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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 23

 

 

Introduction
1From this chapter to the five and twentieth are sundry observations of moral virtues, and their contrary vices.

Verse 1
When thou sittest to eat with a ruler, consider diligently what is before thee:
Genesis 43:32-34; Jude 1:12

Verse 2
And put a knife to thy throat, if thou be a man given to appetite.
Matthew 18:8,9; 1 Corinthians 9:27; Philippians 3:19

Verse 3
Be not desirous of his dainties: for they are deceitful meat.
6; Psalms 141:4; Daniel 1:8; Luke 21:34; Ephesians 4:22

Verse 4
Labour not to be rich: cease from thine own wisdom.
Labour
28:20; John 6:27; 1 Timothy 6:8-10
cease
3:5; 26:12; Isaiah 5:21; Romans 11:25; 12:16

Verse 5
Wilt thou set thine eyes upon that which is not? for riches certainly make themselves wings; they fly away as an eagle toward heaven.
thou
Psalms 119:36,37; Jeremiah 22:17; 1 John 2:16
set thine eyes upon
Heb. cause thine eyes to fly upon, etc. "He expresses it in such a way," says Abp. Tillotson, "as if a rich man sat brooding over an estate till it was fledged, and gotten itself wings to fly away."
that which
Genesis 42:36; Ecclesiastes 1:2; 12:8; Isaiah 55:2; 1 Corinthians 7:29-31
riches
27:24; Job 1:14-17; Psalms 39:6; Ecclesiastes 5:13,14; Matthew 6:19; 1 Timothy 6:17; James 5:1,2

Verse 6
Eat thou not the bread of him that hath an evil eye, neither desire thou his dainty meats:
an
22:9; Deuteronomy 15:9; 28:56; Matthew 20:15; Mark 7:22
desire
3; Psalms 141:4; Daniel 1:8-10

Verse 7
For as he thinketh in his heart, so is he: Eat and drink, saith he to thee; but his heart is not with thee.
as
19:22; Matthew 9:3,4; Luke 7:39
Eat
Judges 16:15; 2 Samuel 13:26-28; Psalms 12:2; 55:21; Daniel 11:27; Luke 11:37-54

Verse 9
Speak not in the ears of a fool: for he will despise the wisdom of thy words.
Speak
9:7,8; 26:4,5; Isaiah 36:21; Matthew 7:6; Acts 13:45,46; 28:25-28
he
Luke 16:14; John 8:52; 9:30-34,40; 10:20; Acts 17:18,32; 1 Corinthians 1:21-24; 1 Corinthians 4:10-13

Verse 10
Remove not the old landmark; and enter not into the fields of the fatherless:
Remove
22:28; Deuteronomy 19:14; 27:17; Job 24:2
landmark
or, bound. fatherless.
Job 6:27; 22:9; 24:3,9; 31:21-23; Psalms 94:6; Jeremiah 7:5; 22:3; Zechariah 7:10; Malachi 3:5; James 1:27

Verse 11
For their redeemer is mighty; he shall plead their cause with thee.
22:23; Exodus 22:22-24; Deuteronomy 27:19; Psalms 12:5; Jeremiah 50:33,34; 51:36

Verse 12
Apply thine heart unto instruction, and thine ears to the words of knowledge.
19; 2:2-6; 5:1,2; 22:17; Ezekiel 33:31; Matthew 13:52; James 1:21-25

Verse 13
Withhold not correction from the child: for if thou beatest him with the rod, he shall not die.
13:24; 19:18; 29:15,17

Verse 14
Thou shalt beat him with the rod, and shalt deliver his soul from hell.
22:15; 1 Corinthians 5:5; 11:32

Verse 15
My son, if thine heart be wise, my heart shall rejoice, even mine.
My son
1:10; 2:1; 4:1; Matthew 9:2; John 21:5; 1 John 2:1
if
24,25; 10:1; 15:20; 29:3; 1 Thessalonians 2:19,20; 3:8,9; 2 John 1:4; 3 John 1:3,4
even mine
or, even I will rejoice.
Jeremiah 32:41; Zephaniah 3:17; Luke 15:23,24,32; John 15:11

Verse 16
Yea, my reins shall rejoice, when thy lips speak right things.
thy
8:6; Ephesians 4:29; 5:4; Colossians 4:4; James 3:2

Verse 17
Let not thine heart envy sinners: but be thou in the fear of the LORD all the day long.
not
3:31; 24:1; Psalms 37:1-3; 73:3-7
be thou
15:16; 28:14; Psalms 111:10; 112:1; Ecclesiastes 5:7; 12:13,14; Acts 9:31; 2 Corinthians 7:1; 1 Peter 1:17

Verse 18
For surely there is an end; and thine expectation shall not be cut off.
surely
Psalms 37:37; Jeremiah 29:11; Luke 16:25; Romans 6:21,22
end
or, reward.
24:14; Hebrews 10:35
thine
Psalms 9:18; Jeremiah 29:11; Philippians 1:20

Verse 19
Hear thou, my son, and be wise, and guide thine heart in the way.
and guide
12,26; 4:10-23
in the way
That is "in the right way."

Verse 20
Be not among winebibbers; among riotous eaters of flesh:
not
29-35; 20:1; 28:7; 31:6,7; Isaiah 5:11,22; 22:13; Matthew 24:49; Luke 15:13; Luke 16:19; 21:34; Romans 13:13; Ephesians 5:18; 1 Peter 4:3,4
flesh
Heb. their flesh.

Verse 21
For the drunkard and the glutton shall come to poverty: and drowsiness shall clothe a man with rags.
the drunkard
21:17; Deuteronomy 21:20; Isaiah 28:1-3; Joel 1:5; 1 Corinthians 5:11; 6:10; Galatians 5:21; Philippians 3:19
drowsiness
6:9-11; 19:15; 24:30-34

Verse 22
Hearken unto thy father that begat thee, and despise not thy mother when she is old.
Hearken
1:8; 6:20; Deuteronomy 21:18-21; 27:16; Mark 7:10; Ephesians 6:1,2
despise
30:11; Leviticus 19:3; Matthew 15:4-6; John 19:26,27

Verse 23
Buy the truth, and sell it not; also wisdom, and instruction, and understanding.
Buy
2:2-4; 4:5-7; 10:1; 16:16; 17:16; Job 28:12-19; Psalms 119:72,127; Isaiah 55:1; Matthew 13:44,46; Philippians 3:7,8; Revelation 3:18
sell
Matthew 16:26; Acts 20:23; Hebrews 11:26; Revelation 12:11

Verse 24
The father of the righteous shall greatly rejoice: and he that begetteth a wise child shall have joy of him.
father
15,16; 10:1; 15:20; 1 Kings 1:48; 2:1-3,9; Ecclesiastes 2:19
shall have
Philemon 1:9,20

Verse 25
Thy father and thy mother shall be glad, and she that bare thee shall rejoice.
and she
17:25; 1 Chronicles 4:9,10; Luke 1:31-33,40-47,58; 11:27,28

Verse 26
My son, give me thine heart, and let thine eyes observe my ways.
My son
give
4:23; Deuteronomy 6:5; Matthew 10:37,38; Luke 14:26; 2 Corinthians 5:14,15; 8:5; Ephesians 3:17
let
4:25-27; Psalms 107:43; 119:2,9-11; Hosea 14:9; 2 Peter 1:19

Verse 27
For a whore is a deep ditch; and a strange woman is a narrow pit.
22:14

Verse 28
She also lieth in wait as for a prey, and increaseth the transgressors among men.
as for a prey
or, as a robber.
2:16-19; 7:12,22-27; 9:18; 22:14; Judges 16:4-22; Ecclesiastes 7:26; Jeremiah 3:2
increaseth
Numbers 25:1; Hosea 4:11; 1 Corinthians 10:8; Revelation 17:1,2

Verse 29
Who hath woe? who hath sorrow? who hath contentions? (8675) who hath babbling? who hath wounds without cause? who hath redness of eyes?
Who hath woe
21; 20:1; 1 Samuel 25:36,37; 2 Samuel 13:28; 1 Kings 20:16-22; Isaiah 5:11,22; Isaiah 28:7,8; Nahum 1:10; Matthew 24:49,50; Luke 12:45,46; Ephesians 5:18
redness
Genesis 49:12

Verse 30
They that tarry long at the wine; they that go to seek mixed wine.
tarry
20:1; Genesis 9:21; Isaiah 5:11; Amos 6:6; Ephesians 5:18
mixed
That is, not wine diluted and lowered with water, but made stronger and more inebriating, by the addition of more powerful ingredients, as honey, spices, myrrh, defrutum, opiates, etc.
9:2; Psalms 75:8

Verse 31
Look not thou upon the wine when it is red, when it giveth his colour in the cup, when it moveth itself aright.
6:25; 2 Samuel 11:2; Job 33:1; Psalms 119:37; Matthew 5:28-30; Mark 9:47; 1 John 2:16

Verse 32
At the last it biteth like a serpent, and stingeth like an adder.
At
5:11; Isaiah 28:3,7,8; Jeremiah 5:31; Exodus 7:5,6,12; Luke 16:25,26; Romans 6:21
biteth
Ecclesiastes 10:8; Jeremiah 8:17; Amos 5:19; 9:3
an adder
or, a cockatrice.
Isaiah 59:5

Verse 33
Thine eyes shall behold strange women, and thine heart shall utter perverse things.
eyes
Genesis 19:32-38
and
31:5; Psalms 69:12; Daniel 5:4; Hosea 7:5; Jude 1:12,13

Verse 34
Yea, thou shalt be as he that lieth down in the midst of the sea, or as he that lieth upon the top of a mast.
thou
1 Samuel 25:33-38; 30:16,17; 2 Samuel 13:28; 1 Kings 16:9; 20:16-22; Joel 1:5; Matthew 24:38; Luke 17:27-29; 21:34; 1 Thessalonians 5:2-7
midst
Heb. heart.
Exodus 15:8

Verse 35
They have stricken me, shalt thou say, and I was not sick; they have beaten me, and I felt it not: when shall I awake? I will seek it yet again.
stricken
27:22; Jeremiah 5:3; 31:18
I felt it not
Heb. I knew it not.
Ephesians 4:19
I will
26:11; Deuteronomy 29:19; Isaiah 22:13; 56:12; 1 Corinthians 15:32-34; 2 Peter 2:22

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 23:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-23.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Sunday, September 22nd, 2019
the Week of Proper 20 / Ordinary 25
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