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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Nehemiah 10



1The names of them that sealed the covenant.
29The points of the covenant.

Verse 1
Now those that sealed were, Nehemiah, the Tirshatha, the son of Hachaliah, and Zidkijah,
those that sealed
Heb. at the sealings.
or, governor.
7:70; Ezra 2:63
son of Hachaliah

Verse 2
Seraiah, Azariah, Jeremiah,
3:23; 11:11; 12:1,33,34

Verse 3
Pashur, Amariah, Malchijah,
The original is uniformly Malchijah, or rather, Malkeeyah.
3:11; 8:4

Verse 4
Hattush, Shebaniah, Malluch,

Verse 5
Harim, Meremoth, Obadiah,
3:4,21; 12:3

Verse 6
Daniel, Ginnethon, Baruch,

Verse 7
Meshullam, Abijah, Mijamin,
3:6; 8:4; 11:11; 12:13,25-33
Mijamin and Miamin are the same in the original, [Miyamin (amym)] which is a defective form of [Minyamiyn (aymynm)] Miniamin.

Verse 8
Maaziah, Bilgai, Shemaiah: these were the priests.
3:29; 12:6,18,42; Ezra 10:21

Verse 9
And the Levites: both Jeshua the son of Azaniah, Binnui of the sons of Henadad, Kadmiel;
3:19; 7:43; 8:7; 9:4
3:18,24; 12:8,24

Verse 10
And their brethren, Shebaniah, Hodijah, Kelita, Pelaiah, Hanan,
8:7; 9:4,5; Ezra 10:23

Verse 11
Micha, Rehob, Hashabiah,
11:15,22; 12:24; Ezra 8:19,24

Verse 12
Zaccur, Sherebiah, Shebaniah,
8:7; 9:4; 12:8

Verse 13

Beninu: i.e. our son; our edification, [Strong‘s H1148]. Nehemiah href="/desk/?q=ne+10:13&sr=1">Nehemiah 10:13

Verse 14
The chief of the people; Parosh, Pahathmoab, Elam, Zatthu, Bani,
3:11; 7:8,11-13
Ezra 2:3-70; The original is uniformly Zattu.
Ezra 2:10

Verse 15
Bunni, Azgad, Bebai,
7:16,17; Ezra 2:11,12; 8:11,12; 10:28

Verse 16
Adonijah, Bigvai, Adin,
7:19-21; Ezra 2:14-16; 8:14

Verse 18
Hodijah, Hashum, Bezai,
7:22-73; Ezra 2:17-70

Verse 20

Magpiash: i.e. killer of moths; collector; plague of the moth; the plague is consumed, [Strong‘s H4047], Nehemiah href="/desk/?q=ne+10:20&sr=1">Nehemiah 10:20

Verse 21

Meshezabeel: i.e. freed by God, Nehemiah href="/desk/?q=ne+3:4&sr=1">Nehemiah 3:4

Verse 22

Pelatiah: i.e. escaped of Jah, 1Chronicles href="/desk/?q=1ch+3:21&sr=1">1 Chronicles 3:21

Verse 23

Hoshea: i.e. he gave safety, 2Kings href="/desk/?q=2ki+15:30&sr=1">2 Kings 15:30

Verse 25
Rehum, Hashabnah, Maaseiah,

Verse 28
And the rest of the people, the priests, the Levites, the porters, the singers, the Nethinims, and all they that had separated themselves from the people of the lands unto the law of God, their wives, their sons, and their daughters, every one having knowledge, and having understanding;
the rest
7:72,73; Ezra 2:36-43,70
all they
9:2; 13:3; Leviticus 20:24; Ezra 9:1,2; 10:11-19; 2 Corinthians 6:14-17
unto the law
Romans 1:1
every one
8:2; Psalms 47:7; Ecclesiastes 5:2; Jeremiah 4:2

Verse 29
They clave to their brethren, their nobles, and entered into a curse, and into an oath, to walk in God's law, which was given by Moses the servant of God, and to observe and do all the commandments of the LORD our Lord, and his judgments and his statutes;
Isaiah 14:1; Acts 11:23; 17:34; Romans 12:9
5:12,13; 13:25; Deuteronomy 27:15-26; 29:12-14; 2 Chronicles 15:13,14; Psalms 119:106; Acts 23:12-15,21
to walk
2 Kings 10:31; 23:3; 2 Chronicles 6:16; 34:31; Jeremiah 26:4
Deuteronomy 33:4; Malachi 4:4; John 1:17; 7:19
Heb. by the hand of. to observe.
Deuteronomy 5:1,32; Psalms 105:45; Ezekiel 36:27; John 15:14; Titus 2:11-14
the Lord
Psalms 8:1,9

Verse 30
And that we would not give our daughters unto the people of the land, nor take their daughters for our sons:
Exodus 34:16; Deuteronomy 7:3; Ezra 9:1-3,12-14; 10:10-12

Verse 31
And if the people of the land bring ware or any victuals on the sabbath day to sell, that we would not buy it of them on the sabbath, or on the holy day: and that we would leave the seventh year, and the exaction of every debt.
the people
13:15-22; Exodus 20:10; Leviticus 23:3; Deuteronomy 5:12-14; Isaiah 58:13,14; Jeremiah 17:21,22
on the holy day
Exodus 12:16; Leviticus 16:29; 23:21,35,36; Colossians 2:16
and that we
Exodus 23:10,11; Leviticus 25:4-7; 2 Chronicles 36:21
the exaction
5:1-13; Deuteronomy 15:1-3,7-9; Matthew 6:12; 18:27-35; James 2:13
Heb. band.
Isaiah 58:6

Verse 32
Also we made ordinances for us, to charge ourselves yearly with the third part of a shekel for the service of the house of our God;
to charge
Genesis 28:22; Proverbs 3:9
the third part
According to the law, every one above twenty years of age was to give half a shekel to the sanctuary for a ransom for their souls. But, on account of the general poverty of the people, occasioned by their wars, and captivity, and by heavy tributes, etc., in the land of their captivity, this sum was reduced to the third part of a shekel.
Exodus 30:11-16; Matthew 17:24-27; 2 Corinthians 8:12

Verse 33
For the shewbread, and for the continual meat offering, and for the continual burnt offering, of the sabbaths, of the new moons, for the set feasts, and for the holy things, and for the sin offerings to make an atonement for Israel, and for all the work of the house of our God.
the shewbread
Leviticus 24:5; 2 Chronicles 2:4
the continual burnt
Numbers 28:1-29; Hebrews 10:11
all the work
2 Chronicles 24:5-14

Verse 34
And we cast the lots among the priests, the Levites, and the people, for the wood offering, to bring it into the house of our God, after the houses of our fathers, at times appointed year by year, to burn upon the altar of the LORD our God, as it is written in the law:
1 Chronicles 24:5,7; 25:8,9; Proverbs 18:18
the wood offering
It was the business of the Nethinim to procure the wood for the fires of the temple: but it is probable few of them returned to their former masters after the captivity; and therefore they found it necessary to cast lots among the priests, Levites, and people, who should furnish the wood at appointed times. This bringing of the wood to the temple at last became a great day; and was constituted into a feast, called by Josephus, [Xylophoria] "the carrying of the wood" (Bell. 1. ii. c. 17. sec.6).
13:31; Leviticus 6:12; Joshua 9:27; Isaiah 40:16
at times
Hebrews 10:3-7
as it is written
Leviticus 6:12,13

Verse 35
And to bring the firstfruits of our ground, and the firstfruits of all fruit of all trees, year by year, unto the house of the LORD:
Exodus 23:19; 34:26; Leviticus 19:23-26; Numbers 18:2,12; Deuteronomy 26:2; 2 Chronicles 31:3-10; Proverbs 3:9,10; Malachi 3:8-12

Verse 36
Also the firstborn of our sons, and of our cattle, as it is written in the law, and the firstlings of our herds and of our flocks, to bring to the house of our God, unto the priests that minister in the house of our God:
the first-born
Exodus 13:2,12-15; 34:19; Leviticus 27:26,27; Numbers 18:15,16; Deuteronomy 12:6
Numbers 18:9-19; 1 Corinthians 9:6-14; Galatians 6:6

Verse 37
And that we should bring the firstfruits of our dough, and our offerings, and the fruit of all manner of trees, of wine and of oil, unto the priests, to the chambers of the house of our God; and the tithes of our ground unto the Levites, that the same Levites might have the tithes in all the cities of our tillage.
the first-fruits
Leviticus 23:17; Numbers 15:19-21; 18:12,13; Deuteronomy 18:4; 26:2
to the chambers
13:5,9; 1 Kings 6:5-10; 2 Chronicles 31:11,12
and the tithes
Leviticus 27:30-33; Numbers 18:21,24-32; 2 Chronicles 31:6; Malachi 3:8,10

Verse 38
And the priest the son of Aaron shall be with the Levites, when the Levites take tithes: and the Levites shall bring up the tithe of the tithes unto the house of our God, to the chambers, into the treasure house.
when the Levites
Numbers 18:26-28
the tithe
The tithes of all the produce of the fields were brought to the Levites; and out of these a tenth part was given to the priests, which is here called the tithe of the tithes: see the parallel passages.
the treasure house
13:12,13; 1 Chronicles 9:26; 2 Chronicles 31:11,12

Verse 39
For the children of Israel and the children of Levi shall bring the offering of the corn, of the new wine, and the oil, unto the chambers, where are the vessels of the sanctuary, and the priests that minister, and the porters, and the singers: and we will not forsake the house of our God.
For the children
Deuteronomy 12:6-11,17; 14:23-27; 2 Chronicles 31:12
the children
Numbers 18:30
we will not
13:10,11; Psalms 122:9; Hebrews 10:25


Copyright Statement
These files are public domain.
Text Courtesy of Used by Permission.

Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Nehemiah 10:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge".

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, November 30th, 2020
the First Week of Advent
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