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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 21

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
The king's heart is in the hand of the LORD, as the rivers of water: he turneth it whithersoever he will.
The king's
16:1,9; 20:24; Ezra 7:27,28; Nehemiah 1:11; 2:4; Psalms 105:25; 106:46; Daniel 4:35; Acts 7:10
as
Psalms 74:15; 93:4; 114:3,5; Isaiah 43:19; 44:27; Revelation 16:4,12

Verse 2
Every way of a man is right in his own eyes: but the LORD pondereth the hearts.
right
16:2,25; 20:6; 30:12; Psalms 36:2; Luke 18:11,12; Galatians 6:3; James 1:22
the Lord
24:12; 1 Samuel 16:7; Jeremiah 17:10; Luke 16:15; John 2:24,25; Revelation 2:23

Verse 3
To do justice and judgment is more acceptable to the LORD than sacrifice.
15:8; 1 Samuel 15:22; Psalms 50:8; Isaiah 1:11-17; Jeremiah 7:21-23; Hosea 6:6; Micah 6:6-8; Mark 12:33

Verse 4
An high look, and a proud heart, and the plowing of the wicked, is sin.
An high look
Heb. Haughtiness of eyes.
6:17; 8:13; 30:13; Psalms 10:4; Isaiah 2:11,17; 3:16; Luke 18:14; 1 Peter 5:5
and the
27; 15:8; Romans 14:23
plowing of the wicked
or, light of the wicked.

Verse 5
The thoughts of the diligent tend only to plenteousness; but of every one that is hasty only to want.
thoughts
10:4; 13:4; 27:23-27; Ephesians 4:28; 1 Thessalonians 4:11,12
of every
14:29; 20:21; 28:22

Verse 6
The getting of treasures by a lying tongue is a vanity tossed to and fro of them that seek death.
getting
10:2; 13:11; 20:14,21; 22:8; 30:8; Jeremiah 17:11; 1 Timothy 6:9,10; Titus 1:11; 2 Peter 2:3
seek
8:36; Ezekiel 18:31

Verse 7
The robbery of the wicked shall destroy them; because they refuse to do judgment.
robbery
1:18,19; 10:6; 22:22,23; Psalms 7:16; 9:16; Isaiah 1:23,24; Jeremiah 7:9-11,15; Ezekiel 22:13,14; Micah 3:9-12
destroy them
Heb. saw them, or, dwell with them.
Zechariah 5:3,4
because
21; Ezekiel 18:18; Ephesians 5:6

Verse 8
The way of man is froward and strange: but as for the pure, his work is right.
way
Genesis 6:5,6,12; Job 15:14-16; Psalms 14:2,3; Ecclesiastes 7:29; 9:3; 1 Corinthians 3:3; Ephesians 2:2,3; Titus 3:3
but
15:26; 30:12; Daniel 12:10; Matthew 5:8; 12:33; Acts 15:9; Titus 1:15; 2:14; 3:5; 1 Peter 1:22,23; 1 John 2:29; 3:3

Verse 9
It is better to dwell in a corner of the housetop, than with a brawling woman in a wide house.
better
19; 12:4; 19:13; 25:24; 27:15,16
brawling woman in a wide house
Heb. woman of contentions in a house of society.
15:17; 17:1

Verse 10
The soul of the wicked desireth evil: his neighbour findeth no favour in his eyes.
soul
3:29; 12:12; Psalms 36:4; 52:2,3; Mark 7:21,22; 1 Corinthians 10:6; James 4:1-5; 1 John 2:16
findeth no favour
Heb. is not favoured.
13; 1 Samuel 25:8-11; Psalms 112:5,9; Isaiah 32:6-8; Micah 3:2,3; James 2:13; 5:4-6

Verse 11
When the scorner is punished, the simple is made wise: and when the wise is instructed, he receiveth knowledge.
the scorner
19:25; Numbers 16:34; Deuteronomy 13:11; 21:21; Psalms 64:7-9; Acts 5:5,11-14; 1 Corinthians 10:6-11; Hebrews 2:1-3; 10:28,29; Revelation 11:13
when the wise
1:5; 9:9; 15:14; 18:1,15

Verse 12
The righteous man wisely considereth the house of the wicked: but God overthroweth the wicked for their wickedness.
wisely
Job 5:3; 8:15; 18:14-21; 21:28-30; 27:13-23; Psalms 37:35,36; 52:5; Psalms 107:43; Hosea 14:9; Habakkuk 2:9-12
overthroweth
11:3-5; 13:6; 14:32; Genesis 19:29; Amos 4:11; 1 Corinthians 10:5; 2 Peter 2:4-9; 3:6,7

Verse 13
Whoso stoppeth his ears at the cry of the poor, he also shall cry himself, but shall not be heard.
stoppeth
Psalms 58:4; Zechariah 7:11; Acts 7:57
at
28:27; Deuteronomy 15:7-11; Nehemiah 5:1-5,13; Isaiah 1:15-17; 58:6-9; Jeremiah 34:16,17; Zechariah 7:9-13; Matthew 6:14; 7:2; 18:30-35; 25:41-46; James 2:13-16
cry himself
1:28; Psalms 18:41; Luke 13:25

Verse 14
A gift in secret pacifieth anger: and a reward in the bosom strong wrath.
gift
17:8,23; 18:16; 19:6; Genesis 32:20; 43:11; 1 Samuel 25:35
in secret
Matthew 6:3,4

Verse 15
It is joy to the just to do judgment: but destruction shall be to the workers of iniquity.
joy
Job 29:12-17; Psalms 40:8; 112:1; 119:16,92; Ecclesiastes 3:12; Isaiah 64:5; John 4:34; Romans 7:22
destruction
12; 5:20; 10:29; Matthew 7:23; 13:41,42; Luke 13:27,28

Verse 16
The man that wandereth out of the way of understanding shall remain in the congregation of the dead.
wandereth
13:20; Psalms 125:5; Zephaniah 1:6; John 3:19,20; Hebrews 6:4-6; 10:26,27,38; 2 Peter 2:21,22; 1 John 2:19
remain
2:18,19; 7:26,27; 9:18; Ephesians 2:1; Jude 1:12

Verse 17
He that loveth pleasure shall be a poor man: he that loveth wine and oil shall not be rich.
loveth
20; 5:10,11; 23:21; Luke 15:13-16; 16:24,25; 1 Timothy 5:6; 2 Timothy 3:4
pleasure
Heb. sport.

Verse 18
The wicked shall be a ransom for the righteous, and the transgressor for the upright.
wicked
11:8; Isaiah 43:3,4; 53:4,5; 55:8,9; 1 Peter 3:18

Verse 19
It is better to dwell in the wilderness, than with a contentious and an angry woman.
better
9; Psalms 55:6,7; 120:5,6; Jeremiah 9:2
wilderness
Heb. land of the desert.

Verse 20
There is treasure to be desired and oil in the dwelling of the wise; but a foolish man spendeth it up.
treasure
10:22; 15:6; Psalms 112:3; Ecclesiastes 5:19; 7:11; 10:19; Matthew 6:19,20; Luke 6:45
oil
Psalms 23:5; Jeremiah 41:8; Matthew 25:3,4
but
Matthew 25:3,4,8; Luke 15:14; 16:1,19-25

Verse 21
He that followeth after righteousness and mercy findeth life, righteousness, and honour.
that
15:9; Isaiah 51:1; Hosea 6:3; Matthew 5:6; Romans 14:19; Philippians 3:12; 1 Thessalonians 5:21; 1 Timothy 6:11; 2 Timothy 2:22; Hebrews 12:14
findeth
22:4; Romans 2:7-10; 1 Corinthians 15:58; 2 Timothy 4:7,8; 1 Peter 1:7

Verse 22
A wise man scaleth the city of the mighty, and casteth down the strength of the confidence thereof.
2 Samuel 20:16-22; Ecclesiastes 7:19; 9:13-18

Verse 23
Whoso keepeth his mouth and his tongue keepeth his soul from troubles.
10:19; 12:13; 13:3; 17:27,28; 18:21; James 1:26; 3:2-13

Verse 24
Proud and haughty scorner is his name, who dealeth in proud wrath.
haughty
6:17; 16:18; 18:12; 19:29; Esther 3:5,6; Ecclesiastes 7:8,9; Matthew 2:16
proud wrath
Heb. the wrath of pride.

Verse 25
The desire of the slothful killeth him; for his hands refuse to labour.
6:6-11; 12:24,27; 13:4; 15:19; 19:24; 20:4; 22:13; 24:30-34; 26:13,16; Matthew 25:26

Verse 26
He coveteth greedily all the day long: but the righteous giveth and spareth not.
coveteth
Acts 20:33-35; 1 Thessalonians 2:5-9
the righteous
Psalms 37:26; 112:9; Luke 6:30-36; Acts 20:35; 2 Corinthians 8:7-9; 9:9-14

Verse 27
The sacrifice of the wicked is abomination: how much more, when he bringeth it with a wicked mind?
sacrifice
15:8; 28:9; 1 Samuel 13:12,13; 15:21-23; Psalms 50:8-13; Isaiah 1:11-16; 66:3; Jeremiah 6:20; 7:11,12; Amos 5:21,22
with a wicked mind
Heb. in wickedness.
Matthew 23:14

Verse 28
A false witness shall perish: but the man that heareth speaketh constantly.
false witness
Heb. witness of lies.
6:19; 19:5,9; 25:18; Exodus 23:1; Deuteronomy 19:16-19
the man
12:19; Acts 12:15; 2 Corinthians 1:17-20; 4:13; Titus 3:8

Verse 29
A wicked man hardeneth his face: but as for the upright, he directeth his way.
hardeneth
28:14; 29:1; Jeremiah 3:2,3; 5:3; 8:12; 44:16,17
he directeth
or, he considereth.
11:5; Psalms 119:59; Ezekiel 18:28; Haggai 1:5,7; 2:15,18,19; Luke 15:17,18; 1 Thessalonians 3:11

Verse 30
There is no wisdom nor understanding nor counsel against the LORD.
19:21; Isaiah 7:5-7; 8:9,10; 14:27; 46:10,11; Jeremiah 9:23; Jonah 1:13; Acts 4:27,28; 5:39; 1 Peter 2:8

Verse 31
The horse is prepared against the day of battle: but safety is of the LORD.
horse
Psalms 20:7; 33:17,18; 147:10; Ecclesiastes 9:11; Isaiah 31:1
but
Psalms 3:3,8; 68:20
safety
or, victory.
Psalms 144:10; *marg:

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 21:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-21.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 14th, 2019
the Week of Proper 23 / Ordinary 28
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