7:27; Luke 5:4-7
They cast
2:5; Psalms 8:8; Hebrews 2:6-9
the multitude
Acts 2:41; 4:4

Verse 7
Therefore that disciple whom Jesus loved saith unto Peter, It is the Lord. Now when Simon Peter heard that it was the Lord, he girt his fisher's coat unto him, (for he was naked,) and did cast himself into the sea.
that disciple
20,24; 13:23; 19:26; 20:2
It is
20:20,28; Psalms 118:23; Mark 11:3; Luke 2:11; Acts 2:36; 10:36; 1 Corinthians 15:47; James 2:1
when
Song of Solomon 8:7; Matthew 14:28,29; Luke 7:47; 2 Corinthians 5:14
fisher's coat
Or, upper coat, great coat, or, surtout, [ependutes (eÍpendu/thv)] from [epi (eÍpið)] upon, and [enduo (eÍndu/w)] I clothe.
naked
That is, he was only in his vest, or under garment; for [gumnos (gumno/v)] naked, like the Hebrew arom, is frequently applied to one who has merely laid aside his outer garment. See 1 Sa 19:24; 2 Sa 6:20, on which see the note. To which may be added what we read in the LXX, Job 22:6, "Thou has taken away the covering of the naked," [amphiazo] the plaid, or blanket, in which they wrapped themselves, and besides they had no other. In this sense Virgil says, Nudus ara, sere nudus, "plough naked, and sow naked," i.e., strip off your upper garments.

Verse 8
And the other disciples came in a little ship; (for they were not far from land, but as it were two hundred cubits,) dragging the net with fishes.
cubits
Deuteronomy 3:11

Verse 9
As soon then as they were come to land, they saw a fire of coals there, and fish laid thereon, and bread.
they saw
1 Kings 19:5,6; Matthew 4:11; Mark 8:3; Luke 12:29-31

Verse 11
Simon Peter went up, and drew the net to land full of great fishes, an hundred and fifty and three: and for all there were so many, yet was not the net broken.
and for
Luke 5:6-8; Acts 2:41

Verse 12
Jesus saith unto them, Come and dine. And none of the disciples durst ask him, Who art thou? knowing that it was the Lord.
Come
Acts 10:41
dine
The word [ariston (aµriston)] like prandere was used for any meat taken before the coena, or supper.
durst
4:27; 16:19; Genesis 32:29,30; Mark 9:32; Luke 9:45

Verse 13
Jesus then cometh, and taketh bread, and giveth them, and fish likewise.
Luke 24:42,43; Acts 10:41

Verse 14
This is now the third time that Jesus shewed himself to his disciples, after that he was risen from the dead.
the third time
Or, as some read, the third day. On the day the Saviour rose he appeared five times; the second day was that day se'nnight; and this was the third day--or this was his third appearance to any considerable number of his disciples together. Though he had appeared to Mary, to the women, to the two disciples, to Cephas--yet he had but twice appeared to a company of them together.
20:19,26

Verse 15
So when they had dined, Jesus saith to Simon Peter, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me more than these? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my lambs.
son
16,17; 1:42
Jona
Matthew 16:17
Bar-jona
lovest.
8:42; 14:15-24; 16:27; Matthew 10:37; 25:34-45; 1 Corinthians 16:21,22; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15; Galatians 5:6; Ephesians 6:24; 1 Peter 1:8; 1 John 4:19; 5:1
more
7; Matthew 26:33,35; Mark 14:29
thou knowest
17; 2 Samuel 7:20; 2 Kings 20:3; Hebrews 4:13; Revelation 2:23
Feed
Psalms 78:70-72; Jeremiah 3:15; 23:4; Ezekiel 34:2-10,23; Acts 20:28; 1 Timothy 4:15,16; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25; 5:1-4
lambs
Genesis 33:13; Isaiah 40:11; Matthew 18:10,11; Luke 22:32; Romans 14:1; 15:1; 1 Corinthians 3:1-3; 8:11; Ephesians 4:14; Hebrews 12:12,13; 1 Peter 2:2

Verse 16
He saith to him again the second time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? He saith unto him, Yea, Lord; thou knowest that I love thee. He saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
the second
18:17,25; Matthew 26:72
my sheep
10:11-16,26,27; Psalms 95:7; 100:3; Zechariah 13:7; Matthew 25:32; Luke 15:3-7; 19:10; Acts 20:28; Hebrews 13:20; 1 Peter 2:25

Verse 17
He saith unto him the third time, Simon, son of Jonas, lovest thou me? Peter was grieved because he said unto him the third time, Lovest thou me? And he said unto him, Lord, thou knowest all things; thou knowest that I love thee. Jesus saith unto him, Feed my sheep.
the third
13:38; 18:27; Matthew 26:73,74; Revelation 3:19
grieved
1 Kings 17:18; Lamentations 3:33; Matthew 26:75; Mark 14:72; Luke 22:61,62; 2 Corinthians 2:4-7; 2 Corinthians 7:8-11; Ephesians 4:30; 1 Peter 1:6
Lord
2:24,25; 16:30; 18:4; Jeremiah 17:10; Acts 1:24; 15:8; Revelation 2:23
thou knowest that
15; Joshua 22:22; 1 Chronicles 29:17; Job 31:4-6; Psalms 7:8,9; 17:3; 2 Corinthians 1:12
Feed
15,16; 12:8; 14:15; 15:10; Matthew 25:40; 2 Corinthians 8:8,9; 2 Peter 1:12-15; 3:1; 1 John 3:16-24; 3 John 1:7,8

Verse 18
Verily, verily, I say unto thee, When thou wast young, thou girdedst thyself, and walkedst whither thou wouldest: but when thou shalt be old, thou shalt stretch forth thy hands, and another shall gird thee, and carry thee whither thou wouldest not.
but
13:36; Acts 12:3,4
another
Acts 21:11
thou wouldest not
12:27,28; 2 Corinthians 5:4

Verse 19
This spake he, signifying by what death he should glorify God. And when he had spoken this, he saith unto him, Follow me.
by
Philippians 1:20; 1 Peter 4:11-14; 2 Peter 1:14
Follow
22; 12:26; 13:36,37; Numbers 14:24; 1 Samuel 12:20; Matthew 10:38; 16:21-25; 19:28; Mark 8:33-38; Luke 9:22-26

Verse 20
Then Peter, turning about, seeth the disciple whom Jesus loved following; which also leaned on his breast at supper, and said, Lord, which is he that betrayeth thee?
seeth
7,24; 20:2
which
13:23-26; 20:2

Verse 21
Peter seeing him saith to Jesus, Lord, and what shall this man do?
Lord
Matthew 24:3,4; Luke 13:23,24; Acts 1:6,7

Verse 22
Jesus saith unto him, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee? follow thou me.
If
Matthew 16:27,28; 24:3,27,44; 25:31; Mark 9:1; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 11:26; Revelation 1:7; 2:25; Revelation 3:11; 22:7,20
follow

Verse 23
Then went this saying abroad among the brethren, that that disciple should not die: yet Jesus said not unto him, He shall not die; but, If I will that he tarry till I come, what is that to thee?
what
Deuteronomy 29:29; Job 28:28; 33:13; Daniel 4:35

Verse 24
This is the disciple which testifieth of these things, and wrote these things: and we know that his testimony is true.
we know
19:35; 1 John 1:1,2; 5:6; 3 John 1:12

Verse 25
And there are also many other things which Jesus did, the which, if they should be written every one, I suppose that even the world itself could not contain the books that should be written. Amen.
there
20:30,31; Job 26:14; Psalms 40:5; 71:15; Ecclesiastes 12:12; Matthew 11:5; Acts 10:38; Acts 20:35; Hebrews 11:32
that even
This is a very strong eastern expression to represent the number of miracles which Jesus wrought. But however strong and strange it may appear to us of the western world, we find sacred and other authors using hyperboles of the like kind and signification. See Nu 13:33; De 1:28; Da 4:11; Ec 14:15. Basnage gives a very similar hyperbole taken from the Jewish writers, in which Jochanan is said to have "composed such a great number of precepts and lessons, that if the heavens were paper, and all the trees of the forest so many pens, and all the children of men so many scribes, they would not suffice to write all his lessons."
Amos 7:10; Matthew 19:24

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on John 21:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/john-21.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, October 20th, 2019
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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