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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Proverbs 31

 

 

Introduction
1Lemuel's lesson of chastity and temperance.
6The afflicted are to be comforted and defended.
10The praise and properties of a good wife.

Verse 1
The words of king Lemuel, the prophecy that his mother taught him.
the prophecy
30:1
his
1:8; 6:20; 2 Timothy 1:5; 3:15

Verse 2
What, my son? and what, the son of my womb? and what, the son of my vows?
the son of my womb
Isaiah 49:15
the son of my vows
1 Samuel 1:11,28

Verse 3
Give not thy strength unto women, nor thy ways to that which destroyeth kings.
strength
5:9-11; 7:26,27; Hosea 4:11
to that
Deuteronomy 17:17; Nehemiah 13:26

Verse 4
It is not for kings, O Lemuel, it is not for kings to drink wine; nor for princes strong drink:
Leviticus 10:9,10; 1 Kings 20:12,16-20; Esther 3:15; Ecclesiastes 10:17; Isaiah 28:7,8; Daniel 5:2-4; Hosea 4:11,12; 7:3-5; Habakkuk 2:5; Mark 6:21-28

Verse 5
Lest they drink, and forget the law, and pervert the judgment of any of the afflicted.
pervert
Heb. alter. any of the afflicted. Heb. all the sons of affliction.
Habakkuk 2:5

Verse 6
Give strong drink unto him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy hearts.
strong
Psalms 104:15; 1 Timothy 5:23
of heavy hearts
Heb. bitter of soul.
1 Samuel 1:10; 30:6; 2 Kings 4:27; *margins

Verse 7
Let him drink, and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more.
Ephesians 5:18

Verse 8
Open thy mouth for the dumb in the cause of all such as are appointed to destruction.
Open
24:7,11,12; 1 Samuel 19:4-7; 20:32; 22:14,15; Esther 4:13-16; Job 29:9,17; Psalms 82:3,4; Jeremiah 26:16-19,24; 38:7-10; John 7:51
such, etc
Heb. the sons of destruction.
Psalms 79:11; *marg:

Verse 9
Open thy mouth, judge righteously, and plead the cause of the poor and needy.
16:12; 20:8; Leviticus 19:15; Deuteronomy 1:16; 16:18-20; 2 Samuel 8:15; Psalms 58:1,2; Psalms 72:1,2; Job 29:12,15,16; Isaiah 1:17,23; 11:4; 32:1,2; Jeremiah 5:28; Jeremiah 22:3,15,16; 23:5; Daniel 4:27; Amos 5:11,12; Zechariah 7:9; 9:9; John 7:24; Hebrews 1:9; Revelation 19:11

Verse 10
Who can find a virtuous woman? for her price is far above rubies.
Who
This is the commencement of an alphabetical poem, each verse beginning consecutively with a letter of the Hebrew alphabet; in which we are presented with an admirable picture of a good wife, according to the primitive manners of the East.
can
12:4; 18:22; 19:14; Ruth 3:11; Ecclesiastes 7:28; Song of Solomon 6:8,9; Ephesians 5:25-33
her
3:15; 8:11; 20:15

Verse 11
The heart of her husband doth safely trust in her, so that he shall have no need of spoil.
2 Kings 4:9,10,22,23; 1 Peter 3:1-7

Verse 12
She will do him good and not evil all the days of her life.
1 Samuel 25:18-22,26,27

Verse 13
She seeketh wool, and flax, and worketh willingly with her hands.
worketh
Genesis 18:6-8; 24:13,14,18-20; 29:9,10; Exodus 2:16; Ruth 2:2,3,23; Isaiah 3:16-24; 32:9-11; Acts 9:39,40; 1 Thessalonians 4:11; 2 Thessalonians 3:10-12; 1 Timothy 5:10,14; Titus 2:5

Verse 14
She is like the merchants' ships; she bringeth her food from afar.
24; 1 Kings 9:26-28; 2 Chronicles 9:10; Ezekiel 27:3-36

Verse 15
She riseth also while it is yet night, and giveth meat to her household, and a portion to her maidens.
riseth
Joshua 3:1; 2 Chronicles 36:15; Psalms 119:147,148; Ecclesiastes 9:10; Mark 1:35; Romans 12:11
and giveth
Matthew 24:25; Luke 12:42

Verse 16
She considereth a field, and buyeth it: with the fruit of her hands she planteth a vineyard.
considereth
Joshua 15:18; Song of Solomon 8:12; Matthew 13:44
buyeth
Heb. taketh.

Verse 17
She girdeth her loins with strength, and strengtheneth her arms.
girdeth
1 Kings 18:46; 2 Kings 4:29; Job 38:3; Luke 12:35; Ephesians 6:10,14; 1 Peter 1:13
strengtheneth
Genesis 49:24; Isaiah 44:12; Hosea 7:15

Verse 18
She perceiveth that her merchandise is good: her candle goeth not out by night.
perceiveth
Heb. tasteth. her candle.
Genesis 31:40; Psalms 127:2; Matthew 25:3-10; 1 Thessalonians 2:9; 2 Thessalonians 3:7-9

Verse 19
She layeth her hands to the spindle, and her hands hold the distaff.
Exodus 35:25,26

Verse 20
She stretcheth out her hand to the poor; yea, she reacheth forth her hands to the needy.
She stretcheth
Heb. She spreadeth.
1:24; Romans 10:21
she reacheth
19:17; 22:9; Job 31:16-20; Psalms 41:1; 112:9; Ecclesiastes 11:1,2; Mark 14:7; Acts 9:39-41; 20:34,35; Ephesians 4:28; Hebrews 13:16

Verse 21
She is not afraid of the snow for her household: for all her household are clothed with scarlet.
afraid
25:20
scarlet
or, double garments.
Genesis 45:22

Verse 22
She maketh herself coverings of tapestry; her clothing is silk and purple.
coverings
7:16
clothing
Genesis 41:42; *marg:; Esther 5:1; 8:15; Psalms 45:13,14; Ezekiel 16:10-13; 1 Peter 3:3
silk
Shesh, rather fine linen, or cotton. (See on Ex 39:27.) Sadin, rendered "fine linen," ver. 24, is probably the same as the Arabic sidn, and sudl, a veil, or an inner covering of fine muslin.

Verse 23
Her husband is known in the gates, when he sitteth among the elders of the land.
husband
12:4
in the
24:7; Deuteronomy 16:18; 21:19; Ruth 4:1; Job 29:7

Verse 24
She maketh fine linen, and selleth it; and delivereth girdles unto the merchant.
13,19; 1 Kings 10:28; Ezekiel 27:16; Luke 16:19

Verse 25
Strength and honour are her clothing; and she shall rejoice in time to come.
Strength
Job 29:14; 40:10; Psalms 132:9,16; Isaiah 61:10; Romans 13:14; Ephesians 4:24; 1 Timothy 2:10; 1 Peter 5:5,6
and she
Psalms 97:11,12; Isaiah 65:13,14; Matthew 25:20,21

Verse 26
She openeth her mouth with wisdom; and in her tongue is the law of kindness.
openeth
8,9; Judges 13:23; 1 Samuel 25:24-31; 2 Samuel 20:16-22; 2 Kings 22:15-20; Esther 4:4; Esther 5:8; 7:3-6; 8:3-6; Luke 1:38,42-56; Acts 18:26; Ephesians 4:29; Colossians 4:5
in her
12:18; 16:24; 25:15; Genesis 24:18-20; Song of Solomon 2:14; 4:11; Malachi 2:6; Acts 6:15; 1 Peter 3:1,4,5,8,9

Verse 27
She looketh well to the ways of her household, and eateth not the bread of idleness.
14:1; 1 Thessalonians 4:11; 2 Thessalonians 3:6; 1 Timothy 5:10; Titus 2:4

Verse 28
Her children arise up, and call her blessed; her husband also, and he praiseth her.
children
1; 1 Kings 2:19; Psalms 116:16; 2 Timothy 1:5; 3:15-17
her husband
Song of Solomon 7:1-9; Isaiah 62:4,5; *marg:

Verse 29
Many daughters have done virtuously, but thou excellest them all.
done virtuously
or, gotten riches. thou.
Song of Solomon 6:8,9; Ephesians 5:27

Verse 30
Favour is deceitful, and beauty is vain: but a woman that feareth the LORD, she shall be praised.
Favour
6:25; 11:22; 2 Samuel 14:25; Esther 1:11,12; Ezekiel 16:15; James 1:11; 1 Peter 1:24
a woman
1:7; 8:13; Exodus 1:17-21; Psalms 147:11; Luke 1:6,46-50; 1 Peter 3:4,5
she
Ecclesiastes 7:18; 12:13; Romans 2:29; 1 Corinthians 4:5; 1 Peter 1:7; 3:4

Verse 31
Give her of the fruit of her hands; and let her own works praise her in the gates.
of the
16; 11:30; Psalms 128:2; Matthew 7:16,20; Romans 6:21,22; Philippians 4:17
and let
Mark 14:7-9; Acts 9:39; Romans 16:1-4,6,12; 1 Timothy 5:25; Hebrews 6:10; Revelation 14:13

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Proverbs 31:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/proverbs-31.html.


Lectionary Calendar
Monday, October 23rd, 2017
the Week of Proper 24 / Ordinary 29
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