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Bible Commentaries

Treasury of Scripture Knowledge
Psalms 105

 

 

Introduction
1An exhortation to praise God, and to seek out his works.
7The story of God's providence over Abraham;
16over Joseph;
23over Jacob in Egypt;
26over Moses delivering the Israelites;
37over the Israelites brought out of Egypt, fed in the wilderness, and planted in Canaan.

Verse 1
O give thanks unto the LORD; call upon his name: make known his deeds among the people.
A. M. 2962. B.C. 1042. (Title.) It appears from 1Ch ch. 16, where the former part of this Psalm, as far as the 16th verse, is found with little variation, that David composed it at the removal of the ark to Mount Zion, and he himself probably enlarged it afterwards with the glorious detail of God's merciful dealings with Abraham and his posterity till their settlement in the land of Promise. The Hallelujah, which terminates the preceding Psalm, is made the title of this by the Septuagint, Vulgate, Arabic, and Ethiopic; and the Syriac considers it a paraphrase on the words, "Fear not, Jacob, to go down into Egypt;" "and teaches us spiritually not to fear when we are obliged to contend with devils; for God is our shield, and will fight for us."
Give
136:1-3; 1 Chronicles 16:7-22; 25:3; 29:13,20
call
Isaiah 12:4; Joel 2:32; Acts 9:14; Romans 10:13; 1 Corinthians 1:2
make known
89:1; 96:3; 145:4-6,11,12; Numbers 23:23; Isaiah 12:4; 51:10; Daniel 3:29; Daniel 4:1-3; 6:26,27

Verse 2
Sing unto him, sing psalms unto him: talk ye of all his wondrous works.
Sing unto
47:6,7; 96:1,2; 98:1,5; Judges 5:3; Isaiah 12:5,6; 42:10-12; Ephesians 5:19; Revelation 15:3,4
talk ye
77:12; 78:4-6; 119:27; Exodus 13:8,9,14; Deuteronomy 6:6-9; Luke 24:14-53

Verse 3
Glory ye in his holy name: let the heart of them rejoice that seek the LORD.
Glory
34:2; Isaiah 45:25; Jeremiah 9:23,24; 1 Corinthians 1:29,31; Galatians 6:14
let the heart
9:10; Proverbs 8:17; Isaiah 45:19; 55:6,7; Lamentations 3:25; Luke 11:9,10

Verse 4
Seek the LORD, and his strength: seek his face evermore.
Seek
Amos 5:4-6; Zephaniah 2:2,3
his strength
78:61; 132:8; 2 Chronicles 6:41
seek his face
27:8

Verse 5
Remember his marvellous works that he hath done; his wonders, and the judgments of his mouth;
Remember
77:11; 103:2; Deuteronomy 7:18,19; 8:2; 32:7; Isaiah 43:18,19; Luke 22:19; 1 Corinthians 11:24-26
the judgements
119:13; Revelation 16:7; 19:2

Verse 6
O ye seed of Abraham his servant, ye children of Jacob his chosen.
ye seed
Exodus 3:6; Isaiah 41:8,14; 44:1,2; Romans 9:4-29
his chosen
Deuteronomy 7:6-8; John 15:16; 1 Peter 2:9

Verse 7
He is the LORD our God: his judgments are in all the earth.
the Lord
95:7; 100:3; Genesis 17:7; Exodus 20:2; Deuteronomy 26:17,18; 29:10-15; Joshua 24:15-24
judgments
48:10,11; Isaiah 26:9; Revelation 15:4

Verse 8
He hath remembered his covenant for ever, the word which he commanded to a thousand generations.
He hath remembered
42; 111:5,9; 1 Chronicles 16:15; Nehemiah 1:5; Daniel 9:4; Luke 1:72-74
a thousand
Deuteronomy 7:9

Verse 9
Which covenant he made with Abraham, and his oath unto Isaac;
Genesis 17:2; 22:16,17; 26:3; 28:13; 35:11; Nehemiah 9:8; Acts 7:8; Hebrews 6:17

Verse 10
And confirmed the same unto Jacob for a law, and to Israel for an everlasting covenant:
an everlasting
Genesis 17:7,8; 2 Samuel 23:5; Hebrews 13:20

Verse 11
Saying, Unto thee will I give the land of Canaan, the lot of your inheritance:
Unto thee
Genesis 12:7; 13:15; 15:18; 26:3,4; 28:13
lot
Heb. cord.
78:55

Verse 12
When they were but a few men in number; yea, very few, and strangers in it.
a few
Genesis 34:30; Deuteronomy 7:7; 26:5; Isaiah 51:2; Ezekiel 33:24-33
and strangers
Genesis 17:8; 23:4; Acts 7:5; Hebrews 11:9,12

Verse 14
He suffered no man to do them wrong: yea, he reproved kings for their sakes;
Genesis 12:14-17; 20:1-7; 26:14-33; 31:24-29; 35:5; Exodus 7:16,17

Verse 15
Saying, Touch not mine anointed, and do my prophets no harm.
Touch
Genesis 26:11; Zechariah 2:8
mine
1 Kings 19:16; 1 John 2:27
and do
Genesis 20:7; 27:39,40; 48:19,20; 49:8-33

Verse 16
Moreover he called for a famine upon the land: he brake the whole staff of bread.
Moreover
Genesis 41:25-32,54; 42:5,6; 2 Kings 8:1; Amos 3:6; 7:1-4; Haggai 1:10,11; 2:17; Matthew 8:8,9; Revelation 6:8
brake
104:15; Genesis 47:13,19; Leviticus 26:26; Isaiah 3:1; Ezekiel 4:16; Acts 7:11

Verse 17
He sent a man before them, even Joseph, who was sold for a servant:
He sent
Genesis 45:5,7,8; 50:20
Joseph
Genesis 37:27,28,36; 39:1; 45:4; Acts 7:9

Verse 18
Whose feet they hurt with fetters: he was laid in iron:
Whose
Genesis 39:20; 40:15; Acts 16:24
he was laid in iron
Heb. his soul came into iron.
107:10

Verse 19
Until the time that his word came: the word of the LORD tried him.
his word
44:4; Genesis 41:11-16,25; Proverbs 21:1; Daniel 2:30; Acts 7:10

Verse 20
The king sent and loosed him; even the ruler of the people, and let him go free.
Genesis 41:14

Verse 21
He made him lord of his house, and ruler of all his substance:
made
Genesis 41:40-44,55; 45:8,26
substance
Heb. possession.

Verse 22
To bind his princes at his pleasure; and teach his senators wisdom.
teach
Genesis 41:33,38; Isaiah 19:11

Verse 23
Israel also came into Egypt; and Jacob sojourned in the land of Ham.
Israel
Genesis 45:9-11; 46:2-7; Joshua 24:4; Acts 7:11-15
Jacob
Genesis 47:6-9,28
the land
27; 78:51; 106:22; Genesis 10:6

Verse 24
And he increased his people greatly; and made them stronger than their enemies.
And he
Genesis 13:16; 46:3; Exodus 1:7; Deuteronomy 26:5; Acts 7:17; Hebrews 11:12
made
Exodus 1:8,9; 12:37

Verse 25
He turned their heart to hate his people, to deal subtilly with his servants.
He turned
Genesis 15:13; Exodus 9:16; 10:1; Deuteronomy 2:30; Romans 9:17-19
to hate
Exodus 1:11-14,16; 2:23; Acts 7:19

Verse 26
He sent Moses his servant; and Aaron whom he had chosen.
sent
77:20; Exodus 3:10; 4:12-14; 6:11,26,27; Joshua 24:5; Micah 6:4; Acts 7:34,35
Aaron
Exodus 7:1,12; 28:1,2,12,29-38; 29:5-46; Leviticus 8:7-36; Numbers 16:5-11,40,47,48; 17:5; 1 Samuel 12:6

Verse 27
They shewed his signs among them, and wonders in the land of Ham.
They
78:43-51; 135:8,9; Exodus 7:1-11; Deuteronomy 4:34; Nehemiah 9:10,11; Isaiah 63:11,12; Jeremiah 32:20,21
his signs
Heb. words of his signs. wonders.
23; 106:22

Verse 28
He sent darkness, and made it dark; and they rebelled not against his word.
sent
Exodus 10:21-23; Joel 2:2,31; Luke 23:44,45; 2 Peter 2:4,17
rebelled
99:7; Ezekiel 2:4-8

Verse 29
He turned their waters into blood, and slew their fish.
78:44; Exodus 7:20,21; Isaiah 50:2; Ezekiel 29:4,5; Revelation 16:3

Verse 30
Their land brought forth frogs in abundance, in the chambers of their kings.
brought
78:45; Exodus 8:3-14; Revelation 16:13,14

Verse 31
He spake, and there came divers sorts of flies, and lice in all their coasts.
there
78:45; Exodus 8:21-24; Isaiah 7:18
and lice
Exodus 8:16-18

Verse 32
He gave them hail for rain, and flaming fire in their land.
them hail for rain
Heb. their rain hail.
78:47,48; Exodus 9:18-28; Revelation 8:7; 11:19; 16:21

Verse 33
He smote their vines also and their fig trees; and brake the trees of their coasts.
Revelation 9:4

Verse 34
He spake, and the locusts came, and caterpillers, and that without number,
the locusts
78:46; Exodus 10:12-15; Joel 1:4-7; 2:25; Revelation 9:3-10

Verse 36
He smote also all the firstborn in their land, the chief of all their strength.
He smote
78:51; 135:8; 136:10; Exodus 4:23; 11:4,5; 12:12,29,30; Hebrews 11:28
chief
Genesis 49:3

Verse 37
He brought them forth also with silver and gold: and there was not one feeble person among their tribes.
brought
Genesis 15:14; Exodus 3:22; 12:35,36; Acts 13:17
and there
Considering the immense number of men, women, children, and cattle, it must certainly have appeared extraordinary, that there was none among them weak or feeble, none unable to perform the journey. The order was that "not a hoof should be left behind;" and He who commanded gave strength to obey.

Verse 38
Egypt was glad when they departed: for the fear of them fell upon them.
glad
Exodus 10:7; 12:33
for
Genesis 35:5; Joshua 2:9

Verse 39
He spread a cloud for a covering; and fire to give light in the night.
spread
78:14; Exodus 13:21,22; 14:24; Numbers 9:15-22; Nehemiah 9:12,19; Isaiah 4:5; 1 Corinthians 10:1,2

Verse 40
The people asked, and he brought quails, and satisfied them with the bread of heaven.
asked
78:18,26-28; Exodus 16:12,13; Numbers 11:4-6,31-33
satisfied
Exodus 16:14-35; Numbers 11:7-9; Deuteronomy 8:3; Joshua 5:12; Nehemiah 9:20
bread
78:23-25; John 6:31-33,48-58

Verse 41
He opened the rock, and the waters gushed out; they ran in the dry places like a river.
opened
78:15,16,20; 114:8; Exodus 17:6; Numbers 20:11; Nehemiah 9:15; Isaiah 48:21; 1 Corinthians 10:4

Verse 42
For he remembered his holy promise, and Abraham his servant.
For he
8-11; Genesis 12:7; 13:14-17; 15:14; Exodus 2:24; Luke 1:54,55,72,73
Abraham
Exodus 32:13; Deuteronomy 9:5,27; Micah 7:20

Verse 43
And he brought forth his people with joy, and his chosen with gladness:
And he
78:52,53; 106:8-12; Exodus 15:13; Deuteronomy 4:37,38; Isaiah 63:11-14; Acts 7:36; Acts 13:17
with joy
Isaiah 35:10; 51:10,11; 55:12; Jeremiah 31:11,12
gladness
Heb. singing.
106:12; Exodus 15:1-21

Verse 44
And gave them the lands of the heathen: and they inherited the labour of the people;
gave
44:2,3; 78:55; 80:8; 135:10-12; 136:21,22; Joshua 11:23; 21:43; 23:4; Joshua 24:8,13; Nehemiah 9:22-25
inherited
Deuteronomy 6:10,11; Joshua 5:11; 13:7-33
the labour
That is, "the produce of their labour;" the cities and houses they had built, the vineyards they had planted, etc.

Verse 45
That they might observe his statutes, and keep his laws. Praise ye the LORD.
That
Deuteronomy 4:40; 5:33; 6:1,2,21-25; Ezekiel 36:24-28; Ephesians 2:8-10; Titus 2:14
Praise ye the Lord
Heb. Hallelujah.
106:1; 150:1; *marg:; Revelation 19:3,4

 


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Bibliography Information
Torrey, R. A. "Commentary on Psalms 105:4". "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/psalms-105.html.

Lectionary Calendar
Wednesday, November 13th, 2019
the Week of Proper 27 / Ordinary 32
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